Details

Politics For Dummies


Politics For Dummies


3. Aufl.

von: Ann M. DeLaney

14,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 04.12.2019
ISBN/EAN: 9781119652991
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 384

DRM-geschütztes eBook, Sie benötigen z.B. Adobe Digital Editions und eine Adobe ID zum Lesen.

Beschreibungen

<p>Get up to speed on the U.S. political system</p> <p>Confused by caucuses, primaries, and pollsters? Puzzled by the various parties and special interest groups? <i>Politics For Dummies</i> has everything you need to understand local, state, and national politics; how to communicate with your elected officials; and what your representatives can do for you.&nbsp;</p> <p>You&rsquo;ll find out all about lobbying groups, sub-committees, the government branches, and how elections work. Also included is new information on how to use online tools and social media to find out what legislation is on the floor, what issues are before the Supreme Court, and when congress and the Supreme Court are in session.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li>Understand the United States political system&nbsp;</li> <li>Learn more about the three branches of U.S. government&nbsp;&nbsp;</li> <li>Discover the differences in federal, state, and local operations&nbsp;</li> <li>Get need-to-know information for involvement&nbsp;</li> </ul> <p>This book cuts through the political jargon and provides clear, up-to-date details about everything from legislation to polls to presidential elections in the United States&mdash;and explains how you can become a political player yourself.&nbsp;</p>
<p><b>Introduction </b><b>1</b></p> <p>What is Politics? 1</p> <p>Why You Need This Book 3</p> <p>How to Use This Book 4</p> <p>How This Book is Organized 4</p> <p>Part 1: Politics and You 4</p> <p>Part 2: Making Your Voice Heard 4</p> <p>Part 3: Politics is a Team Sport 5</p> <p>Part 4: It&rsquo;s All Marketing 5</p> <p>Part 5: Let the Campaigns Begin! 5</p> <p>Part 6: Presidential Politics 5</p> <p>Part 7: The Part of Tens 5</p> <p>Icons Used in This Book 6</p> <p>Where to Go from Here 6</p> <p><b>Part 1: Politics and You 7</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 1: It&rsquo;s Politics, Baby!</b><b> 9</b></p> <p>Elected Politicians &mdash; a Quick Look 9</p> <p>Federal officials 10</p> <p>State officials 12</p> <p>Local officials 13</p> <p>Politics versus Government 14</p> <p>Politics has spin doctors 14</p> <p>The government has spokespeople 15</p> <p>What Do You Want from Your Elected Officials? 17</p> <p><b>Chapter 2: The Money-versus-Vote Analysis</b><b> 19</b></p> <p>The Factors behind Any Political Stance 19</p> <p>Weighing public opinion 20</p> <p>Counting the money 21</p> <p>Money Makes the World Go &rsquo;Round 23</p> <p>Fundraising 23</p> <p>Leverage and money 23</p> <p>Senate money 24</p> <p>Hatred is a Greater Motivator than Love 25</p> <p>Evil versus good 25</p> <p>But who is the bad guy? 25</p> <p>Your Stake in the Election 26</p> <p>Is the legislation good for you? 26</p> <p>Does the legislation touch your life? 28</p> <p><b>Part 2: Making Your Voice Heard 29</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 3: Be a Part of the Solution &mdash; Vote!</b><b> 31</b></p> <p>Should You Register to Vote? 32</p> <p>Upsides and downsides of registering 32</p> <p>Why Vote in Primaries? 36</p> <p>Taking your chance to choose the candidate 36</p> <p>Declaring your party affiliation 37</p> <p>Do Elected Officials Care What You Think? 38</p> <p>Your opinions are worth real money 38</p> <p>Giving voters what they say they want 40</p> <p><b>Chapter 4: Contributing Your Time or Money</b><b> 43</b></p> <p>Donating Your Time 43</p> <p>Finding your niche 44</p> <p>Spending your time well 46</p> <p>Money Talks 47</p> <p>Deciding who should get your money 48</p> <p>Putting your wallet away 49</p> <p>Knowing what to expect 49</p> <p>Which Kind of Contributor Are You? 50</p> <p>Party backers 50</p> <p>Ideological givers 51</p> <p>Kingmakers (and queenmakers) 53</p> <p>Special interest groups 54</p> <p><b>Chapter 5: Telling Politicians What&rsquo;s on Your Mind</b><b> 55</b></p> <p>Reaching Out and Touching Your Representatives 56</p> <p>Town Meetings 58</p> <p>Putting It in Writing 59</p> <p>More sometimes means less 60</p> <p>Multiplying your opinion 60</p> <p>Teamwork is the Name of the Game 62</p> <p>Other officials 62</p> <p>Recognized organizations 63</p> <p>The media 63</p> <p><b>Part 3: Politics is a Team Sport&nbsp;67</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 6: Partying with Politics</b><b> 69</b></p> <p>Why We Have Only Two Parties 69</p> <p>The big-tent theory 70</p> <p>Third parties 72</p> <p>Independent candidates 73</p> <p>Departing from the party 73</p> <p>Voters value independence 74</p> <p>Legislation requires cooperation 74</p> <p>Those Were the Days 75</p> <p>Television and the decline of party power 76</p> <p>The cost of campaigning 76</p> <p>Contributors gain the upper hand 76</p> <p>Voters can be duped 77</p> <p>Straight-Ticket Voting versus Ticket Splitting 78</p> <p>Political Parties Serve a Purpose 79</p> <p>Ensuring a fair election 79</p> <p>Getting out the vote 81</p> <p>Providing information 83</p> <p>Amplifying your voice 84</p> <p>Choosing the Candidates 85</p> <p>Party nominees 85</p> <p>Primaries 87</p> <p>Conventions 88</p> <p>The role of ideology in candidate selection 89</p> <p><b>Chapter 7: Taking Sides </b><b>91</b></p> <p>Putting Parties in Their Place 91</p> <p>Identifying by Political Party 92</p> <p>Registering as a Democrat or Republican 93</p> <p>Asserting your independence 94</p> <p>Joining a third party 95</p> <p>Separating the Democrats from the Republicans 96</p> <p>Running with the elephants 98</p> <p>Joining the donkeys 99</p> <p>Making Your Own Choice 100</p> <p>Evaluating the platforms 100</p> <p>Listening to the candidates 101</p> <p><b>Chapter 8: Joining a Special Interest Group</b><b> 103</b></p> <p>Identifying Special Interest Groups 104</p> <p>Enlisting Lobbyists 105</p> <p>What a good lobbyist does 106</p> <p>Special interests and the government 107</p> <p>Making Political Contributions 109</p> <p>Getting action with PACs 110</p> <p>Contributing to nonlegislative candidates 113</p> <p>I&rsquo;ll help you if you help me 114</p> <p>Getting the Same Access as Special Interest Groups 115</p> <p>Are Special Interest Groups Contributing Your Money? 115</p> <p>Finding out who contributes 116</p> <p>Local races 117</p> <p>State races 117</p> <p>Federal races 118</p> <p><b>Chapter 9: Getting Political Online</b><b> 121</b></p> <p>Understanding Politics on the Internet 122</p> <p>Government Websites versus Campaign Websites 122</p> <p>Engaging with Elected Officials and Candidates Online 124</p> <p>Visiting a website 125</p> <p>Subscribing to an email list 126</p> <p>Liking a Facebook page 127</p> <p>Following a Twitter account 129</p> <p>Sample resources 130</p> <p><b>Part 4: It&rsquo;s All Marketing&nbsp;131</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 10: Harry Handler Meets Carly Candidate</b><b> 133</b></p> <p>Handling a Campaign 134</p> <p>Examining the profile of a political handler 134</p> <p>Moving around within the party 135</p> <p>Working for a common goal 135</p> <p>Developing a Marketing Strategy 136</p> <p>Checking out the candidate&rsquo;s appearance 136</p> <p>Improving a candidate&rsquo;s image 138</p> <p>Identifying the message 141</p> <p>Responding to a Handler&rsquo;s Controls 146</p> <p><b>Chapter 11: Selling the Candidates, Warts and All</b><b> 149</b></p> <p>Fixing the Warts: A Nip Here, a Tuck There 149</p> <p>Let&rsquo;s get personal: Personal questions 150</p> <p>Just for the record: Officeholder record 152</p> <p>Oops &mdash; I forgot about that: Illegal warts 153</p> <p>But I&rsquo;m innocent!: Legal warts 153</p> <p>Some professions are just wart-filled 154</p> <p>Preparing for the Worst: Handlers Dig for Dirt 156</p> <p>Beware of Your Opponent: Fending Off Attacks 156</p> <p>Ignore the attack 156</p> <p>Tell the rest of the story 157</p> <p>Diffuse the wart 157</p> <p>Take the offensive and attack first 159</p> <p>Insist that candidates should always tell the truth 159</p> <p>Highlighting a Candidate&rsquo;s Beauty Marks 160</p> <p>Celebrating a candidate&rsquo;s upbringing 160</p> <p>Making the most of a candidate&rsquo;s parents 161</p> <p>How important are beauty marks? 162</p> <p><b>Chapter 12: Truth in Advertising</b><b> 163</b></p> <p>Truth Plus Truth Doesn&rsquo;t Always Equal Fact 163</p> <p>Drawing a false conclusion 164</p> <p>The art of set-up legislation 165</p> <p>The Media Can Help You 167</p> <p>Getting the media analysis you need 168</p> <p>Hounding your news media: Review the ads and get on the stick! 169</p> <p>Whose Side Are the Media On, Anyway? 169</p> <p>Taking the good with the bad 170</p> <p>Acknowledging that there&rsquo;s such a thing as being too objective 170</p> <p>If You&rsquo;re on Your Own 172</p> <p>Listening to neutral parties 173</p> <p>Learning the truth yourself 173</p> <p>Don&rsquo;t Let Either Side Manipulate You 175</p> <p>Beware of straw men or appeals to emotion 175</p> <p>If you don&rsquo;t want to be manipulated . . . 179</p> <p>It&rsquo;s Go-Time: Demanding Answers to Your Questions from Candidates 180</p> <p><b>Chapter 13: Casting That Vote!</b><b> 181</b></p> <p>Reach Out and Ask Someone: Others Can Help You Decide 181</p> <p>Voting by party 182</p> <p>If Frank likes this guy . . . 182</p> <p>Checking out endorsements 183</p> <p>Making Up Your Own Mind 183</p> <p>Gathering information 184</p> <p>Looking to the campaigns 185</p> <p>Making your choice 185</p> <p>Knowing when to make your decision 187</p> <p><b>Part 5: Let the Campaigns Begin&nbsp;189</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 14: Who Says Talk is Cheap? (Where Your Contribution Goes)</b><b> 191</b></p> <p>Campaigning at the Local Level 191</p> <p>Going door-to-door 192</p> <p>Alternative contacts 193</p> <p>National and Statewide Campaigns 195</p> <p>You have to see it (on TV) to believe it 195</p> <p>Buying the time 198</p> <p>Getting Out the Vote: Just Do It! 199</p> <p>Where Your Money Won&rsquo;t Go 200</p> <p>Campaigns Never Say, &ldquo;Enough!&rdquo; 200</p> <p>Fundraising wars 201</p> <p>Looking beyond the money 203</p> <p><b>Chapter 15: For Whom the Campaign Polls</b><b> 205</b></p> <p>The Role of Polls 206</p> <p>Who gets polled? 206</p> <p>Who polls? 208</p> <p>Polls Are Expensive 209</p> <p>Size of the sample 209</p> <p>Length of the poll 210</p> <p>Benchmark Polls 211</p> <p>Knowing what to expect 211</p> <p>Learning from the pollsters 213</p> <p>Telling pollsters which arguments persuade you 213</p> <p>Is the Candidate&rsquo;s Message Getting Through? 214</p> <p><b>Chapter 16: Dodging the Issues: What You Can Do</b><b> 215</b></p> <p>Tough-versus-Trivial Issues in a Campaign 216</p> <p>To win, a candidate must build support 216</p> <p>Proposing change is risky: I&rsquo;ll take vanilla instead 218</p> <p>Sticking to symbolic issues 218</p> <p>Using Diversions to Avoid Risks 219</p> <p>Dodging with diversions 220</p> <p>Diversions may not build support, but they don&rsquo;t jeopardize it, either 221</p> <p>Stick to Your Guns! 221</p> <p>Speaking up at local forums 221</p> <p>Getting help from the media 222</p> <p>Completing candidate questionnaires 223</p> <p>When all else fails, don&rsquo;t forget the direct approach 224</p> <p><b>Chapter 17: Campaigning for Your Vote</b><b> 225</b></p> <p>Launching a Direct Mail Campaign 226</p> <p>Freedom from scrutiny 226</p> <p>Advantage of the delayed reaction 226</p> <p>Target the right voters 227</p> <p>Why is your mailbox full of political mail? 228</p> <p>And Now a Word from Our Sponsors 230</p> <p>When and how candidates advertise on TV 231</p> <p>Are you a target? 232</p> <p>Attack of the Killer Phone Calls! 233</p> <p><b>Chapter 18: Negative Campaigning: The Dark Side of Politics</b><b> 235</b></p> <p>The More Things Change 235</p> <p>Slinging mud in the 1800s 236</p> <p>Joining the TV generation 238</p> <p>Two Important Principles of Campaign Communications 239</p> <p>Candidates try to make you like them 239</p> <p>Candidates try to make you dislike the opponent 240</p> <p>Separating the Good from the Bad 241</p> <p>Above-the-belt ads 241</p> <p>Below-the-belt ads 243</p> <p>Selling Negativity 248</p> <p>Product comparisons 248</p> <p>Laughter covers faults 249</p> <p>Why Use Negative Advertising? 249</p> <p>Countering Negative Campaigns 250</p> <p>Preventing negative campaigning from discouraging good candidates 251</p> <p>Give &rsquo;em a pat on the back 252</p> <p><b>Chapter 19: The Money Thing: Is Reform Possible?</b><b> 253</b></p> <p>Campaigns Cost Too Much 253</p> <p>Contributors get better access to politicians 254</p> <p>Voters end up paying 254</p> <p>Campaign Finance Reform 255</p> <p>Federal campaigns 255</p> <p>State campaigns 257</p> <p>Getting More Good People Involved 259</p> <p>You Can Improve the System 260</p> <p><b>Part 6: Presidential Politics&nbsp;263</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 20: Throwing Their Hats in the Ring</b><b> 265</b></p> <p>Welcome to Iowa 266</p> <p>Welcome to New Hampshire 266</p> <p>Being the first 267</p> <p>Who goes to Iowa and New Hampshire? 267</p> <p>Getting off to a good start 268</p> <p>Staying in the Spotlight 270</p> <p>Getting a bounce 270</p> <p>The media can also hurt 271</p> <p>A day at the races 272</p> <p>Conducting Straw Polls 274</p> <p>Introducing the Nominees 275</p> <p><b>Chapter 21: Getting the Party Started: National Party Conventions</b><b> 277</b></p> <p>Sending Delegates to the National Convention 277</p> <p>Conventions don&rsquo;t choose presidential nominees 278</p> <p>What happens at the national conventions? 280</p> <p>The Politics of the Conventions 282</p> <p>Creating the right effect 282</p> <p>Concentrating partisan energies 283</p> <p>Playing Your Role as a Voter 283</p> <p><b>Chapter 22: The Electoral College and the 2000 and 2016 Presidential Elections</b><b> 285</b></p> <p>Explaining How the Electoral College Affected the 2000 and 2016 Elections 286</p> <p>Examining the Electoral College&rsquo;s Messy History 288</p> <p>Looking at other controversial elections 289</p> <p>Gauging the impact of the electoral college 290</p> <p>Arguing for the electoral college 291</p> <p>Arguing against the electoral college 292</p> <p>Changing the Electoral College 293</p> <p><b>Chapter 23: Filling Some Really Big Shoes: Electing a President</b> 295</p> <p>Contributing to the Nominee 296</p> <p>Shaping a Candidate&rsquo;s Message 297</p> <p>Identifying issues in your region 298</p> <p>Keeping candidates abreast of change 298</p> <p>Acknowledging that the primary message may not be the final message 299</p> <p>Acquiring the Information You Need to Vote for President 300</p> <p>The media loves a presidential campaign 301</p> <p>Turning to nontraditional media: Can we talk? 301</p> <p>The Electoral College and You 303</p> <p>The road to 270 electoral votes 303</p> <p>The candidate versus the party 305</p> <p>A Game of Strategy 306</p> <p>The game plan: Vote, and vote for me! 307</p> <p>You are the target 308</p> <p>Volunteer in a presidential campaign 308</p> <p><b>Part 7: The Part of Tens&nbsp;311</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 24: The Ten Commandments of Modern Politics</b><b> 313</b></p> <p>All Politics is Local 313</p> <p>You Can&rsquo;t Beat Somebody with Nobody 314</p> <p>Dance with the One That Brung Ya 314</p> <p>Never Say Never 314</p> <p>The Three Most Important Ingredients in Politics: Money, Money, and Money 314</p> <p>It Ain&rsquo;t Over &rsquo;til It&rsquo;s Over 315</p> <p>The Harder You Work, the Luckier You Get 315</p> <p>The Best Defense is a Good Offense 315</p> <p>You&rsquo;re Never Too Far Ahead 315</p> <p>Most Political Wounds Are Self-Inflicted 316</p> <p><b>Chapter 25: Ten Things to Teach Your Children About Politics</b><b> 317</b></p> <p>Voting Isn&rsquo;t Only Your Right &mdash; It&rsquo;s Your Duty 317</p> <p>Public Service is a Good and Honorable Profession 318</p> <p>Never Pin Your Future to the Outcome of the Next Election 318</p> <p>Never Trust Anyone Who Lies, Including a Politician 319</p> <p>Democracy is the Best System of Government 319</p> <p>Avoiding Politics Makes You More to Blame for Its Failures, Not Less 320</p> <p>Learn the Facts and Form Your Own Opinions 320</p> <p>You Have to Wait &rsquo;til 18 to Vote, but You Don&rsquo;t Have to Wait &rsquo;til 18 to Help Others Vote Wisely 320</p> <p>Politicians Are Just Like the Rest of Us 321</p> <p>When Politicians Make You Promises, Make Sure You Want What They&rsquo;re Promising 321</p> <p><b>Chapter 26: Ten Common Political Mistakes </b>323</p> <p>Believing That Anything is Secret 323</p> <p>Giving a Reporter an Interview &ldquo;Off the Record&rdquo; 324</p> <p>Failing to Answer an Opponent&rsquo;s Attack 324</p> <p>Promising Not to Run for Reelection 324</p> <p>Not Taking a Poll 325</p> <p>Taking a Poll and Ignoring the Results 325</p> <p>Not Knowing When to Retire 325</p> <p>Believing That Public Officials Can Have a Private Life 325</p> <p>Thinking That the Federal Treasury is Your Piggy Bank 326</p> <p>Failing to Follow the Strict Letter of the Law 326</p> <p><b>Chapter 27: Ten (or so) Quotable Quotes</b><b> 327</b></p> <p>On Politics 327</p> <p>On Being President 327</p> <p>Did I Really Say That? 328</p> <p>On Participation 328</p> <p>On the Press 329</p> <p>Appendix: State ID Voting Requirements 331</p> <p>Index 353</p>
<p><b>Ann M. DeLaney</b> is currently a Standing Trustee in Chapter 13 Bankruptcy for the Southern District of Indiana. She was the first woman to serve as Chair of a major political party in Indiana and the first woman nominated by a major party as a candidate for Indiana Lieutenant Governor. She has been a delegate to state and national party conventions.
<ul> <li>Make sense of political jargon</li> <li>Discover how U.S. government works at every level</li> <li>Understand political parties and elections</li> </ul> <p><b>Here's what you need to know about American government and politics</b> <p>Confused by caucuses? Puzzled by primaries? Frustrated by how messy politics can be? Then this book is exactly what you need to make sense of it all. Because, like it or not, politics determines how our society functions. This guide explains what you probably never learned in school, exploring how the system works, what lobbying is, the importance of all three branches of national government, how today's digital environment affects politics, ways to learn about the candidates, how you can get involved, and why you should. <p><b>Inside...</b> <ul> <li>Politics versus government</li> <li>Yes, your vote DOES count</li> <li>Choosing a candidate</li> <li>Are you being manipulated?</li> <li>How candidates are marketed</li> <li>What about the money thing?</li> <li>Electoral college pros and cons</li> <li>How politics affects your life</li> </ul>

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