Cover: A Student’s Commentary on Ovid’s Metamorphoses Book 10, by Shawn O’Bryhim

Glossary of Terms

Anaphora
The repetition of a word at the beginning of successive lines or phrases. See lines 121–123.
Caesura
A break between words within a foot. E.g. | īndĕ || pĕr |.
Chiasmus
The repetition of a grammatical structure in reverse order. E.g. nunc arbor, puer ante (adverb–noun, noun–adverb).
Emphasis
The use of a word that has both an obvious and an implicit meaning.
Enjambment
The continuation of a sentence or clause into the next line, often for emphasis. E.g. fessus in herbosa posuit sua corpora terra | cervus (128–129).
Figura etymologica
The use of two etymologically related words in close proximity to each other. E.g. voce vocatur.
Hapax legomenon
A word that occurs only once in the extant records of a language.
Hyperbaton
The separation of a noun from its adjective by several words.
Metonymy
The substitution of an attribute or property for a related entity. E.g. the use of “crown” for “king.”
Parataxis
The avoidance of subordinate clauses in favor of coordinate clauses.
Pleonasm
The use of more words than is necessary to convey an idea. E.g. muta silentia.
Proleptic
A reference to something that has not yet occurred. E.g. Pygmalion is called “Paphian hero” before his daughter, Paphos, has been born.
Transferred epithet
This occurs when an adjective that describes one noun is transferred to another. E.g. copia digna procorum instead of copia dignorum procorum.
Tricolon
Three parallel words or phrases in immediate succession. E.g. iam iuvenis, iam vir, iam se formosior ipso.
Zeugma
A rhetorical device in which a literal and a figurative meaning are linked. E.g. hanc [feminam] simul et legem Rhodopeius accipit heros.

Abbreviations

CAF Comicorum atticorum fragmenta
CIL Corpus inscriptionum latinarum
FGrHist Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker
FHG Fragmenta historicorum graecorum
FRL Fragmentary Republican Latin
KAI Kanaanäische und aramäisch Inschriften
LIMC Lexicon iconographicum mythologiae classicae
OLD Oxford Latin Dictionary
RE Realencyclopädie des classischen Altertumswissenschaft