Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences
Special Publications, Band 73 1. Aufl.
|Verlag:||American Geophysical Union|
Science is built on trust. The assumption is that scientists will conduct their work with integrity, honesty, and a strict adherence to scientific protocols. Written by geoscientists for geoscientists, Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences acquaints readers with the fundamental principles of scientific ethics and shows how they apply to everyday work in the classroom, laboratory, and field. Resources are provided throughout to help discuss and implement principles of scientific integrity and ethics. Volume highlights include: Examples of international and national codes and policies Exploration of the role of professional societies in scientific integrity and ethics References to scientific integrity and ethics in publications and research data Discussion of science integrity, ethics, and geoethics in education Extensive coverage of data applications Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences is a valuable resource for students, faculty, instructors, and scientists in the geosciences and beyond. It is also useful for geoscientists working in industry, government, and policymaking.Read an interview with the editors to find out more:https://eos.org/editors-vox/ethics-crucial-for-the-future-of-the-geosciences
Table of Contents Contributors Preface Acknowledgements Section I. Examples of Recently Developed International and National Codes and Policies Chapter 1. The Origin, Objectives and Evolution of the World Conferences on Research IntegrityNicholas H. Steneck, Tony Mayer, Melissa S. Anderson, Sabine Kleinert Chapter 2. Fostering Integrity in Research: Overview of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine ReportThomas Arrison and Robert Nerem Chapter 3. Scientific Integrity – Recent Department of Interior Policies, Codes, and their ImplementationAlan Thornhill and Rick Coleman Section II. The Role of Geoscience Professional Societies in Scientific Integrity and Ethics Chapter 4. The American Geosciences Institute Guidelines for Ethical Professional ConductMaeve A. Boland and David W. Mogk Chapter 5. American Geophysical Union Adopts and Implements A New Scientific Integrity and Professional Ethics PolicyMichael McPhaden Chapter 6. The National Association of State Boards of Geology (ASBOG®) Involvement in Geoscience Professional EthicsJohn Williams Chapter 7. Brief History and Application of Enforceable Professional Geoscience Ethics CodesDavid M. Abbott, Jr. Section III. Scientific Integrity and Ethics in Publications and Data Chapter 8. The New Landscape of Ethics and Integrity in Scholarly Publishing, Brooks Hanson Chapter 9. Scientific Integrity and Ethical Considerations for the Research Data Life CycleLinda C. Gundersen Section IV. Ethical Values and Geoethics Chapter 10. Understanding Coupled Ethical-Epistemic Issues Relevant to Climate Modeling and Decision Support ScienceNancy Tuana Chapter 11. The Emerging Field of GeoethicsPeter Bobrowsky, Vincent S. Cronin, Giuseppe Di Capua, Susan W. Kieffer, Silvia Peppoloni Section V. Scientific Integrity, Ethics, and Geoethics in Education Chapter 12. Experiential Ethics Education Vance S. Martin and Donna C. Tonini Chapter 13. Teaching Geoethics Across the Geoscience Curriculum: Why, When, What, How, and Where? David W. Mogk, John W. Geissman, and Monica Z. Bruckner Chapter 14. Facilitating a Geoscience Student's Ethical DevelopmentVincent S. Cronin Appendix A. Case Studies for Science Integrity and Geoethics Practice Appendix B. Resources and References for Scientific Integrity, Ethics, and Geoethics
Linda C. Gundersen is a Scientist Emeritus at the U.S. Geological Survey, having spent 34 years there as a research scientist, program manager, and senior executive. The first half of her career focused on conducting and managing research projects in geochemistry, ore deposits, and interdisciplinary studies of radionuclides in rocks, soils, and water; eventually assessing the geologic radon potential of the United States. She received numerous grants from DOE and EPA and worked with diverse partners in the health and geological science communities. From 1995-98, she served as a program manager for both the Energy Resources Program and Mineral Resources Program. She served as the only geologist on the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Risk Assessment of Exposure to Radon in Drinking Water from 1997-1999. In 1998, she became a senior executive and the Associate Chief Geologist for Operations. In 2001, she was appointed the Chief Scientist for Geology overseeing $260M in research programs encompassing the Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Landslides, Coastal and Marine Geology, National Geologic Mapping, Energy and Mineral Resources, and Global Climate Change programs. She served in that capacity for 10 years before becoming the first Director of the Office of Science Quality and Integrity where she established and directed scientific integrity, ethics, education, career development, publication quality, research excellence, and other programs across the USGS. Her academic background includes undergraduate and graduate work in structural geology and geochemistry at the State University of New York at Stony Brook and at the University of Colorado, Boulder. She has received the DOI Superior, Meritorious, and Distinguished Service Awards, the Unit of Excellence Award, the Secretary of the Interior's Bronze Executive Leadership Award, and is a Fellow of the Geological Society of America. She has published over 75 papers and presented over 200 talks in the fields of geology, geoinformatics, science management, and scientific integrity.
Science is built on a foundation of trust and the assumption that all scientists conduct their work with integrity and honesty. Written by geoscientists for geoscientists, Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences acquaints readers with the fundamental principles of scientific integrity and geoethics, providing practical applications for everyday work in the classroom, laboratory, and field. Volume highlights include: Examples of the latest international and national codes and policies Exploration of the role of professional societies in scientific integrity and ethics Challenges and solutions for scientific integrity and ethics in publications and research data Discussion of scientific integrity and geoethics in science and education Case studies and resources for teaching and discussion Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences is a valuable resource for students, faculty, instructors, and scientists in the geosciences and beyond. It is also useful for geoscientists working in industry, government, and policymaking.
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