Proceedings of the
12th Pacific Rim
Conference on Ceramic
and Glass Technology

Ceramic Transactions, Volume 264

A Collection of Papers Presented at the 12th Pacific
Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology
May 21–26, 2017, Waikoloa, Hawaii

Edited by
Dileep Singh
Manabu Fukushima
Young-Wook Kim
Kiyoshi Shimamura
Nobuhito Imanaka
Tatsuki Ohji
Jake Amoroso
Michael Lanagan



The Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology is a bi-annual conference held in collaboration with the ceramic societies of the Pacific Rim countries—The American Ceramic Society, The Chinese Ceramic Society, The Korean Ceramic Society, and the Australian Ceramic Society. The 1st PACRIM conference was hosted by The American Ceramic Society (ACerS) at Maui, Hawaii, in 1993. Over the years, PACRIM conferences have earned a distinct reputation as a premier forum for presentations and discussions on the state-ofthe-art and emerging topics in ceramics and glass technologies.

The 12th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology (PACRIM 12) was held at the Hilton Waikoloa Village, Waikoloa, Hawaii, May 21-26, 2017. PACRIM 12 had 34 Symposia and drew a record number of attendees—nearly 1,200—to give 1,400 presentations and 250 posters. Scientist, engineers, and students from 44 countries attended the conference, attesting to the truly international nature of the field of materials science, and ceramic and glass science in particular.

This Ceramic Transactions volume contains 32 peer reviewed papers from the following symposia held during PACRIM 12:

The editors wish to extend their gratitude and appreciation to all the symposium co-organizers for their help and support, to all the authors for their cooperation and contributions, to all the participants and session chairs for their time and efforts, and to all the reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions. We hope that these proceedings will serve as a useful resource for materials scientists and engineers.

Conference Chair

Multiscale Modeling and Simulation