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About the Author

Author’s Acknowledgments

How to Use This Book

Who This Book Is For

This book is for the reader who has never used this particular technology or software application. It is also for readers who want to expand their knowledge.

The Conventions in This Book

001 Steps

This book uses a step-by-step format to guide you easily through each task. Numbered steps are actions you must do; bulleted steps clarify a point, step, or optional feature; and indented steps give you the result.

002 Notes

Notes give additional information — special conditions that may occur during an operation, a situation that you want to avoid, or a cross reference to a related area of the book.

003 Icons and Buttons

Icons and buttons show you exactly what you need to tap to perform a step.

004 Tips

Tips offer additional information, including warnings and shortcuts.

005 Bold

Bold type shows command names, options, and text or numbers you must type.

006 Italics

Italic type introduces and defines a new term.


Teach Yourself VISUALLY™ iPad®

Chapter 1

Getting Started with Your iPad


The iPad is a series of powerful and extremely popular touch-screen tablet computers created by Apple. You can use an iPad either as a full-powered computing device on its own or as a companion device to your Mac or PC. In this chapter, you set up your iPad, sync data to it, and learn to use the user interface.

Identify and Compare the iPad Models

Meet Your iPad’s Controls

Download, Install, and Set Up iTunes

Begin Setup and Activate Your iPad

Set Up Your iPad as New Using iCloud

Set Up Your iPad from an iCloud Backup

Set Up Your iPad Using iTunes

Choose Which Items to Sync from Your Computer

Sync Your iPad with Your Computer via Wi-Fi

Explore the Interface and Launch Apps

Using Cover Sheet and Today View

Using Control Center

Using the Dock

Identify and Compare the iPad Models

The Apple iPad is the most popular tablet computer on the market. Powerful, elegantly designed, and easy to use, the iPad can take over many of the tasks you normally perform on your desktop or laptop computer, such as surfing the web, exchanging e-mail messages, performing desktop publishing, and playing video games.

Understand the Choice of iPad Models

The iPad comes in three sizes: small, medium, and large. The small size consists of the iPad mini models. The medium size includes the model called simply “iPad” and the smaller iPad Pro model. The large size is the full-size iPad Pro.

Compare Screen Size and Device Size


Recent iPad mini models have a 7.9-inch screen with 2048 × 1536 pixels at a resolution of 326 pixels per inch, or ppi. The iPad has a 9.7-inch screen with 2048 × 1536 pixels at a resolution of 264 ppi. The smaller iPad Pro has a 10.5-inch screen with 2224 × 1668 pixels at a resolution of 264 ppi. The full-size iPad Pro has a 12.9-inch screen with 2732 × 2048 pixels at a resolution of 264 ppi. All of these screen measurements are diagonal.

Although the difference in diagonal measurements sounds small — less than 2 inches between the iPad mini and the iPad, and just over 3 inches between the iPad and the full-size iPad Pro — the difference in screen size is dramatic. The iPad screen is one-and-a-half times as large as the iPad mini screen. The full-size iPad Pro screen is one-and-three-quarter times as large as the iPad screen, and more than two-and-a-half times as large as the iPad mini screen.

The iPad mini measures 8 inches tall × 5.3 inches wide and weighs around two-thirds of a pound. The iPad measures 9.4 inches tall × 6.6 inches wide and weighs around 1 pound. The 10.5-inch iPad Pro measures 9.8 inches tall × 6.8 inches wide and weighs just over 1 pound. The full-size iPad Pro measures 12 inches tall × 8.68 inches wide and weighs around 1.5 pounds.

Compare iPad Storage Capacity

Apple offers the various iPad models with storage capacities ranging from 32GB to 256GB. The storage capacities available vary by model. For example, as of this writing, the iPad comes in 32GB and 128GB capacities; the iPad Pro models have capacities of 64GB, 256GB, and 512GB; whereas the iPad mini offers only a single choice, 128GB.

Having more storage enables you to install more apps and carry more music, movies, and other files with you. More storage is especially valuable if you plan to shoot videos on your iPad.

Higher capacities command substantially higher prices, so you must decide how much you are prepared to spend. Generally speaking, higher-capacity devices get more use in the long run and are worth the extra cost.

Compare iPad Processors and Coprocessors

Each iPad has a main processor from Apple’s A series of processors plus a coprocessor from Apple’s M series of coprocessors. A coprocessor is a supplementary processor that speeds up specific tasks, such as rendering graphics and interpreting input from the iPad’s sensors.

  • The iPad mini 4 has an A8 processor with a non-embedded M8 coprocessor.
  • The iPad model has an A9 processor and an embedded M9 coprocessor. The processor is 1.6× faster than the A8, and graphics performance is 1.8× faster.
  • The iPad Pro models have an A10X Fusion processor and an embedded M10 coprocessor. The processor is 2.5× faster than the A8, and graphics performance is 4.3× faster.

Choose Between a Wi-Fi-Only iPad and a Cellular-and-Wi-Fi iPad


The iPad mini, iPad, and iPad Pro all come in Wi-Fi–only and cellular-and–Wi-Fi models.

With a Wi-Fi–only iPad, you can connect to the Internet only through wireless networks, such as those at your home or workplace, or wireless hotspots that are open to the public or to customers of the establishments that host them.

With a cellular-and–Wi-Fi iPad, you can connect both through the cellular network and through wireless networks, giving you Internet access no matter where you go. This option costs more both in the purchase price of the iPad and in the cellular service fees with either a monthly or a pay-as-you-go plan.

The front of each iPad contains a touch screen that you use for most of your interaction with the device and its interface. The front of the iPad also contains a camera, located above the screen and sometimes called the “selfie camera,” for taking self-portraits and for video chat. The rear of the iPad contains a higher-resolution camera capable of taking good-quality photos and videos.

Apart from being larger and designed for professional use, the iPad Pro models have features and accessories that the iPad mini and iPad do not have, such as the Apple Pencil stylus and the Smart Keyboard.

Touch Screen


Each iPad model has a touch screen that takes up most of the space on the front of the tablet. You use the touch screen to access everything on the iPad with your fingers and to view content. The iPad software uses gestures to scroll, rotate, and zoom in on objects on-screen.

All current iPad models have what Apple calls a Retina display, which has very high resolution.



Each iPad has one camera on the front — the screen side — and another on the back.

The front camera is for FaceTime video calling and self-portraits. This camera’s specifications vary depending on the iPad model, but in all models the camera’s video capabilities are high enough to provide a good-quality video picture for FaceTime calls. In general, the front camera captures photos and videos at lower resolutions and has fewer capabilities than the rear camera.

The back camera is for taking photos and videos of other subjects, much as you would use a stand-alone digital camera. As with the front camera, the back camera’s specifications vary depending on the iPad model. The back camera on some iPad models can capture slow-motion video at 120 frames per second and can take bursts of photos.

Apple Pencil for iPad Pro


You can use your fingers on the touch screen to control the iPad Pro models just as you can with the other iPad models, but the iPad Pro models are also designed to use a custom stylus called the Apple Pencil. The Apple Pencil enables you to draw and make selections much more precisely than you can with a finger, giving you finer control over the documents you create and edit on the iPad Pro. The Apple Pencil and the iPad Pro screens are pressure sensitive, so you can draw lines of different thicknesses by varying the amount of pressure you apply.

The Apple Pencil contains a rechargeable battery that you can charge by plugging the Apple Pencil into an iPad Pro.

Smart Keyboard for iPad Pro


Like the iPad mini and iPad, the iPad Pro models have an on-screen keyboard that you can use to enter text as needed. You can also connect a Bluetooth keyboard to the iPad Pro models to enter text, as you can for any iPad.

But if you need to enter large amounts of text, you may prefer a Smart Keyboard, the custom keyboard models that double as covers for the iPad Pro models. The Smart Keyboard connects to the iPad Pro via the Smart Connector interface on the side of the device, which allows the Smart Keyboard not only to provide input to the iPad Pro, but also to draw power from it.

Meet Your iPad’s Controls

Your iPad has four hardware controls for essential actions: the Sleep/Wake button to control power, the Volume Up button and the Volume Down button for controlling audio volume, and the Home button below the screen.

If your iPad has cellular connectivity, it needs a SIM card. Some iPad models come with an Apple SIM that works with most carriers. Some carriers do not support the Apple SIM or impose restrictions on its use, so you must verify that your carrier does support it before you activate the iPad using the Apple SIM.

Meet Your iPad’s Controls


001.eps Press and hold the Sleep/Wake button on top of the iPad for a couple of seconds.

The top of the iPad also contains:

dga.eps The microphone.

dgb.eps The headphone socket.

As the iPad starts, the Apple logo appears on the screen.


dgc.eps Above the iPad screen is the front-facing camera.

dgd.eps Below the iPad screen is the Home button, which you press to display the Home screen.

At the bottom of the iPad are:


dge.eps The Lightning Connector.

dgf.eps The speakers.

002.eps Turn the iPad so that you can see its right side.

003.eps On an iPad model that has the side switch, move the side switch down, so that an orange dot appears, when you want to mute the iPad notifications, alerts, and sound effects.

Note: On iPad models that have the side switch, you can configure the side switch to lock the screen rotation. To do so, tap Settings (image), tap General (image), and then tap Lock Rotation in the Use Side Switch To area.

004.eps Press the Volume Up (  +  ) button to increase the sound volume.

Note: When the Camera app is active, you can press the Volume Up (  +  ) button to take a picture with the camera.

005.eps Press the Volume Down (–) button to decrease the volume.


006.eps When the lock screen appears, press Home to unlock the iPad.

The iPad unlocks, and the Home screen appears.

Download, Install, and Set Up iTunes

To sync your iPad with your computer, you use Apple’s iTunes application. iTunes comes preinstalled on every Mac but not on PCs; to get iTunes for Windows, you download it from the Apple website and then install it on your PC.

If you do not have a computer, or you do not want to sync your iPad with your computer, you can set up and sync your iPad using Apple’s iCloud service, as described later in this chapter.

Download, Install, and Set Up iTunes


001.eps On your PC, open the web browser. This example uses Microsoft Edge, the browser that comes with Windows 10.

002.eps Click the Address box, type, and then press image .

The Download iTunes web page appears.

003.eps Click the check boxes (image changes to image) if you do not want to receive e-mail from Apple.

004.eps Click Download now.

005.eps When the download finishes, click Run in the pop-up panel that appears.


The iTunes installation begins, and the Welcome to iTunes dialog opens.

006.eps Click Next, and then follow the steps of the installer.


Note: You must accept the license agreement to install iTunes.

007.eps Click Add iTunes shortcut to my desktop (image changes to image) unless you want this shortcut.

008.eps Click Use iTunes as the default player for audio files (image changes to image) if you do not want to use iTunes as the default audio player.

009.eps Click Automatically update iTunes and other Apple software (image changes to image) if you do not want automatic updates.

010.eps Click Install.


When the installation finishes, the installer displays the Congratulations dialog.

011.eps Click Open iTunes after the installer exits (image changes to image) if you do not want iTunes to launch automatically when you close the installer.

012.eps Click Finish.

The installer closes.

Unless you chose not to open iTunes automatically, iTunes opens.