Quantum Mechanics

Quantum Mechanics

Concepts and Applications
2. Aufl.

von: Nouredine Zettili

51,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 22.01.2009
ISBN/EAN: 9780470746561
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 688

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<i>Quantum Mechanics: Concepts and Applications</i> provides a clear, balanced and modern introduction to the subject. Written with the student’s background and ability in mind the book takes an innovative approach to quantum mechanics by combining the essential elements of the theory with the practical applications: it is therefore both a textbook and a problem solving book in one self-contained volume. Carefully structured, the book starts with the experimental basis of quantum mechanics and then discusses its mathematical tools. Subsequent chapters cover the formal foundations of the subject, the exact solutions of the Schrödinger equation for one and three dimensional potentials, time-independent and time-dependent approximation methods, and finally, the theory of scattering. <p>The text is richly illustrated throughout with many worked examples and numerous problems with step-by-step solutions designed to help the reader master the machinery of quantum mechanics. The new edition has been completely updated and a solutions manual is available on request.<br /> <br /> Suitable for senior undergradutate courses and graduate courses.</p>
Preface. <p><b>1. Origins of Quantum Physics.</b></p> <p>1.1 Historical Note.</p> <p>1.2 Particle Aspect of Radiation.</p> <p>1.3 Wave Aspect of Particles.</p> <p>1.4 Particles versus Waves.</p> <p>1.5 Indeterministic Nature of the Microphysical World.</p> <p>1.6 Atomic Transitions and Spectroscopy.</p> <p>1.7 Quantization Rules.</p> <p>1.8 Wave Packets.</p> <p>1.9 Concluding Remarks.</p> <p>1.10 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p><b>2. Mathematical Tools of Quantum Mechanics.</b></p> <p>2.1 Introduction.</p> <p>2.2 The Hilbert Space and Wave Functions.</p> <p>2.3 Dirac Notation.</p> <p>2.4 Operators.</p> <p>2.5 Representation in Discrete Bases.</p> <p>2.6 Representation in Continuous Bases.</p> <p>2.7 Matrix and Wave Mechanics.</p> <p>2.8 Concluding Remarks.</p> <p>2.9 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p><b>3. Postulates of Quantum Mechanics.</b></p> <p>3.1 Introduction.</p> <p>3.2 The Basic Postulates of Quantum Mechanics.</p> <p>3.3 The State of a System.</p> <p>3.4 Observables and Operators.</p> <p>3.5 Measurement in Quantum Mechanics.</p> <p>3.6 Time Evolution of the System’s State.</p> <p>3.7 Symmetries and Conservation Laws.</p> <p>3.8 Connecting Quantum to Classical Mechanics.</p> <p>3.9 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p><b>4. One-Dimensional Problems.</b></p> <p>4.1 Introduction.</p> <p>4.2 Properties of One-Dimensional Motion.</p> <p>4.3 The Free Particle: Continuous States.</p> <p>4.4 The Potential Step.</p> <p>4.5 The Potential Barrier and Well.</p> <p>4.6 The Infinite Square Well Potential.</p> <p>4.7 The Finite Square Well Potential.</p> <p>4.8 The Harmonic Oscillator.</p> <p>4.9 Numerical Solution of the Schrödinger Equation.</p> <p>4.10 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p><b>5. Angular Momentum.</b></p> <p>5.1 Introduction.</p> <p>5.2 Orbital Angular Momentum.</p> <p>5.3 General Formalism of Angular Momentum.</p> <p>5.4 Matrix Representation of Angular Momentum.</p> <p>5.5 Geometrical Representation of Angular Momentum.</p> <p>5.6 Spin Angular Momentum.</p> <p>5.7 Eigen functions of Orbital Angular Momentum.</p> <p>5.8 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p><b>6. Three-Dimensional Problems.</b></p> <p>6.1 Introduction.</p> <p>6.2 3D Problems in Cartesian Coordinates.</p> <p>6.3 3D Problems in Spherical Coordinates.</p> <p>6.4 Concluding Remarks.</p> <p>6.5 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p><b>7. Rotations and Addition of Angular Momenta.</b></p> <p>7.1 Rotations in Classical Physics.</p> <p>7.2 Rotations in Quantum Mechanics.</p> <p>7.3 Addition of Angular Momenta.</p> <p>7.4 Scalar, Vector and Tensor Operators.</p> <p>7.5 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p><b>8. Identical Particles.</b></p> <p>8.1 Many-Particle Systems.</p> <p>8.2 Systems of Identical Particles.</p> <p>8.3 The Pauli Exclusion Principle.</p> <p>8.4 The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table.</p> <p>8.5 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p>9. Approximation Methods for Stationary States.</p> <p>9.1 Introduction.</p> <p>9.2 Time-Independent Perturbation Theory.</p> <p>9.3 The Variational Method.</p> <p>9.4 The Wentzel "Kramers" Brillou in Method.</p> <p>9.5 Concluding Remarks.</p> <p>9.6 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p><b>10. Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory.</b></p> <p>10.1 Introduction.</p> <p>10.2 The Pictures of Quantum Mechanics.</p> <p>10.3 Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory.</p> <p>10.4 Adiabatic and Sudden Approximations.</p> <p>10.5 Interaction of Atoms with Radiation.</p> <p>10.6 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p><b>11. Scattering Theory.</b></p> <p>11.1 Scattering and Cross Section.</p> <p>11.2 Scattering Amplitude of Spinless Particles.</p> <p>11.3 The Born Approximation.</p> <p>11.4 Partial Wave Analysis.</p> <p>11.5 Scattering of Identical Particles.</p> <p>11.6 Solved Problems.</p> <p>Exercises.</p> <p>A. The Delta Function.</p> <p>A.1 One-Dimensional Delta Function.</p> <p>A.2 Three-Dimensional Delta Function.</p> <p>B. Angular Momentum in Spherical Coordinates.</p> <p>B.1 Derivation of Some General.</p> <p>B.2 Gradient and Laplacianin Spherical Coordinates.</p> <p>B.3 Angular Momentum in Spherical Coordinates.</p> <p>C. Computer Code for Solving the Schrödinger Equation.</p> <p>Index.</p>
"The strength of the book lies in the long list of problems and the detailed solutions that makes the book student-oriented, especially, undergraduates. Teachers of the subject can benefit from the end-of-chapter exercises for assignments." (Contemporary Physics, 11 July 2011) <p>"The book contains almost six hundred examples, problems and exercises, some of them fully solved. They are intended to empower students to become independent learners and adept practitioners of quantummechanics." (<i>Mathematical Reviews,</i> July 2010)</p> <p>“Zettili provides a second edition of this textbook on quantum mechanics. The material is suitable for two undergraduate semesters and one graduate level semester.” ( <i>Book News</i>, September 2009)</p>
<p><strong>Professor Nouredine Zettili, Physical and Earth Sciences, Jacksonville State, University, Jacksonville, AL, USA</strong><br />Nouredine Zettili received his Ph.D. in 1986 from MIT and is currently Professor of Physics at Jacksonville State University, USA. His research interests include nuclear theory, the many-body problem, quantum mechanics and mathematical physics. He has also published two booklets designed to help students improve their study skills.
Quantum mechanics was developed in the first part of the twentieth century to help explain the behavior of matter at the microscopic level, ranging from molecular to subnuclear levels. It is the bedrock upon which modern physics rests; additionally, it provides a mathematical framework for many of the physical science fields and forms the basis of contemporary theories on matter and energy at the atomic and subatomic levels. This book provides a clear, balanced and modern treatment of the field and is aimed at undergraduate and first-year graduate students. <b><i>Quantum Mechanics: Concepts and Applications – Second Edition</i></b> takes an innovative approach to quantum mechanics by seamlessly combining the ingredients of both the textbook and a problem-solving book. <p>The textbook begins with the origins of quantum physics and then continues with the mathematical tools of quantum mechanics and the postulates of quantum mechanics. The next chapters cover one-dimensional problems, angular momentum, and three-dimensional problems. Subsequent chapters deals with rotations and addition of angular momenta, identical particles, approximation methods for stationary states, time-dependent perturbation theory, and scattering theory. The text contains many worked examples and numerous comprehensive problems with step-by-step solutions designed to help the reader master the machinery of quantum mechanics.</p> <p><b><i>Quantum Mechanics: Concepts and Applications – Second Edition:</i></b></p> <ul> <li> <div>Provides a comprehensive introduction to quantum mechanics, combining both a theoretical and practical approach.</div> </li> <li> <div>Offer an in-depth treatment of the practical mathematical tools of quantum mechanics and how to harness them to master the formalism of the theory.</div> </li> <li> <div>Includes numerous solved examples integrated throughout the text and each chapter concludes with an extensive collection of solved problems.</div> </li> </ul> <p>This text aimed at undergraduates and graduate students needing a textbook for a comprehensive treatment of quantum mechanics that is backed by an abundance of examples and fully solved, multistep problems. The book may also be useful for researchers needing a quick, practical guide covering the various techniques that are highly useful to manipulate the formalism of quantum mechanics.</p>

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