Wiley-Blackwell Companions to Sociology

Title Page


Notes on Contributors



Chapter 1: Marxist Approaches to Power

Power as a Social Relation

General Remarks on Class Domination

Economic Class Domination

Political Class Domination

Ideological Class Domination

The Articulation of Economic, Political, and Ideological Domination

Spatio-Temporal Moments of Domination


Further Reading

Chapter 2: Weber and Political Sociology

Weber's Political Sociology

Weberian Political Sociology after Weber

Further Reading

Chapter 3: Durkheim and Durkheimian Political Sociology

Changing Views of Durkheimian Sociology

Cultural Sociology and Politics

Further Reading

Chapter 4: Foucaultian Analysis of Power, Government, Politics


Politics and Government

Government and Partisan Politics

Government in the International Arena

Liberal Authoritarianism

Moving on

Further Reading

Chapter 5: Historical Institutionalism

Institutional Arguments and Historical Institutionalism

Path Dependency and Historicism

History as a Methodological Approach

The Future of Historical Institutionalism


Further Reading

Chapter 6: Sociological Institutionalism and World Society


Myths and Misperceptions

New Directions in World Society Theory

Concluding Thoughts


Further Reading

Chapter 7: Studying Power

Images and Decisions

Structures of Power


Further Reading

Chapter 8: Comparative Political Analysis: Six Case-Oriented Strategies


Connecting Conditions and Outcomes: The Limitations of Correlation

Connecting Conditions and Outcomes: The Case-oriented Template

Six Strategies of Case-oriented Comparative Analysis


Further Reading


Chapter 9: Theories of State Formation

Why Deal with These Matters?

The Managerial Perspective

The Military Perspective

The Economic Perspective


Further Reading

Chapter 10: State

State Origins and Contemporary Relevance

Beyond Europe: Diverse State Activity and Varieties of State Research

Weber's Endurance


Further Reading

Chapter 11: Political Legitimacy

Further Reading

Chapter 12: Political Corruption

What Is Corruption?

Approaches to Corruption

Corruption in Complex Exchanges

Institutions of Bribery: Governance Mechanisms

Conclusion: Systemic Corruption

Further Reading

Chapter 13: Parties and Interest Intermediation

Programmatic or Non-Programmatic Parties

The Nature of Programmatic Divisions

Party Competition

Party Organization

Controversies about Parties in Postindustrial Democracy

Further Reading

Chapter 14: Interest Groups and Pluralism

Interest Groups Defined

Recent Research

Policy Networks

Future Directions

Further Reading

Chapter 15: Elections

Why Elections?

Social Forces and Elections

The Future of Election Studies in Political Sociology: The Return of Contextual Analysis

Further Reading

Chapter 16: War

War, Capitalism and the Rise of the Nation-State

Rationalizing Military Force: Discipline, Medicine and Technoscience

The Transformation(s) of War: Armed Conflict in the Twenty-First Century

Further Reading

Chapter 17: Terrorism

Two Types of Terrorism

Two Theories of Terrorism

A Relational Theory of Terrorism


Further Reading

Chapter 18: Globalization and Security

The Doxa of a Global (In)security

The Roots of Global (In)Security: A Transnational Guild of Experts Willing to Monitor the Future

Further Reading

Chapter 19: Incarceration as a Political Institution

Incarceration as a Political Institution

Why Prison?

Consequences of Incarceration


Further Reading


Chapter 20: Culture, State and Policy

Introduction: The Cultural Analysis of Politics and the State

Contemporary Perspectives on National Culture, Status Politics, and Symbolism

New Lines of Inquiry on Political Processes: Discourse, Ideas, Schemas

Future Directions

Further Reading

Chapter 21: Civil Society and the Public Sphere

Civil Society and Social Differentiation

Civil Society and Public Sphere

Critiques of Civil Society

Global Civil Society?


Further Reading

Chapter 22: Trust and Social Capital

A New Term in Social Theory

Civic Culture as Social Capital

Social Capital and the Political Economy of Capitalism

A Tool to be Handled with Care

Deregulation, and after


Further Reading

Chapter 23: The Media and Politics

The Nature and Development of the Media

The Media and the Political Process

The Media and the Transformation of Public Life

Further Reading

Chapter 24: Imagined Communities

Community and Social Thought


Political Legitimacy and Imagined Community

Ideology and Imagined Community

Imagined Community after the Nation


Further Reading

Chapter 25: Gender, Power, Politics

Gender and the State

Gender and ‘the Transnational’

New Femininities

Agency and Resistance


Further Reading

Chapter 26: Class, Culture and Politics

From Class Formation to Cultural Class Analysis?

Bourdieu and Social Class

Exemplars of ‘Cultural Class Analysis’

Discussion and Conclusion

Further Reading

Chapter 27: The Politics of Ethnicity and Identity

Ethnicities Old and New

From Identities to Identification

Different Forms of Constructivism: From Linguistic Monism to Post-structuralism

Racialized Identities: The Question of Materiality

Hybrid Ethnicities: Rethinking Pluralism

Conclusion: Relocating the Politics of Ethnicity

Further Reading

Chapter 28: Race and Politics

Race and Ethnicity in Global and Historical Perspective

Racial Orders, Racial Domination, Racist Discrimination

Race, Nation and Immigration

The Amelioration of Racial Inequality in the United States: The Centrality of the Regulatory Approach


Further Reading

Chapter 29: Nationalism: Its Role and Significance in a Globalized World

Nationalism in a Globalized World

Defining and Analyzing Nationalism

Nationalism and Cosmopolitanism

Nationalism, Violence and Fragmentation

Conclusion: Nationalism, Dying or Resurgent?

Further Reading

Chapter 30: Religion and Political Sociology

Questions of Definition, Problems of Perspective

Scholarship and Religion



Further Reading

Chapter 31: Body Politics

Discipline, Civilization and Taste

Biopower, Surveillance and Medicalization

Feminism(s), Gender and Technologies

Concluding Remarks

Further Reading

Chapter 32: Citizenship and Welfare: Politics and Social Policies


Welfare States and Their Study: Three Postwar Generations of Comparative Research

Looking ahead: New Constellations of Rights and Duties

Further Reading

Chapter 33: Citizenship and Gender

Citizenship and Gender: An Historical Relationship

Why Re-gender Citizenship?

The Nature of Citizenship

A Critical Synthesis

The Re-Gendering of Citizenship

Further Reading

Chapter 34: Post-national Citizenship: Rights and Obligations of Individuality

Rights and Identity

Claims-making and Mobilization: The Practice of Citizenship

The Value of ‘Individuality’ as the Underlying Principle of Citizenship

Coda: Delimiting the Contours of Post-national Citizenship

Further Reading


Chapter 35: Protest and Political Process

Protest Politics and Social Movements

Movement Organization and Mobilization

The Trajectory of Social Protest

Globalization and Transnational Activism

Constructing Political Opportunity

The Effects of Social Protest Movements

Further Reading

Chapter 36: Global Social Movements and Transnational Advocacy

Globalization: Economic, Cultural, and Political Dimensions

From Social Movements to Transnational Advocacy and Action

Islamism, Feminism, and Global Justice

Studying Global Social Movements

Global Social Movements and Global Civil Society

Further Readings

Chapter 37: Global Governance and Environmental Politics

The Structural Dimension of Global Environmental Governance

Global Environmental Governance, Agency and the State

Regimes and the Environment

Global Governance, Civil Society and the Environment

Global Environmental Governance


Further Reading

Chapter 38: Rural Social Movements

The Rural Crises

Peasant and Farmer Movements since the 1980s

The Origins of Transnational Agrarian Movements

Vía Campesina, a Transnational Agrarian Movement

The Worsening Food Crisis

Concluding Remarks

Further Reading

Chapter 39: Towards a Political Sociology of Human Rights

Human Rights, Globalization and State Transformation

Human Rights Organizations, Legalization and the Limits of Law

Subjectivity and Solidarity

Human Rights Are Political

Further Reading

Chapter 40: Democratization

Earlier Ideas about What Advances Democratization

Recent Research Focused on Causal Analysis

Questions about the Quality of Democracy

Some Reflections on Deepening and Subverting Democracy

Further Reading

Chapter 41: Feminism and Democracy

Participatory Democracy: The Women's Movement

Representative Democracy: Women in Parliament

Constitutive Representation: How the Substantive Representation of Women Occurs

Expansive Democracy: State Feminism

Cosmopolitan Democracy: Transnational Activism


Further Reading

Chapter 42: Democracy and Capitalism in the Wake of the Financial Crisis

On to Privatized Keynesianism

After Privatized Keynesianism: The Responsible Corporation?

What Next?


Further Reading



Wiley-Blackwell Companions to Sociology

The Wiley-Blackwell Companions to Sociology provide introductions to emerging topics and theoretical orientations in sociology as well as presenting the scope and quality of the discipline as it is currently configured. Essays in the Companions tackle broad themes or central puzzles within the field and are authored by key scholars who have spent considerable time in research and reflection on the questions and controversies that have activated interest in their area. This authoritative series will interest those studying sociology at advanced undergraduate or graduate level as well as scholars in the social sciences and informed readers in applied disciplines.

The Blackwell Companion to Major Classical Social Theorists

Edited by George Ritzer

The Blackwell Companion to Major Contemporary Social Theorists

Edited by George Ritzer

The Blackwell Companion to Criminology

Edited by Colin Sumner

The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements

Edited by David A. Snow, Sarah A. Soule, and Hanspeter Kriesi

The Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Families

Edited by Jacqueline Scott, Judith Treas, and Martin Richards

The Blackwell Companion to Law and Society

Edited by Austin Sarat

The Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Culture

Edited by Mark Jacobs and Nancy Hanrahan

The Blackwell Companion to Social Inequalities

Edited by Mary Romero and Eric Margolis

The New Blackwell Companion to Social Theory

Edited by Bryan S. Turner

The New Blackwell Companion to Medical Sociology

Edited by William C. Cockerham

The New Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Religion

Edited by Bryan S. Turner

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Major Social Theorists

Edited by George Ritzer & Jeffrey Stepnisky

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Sociology

Edited by George Ritzer

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

Edited by Edwin Amenta, Kate Nash, and Alan Scott

Also available:

The Blackwell Companion to Globalization

Edited by George Ritzer

The New Blackwell Companion to the City

Edited by Gary Bridge and Sophie Watson

Title Page

Notes on Contributors

Edwin Amenta is Professor of Sociology, Political Science and History, University of California, Irvine. He has published extensively on political sociology, social movements, historical and comparative sociology, and the news media. He is the author of When Movements Matter: The Townsend Plan and the Rise of Social Security (Princeton, 2008), which analyses the political consequences of social movements. He is also co-author of ‘All the Movements Fit to Print’ (American Sociological Review, 2009), which accounts for why social movements receive newspaper coverage.

Valérie Amiraux is on leave from her position as Senior Research Fellow at the CNRS and currently Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology of the University of Montreal where she holds the Canada Research Chair for the study of religious pluralism and ethnicity. Since 1992, she has been working on Muslims in Europe, first by looking at transnational mobilizations of Muslim organizations based in Germany and active in Turkey (Acteurs de l'islam entre Allemagne et Turquie. Parcours militants et expériences religieuses, Paris, L'Harmattan, coll. Logiques politiques, 2001), then, when she was a Jean Monnet fellow at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies of the European University Institute (Florence), on the state regulation of Muslim minorities in EU member-states and the religious discrimination experienced by Muslims (Politics of Visibilities. Young Muslims European Public Spaces, co-edited with Gerdien Jonker, Bielefeld, Transcript Verlag, 2005).

Arnaldo Bagnasco is Professor of Sociology and the University of Turin. A leading economic sociologist, he is well known for his work on economic development and the Third Italy; for example, La problematica territoriale dello sviluppo Italian (Il Mulino, 1977). His publications in English include Small Firms and Economic Development in Europe (co-edited with C.F. Sabel, Pinter, 1995); Cities in Contemporary Europe (co-edited with Patrick Le Galès, CUP, 2000); and ‘Social capital in changing capitalism’, Social Epistemology 17(4) 2003.

David Beetham is Professor Emeritus, University of Leeds, and Associate Director, Democratic Audit. From early work on Max Weber (Max Weber and the Theory of Modern Politics, 1974) he moved to the systematic study of Weberian themes (Bureaucracy, 1987; The Legitimation of Power, 1991). Later work has concentrated on the theory and practice of democracy, and its relation to human rights (Democracy and Human Rights, 1999; Democracy under Blair, 2002; Democracy: A Beginner's Guide, 2005; Parliament and Democracy in the Twenty-First Century, 2006; Assessing the Quality of Democracy, 2008). A revised and updated edition of The Legitimation of Power is to be published in 2012.

Didier Bigo is MCU Research Professor at Sciences-Po, Paris/CERI and Professor in the Department of War Studies, King's College London. He is editor of the journal International Political Sociology (ISA and Blackwell), editor of Cultures et Conflits (l'Harmattan), and co-editor of Europe's 21st Century Challenge. Delivering Liberty (with Sergio Carrera, Elspeth Guild and R.B.J. Walker, Ashgate, 2010). A full curriculum vitae can be found at

Antoine Bousquet is a lecturer in International Relations at Birkbeck College, University of London. His research interests include social and political theory, war and political violence, and the history and philosophy of science and technology. He is the author of The Scientific Way of Warfare: Order and Chaos on the Battlefields of Modernity (Hurst & Columbia University Press, 2009) and has contributed articles to International Affairs, Cold War History, Millennium: Journal of International Studies, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, and Journal of International Relations and Development. He is currently working on a monograph on the logistics of military perception.

Peter Breiner is Associate Professor of Political Science at The University at Albany, State University of New York. He is the author of Max Weber and Democratic Politics (Cornell University Press, 1996) as well as numerous articles on Weber and thinkers influenced by Weber such as Karl Mannheim. His present work examines the meaning of political equality when it is set in fields of political conflict.

Colin Crouch is Emeritus Professor of Governance and Public Management at the Warwick Business School and External Scientific Member of the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies at Cologne. He previously taught sociology at the LSE, and was fellow and tutor in politics at Trinity College, Oxford, and Professor of Sociology at the University of Oxford. Until December 2004 he was Professor of Sociology at the European University Institute, Florence. He is a Fellow of the British Academy and of the Academy of Social Sciences. He is currently leading a European Union research project on the governance of uncertainty and sustainability in labour markets and social policy in European countries. He is former chair and joint editor of The Political Quarterly, a former chair of the Fabian Society, and a founder member of Compass. His most recent books include: Social Change in Western Europe (1999); Post-Democracy (2004); Capitalist Diversity and Change (2005); and The Strange Non-Death of Neoliberalism (2011).

Jonathan Dean is Lecturer in Political Theory at the University of Leeds. His research covers feminist politics and contemporary debates in social and political theory. He is author of Rethinking Contemporary Feminist Politics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) and has published in Contemporary Political Theory, The International Feminist Journal of Politics, Political Quarterly and Feminist Media Studies.

Donatella della Porta is Professor of Sociology in the Department of Political and Social Sciences at the European University Institute. Among her recent publications are Social Movements and Europeanization (with M. Caiani, Oxford University Press, 2009), Another Europe (ed., Routledge, 2009); Democracy in Social Movements (Palgrave, 2009); Approaches and Methodologies in the Social Sciences (with Michael Keating, Cambridge University Press, 2008); Voices from the Valley; Voices from the Street (Berghan, 2008); The Global Justice Movement (Paradigm, 2007); Globalization from Below (with Massimiliano Andretta, Lorenzo Mosca and Herbert Reiter, The University of Minnesota Press); The Policing Transnational Protest (with Abby Peterson and Herbert Reiter, Ashgate 2006); Social Movements: An Introduction, 2nd edn (with Mario Diani, Blackwell, 2006); and Transnational Protest and Global Activism (with Sidney Tarrow, Rowman & Littlefield, 2005).

Marc Edelman is Professor of Anthropology at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and at Hunter College-CUNY, where he is also Chair of the Anthropology Department. He is the author of The Logic of the Latifundio (Stanford 1992; in Spanish, Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica, 1996) and Peasants Against Globalization (Stanford, 1999; Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica, 2005); co-author of Social Democracy in the Global Periphery (Cambridge University Press, 2007); and co-editor of The Anthropology of Development and Globalization (Blackwell, 2005) and Transnational Agrarian Movements Confronting Globalization (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009). His current research is on the campaign of transnational agrarian movements to have the United Nations approve a declaration, and eventually a convention, on the rights of peasants.

Jeff Goodwin is Professor of Sociology at New York University. He earned his baccalaureate and doctorate at Harvard and has taught at NYU since 1991. His writings focus on social movements, revolutions and, more recently, terrorism. He is currently finishing a book titled Why Terror? His book No Other Way Out: States and Revolutionary Movements, 1945–1991 (Cambridge University Press, 2001) won the Outstanding Book Prize of the Collective Behavior and Social Movements Section of the American Sociological Association (ASA). He is the co-editor of The Social Movements Reader (Wiley-Blackwell, 2nd edn 2009), Rethinking Social Movements (Rowman & Littlefield, 2004), and Passionate Politics: Emotions and Social Movements (University of Chicago Press, 2001). His article, ‘The Libidinal Constitution of a High-Risk Social Movement’, American Sociological Review 62 (1999), won the Barrington Moore Prize for the best article in the field of comparative-historical sociology from the Comparative-Historical Section of the ASA.

Alan Finlayson is Professor of Social and Political Theory at the University of East Anglia. He is the author or editor of books such as Making Sense of New Labour (Lawrence & Wishart, 2003); Contemporary Political Thought: A Reader and Guide (Edinburgh University Press/New York University Press, 2003); and Democracy and Pluralism: The Political Thought of William E. Connolly (Routledge, 2007). He is currently conducting research, supported by The Leverhulme Trust, into the theory of political rhetoric and the historical development of political speech in the UK (see

David John Frank is Professor of Sociology and, by courtesy, Education at the University of California, Irvine. He is interested in the cultural infrastructure of world society, especially as it changes over time and varies across national contexts. In substance, he has studied the global rise and diffusion of environmental protection, the worldwide expansion and transformation of higher education, and the global re-conception and reorganization of criminal laws regulating sexual activity. He has degrees in sociology from Stanford University and the University of Chicago. Before coming to Irvine in 2002, he was on the faculty at Harvard University.

Barry Hindess: After many years as a sociologist in Britain, Barry Hindess moved to the Australian National University in 1987 and then to ANU's Research School of Social Sciences, where he learned to pass as a political scientist. He is now Emeritus Professor in ANU's School of Social Sciences. Like many senior academics he has published more than he cares to remember, including Discourses of Power: From Hobbes to Foucault; Governing Australia: Studies in Contemporary Rationalities of Government (with Mitchell Dean); Corruption and Democracy in Australia; Us and Them: Elites and Anti-Elitism in Australia (with Marian Sawer); and papers on neoliberalism, liberalism and empire, and the temporalizing of difference.

Ann Hironaka is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of California, Irvine. Her research focuses on civil war and military planning. Her book, Neverending Wars (Harvard University Press, 2005), provides a world society account for the persistence of contemporary civil wars. She has also co-authored several articles on the international environmental regime, and is currently working on a book that develops a world society perspective on environmental outcomes.

Brenda Holzinger is a PhD Candidate in the Division of Global Affairs at Rutgers University in Newark, New Jersey. Her dissertation addresses issues of global environmental governance, and focuses on the role of transnational social mobilization in securing new or increased political rights for both the individuals and the environments that are permanently disrupted by large-scale hydropower projects. Ms Holzinger is a graduate of Rutgers University School of Law, Camden (JD 1990) and the Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University, New Brunswick (MA 1989). She completed her undergraduate work at Pomona College in Claremont, California (BA 1986).

Sven E.O. Hort teaches sociology at Linnaeus University, Kalmar and Växjö, and Södertörn University, metropolitan Stockholm, Sweden. He is the author of Social Policy, Welfare State and Civil Society in Sweden (Arkiv, 2011).

Bob Jessop is Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Co-Director of the Cultural Political Economy Research Centre at Lancaster University. He is best known for his contributions to state theory, critical political economy, welfare state restructuring and, most recently, work on governance and governance failure. Recent publications include The Future of the Welfare State (2002); Beyond the Regulation Approach (2006, co-authored with Ngai-Ling Sum); and State Theory: The Strategic-Relational Approach (2007). He currently holds a three-year Research Fellowship to study the cultural political economy of crisis-management in relation to the global financial crisis and its relation to the crisis of the state and governance.

Desmond King is Andrew W. Mellon Professor of American Government at the University of Oxford and Fellow of Nuffield College. His publications on state theory, race and American political development and comparative political economy include In the Name of Liberalism (Oxford University Press, 1999); Making Americans: Immigration, Race and the Origins of the Diverse Democracy (HUP, 2000); The Unsustainable American State (co-edited, Oxford University Press, 2009); and Still a House Divided: Race and Politics in Obama's America (co-authored with Rogers M. Smith, PUP, 2011).

Herbert Kitschelt is the George V. Allen Professor of International Relations at Duke University. He has published widely on political parties and party systems in Western Europe, Post-Communist Eastern Europe, and Latin America. His most recent book is Latin American Party Systems (Cambridge University Press, 2010), co-authored with Kirk Hawkins, Juan Luna, Guillermo Rosas, and Elizabeth Zechmeister. He currently works on two main projects, one on a global data set to compare patterns of democratic accountability, particularly through programmatic and clientelistic citizen–politician linkages, and the other on comparing the changing strategic appeals and electoral coalitions crystallized around political parties in established Western democracies.

David Knoke (PhD 1972, University of Michigan) is Professor of Sociology at the University of Minnesota. His primary areas of research and teaching are in organizations, networks, and social statistics. He has been a principal investigator on more than a dozen National Science Foundation grants, most recently a project to investigate networks and teamwork of 26 Minnesota Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) teams, a multi-professional mental-health services program. Recent books, some with co-authors, include Comparing Policy Networks: Labor Politics in the U.S., Germany, and Japan (1996); Organizations: Business Networks in the New Political Economy (2001); Statistics for Social Data Analysis 4th edn (2002); and Social Network Analysis, 2nd edn (2008). In 2008 Prof. Knoke received the UMN College of Liberal Arts' Arthur ‘Red’ Motley Exemplary Teaching Award.

Gabriela Kütting is Associate Professor of Political Science and Global Affairs at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Newark. She has published extensively in the field of global environmental politics, including the books Environment, Society and International Relations (Routledge, 2000); Globalization and Environment (SUNY Press, 2004); and Environmental Governance: Power and Knowledge in a Local-Global World (edited with Ronnie Lipschutz, 2009). Her most recent books are Global Environmental Politics; Concepts, Theories and Case Studies (ed., 2010) and The Global Political Economy of the Environment and Tourism (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).

Patrick Le Galès is CNRS Research Professor of Politics and Sociology at the Centre d'études européennes, Sciences Po, Paris and part-time visiting professor at King's College, London. He is the coordinator of Sciences Po's ‘Cities and territories’ and ‘Restructuring the state’ research groups and former editor of The International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. His publications include European Cities: Social Conflicts and Governance (Oxford University Press, 2002); Changing Governance of Local Economies (with Colin Crouch, Carlo Trigilia, and Helmut Voetzkow, Oxford University Press, 2004); and The New Labour Experiment (with Florence Faucher-King, Stanford University Press, 2010). Homepage:

Ruth Lister is Emeritus Professor of Social Policy at Loughborough University, a Fellow of the British Academy and a member of the House of Lords. She has published widely on topics of citizenship, poverty and gender, including Citizenship: Feminist Perspectives (2nd edn, Palgrave, 2003) and Poverty (Polity, 2004).

Wesley Longhofer is a PhD Candidate in the Department of Sociology at the University of Minnesota. His work on environmental issues and civic associations has appeared in the American Sociological Review and the International Journal of Comparative Sociology. His other research interests include comparative political sociology, institutional theory, globalization and development, and philanthropic and non-profit organizations. Currently, he is working on a project examining the origins of global philanthropy and its implications for development-related outcomes. In January 2012, he will join the Goizueta Business School faculty at Emory University as an Assistant Professor of Organization and Management.

Jeff Manza is Professor of Sociology and Department Chair at New York University. His research is in the area of social stratification, political sociology and public policy. He is the co-author (with Christopher Uggen) of Locked Out: Felon Disenfranchisement and American Democracy (Oxford University Press, 2006) and (with Clem Brooks) of Why Welfare States Persist (University of Chicago Press, 2007). His work has appeared in journals such as American Sociological Review, American Journal of Sociology and Journal of Politics. He is currently working on a study of the impact of policy framings on public opinion.

David S. Meyer is Professor of Sociology, Political Science, and Planning, Policy and Design at the University of California, Irvine. He has published numerous articles on social movements and social change, and is author or co-editor of six books, most recently The Politics of Protest: Social Movements in America (Oxford University Press, 2006). He is most interested in the connections among institutional politics, public policy, and social movements, particularly in regard to issues of war and peace.

Valentine M. Moghadam is Professor of Sociology and Director of the International Affairs Program at Northeastern University. Prior to that she was Professor of Sociology and Women's Studies, and Director of the Women's Studies Program at Purdue University. She has also served as Chief of the Section for Gender Equality and Development, in the Social and Human Sciences Sector of UNESCO, in Paris; and was Professor of Sociology and Women's Studies Director at Illinois State University; and coordinator of the research programme on women and development at the United Nations University's WIDER Institute, in Helsinki. Born in Tehran, Iran, Dr Moghadam is author of four books: Modernizing Women: Gender and Social Change in the Middle East (2nd edn 2003); Women, Work and Economic Reform in the Middle East and North Africa (1998); Globalizing Women: Transnational Feminist Networks (2005); and Globalization and Social Movements: Islamism, Feminism, and the Global Justice Movement (2009). She has edited seven books, authored numerous journal articles and book chapters, and consulted many international organizations. Her areas of research are globalization, transnational feminist networks, civil society and citizenship, and women's employment in the Middle East and North Africa.

Kate Nash is Professor of Sociology at Goldsmiths, University of London and Faculty Fellow at the Center for Cultural Sociology, Yale University. She has published widely on political sociology and human rights, including The Cultural Politics of Human Rights: Comparing the US and UK (Cambridge University Press, 2009) and articles in Sociology, The British Journal of Sociology, Economy and Society and Citizenship Studies. She is author of Contemporary Political Sociology (Wiley-Blackwell, 2nd edn 2010) (with Alan Scott and Anna Marie Smith) and New Critical Writings in Political Sociology (Ashgate, 2009), and she is currently writing The Political Sociology of Human Rights (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming).

Aletta J. Norval is Reader in Political Theory and Director of the Doctoral Programme in Ideology and Discourse Analysis in the Department of Government, University of Essex, UK. She is also Co-Director of the Centre for Theoretical Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Her publications include Aversive Democracy: Inheritance and Originality in the Democratic Tradition (Cambridge University Press) and Deconstructing Apartheid Discourse (Verso). She is co-editor of South Africa in Transition: New Theoretical Perspectives (Macmillan) and Discourse Theory and Political Analysis: Identities, Hegemonies and Social Change (Manchester University Press). She has written widely on democratic theory; post-structuralism and contemporary political theory; South African politics; theories of ethnicity; feminist theory; and the construction of political identities. She is currently working on a book on Rancière and Cavell.

René Patnode is a PhD Candidate in Sociology at the University of California, San Diego. His research focuses on political education and the construction of national identities among university students within the People's Republic of China as well as the tensions caused within those identities by the effects of cultural globalization. He is further interested in how these processes affect those individuals located on the periphery, that is, Chinese ethnic minorities.

Gianfranco Poggi: After a first degree in Law (Padua, 1956) he took an MA and PhD in Sociology (University of California, Berkeley, 1959, 1963), where he studied with Lipset, Bendix, Lowenthal, Linz, Kornhauser and others. His subsequent teaching and research (chiefly at Florence, 1962–1964; Edinburgh, 1964–1988; Virginia, 1988–1995; European University Institute, Florence, 1996–2001; and Trento, 2001–2005) dealt chiefly with the contributions of major social theorists – especially Tocqueville, Marx, Durkheim, Weber and Simmel – and with modern political institutions, with special regard to the state and other forms of social power. He has taught in many other universities in Canada, Germany and Australia, and held fellowships at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences (Stanford), ANU, and at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin. Book publications include The State: Its Nature, Development and Prospects (Polity, 1982) and Forms of Power (Polity, 2001).

Charles C. Ragin is Professor of Sociology and Political Science at the University of Arizona. He publishes in the fields of methodology, political sociology and comparative-historical analysis. His books include The Comparative Method: Moving Beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies (which won the Stein Rokkan Prize for Comparative Research of the International Social Science Council); Constructing Social Research; What Is a Case? Exploring the Foundations of Social Research (with Howard S. Becker); Fuzzy-Set Social Science; and Configurational Comparative Methods: Qualitative Comparative Analysis and Related Techniques (with Benoit Rihoux). In his most recent book, Redesigning Social Inquiry: Fuzzy Sets and Beyond, he presents a critique of the ‘net-effects thinking’ that dominates much of contemporary social science, and proposes alternative analytic strategies grounded in configurational methods. Ragin also has developed two software packages for configurational analysis of social data: Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and Fuzzy-Set/Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA).

Larry Ray has been Professor of Sociology at the University of Kent, UK, since 1998 and is Sub-Dean in the Faculty of Social Sciences. His research and publications range across social theory, globalization, post-communism, ethnicity, and the sociology of violence. He has also recently undertaken a project on Yiddish cultural and musical revivals, Holocaust representation, and the politics of memory. Recent publications include Theorizing Classical Sociology (Open University Press, 1999); Key Contemporary Social Theorists (co-edited with Anthony Elliott, Blackwell, 2002); Social Theory and Postcommunism (with William Outhwaite, Blackwell, 2005); Globalization and Everyday Life (Routledge, 2007); and Violence and Society (Sage, 2011). He is President Elect of the British Association of Jewish Studies.

Dietrich Rueschemeyer is Professor of Sociology and Charles C. Tillinghast Jr. Professor of International Studies, Emeritus, at Brown University. He has taught earlier at the University of Cologne, Dartmouth College, the University of Toronto and, as a guest, at the Free University of Berlin, the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Bergen University and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His publications include Bringing the State Back In (co-edited with Peter Evans and Theda Skocpol, 1985); Power and the Division of Labour (1986); Capitalist Development and Democracy (co-authored with John Stephens and Evelyne Huber Stephens, 1992); Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (co-edited with James Mahoney, 2003); Globalization and the Future of Welfare States (co-edited with Miguel Glatzer, 2005); and States and Development: Historical Antecedents of Stagnation and Advance (co-edited with Matthew Lange, 2005). In 2009, Princeton University Press published his Usable Theory: Analytic Tools for Social Research.

Roberta Sassatelli is Associate Professor of Cultural Sociology at the University of Milan (Italy). Her research interests include the politics of consumption, the sociology of the body, gender and visual representation, and cultural theory. Among her most recent works in English are Consumer Culture: History, Theory and Politics (Sage, 2007) and Fitness Culture: Gyms and the Commercialisation of Discipline and Fun (Palgrave, 2010). She is currently working on a book on critical models of consumer practices.

Mike Savage became Professor of Sociology at the University of York in 2010, having previously worked at the University of Manchester for 15 years. He was founding Director of the ESRC Centre for Research on Socio-Cultural Change (CRESC) and is the author of several books on the relationship between class and culture. These include Culture, Class, Distinction (with Tony Bennett, Elizabeth Silva, Alan Warde, Modesto Gayo-Cal and David Wright, Routledge, 2009) and Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940: The Politics of Method (Oxford University Press, 2010). He is a Fellow of the British Academy, in both the Sociology and Politics sections.

Garrett Andrew Schneider is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Sociology at the University of Arizona. Garrett has written on the politics of incarceration and comparative methodology and his broader research interests span political economy, qualitative and mixed-methodology, political sociology and organizational theory. His dissertation brings these interests together in a case-based historical study of the restructuring of the American financial sector in the closing decades of the twentieth century.

Evan Schofer is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Irvine. He seeks to develop world society theory through research on diverse topics in areas including comparative political sociology, sociology of education, environmental sociology and globalization. His work on the origins and global spread of environmentalism, the proliferation of voluntary associations and the expansion of science and educational systems has appeared in the American Sociological Review, Social Forces, and in a co-authored book entitled Science in the Modern World Polity: Globalization and Institutionalization (Stanford 2003). Professor Schofer received his PhD in sociology from Stanford University.

John Schwarzmantel is Senior Lecturer in Politics, and Director of the Centre for Democratisation Studies, at the University of Leeds. His research and teaching interests are in the fields of political ideologies, nationalism and democracy. His recent publications include Citizenship and Identity: Towards a New Republic (Routledge 2003); Ideology and Politics (Sage 2008); and Democracy and Political Violence (Edinburgh University Press, 2011). He is also joint editor (along with Mark McNally) of Gramsci and Global Politics: Hegemony and Resistance (Routledge 2009) and (with Ricardo Blaug) of Democracy: A Reader (Edinburgh University Press 2001).

Alan Scott is professor in the School of Behavioural, Cognitive and Social Science, University of New England, NSW, Australia. He has published widely on political sociology, organizational sociology (particularly higher education governance), and social theory. Recent and forthcoming publications include ‘State transformation or regime shift?’ (with Paul du Gay, Sociologica, 2010); ‘A British bureaucratic revolution? Autonomy without control or “freer markets, more rules”’ (with Patrick Le Galès, Revue Française de Sociologie 51, Supplement, 2010); ‘Raymond Aron's political sociology of regime and party’ (Journal of Classical Sociology, 2011); and ‘Development: a Polyanyian view’ (Comparative Sociology, 2012).

John ScottPowerSocial Theory: Central Issues in SociologySociologyConceptualising the Social World: Principles of Sociological Analysis

is a PhD student in the Department of Sociology at the University of Minnesota. Her research interests are in law, crime and deviance, especially the intersections between punishment, neighbourhoods and public welfare programmes. Sarah holds a Master of Social Work (MSW) degree from the University of Minnesota (2007). She completed her undergraduate work in sociology at the University of Iowa (BA 1997).

is Director of the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies and Professor of Sociology at the University of California, San Diego. His research focuses on the intersection of law, politics and inequality. He is the author of (Harvard University Press, 2002) and (University of Chicago Press, 1996), as well as the editor of (University of Chicago Press). His work has appeared in , and . He is currently working on a book on the relationship between immigration and civil rights law in America and another book project focusing on regional variations in immigration law in North America, Europe and East Asia.

is a doctoral candidate in Sociology at Indiana University. Her research interests include race and ethnicity, culture and politics. Her dissertation examines the reconstitution of the meanings of race after the American Civil War and the mechanisms that brought about segregated education.


is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Bristol and is currently Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Law. Her publications include (Palgrave, 2007) and (co-edited with Birte Siim, Routledge, 2008). She is reviews editor for the journal and is co-editor of the Palgrave Gender and Politics book series. She is currently working on a collaborative project on ‘institutionalizing intersectionality’.

is Associate Professor of Sociology at Indiana University. His interests include politics, culture, religion and inequality. Steensland's first book, , won the Clifford Geertz Prize for Best Book on Culture, and the Political Sociology Book Award for Distinguished Contribution to Scholarship, both from the American Sociological Association. He is working on a new project on religious traditionalism, economic libertarianism, and the rise of the conservative movement in postwar America.

is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of Cambridge, Academician of the Social Sciences UK, dr. h.c.; currently living in Sweden. His latest books are (Polity Press, 2011); (co-ed., Springer, 2010); (Armand Colin, 2009); (Verso 2008); (Verso, 2006); and (Routledge, 2004). His main current project is Cities of Power, on capital cities of the world and their representations of power.

is Professor of Sociology at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge. His publications include (1990), (1995), (2000), (2005), and (2010). His books have been translated into more than a dozen languages and he was awarded the European Amalfi Prize for Sociology and the Social Sciences in 2001 for .

is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the Open University, UK, and has also taught at Yale, UCLA, Rutgers, Smith College and Bergen University (Norway). He is a former member of the Executive Committee of the International Sociological Association and was Co-president of its Research Committee 16, ‘Sociological Theory’; he has served on the Executive Committee of the British Sociological Association and chaired its section on the Sociology of Religion. In addition to sociological theory, his current research interests include issues of moral panics, media regulation, and hate speech. His publications include ; ; ; ; ; ; and (with Jeffrey Alexander).

is Distinguished McKnight Professor and Chair of Sociology at the University of Minnesota. He studies crime, law and deviance, believing that good social science can light the way to a more just and safer world. His work appears in journals such as , and and in media such as the , and . With Jeff Manza, he wrote (2006, Oxford). Chris now serves as chair of his department and editor of magazine, the public outreach publication of the American Sociological Association.

is Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Political Science, University of Pisa. In 1994 he took a PhD in Philosophy of Social Sciences at the Scuola Superiore di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento ‘S. Anna’, Pisa. Since 2010 he has been Director of the Master in ‘Analysis, Prevention and Fight against Organized Crime and Corruption’ organized by the Department of Political and Social Science, Libera and Avviso Pubblico, University of Pisa. Among his research fields are political and administrative corruption, neo-institutional political theory, organized crime and illegal markets, and public policy (tourism policy, policy against irregular work, anti-corruption policy). Among his latest publications are (with Donatella della Porta, Ashgate, 2011); (Felici, 2009); and (with Donatella della Porta, Laterza, 2007).

is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Health Management and Policy at the University of Iowa. His research interests are in organizational behaviour and theory, network analysis and economic sociology. He is a co-author of (Renmin University Press, 2007). He received his PhD in Sociology from the University of Minnesota.