Wiley-Blackwell Critical Theory Handbooks

Each volume in the Critical Theory Handbooks series features a collection of newly commissioned essays exploring the use of contemporary critical theory in the study of a given period, and the ways in which the period serves as a site for interrogating and reframing the practices of modern scholars and theorists. The volumes are organized around a set of key terms – such as race/ethnicity, law, gender, class, disability, body, nation, ideology, history, writing/literacy, belief, violence, aesthetics, time, material culture, visual culture, identity, and desire – that demonstrate the engagement by literary scholars with current critical trends, and aim to increase the visibility of theoretically oriented and informed work in literary studies, both within the discipline and to students and scholars in other areas.

A Handbook of Romanticism Studies
Joel Faflak and Julia M. Wright

A Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Studies
Jacqueline Stodnick and Renée R. Trilling

A Handbook of Middle English Studies
Marion Turner

A Handbook of Modernism Studies
Jean-Michel Rabaté

Title Page


We begin our thanks with our contributors, for without their hard work and timely diligence this volume would not have been possible. We are also grateful to Emma Bennett for her steady support for this project from its inception, as well as others at Wiley-Blackwell for their astute advice and generous assistance as this volume came together. We both thank the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for its generous support of our research, and Geordie Miller for his research assistance. We would also like to thank Tilottama Rajan for her inestimable influence on our thinking about Romanticism, and the value of mentorship and collegiality. Wright would also like to thank the Canada Research Chairs Program for its invaluable support of her research, including that most precious of resources – research time. We are both also daily grateful for our partners' patience, perspective, tolerance, and great good humor.

Notes on Contributors

James Robert Allard is Associate Professor at Brock University, author of Romanticism, Medicine, and the Poet's Body (2007), and co-editor of Staging Pain, 1580–1800: Violence and Trauma in British Theater (2009).

Stephen C. Behrendt is George Holmes Distinguished University Professor of English at the University of Nebraska. In addition to his work in interdisciplinary studies in Romanticism, including his recent book British Women Poets and the Romantic Writing Community (2009), he is a widely published poet.

Julie Ellison is Professor of American Culture, English, and Art and Design at the University of Michigan. Her monographs include Emerson's Romantic Style (1984), Delicate Subjects (1990), and Cato's Tears and the Making of Anglo-American Emotion (1999).

Joel Faflak is Associate Professor of English and Theory and Criticism at the University of Western Ontario. He is the author of Romantic Psychoanalysis (2007), co-author of Revelation and Knowledge (2011), and editor of Thomas De Quincey's Confessions of an English Opium-Eater (2009). Among his edited and co-edited volumes are Sanity, Madness, Transformation (2005) and The Romanticism Handbook (2011).

Elizabeth A. Fay is Professor of English at the University of Massachusetts Boston. Her two most recent monographs are Fashioning Faces: The Portraitive Mode in British Romanticism (2010) and Romantic Medievalism (2002).

Jillian Heydt-Stevenson is Associate Professor of English at the University of Colorado. She has written Austen's Unbecoming Conjunctions (2005), co-edited Recognizing the Romantic Novel (2008), and was Associate Editor of Last Poems of William Wordsworth (1999); she has written articles on Austen, St. Pierre, Burney, Edgeworth, Coleridge, and landscape aesthetics.

Jerrold E. Hogle is University Distinguished Professor in English at the University of Arizona and Past President of the International Gothic Association. His books include Shelley's Process (1988), The Cambridge Companion to Gothic Fiction (editor, 2002), and The Undergrounds of “The Phantom of the Opera” (2002).

Anne Janowitz is Professor of Romantic Poetry at Queen Mary, University of London. She is the author of England's Ruins (1990), Lyric and Labour in the Romantic Tradition (1998), and Women Romantic Poets: Anna Barbauld and Mary Robinson (2004).

Steven E. Jones, Professor of English, Loyola University Chicago, and co-editor, Romantic Circles, is author of Satire and Romanticism (2000) and editor of The Satiric Eye: Forms of Satire in the Romantic Period (2003).

Theresa M. Kelley is Marjorie and Lorin Tiefenthaler Professor of English at University of Wisconsin, Madison. She is the author of Wordsworth's Revisionary Aesthetics (1988), Reinventing Allegory (1997), and Clandestine Marriage: Botany and Romantic Culture (forthcoming), and co-editor of Voices and Countervoices: Romantic Women Writers (1995). She has published essays on Romantic poetics, aesthetics, visual culture and philosophy, Keats, Mary Shelley, Smith, Percy Shelley, Blake, Hegel, Goethe, and Adorno.

Peter J. Kitson is Professor of English at the University of Dundee. He is the author of Romantic Literature, Race and Colonial Encounter (2007) and co-author of Literature, Science and Exploration: Bodies of Knowledge (2004). He is also editor or co-editor of several volumes, including Placing and Displacing Romanticism (2001) and Slavery and the Cultures of Abolition (2007). He has also edited collections of Romantic period travel writing (2001–2002) and transatlantic slavery texts (1999).

Jacqueline Labbe is Professor of English and Comparative Literary Studies at the University of Warwick. Her monographs include Charlotte Smith: Romanticism, Poetry and the Culture of Gender (2003) and Writing Romanticism: Charlotte Smith and William Wordsworth (2011), and she has edited Smith's The Old Manor House (2002) and Poetry (2007).

Kari Lokke is a Professor of Comparative Literature at the University of California, Davis. She is the author of Gérard de Nerval: The Poet as Social Visionary (1987) and Tracing Women's Romanticism: Gender, History and Transcendence (2004). With Adriana Craciun, she co-edited Rebellious Hearts: British Women Writers and the French Revolution (2001). She is currently writing a book on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century European representations of enthusiasm and fanaticism.

Marc Redfield is Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Brown University. His most recent book is The Rhetoric of Terror: Reflections on 9/11 and the War on Terror (2009).

Kristin Flieger Samuelian, Associate Professor at George Mason University, is the author of Royal Romances: Sex, Scandal, and Monarchy in Print, 1780–1821 (2010) and articles in Studies in Romanticism and Nineteenth-Century Studies, and the editor of the Broadview Emma.

Mark Schoenfield, Professor at Vanderbilt University, is the author of British Periodicals and Romantic Identity: The “Literary Lower Empire” (2009), as well as articles in Studies in Romanticism, Literature Compass, and the Wordsworth Circle.

Michael Scrivener, Professor of English at Wayne State University, has published Radical Shelley (1982), Seditious Allegories (2001), Two Plays by John Thelwall (2006), Poetry and Reform (1992), Cosmopolitan Ideal in the Age of Revolution and Reaction, 1776–1832 (2007), and Jewish Representation in British Literature, 1780–1840 (2011).

Richard C. Sha is Professor of Literature at American University in Washington, DC. He is the author of Perverse Romanticism: Aesthetics and Sexuality in Britain, 1750–1832 (2009) and The Visual and Verbal Sketch in British Romanticism (1998). He has edited two volumes: Romanticism and Sexuality (2001) and Historicizing Romantic Sexuality (2006).

Sophie Thomas is Associate Professor of English at Ryerson University in Toronto, where she teaches eighteenth- and nineteenth-century literature. She is the author of Romanticism and Visuality: Fragments, History, Spectacle (2008).

Michael Tomko is Assistant Professor of Literature at Villanova University. His research focuses on the intersection of politics, religion, and Romantic literature, and he is the author of British Romanticism and the Catholic Question (2011).

Ted Underwood is Associate Professor of English at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and the author of The Work of the Sun: Literature, Science, and Political Economy 1760–1860 (2005). His articles on Romantic-era historiography have appeared in Modern Language Quarterly, Representations, and PMLA.

Orrin N. C. Wang is Associate Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Maryland. The author of Fantastic Modernity: Dialectical Readings in Romanticism and Theory (1996), Wang has published widely on British and American Romanticism, as well as Boswell, Wollstonecraft, Shelley, and a number of postmodern theoretical schools.

David Worrall is Professor of English at Nottingham Trent University. He has written Theatric Revolution: Drama, Censorship and Romantic Period Subcultures (2006), The Politics of Romantic Theatricality: The Road to the Stage (2007), and Harlequin Empire: Race, Ethnicity and the Drama of the Popular Enlightenment (2007).

Julia M. Wright is Canada Research Chair in European Studies at Dalhousie University. She is the author of Blake, Nationalism, and the Politics of Alienation (2004) and Ireland, India, and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Literature (2007), and the editor or co-editor of a number of volumes, most recently a two-volume Companion to Irish Literature (editor, 2010) and Reading the Nation in English Literature (co-editor, 2009).