Cover: Layered 2D Advanced Materials and Their Allied Applications by Inamuddin, Rajender Boddula, Mohd Imran Ahamed and Abdullah M. Asiri

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Green Adhesives

Layered 2D Advanced Materials and Their Allied Applications

Edited by

Inamuddin, Rajender Boddula, Mohd Imran Ahamed and Abdullah M. Asiri

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Synthetic adhesives are known for their toxic impact on the natural environment. In the emerging scientific world, many challenges are arising in the industrial sectors as a consequence of trying to meet the demands posed by upgraded technologies. The development of green adhesives based on renewable resources is the necessity of this age. Their importance is growing gradually as the commercial market is motivated to emphasize the benefits of green adhesives. Green adhesives, particularly those based on polysaccharides, have a number of good features, like biodegradability, biocompatibility, bio-inertness, antimicrobial activity, nontoxicity, and low cost, that keep pace with synthetic adhesives.

This edition of Green Adhesives: Preparation, Properties and Applications deals with the fabrication methods, characterization, and applications of green adhesives. It also includes the collective properties of waterborne, bio, and wound-healing green adhesives. Exclusive attention is devoted to discussing the applications of green adhesives in biomedical coatings, food, and industrial applications. This book will be useful for beginners and experts from undergraduate students to industrial engineers working in the field of polymer chemistry, materials science, and engineering. Based on thematic topics, this edition contains the following ten chapters:

Ever since the discovery of graphene, two-dimensional layered materials (2DLMs) have been the central tool of the materials research community. The reason behind their importance is their superlative and unique electronic, optical, physical, chemical, and mechanical properties in layered form rather than in bulk form. The 2DLMs have been applied to electronics, catalysis, energy, environment, and biomedical applications.

Layered Advanced Materials and Their Allied Applications is an in-depth exploration of 2DLMs and their applications, including fabrication and characterization methods. It also provides the fundamentals, challenges, as well as perspectives on their practical applications. The comprehensive chapters herein are written by various materials science experts from all over the world. Therefore, this book is an essential reference guide for junior research scholars, faculty members, engineers, and professionals interested in materials science applications. The following topics are discussed in the book’s 15 chapters:

Chapter 1 discusses the research status and development prospects for 2D metal-organic frameworks and the different techniques used to synthesize them. The advantages and limitations of these methods are summarized. Also, the structure, characteristics, and various applications of 2D metal-organic frameworks are mentioned.

Chapter 2 mainly discusses the research on 2D black phosphorus (BP) and its application in various fields. Several studies on 2D BP are introduced, including its properties and structures, preparation methods, and antioxidants. The major focus is given to communicating the advantages of 2D BP in practical applications.

Chapter 3 reviews the synthesis methods of MXenes and provides a detailed discussion of their structural characterization and physical, electrochemical, and optical properties. The major focus is given to introducing the applications of MXenes in catalysis, energy storage, environmental management, biomedicine, and gas sensing.

Chapter 4 describes the carbon-based materials and their potential applications via the photocatalytic process using visible light irradiation. Furthermore, 2D carbon-based materials are described for most large-scale photocatalytic applications mentioned in the literature for addressing environmental issues such as pollutant degradation, heavy metal elimination, hydrogen (H2) generation, and CO2 reduction.

Chapter 5 discusses the importance of 2D materials like graphene, TMDCs, few-layer phosphorene, MXene in layered form, and their heterostructures. It analyzes the sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bio-sensor based on heterostructure of 2D blueP/MoS2 and MXene (Ti3C2Tx). Their performance is analyzed for the different number of heterostructure layers and different prisms in the visible region.

Chapter 6 summarizes the structure and applications of 2D perovskites.

Chapter 7 details the exotic properties of layered materials. Physical parameters of pristine layered materials, ZnO, transition metal dichalcogenides, and heterostructures of layered materials are discussed. All parameters are calculated using density functional theory employing Vienna ab initio simulation package. The major focus of this chapter is on the significant parameters and intriguing applications of layered materials.

Chapter 8 describes the coupling of graphitic carbon nitride with various metal sulfides and oxides to form efficient heterojunction for water purification. The optical band edge alignments and mechanistic viewpoint of charge migration and space separation are also explored. Finally, challenges in the proposed field are also discussed.

Chapter 9 details the structural features, synthetic methods, properties, and different applications of 2D zeolites. It gives a brief account of advancements in 2D zeolites. Different synthetic methods of 2D zeolites, their properties, and various applications especially as a catalyst in different types of reactions are also elaborated in the chapter.

Chapter 10 discusses the importance and scope of 2D hollow nanomaterials. The methods for synthesizing hollow nanostructures are featured and their structural aspects and potential in medical and nonmedical applications are highlighted. Furthermore, the challenges and futuristic perspective of these nanomaterials are mentioned.

Chapter 11 features the characteristics and structural aspects of 2D layered double hydroxides (LDHs). The various synthesis methods and role of LDH in nonmedical applications as adsorbent, sensor, catalyst, etc., are discussed. Besides which, the application scope and biocompatibility of LDH in various biomedical applications are focused on in detail.

Chapter 12 primarily focuses on the synthesis of graphene-based 2D layered materials. Such materials can be synthesized using top-down and bottom-up approaches where the main emphasis is on the hot-filament thermal chemical vapor deposition (HFTCVD) method. Moreover, the characterization techniques, including X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), UV-Vis spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM), are discussed.

Chapter 13 discusses the different properties of 2D h-BN and borophene in detail. The chapter also includes various methods being used for the synthesis of 2D h-BN, along with their growth mechanism and transfer techniques. Applications like electronics, fillers in polymer composite, and protective barrier are also discussed in detail.

Chapter 14 discusses the physical properties and current progress of various transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) based on photoactive materials for photoelectrochemical (PEC) hydrogen evolution reaction. Besides which, an overview of TMDC fabrication methods is presented and mitigation of an issue related to TMDC as a photocatalyst for PEC hydrogen evolution reaction is addressed.

Chapter 15 focuses on the state of the art and perspective of 2D layered materials and associated devices, such as electronic, biosensing, optoelectronic, and energy storage applications, due to their excellent properties. Moreover, recent developments in this area are discussed and perspectives on future developments are offered.

Rajender Boddula
Mohd Imran Ahamed
Abdullah M. Asiri
February 2020