Details

Veterinary Technician's Handbook of Laboratory Procedures


Veterinary Technician's Handbook of Laboratory Procedures


2. Aufl.

von: Melissa Andrasik-Catton, Brianne Bellwood

42,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 21.11.2022
ISBN/EAN: 9781119672647
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 240

DRM-geschütztes eBook, Sie benötigen z.B. Adobe Digital Editions und eine Adobe ID zum Lesen.

Beschreibungen

<p><b>Practical, quick reference to laboratory test procedures routinely used in the veterinary setting</b></p> <p>The Second Edition of <i>Veterinary Technician&rsquo;s Handbook of Laboratory Procedures</i> provides a significant update and expansion to the First Edition, with larger and better-quality images, more images overall, and significant updates to information and equipment throughout.</p> <p>New chapters cover topics such as microbiology and parasitology, and the Second Edition newly covers quality assurance in the introductory chapter as well.</p> <p>Now encompassing topics in all areas of clinical pathology, the book covers procedures in hematology, clinical chemistry, urinalysis, microbiology, parasitology, serology, and cytology. A companion website features case studies, crossword puzzles, figures from the book in PowerPoint, and additional figures not found in the book.</p> <p>In <i>Veterinary Technician&rsquo;s Handbook of Laboratory Procedures</i>, readers can expect to find helpful information on:</p> <ul> <li>Laboratory equipment, covering microscopes, centrifuges, refractometers, and chemistry, hematology, and coagulation analyzers</li> <li>Blood analysis, covering proper blood collection and handling techniques, blood collection tubes, blood smear preparation and staining, and hematology procedures</li> <li>Urinalysis procedures including the physical, chemical and sediment examination</li> <li>Cytology sample collection and smear preparation, covering the feather, line, squash, modified squash, and starfish methods, plus microscopic evaluation of cytology slides</li> <li>Identification of parasites, covering internal and external, plus protozoans</li> </ul> <p>A helpful guide when performing many common laboratory tests and an excellent companion to full textbooks, <i>Veterinary Technician&rsquo;s Handbook of Laboratory Procedures</i> is equally useful for veterinary technicians in training and in practice and has been carefully formatted and written to put the information veterinary technicians need at their fingertips.</p>
<p>About the Authors xiv</p> <p>About the Contributors xvii</p> <p>Preface xviii</p> <p>Acknowledgments xxi</p> <p>Part 1 Patient Care Considerations 1</p> <p><b>1 The Gold Standard, Standards of Care, and Spectrum of Care: An Evolving Approach to Diagnostic Medicine </b><b>3<br /></b><i>Ryane E. Englar</i></p> <p>1.1 Defining the Gold Standard 3</p> <p>1.2 Limitations of the Gold Standard 4</p> <p>1.3 Returning to the Case of the Cat with Stranguria: a Different Perspective on Standards of Care 4</p> <p>1.4 Limitations to Standards of Care 5</p> <p>1.5 Spectrum of Care 6</p> <p>References 7</p> <p><b>2 Consultation Room Communication Strategies that Facilitate Dialogue on the Diagnostic Approach to Patient Care </b><b>9<br /></b><i>Ryane E. Englar</i></p> <p>2.1 Emergence of Communication as a Clinically Relevant Skill in Human Health Care 9</p> <p>2.2 The Evolution of Communication in Veterinary Health Care 10</p> <p>2.3 Communication Skills That Are Essential to Diagnosis-Making 11</p> <p>2.4 Concepts of Health Literacy and Compliance 13</p> <p>2.5 Using Easy-to-Understand (Nonmedical) Language 14</p> <p>2.6 Checking in 15</p> <p>2.7 Assessing the Client&rsquo;s Knowledge 17</p> <p>2.8 Signposting 18</p> <p>2.9 Addressing the Cost of Care 20</p> <p>References 22</p> <p><b>Part 2 Quick Assessment Tests (QATS) Involving Blood </b><b>27</b></p> <p><b>3 Packed Cell Volume 29<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>3.1 Procedural Definition: What Is this Test About? 29</p> <p>3.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform this Test? 29</p> <p>3.3 Equipment 29</p> <p>3.4 Procedural Steps: How Do I Perform this Test? 30</p> <p>3.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 33</p> <p>3.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 33</p> <p>3.7 Interpreting Test Results 34</p> <p>3.8 Clinical Case Example(s): Can We Link to the Cases in Chapter 5? 35</p> <p>3.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 35</p> <p>3.10 Key Takeaways 36</p> <p>References 36</p> <p><b>4 Total Protein as Measured by Refractometry </b><b>37<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>4.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 37</p> <p>4.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform this Test? 37</p> <p>4.3 Equipment 38</p> <p>4.4 Procedural Steps: How Do I Perform this Test? 38</p> <p>4.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 42</p> <p>4.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 43</p> <p>4.7 Interpreting Test Result 43</p> <p>4.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 44</p> <p>4.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Values 44</p> <p>4.10 Key Takeaways 44</p> <p>Reference 45</p> <p>Suggested References 45</p> <p><b>5 Gross and Microscopic Evaluation of the Buffy Coat </b><b>46<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>5.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 46</p> <p>5.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform this Test? 46</p> <p>5.3 Equipment 47</p> <p>5.4 Procedural Steps: How Do I Perform this Test? 47</p> <p>5.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 50</p> <p>5.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 53</p> <p>5.7 Interpreting Test Results 53</p> <p>5.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 54</p> <p>5.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 54</p> <p>5.10 Key Takeaways 54</p> <p>Reference 54</p> <p><b>6 The Blood Film </b><b>55<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>6.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 55</p> <p>6.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 55</p> <p>6.3 Equipment 55</p> <p>6.4 Procedural Steps: Preparing the Blood Film How Do I Perform This Test? 56</p> <p>6.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 64</p> <p>6.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 64</p> <p>6.7 Interpreting Test Results 69</p> <p>6.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 70</p> <p>6.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 70</p> <p>6.10 Key Takeaways 70</p> <p>References 70</p> <p>Suggested Bench-Side Reference 71</p> <p><b>7 Blood Glucose </b><b>72<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>7.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 72</p> <p>7.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 72</p> <p>7.3 Equipment 73</p> <p>7.4 Procedural Steps: How Do I Perform This Test? 73</p> <p>7.5 A Note on Quality Control 73</p> <p>7.6 Procedure for Patient Samples 74</p> <p>7.7 Time Estimate to Perform Test 76</p> <p>7.8 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 76</p> <p>7.9 Interpreting Test Results 77</p> <p>7.10 Clinical Case Example(s) 78</p> <p>7.11 Add-On Tests That you May Need to Consider and Their Additive Values 78</p> <p>7.12 Key Takeaways 78</p> <p>References 78</p> <p><b>8 Blood Urea Nitrogen </b><b>79<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>8.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 79</p> <p>8.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 79</p> <p>8.3 Equipment 80</p> <p>8.4 Procedural Steps: How Do I Perform this Test? 80</p> <p>8.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 81</p> <p>8.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 81</p> <p>8.7 Interpreting Test Results 82</p> <p>8.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 82</p> <p>8.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 82</p> <p>8.10 Key Takeaways 83</p> <p><b>9 Whole Blood Lactate </b><b>84<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>9.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 84</p> <p>9.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 84</p> <p>9.3 Equipment 85</p> <p>9.4 Procedural Steps: How Do I Perform This Test? 85</p> <p>9.5 A Note on Quality Control 85</p> <p>9.6 Procedure for Patient Samples 85</p> <p>9.7 Time Estimate to Perform Test 87</p> <p>9.8 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 87</p> <p>9.9 Interpreting Test Results 87</p> <p>9.10 Clinical Case Example(s) 88</p> <p>9.11 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 88</p> <p>9.12 Key Takeaways 88</p> <p>References 88</p> <p><b>10 Saline Agglutination Test </b><b>89<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>10.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 89</p> <p>10.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 89</p> <p>10.3 Equipment 89</p> <p>10.4 Procedural Steps: How Do I Perform This Test? 89</p> <p>10.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 91</p> <p>10.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 91</p> <p>10.7 Interpreting Test Results 92</p> <p>10.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 92</p> <p>10.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 92</p> <p>10.10 Key Takeaways 92</p> <p>Reference 93</p> <p><b>11 Activated Clotting Time </b><b>94<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>11.1 Procedural Definition: (&ldquo;What Is This Test About?&rdquo;) 94</p> <p>11.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 94</p> <p>11.3 Equipment 94</p> <p>11.4 Procedural Steps: How Do I Perform This Test? 94</p> <p>11.5 Time Estimate To Perform Test 96</p> <p>11.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 97</p> <p>11.7 Interpreting Test Results 97</p> <p>11.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 97</p> <p>11.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 97</p> <p>11.10 Key Takeaways 97</p> <p><b>Part 3 Quick Assessment Tests (QATS) Involving Urine </b><b>99</b></p> <p><b>12 Assessing Urine&rsquo;s Physical Properties </b><b>101<br /></b><i>Ryane E. Englar</i></p> <p>12.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 101</p> <p>12.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 101</p> <p>12.3 Equipment 102</p> <p>12.4 Procedural Steps 103</p> <p>12.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 105</p> <p>12.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 105</p> <p>12.7 Interpreting Test Results 106</p> <p>12.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 111</p> <p>12.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 113</p> <p>12.10 Key Takeaways 113</p> <p>12.11 Clinical Pearls 114</p> <p>References 115</p> <p><b>13 Urine Specific Gravity </b><b>116<br /></b><i>Ryane E. Englar</i></p> <p>13.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 116</p> <p>13.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform this Test? 117</p> <p>13.3 Equipment 117</p> <p>13.4 Procedural Steps 118</p> <p>13.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 124</p> <p>13.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 124</p> <p>13.7 Interpreting Test Results 124</p> <p>13.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 126</p> <p>13.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 127</p> <p>13.10 Key Takeaways 127</p> <p>13.11 Clinical Pearls 127</p> <p>References 128</p> <p><b>14 Chemical Evaluation of Urine </b><b>130<br /></b><i>Ryane E. Englar</i></p> <p>14.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 130</p> <p>14.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 132</p> <p>14.3 Equipment 132</p> <p>14.4 Procedural Steps 132</p> <p>14.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 136</p> <p>14.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 136</p> <p>14.7 Interpreting Test Results 138</p> <p>14.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 141</p> <p>14.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 142</p> <p>14.10 Key Takeaways 143</p> <p>14.11 Clinical Pearls 144</p> <p>References 145</p> <p><b>15 Urine Sediment Examination </b><b>146<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>15.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 146</p> <p>15.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 146</p> <p>15.3 Equipment 147</p> <p>15.4 Procedural Steps: How Do I Perform This Test? 147</p> <p>15.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 149</p> <p>15.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 151</p> <p>15.7 Interpreting Test Results 152</p> <p>15.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 157</p> <p>15.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 157</p> <p>15.10 Key Takeaways 157</p> <p>Reference 157</p> <p>Suggested Bench-Side References 158</p> <p><b>Part 4 Quick Assessment Tests (QATS) Involving Feces </b><b>159</b></p> <p><b>16 Assessing the Physical Properties of Fecal Matter </b><b>161<br /></b><i>Ryane E. Englar</i></p> <p>16.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 161</p> <p>16.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 161</p> <p>16.3 Equipment 164</p> <p>16.4 Procedural Steps 166</p> <p>16.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 166</p> <p>16.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 166</p> <p>16.7 Interpreting Test Results 172</p> <p>16.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 183</p> <p>16.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 183</p> <p>16.10 Key Takeaways 185</p> <p>16.11 Clinical Pearls 186</p> <p>References 187</p> <p><b>17 Direct Smears </b><b>191<br /></b><i>Ryane E. Englar</i></p> <p>17.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 191</p> <p>17.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 191</p> <p>17.3 Equipment 194</p> <p>17.4 Procedural Steps [1&ndash;5, 20, 30, 60&ndash;62] 194</p> <p>17.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 196</p> <p>17.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 196</p> <p>17.7 Interpreting Test Results 197</p> <p>17.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 198</p> <p>17.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 201</p> <p>17.10 Key Takeaways 203</p> <p>17.11 Clinical Pearls 204</p> <p>References 204</p> <p><b>18 Fecal Flotation </b><b>207<br /></b><i>Ryane E. Englar and Jeremy Bessett</i></p> <p>18.1 Procedural Definition: What is This Test About? 207</p> <p>18.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 210</p> <p>18.3 Options Available for Fecal Flotation 211</p> <p>18.4 Equipment 213</p> <p>18.6 Time Estimate to Perform Fecal Flotation with Fixed-Angle Centrifuge 216</p> <p>18.7 Brief Consideration of the Procedural Steps in the Event a Swinging Bucket Centrifuge Is Used 217</p> <p>18.8 Equipment 217</p> <p>18.9 Procedural Steps 217</p> <p>18.10 Time Estimate to Perform Passive Fecal Flotation 221</p> <p>18.11 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting for Fecal Flotation 221</p> <p>18.12 Interpreting Test Results 221</p> <p>18.13 Clinical Case Example(s) 227</p> <p>18.14 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 227</p> <p>18.15 Key Takeaways 229</p> <p>18.16 Clinical Pearls 229</p> <p>References 230</p> <p><b>Part 5 Quick Assessment of Body Cavity Fluids </b><b>235</b></p> <p><b>19 Body Cavity Fluid Analysis </b><b>237<br /></b><i>Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>19.1 Procedural Definition: What Is This Test About? 237</p> <p>19.2 Procedural Purpose: Why Should I Perform This Test? 237</p> <p>19.3 Equipment 238</p> <p>19.4 Procedural Steps: How Do I Perform This Test? 238</p> <p>19.5 Time Estimate to Perform Test 240</p> <p>19.6 Procedural Tips and Troubleshooting 240</p> <p>19.7 Interpreting Test Results 241</p> <p>19.8 Clinical Case Example(s) 244</p> <p>19.9 Add-On Tests That You May Need to Consider and Their Additive Value 244</p> <p>19.10 Key Takeaways 245</p> <p>References 245</p> <p>Suggested Bench-Side References 245</p> <p><b>Part 6 Clinical Cases </b><b>247</b></p> <p><b>20 Clinical Cases </b><b>249<br /></b><i>Jeremy Bessett, with support from Sharon M. Dial</i></p> <p>Case 1: Fred 249</p> <p>Case 2: Bella 253</p> <p>Case 3: Benji 258</p> <p>Case 4: Mittens 266</p> <p>Case 5: Star 272</p> <p>Case 6: Earl 277</p> <p>Case 7: Sammy 281</p> <p>Case 8: Coffee 286</p> <p>Case 9: Dexter 291</p> <p>Case 10: Tabitha 297</p> <p>Case 11: Ace 301</p> <p>Case 12: Timothy 304</p> <p>Case 13: Duckie 307</p> <p>Case 14: Angel 311</p> <p>Case 15: Chase 314</p> <p>Index 321</p>
<p><b>The Authors</b> <p><b>Brianne Bellwood,</b> MSc, RVT, VTS (Clinical Pathology), CCRVN, has been a full-time instructor for the Animal Health Technology program at Lakeland College in Vermilion, Alberta, Canada, since 2008. <p><b>Melissa Andrasik-Catton,</b> RVT, BS, was a full-time instructor at Maple Woods Community College Veterinary Technology Program in Kansas City, Missouri, USA for 10 years and 8 additional years as an adjunct.
<p><b>Practical, quick reference to laboratory test procedures routinely used in the veterinary setting</b> <p>The Second Edition of <i>Veterinary Technician’s Handbook of Laboratory Procedures</i> provides a significant update and expansion to the First Edition, with larger and better-quality images, more images overall, and significant updates to information and equipment throughout. <p>New chapters cover topics such as microbiology and parasitology, and the Second Edition newly covers quality assurance in the introductory chapter as well. <p>Now encompassing topics in all areas of clinical pathology, the book covers procedures in hematology, clinical chemistry, urinalysis, microbiology, parasitology, serology, and cytology. A companion website features case studies, crossword puzzles, figures from the book in PowerPoint, and additional figures not found in the book. <p>In <i>Veterinary Technician’s Handbook of Laboratory Procedures</i>, readers can expect to find helpful information on: <ul><li> Laboratory equipment, covering microscopes, centrifuges, refractometers, and chemistry, hematology, and coagulation analyzers</li> <li> Blood analysis, covering proper blood collection and handling techniques, blood collection tubes, blood smear preparation and staining, and hematology procedures</li> <li> Urinalysis procedures including the physical, chemical and sediment examination</li> <li> Cytology sample collection and smear preparation, covering the feather, line, squash, modified squash, and starfish methods, plus microscopic evaluation of cytology slides</li> <li> Identification of parasites, covering internal and external, plus protozoans</li></ul> <p>A helpful guide when performing many common laboratory tests and an excellent companion to full textbooks, <i>Veterinary Technician’s Handbook of Laboratory Procedures</i> is equally useful for veterinary technicians in training and in practice and has been carefully formatted and written to put the information veterinary technicians need at their fingertips.

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