The Road to Quality ControlThe Industrial Application of Statistical Quality Control by Homer M. Sarasohn
Professor Woodall’s essay shows that this book represents a remarkable contribution, even by today’s standards, because of its contemporary thinking about the relationship between the specific topic of SQC and the broader company context of Quality Management. It also demonstrates the remarkable awareness of at least some young US engineers in the post-war period about the vital role of Statistical Quality Control in establishing and maintaining a competitive position. The book reveals that there was unsuspected knowledge extant immediately post-war, about the importance of Statistical Quality Control when appropriately applied in an industrial setting. It also helps to correct wide-spread historical misconceptions about who specifically was responsible for helping Japanese industry get back on its feet post-war, a task assigned to General Douglas Macarthur by President Truman and how Macarthur was indebted to Sarasohn.
Foreword xiii I Introduction 1 Preface 1 Step 1. Establishing the Quality Standard 3 Step 2. Establishing a Section to Evaluate Quality 5 Step 3. Establishing Inspection Standards 6 Step 4. Selection of Inspection Methods 7 Step 5. Investigation of the Current State of Quality 9 Technical Terms Used in Quality Control 11 II Probability and Statistical Inference 17 Measures of Central Tendency 21 Measure of Variability 24 III Sampling Inspection 43 Specifying an Acceptable Proportion of Defective Items 54 IV Application of Sampling Inspection 63 V Quality Control of the Production Process 75 Appendix: Statistical Tables for Sampling Inspection 95 SL Table-1.0, DL Table 5, SA Table-10.0, DA Table-1.0 (From “Sampling Inspection Tables” by Dodge, H.F. and Romig, H.G.) Thoughts on The Road to Quality Control – The Industrial Application of Statistical Quality Control by Homer M. Sarasohn 101W. H.Woodall Introduction 101 Quality Management 102 Use of Acceptance Sampling 104 Control Chart Methods 104 Theory vs. Practice 105 Some Other Books of the Era 106 Conclusions 106 References 107 Homer Sarasohn and American Involvement in the Evolution of Quality Management in Japan, 1945–1950 109N.I. Fisher 1 Introduction 109 2 Events Prior to 1945 110 2.1 Data 110 3 1945–1947 111 3.1 Data 111 3.1.1 Civil Communications Section (CCS) activities 111 3.1.2 Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers (JUSE) 116 3.1.3 Visits to Japan byW. Edwards Deming 116 3.2 Interpretation 117 4 1948–1950 117 4.1 Data 117 4.1.1 CCS activities 117 4.1.2 JUSE activities 126 4.1.3 Deming’s activities 127 4.2 Interpretation 128 5 Conclusions 134 6 Key Sources of Information 136 Acknowledgements 136 References 137 Résumé 139 Appendix: Notes on the Text 139
N. I. Fisher is a Visiting Professor of Statistics at the University of Sydney, a management consultant, and Founding Editor-in-Chief of the Wiley journal Stat. Y. Tanaka is a Professor Emeritus of Statistics at Okayama University and involved in quality control as a member of the teaching and consulting staff of JSA (Japan Standard Association) seminar in Osaka. W. H. Woodall is a Professor of Statistics at Virginia Tech and a former editor of the Journal of Quality Technology (2001–2003) and Associate Editor of Technometrics (1987–1995).
A Detailed Account of the Historical Document on Statistical Quality Control and How It Changed Japan's Fortunes Post-World War II The Road to Quality Control: The Industrial Application of Statistical Quality Control by Homer M. Sarasohn contains an English translation of the book, The Industrial Application of Statistical Quality Control (SQC), written by a remarkable American engineer. Homer M. Sarasohn was the first person to teach the Japanese how to manage a company in post-war Japan. In addition, the book includes essays by N. I. Fisher and W. H. Woodall that discuss the historical significance of the American involvement in the evolution of SQC in Japan in the years following World War II. The original 1952 edition, published in Japanese, is largely unknown, even inside Japan. The book clearly demonstrates the amazing contribution, even by today's standards, of Sarasohn's contemporary thinking about the role of Statistical Quality Control in the broader context of Quality Management. In addition, the text debunks the historical misconceptions about who was responsible for helping the Japanese industry revive and shows how General MacArthur was indebted to Sarasohn. This historically important text: contains the English version of the historical document that helped Japan learn how to apply SQC in order to manage a company effectively includes two essays: one from a world expert in the area of SQC and the other from an acclaimed expert on Quality Management reveals Homer M. Sarasohn's contribution to the field of SQC demonstrates the vital role of SQC in helping Japan establish and maintain a competitive position after World War II Written for statisticians, SPC/SQC practitioners, members of the American Society for Quality and Japanese statisticians, The Road to Quality Control: The Industrial Application of Statistical Quality Control by Homer M. Sarasohn reveals the importance of Statistical Quality Control when appropriately applied in an industrial setting.
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