Cover Page

Wiley Blackwell Handbooks to Classical Reception

This series offers comprehensive, thought-provoking surveys of the reception of major classical authors and themes. These Handbooks will consist of approximately 30 newly written essays by leading scholars in the field, and will map the ways in which the ancient world has been viewed and adapted up to the present day. Essays are meant to be engaging, accessible, and scholarly pieces of writing, and are designed for an audience of advanced undergraduates, graduates, and scholars.


A Handbook to the Reception of Ovid
John Miller and Carole E. Newlands

A Handbook to the Reception of Thucydides
Christine Lee and Neville Morley

A Handbook to the Reception of Classical Mythology
Vanda Zajko

A Handbook to the Reception of Greek Drama
Betine van Zyl Smit

A Handbook to the Reception of Thucydides

Edited by

Christine Lee and Neville Morley

Wiley Logo

Notes on Contributors

Jo Brown is currently a research associate at the Open University, working with Helen King on the Hippocrates Electric project. Her research focuses on the modern reception of classical literature and history, particularly in relation to questions of gender and feminism.

Gregory Crane is both Professor of Classics and Winnick Family Chair of Technology and Entrepreneurship at Tufts University. He has written on traditional classical subjects, particularly Thucydides, including two books on the historian: The Blinded Eye (1996) and Thucydides and the Ancient Simplicity (1998). At the same time he is a leading figure in the digital humanities, above all as Editor in Chief of the Perseus Project.

Ben Earley was a doctoral student on the Bristol Thucydides: Reception, Reinterpretation and Influence project, working on the reception of Thucydides in early modern France and England; he has a particular interest in the role of Greek history in conceptions of empire. He is currently a fellow of the British School at Athens.

Valérie Fromentin is Professeur de langue et littérature grecques at the Université Bordeaux-Montaigne. Her main research interests are in the Greek historians of Rome and the history of historiography in antiquity. She has published editions and translations of works by Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Dio Cassius, and Plutarch, and numerous articles on them; she co-edited Ombres de Thucydide: la réception de l'historien de l'Antiquité jusqu'au début du XXe siècle (with S. Gotteland and P. Payen, 2010).

Sophie Gotteland is Professeur de langue et littérature grecques at the Université Bordeaux-Montaigne. Her research interests are in classical Greek rhetoric, the reception of earlier texts in the imperial period, and ancient historiography. Her publications include Mythe et rhétorique. Les exemples mythiques dans le discours politique de l'Athènes classique (2001), and she co-edited Ombres de Thucydide: la réception de l'historien de l'Antiquité jusqu'au début du XXe siècle (with V. Fromentin and P. Payen, 2010).

Emily Greenwood is Professor of Classics at Yale University. She has published widely on Thucydides and Greek historiography, including a book entitled Thucydides and the Shaping of History (2006). She is currently working on the theme of reading and writing life in Plutarch's Lives and Moralia and the reception of this theme in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Lorna Hardwick is Professor Emerita of Classical Studies at the Open University. Her publications in the field of classical reception studies include Translating Words, Translating Cultures (2000) and New Surveys in the Classics; Reception Studies (2003), as well as numerous articles. She is currently director of a research project on Classical Receptions in Late 20th Century Drama and Poetry in English.

Geoffrey Hawthorn is Emeritus Professor of International Politics at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of numerous books and articles on social theory, politics, and counterfactual history; most recently, Thucydides on Politics: Back to the Present (2014).

Jon Hesk is a Senior Lecturer in Greek in the School of Classics at the University of St Andrews. He is the author of two books: Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) and Sophocles' Ajax (2003). He has also published a number of chapters and journal articles on Homer, Greek drama, and Athenian oratory.

J. Carlos Iglesias-Zoido is Professor of Greek Philology at the University of Extremadura (Spain). His previous publications on Thucydides and historiographical speeches include Retórica e historiografía: El discurso militar en la historiografía desde la Antigüedad hasta el Renacimiento (2008) and El legado de Tucídides en la cultura occidental: discursos e historia (2011). He is also co-editing (with V. Pineda) Selections of Historiographical Speeches from the Antiquity to the Renaissance (in press).

Seth N. Jaffe is the Bloom Memorial Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Classical Political Thought at the University of Toronto. He has taught at Bowdoin College and the University of Toronto and is writing a book on the causes of war in Thucydides' History.

Laurie M. Johnson is Professor of Political Science/Political Philosophy and Director of the Primary Texts Certificate at Kansas State University. She is the author of Thucydides, Hobbes, and the Interpretation of Realism (1993), Political Thought: A Guide to the Classics (2002), Philosophy Reader's Guide: Hobbes's Leviathan (2005), Thomas Hobbes: Turning Point for Honor (2009), and Locke and Rousseau: Two Enlightenment Answers to Honor (2012). She is also the author of articles and chapters on Thucydides and the theory of international relations.

Edward Keene is University Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Oxford, and an Official Student in Politics at Christ Church. He is the author of International Political Thought: A Historical Introduction (2005) and Beyond the Anarchical Society: Grotius, Colonialism and Order in World Politics (2002).

Helen King is Professor of Classical Studies at the Open University. She has published widely on ancient medicine, especially gynaecology, and its reception in Western Europe. Her books include The One-Sex Body on Trial: The Classical and Early Modern Evidence (2013); Blood, Sweat and Tears: The Changing Concepts of Physiology from Antiquity into Early Modern Europe (with Manfred Horstmanshoff and Claus Zittel, 2012); Midwifery, Obstetrics and the Rise of Gynaecology (2007) and The Disease of Virgins: Green Sickness, Chlorosis and the Problems of Puberty (2004), as well as a short introductory book, Greek and Roman Medicine (2001).

Christine Lee is a tutor at St. John's College, Annapolis, MD. She has published research on the politics and ethics of realism and the modern reception of classical antiquity. She was postdoctoral fellow for the AHRC-funded project, Thucydides: Reception, Reinterpretation and Influence at the University of Bristol.

Alexandra Lianeri is Assistant Professor in Classics at the University of Thessaloniki. Her research focuses on the modern historiography of ancient Greece, including a forthcoming monograph The Future of Dēmokratia: Translation, Time and Athenian Democracy in Nineteenth-Century Britain. She has edited The Western Time of Ancient History (2011) and, with V. Zajko, Translation and the Classic (2008), as well as the forthcoming collections Knowing Future Time in and through Greek Historiography, a Critical History of Ancient Philosophy (with G. Cambiano) and a Companion to the Modern Historiography of Ancient Greece (with K. Vlassopoulos).

Gerald Mara retired as Dean of the Graduate School and Professorial Lecturer in Government at Georgetown University in June, 2013. He is the author of The Civic Conversations of Thucydides and Plato: Classical Political Philosophy and the Limits of Democracy (2008) and Socrates = Discursive Democracy: Logos and Ergon in Platonic Political Philosophy (1997). His most recent work on Thucydides includes “Possessions Forever: Thucydides and Kant on Peace, War and Politics,” Polity (2013–14) and “Thucydides and Political Thought,” in The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek Political Theory (2009).

Klaus Meister is Professor Emeritus for Alte Geschichte at the Technische Universität Berlin. His most recent books are Thukydides als Vorbild der Historiker. Von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart (2013) and “Aller Dinge Maβ ist der Mensch”. Die Lehren der Sophistik (2010).

Neville Morley is Professor of Ancient History at the University of Bristol. From 2009 to 2013 he directed a research project on the modern reception and influence of Thucydides, funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council. He is the author of Thucydides and the Idea of History (2014) and Antiquity and Modernity (2009), as well as articles on the reception of Thucydides and other aspects of modern historiography, and a number of books on ancient economic history and historical theory; with Katherine Harloe he edited Thucydides and the Modern World (2012).

Francisco Murari Pires is Professor of the Department of History at the University of São Paulo (Brazil). His research focuses on the dialogues between the moderns and the ancients concerning the writing of history, with special focus on Thucydides. He has published two books on this theme, Modernidades Tucidideanas. No Tempo dos Humanistas: (res)surgimentos (2007) and A Clio Tucidideana entre Maquiavel e Hobbes (2014), and three more are in preparation.

Cian O'Driscoll is a Lecturer in Politics at the University of Glasgow. His principal research interest is the just war tradition. His first monograph, The Renegotiation of the Just War Tradition, appeared in 2008, and he has published articles in leading journals, including Ethics & International Affairs, European Journal of Political Theory, and the Journal of Military Ethics. He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh's Young Academy of Scotland, and is currently working on a project that examines the precursors of the just war tradition in ancient Greek political thought and practice.

Ellen O'Gorman is Senior Lecturer in Classics at the University of Bristol. She is the author of Irony and Misreading in the Annals of Tacitus (2000), and of numerous essays on ancient historiography and its reception.

Clifford Orwin is Professor of Political Philosophy at the University of Toronto. His research interests are in ancient, modern, contemporary, and Jewish political thought; he is the author of numerous articles on all these topics, and his books include The Humanity of Thucydides (1994).

Marianne Pade is Professor of Classical Philology at Aarhus University and Director of the Danish Academy at Rome. Her research focuses on the classical tradition, especially within Italian Renaissance humanism. She is the author of a two-volume study The Reception of Plutarch's Lives in Fifteenth-Century Italy (2007) and has published more than 100 scientific articles, as well as editing several anthologies. Her current research project is on referentiality in Renaissance neo-Latin culture.

Pascal Payen is Professor of Greek History at the University of Toulouse (UT2). Previous publications include Les Îles nomades. Conquérir et résister dans l'Enquête d'Hérodote (1997), Plutarque, Grecs et Romains en parallèle (1999), and Les revers de la guerre en Grèce ancienne. Histoire et historiographie (2012), and two edited collections: Les Autorités. Dynamiques et mutations d'une figure de référence à l'Antiquité (with D. Foucault, 2007) and Ombres de Thucydide. La réception de l'historien depuis l'Antiquité jusqu'au début du XXe siècle (with V. Fromentin and S. Gotteland, 2010).

Hunter R. Rawlings III is Professor of Classics and University President Emeritus at Cornell University, and President of the American Universities Association. His research focuses on Greek history and historiography, including The Structure of Thucydides' History (1981).

Tim Rood is the Dorothea Gray Fellow and Tutor in Classics at St Hugh's College, Oxford. His research focuses on Greek historiography and its reception. His first book, Thucydides: Narrative and Explanation (1998), was a revision of his doctoral thesis. Since then, he has written two books on the reception of Xenophon's Anabasis: The Sea! The Sea! The Shout of the Ten Thousand in the Modern Imagination (2004) and American Anabasis: Xenophon and the Idea of America from the Mexican War to Iraq (2010).

Timothy J. Ruback is currently a Visiting Assistant Professor at The Nelson A. Rockefeller Center at Dartmouth College. His research interests focus upon the ways in which intersection of theory and methodology works to shape and enclose our understandings of global political life. His current research addresses these themes in the context of border politics and militarized interstate manhunts.

Jeffrey S. Rusten is Professor of Classics at Cornell University, specializing in Greek literature from historiography to comedy. His most recent publications include Oxford Readings in Classical Studies: Thucydides (2009), The Birth of Comedy: Texts, Documents and Art from Athenian Comic Competitions (2011), “Δῆλος ἐκινήθη: An ‘imaginary earthquake' on Delos in Herodotus and Thucydides” (2013), and Philostratus, Heroicus and Gymnasticus (2014, with Jason Koenig).

Elizabeth Sawyer has recently completed her DPhil in Classical Languages and Literature at Trinity College, Oxford. Her thesis focuses on the reception of Thucydides in the modern United States, especially in politics, international relations theory and foreign policy discourse, great books courses and military education.

Oliver Schelske is currently Wissenschaftlicher Assistent in the Philological Seminar at the Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen. His interests include ancient epic, poetry, and philosophy in the principate and late antiquity, historiography, and the history of science and education, including Max Weber's work on antiquity. He recently published Orpheus in der Spätantike. Studien und Kommentar zu den Argonautika des Orpheus (2011).

Andreas Stradis was a doctoral student on the Bristol Thucydides: Reception, Reinterpretation and Influence project, working on the use of Thucydides in institutions of professional military education, a theme that reflects his background as a serving officer in the Army Reserve as well as his studies in English literature and international relations.

James Jan Sullivan is an independent scholar living in New York City. He has taught at the University of Chicago and Tulane University. His scholarly work investigates the politics of Thucydides' history and the intellectual history of responses to Athenian democracy.

Thom Workman is Professor of Political Science at the University of New Brunswick. His research interests range widely within political and social thought, critical political discourse, and Marxism and labor history, as well as Greek thought on war and empire. His books include Social Torment: Atlantic Canada in the New World Order (2003), and he has published numerous articles and essays on different topics.

John Zumbrunnen is Professor of Political Science and Director of the American Democracy Forum at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He is the author of Silence and Democracy: Athenian Politics in Thucydides' History (2008) and Aristophanic Comedy and the Challenge of Democratic Citizenship (2012), as well as numerous articles and essays.


This collection is one of the main outputs of a four-year research project at the University of Bristol, funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (AH/H001204/1); this supported, among other things, a series of research colloquia that allowed contributors to meet and exchange ideas – and also served as a beacon to attract other scholars interested in the reception of Thucydides, some of whom have ended up being recruited to the volume. We are extremely grateful to the Arts and Humanities Research Council for their support, and would also like to thank those senior scholars who served as an informal advisory board to the project: Gillian Clark, Catharine Edwards, Peter Euben, and Robert Fowler. Among the many colleagues whose ideas have fed into these chapters, without appearing themselves, we would especially mention Ryan Balot, Stefan Dolgert, Edith Foster, Katherine Harloe, Greta Hawes, Luca Iori, Richard Ned Lebow, Sara Monoson, Jeremy Mynott, Jessica Priestley, Arlene Saxonhouse, and Christian Wendt. Laurence Lawrence, Anne Morley, and Jessica Romney provided invaluable assistance in the preparation of the manuscript. Christine Lee would like to thank Peter Euben for making the classics – Thucydides in particular – compelling, and her parents, David and Nancy Lee, for their love and support.