Details

Zoo Animal Learning and Training


Zoo Animal Learning and Training


1. Aufl.

von: Vicky A. Melfi, Nicole R. Dorey, Samantha J. Ward

50,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 12.12.2019
ISBN/EAN: 9781118968567
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 384

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Beschreibungen

Comprehensively explains animal learning theories and current best practices in animal training within zoos  This accessible, up-to-date book on animal training in a zoo/aquaria context provides a unified approach to zoo animal learning, bringing together the art and science of animal training. Written by experts in academia and working zoos, it incorporates the latest information from the scientific community along with current best practice, demystifying the complexities of training zoo animals. In doing so, it teaches readers how to effectively train animals and to fully understand the consequences of their actions. Zoo Animal Learning and Training starts with an overview of animal learning theory. It describes the main categories of animal learning styles; considers the diverse natural history of zoo animals; reviews the research undertaken which demonstrates ultimate benefits of learning; and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of the different approaches. It also shows how the direct application of learning theory can be integrated into zoo animal management; discusses how other factors might affect development; and investigates situations and activities from which animals learn. It also explores the theoretical basis that determines whether enrichments are successful. Provides an easily accessibly, jargon-free introduction to the subject Explores different training styles, providing theoretical background to animal learning theory as well as considerations for practical training programme – including how to set them up, manage people and animals within them and their consequences Includes effective skills and ‘rules of thumb’ from professional animal trainers Offers commentary on the ethical and welfare implications of training in zoos Features contributions from global experts in academia and the zoo profession Uniquely features both academic and professional perspectives Zoo Animal Learning and Training is an important book for students, academics and professionals. Suited to senior undergraduate students in zoo biology, veterinary science, and psychology, and for post-graduate students in animal management, behaviour and conservation, as well as zoo biology. It is also beneficial to those working professionally in zoos and aquaria at different levels.
Notes on Contributors xi Foreword xxi Preface xxv Acknowledgements xxvii Part A Demystifying Zoo Animal Training 1 1 Learning Theory 3 Nicole R. Dorey 2 The Cognitive Abilities of Wild Animals 15 Lindsay R. Mehrkam 3 The Ultimate Benefits of Learning 35 Kathy Baker and Vicky A. Melfi 4 Choosing the Right Method: Reinforcement vs Punishment 53 Ken Ramirez Modality BoxesConsideration of what modalities animals use to communicate with one another; as training programmes are based on good communication between the zoo professional and animal they are working with. Box A1 Animal Vision 69 Andrew Smith Box A2 Do You Hear What I Hear? Hearing and Sound in Animals 73 Erik Miller?Klein Box A3 Making Sense of Scents: Olfactory Perception in Animals 77 Neil Jordan Part B Types of Learning That Can Be Achieved in a Zoo Environment 81 5 What is There to Learn in a Zoo Setting? 83 Fay Clark 6 Environmental Enrichment: The Creation of Opportunities for Informal Learning 101 Robert John Young, Cristiano Schetini de Azevedo, and Cynthia Fernandes Cipreste 7 The Art of ‘Active’ Training 119 Steve Martin 8 Integrating Training into Animal Husbandry 143 Marty Sevenich?MacPhee 9 Us and Them: Human–Animal Interactions as Learning Events 167 Geoff Hosey and Vicky A. Melfi Taxa Specific BoxesConsideration of species specific differences in cognitive ability are explored in academic boxes and the considerations necessary to practically implement training with different species are explored in professional boxes below. Box B1 Elephant Training in Zoos 183 Greg A. Vicino Box B2 Human–Elephant Interactions in Semi?captive Asian Elephants of Myanmar 187 Khyne U. Mar Box B3 Elephant Cognition: An Overview 191 Sarah L. Jacobson and Joshua M. Plotnik Box B4 Marine Mammal Training 197 Sabrina Brando Box B5 Cognitive Abilities of Marine Mammals 203 Gordon B. Bauer Box B6 The Application of Positive Reinforcement Training to Enhance Welfare of Primates in Zoological Collections 211 Jim Mackie Box B7 Species?specific Considerations: Primate Learning 217 Betsy Herrelko Box B8 Training Reptiles in Zoos: A Professional Perspective 221 Richard Gibson Box B9 The Learning Repertoire of Reptiles 227 Gordon M. Burghardt Box B10 Training Birds from a Zoo Professional’s Perspective 231 Heidi Hellmuth Box B11 Learning and Cognition in Birds 235 Jackie Chappell Box B12 Species?specific Considerations when Planning and Implementing Training with Aquatics 239 Heather Williams Box B13 The Cognitive Abilities of Fish 243 Culum Brown Part C More Than A to B: How Zoo Animal Training Programmes Can Impact Zoo Operations and Mission 247 10 Making Training Educational for Zoo Visitors 249 Katherine Whitehouse?Tedd, Sarah Spooner, and Gerard Whitehouse?Tedd 11 Welfare Implications of Zoo Animal Training 271 Vicky A. Melfi and Samantha J. Ward 12 Training Animals in Captivity or the Wild, so They Can Return to the Wild 289 Jonathan Webb 13 Last but in Fact Most Importantly … Health and Safety 309 Tim Sullivan Bigger Training Consideration BoxesFor some of the topics we felt it might be helpful to provide a box outside to the general text to consider some bigger concepts in animal training. These include ‘training multiple animals’ by Kirstin Anderson-Hansen and a concluding positive note on including training within zoo animal management programmes by Gary Priest. Box C1 Training Animals in a Group Setting 327 Kirstin Anderson?Hansen Box C2 This Generation’s Challenge 333 Gary Priest Glossary 335 Index 339
VICKY A. MELFI, PHD, is Professor at Hartpury University, Research Associate at the University of Sydney, and Managing Editor of the Journal of Zoo and Aquaria Research, published by the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA). NICOLE R. DOREY, PHD, is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Florida, a Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist (CAAB) and has actively served as a board member for a number of professional organizations. She also conducts and consults on research and training at zoos. SAMANTHA J. WARD, PHD, is a Senior Lecturer in Animal Science at Nottingham Trent University, and is currently on the BIAZA research committee and also sits as the welfare expert on Defra's Zoo Executive Committee.
Comprehensively explains animal learning theories and current best practices in animal training within zoos This accessible, up-to-date book on animal training in a zoo/aquaria context provides a unified approach to zoo animal learning, bringing together the art and science of animal training. Written by experts in academia and working zoos, it incorporates the latest information from the scientific community along with current best practice, demystifying the complexities of training zoo animals. In doing so, it teaches readers how to effectively train animals and to fully understand the consequences of their actions. Zoo Animal Learning and Training starts with an overview of animal learning theory. It describes the main categories of animal learning styles; considers the diverse natural history of zoo animals; reviews the research undertaken which demonstrates ultimate benefits of learning; and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of the different approaches. It also shows how the direct application of learning theory can be integrated into zoo animal management; discusses how other factors might affect development; and investigates situations and activities from which animals learn. It also explores the theoretical basis that determines whether enrichments are successful. Provides an easily accessibly, jargon-free introduction to the subject Explores different training styles, providing theoretical background to animal learning theory as well as considerations for practical training programme – including how to set them up, manage people and animals within them and their consequences Includes effective skills and 'rules of thumb' from professional animal trainers Offers commentary on the ethical and welfare implications of training in zoos Features contributions from global experts in academia and the zoo profession Uniquely features both academic and professional perspectives Zoo Animal Learning and Training is an important book for students, academics and professionals. It is ideally suited to senior undergraduate students in zoo biology, veterinary science, and psychology, and for post-graduate students in animal management, behaviour and conservation, as well as zoo biology. It is also beneficial to those working professionally in zoos and aquaria at different levels.

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