Themes in 20th and 21st Century Literature 1. Aufl.
This timely book examines the rise of posthumanism as both a material condition and a developing philosophical-ethical project in the age of cloning, gene engineering, organ transplants and implants. Nayar first maps the political and philosophical critiques of traditional humanism, revealing its exclusionary and ‘speciesist’ politics that position the human as a distinctive and dominant life form. He then contextualizes the posthumanist vision which, drawing upon biomedical, engineering and techno-scientific studies, concludes that human consciousness is shaped by its co-evolution with other life forms, and our human form inescapably influenced by tools and technology. Finally the book explores posthumanism’s roots in disability studies, animal studies and bioethics to underscore the constructed nature of ‘normalcy’ in bodies, and the singularity of species and life itself. As this book powerfully demonstrates, posthumanism marks a radical reassessment of the human as constituted by symbiosis, assimilation, difference and dependence upon and with other species. Mapping the terrain of these far-reaching debates, Posthumanism will be an invaluable companion to students of cultural studies and modern and contemporary literature.
Contents Acknowledgements 1. Revisiting the Human: Critical Humanisms Terms and Definitions Critical Humanisms and the Origins of Posthumanism 2. Consciousness, Biology and the Necessity of Alterity Cognition, Consciousness and Autopoiesis Biology, Systems and Systems Biology Dealing with/in Alterity 3. The Body, Reformatted Biomedia, the Body Mathematized and Postvital Life Other/ing Bodies The Body as Congeries, Assemblage and Interface 4. Absolute Monstrosities: The ‘Question of the Animal’ Monster Theory: Cultures of Otherness Animal Nature, Human Nature The Humanimal Speciesism 5. Life Itself: The View from Disability Studies and Bioethics Disability Studies and the Norms of the ‘Human’ Bioethics and Personhood 6. Posthuman Visions: Toward Companion Species Posthuman Biology Posthumanist Biology Companion Species Conclusion: Posthumanism as Species Cosmopolitanism Bibliography Index
"Nayar has produced a clear and comprehensive survey and analysis of contemporary posthuman thought. He avoids the excessive reliance on jargon that often mars writing on this topic, and treats the competing views he discusses with an even and incisive hand."Robert Pepperell, Cardiff School of Art & Design"Posthumanism is a coming-of-age book for studies of science, technology, and culture. It brings together the most crucial considerations of current debates about the status of the posthuman and, in so doing, beautifully weaves together their political history and current relevance when thinking through this complex terrain."Andy Miah, University of the West of Scotland
Pramod K. Nayar is a member of the Department of English at the University of Hyderabad, India.