Details

Planet Formation and Panspermia


Planet Formation and Panspermia

New Prospects for the Movement of Life Through Space
Astrobiology Perspectives on Life in the Universe 1. Aufl.

von: Branislav Vukotic, Joseph Seckbach, Richard Gordon

180,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 27.09.2021
ISBN/EAN: 9781119640936
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 352

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Beschreibungen

<p><b>An in-depth view of the panspermia hypothesis examined against the latest knowledge of planetary formation and related processes.</b> <p>Panspermia is the concept that life can be passively transported through space on various bodies and seed, habitable planets and moons, which we are beginning to learn may exist in large numbers. It is an old idea, but not popular with those who prefer that life on Earth started on Earth, an alternative, also unproven hypothesis. This book updates the concept of panspermia in the light of new evidence on planet formation, molecular clouds, solar system motions, supernovae ejection mechanisms, etc. Thus, it is to be a book about newly understood prospects for the movement of life through space. <p>The novel approach presented in this book gives new insights into the panspermia theory and its connection with planetary formation and the evolution of galaxies. This offers a good starting point for future research proposals about exolife and a better perspective for empirical scrutiny of panspermia theory. Also, the key to understanding life in the universe is to understand that the planetary formation process is convolved with the evolution of stellar systems in their galactic environment. The book provides the synthesis of all these elements and gives the readers an up-to-date insight on how panspermia might fit into the big picture. <p><b>Audience</b><br> Given the intrinsic interdisciplinary nature of the panspermia hypothesis the book will have a wide audience across various scientific disciplines covering astronomy, biology, physics and chemistry. Apart from scientists, the book will appeal to engineers who are involved in planning and realization of future space missions.
<p>Preface xi</p> <p><b>Part I: Philosophical Aspects of Panspermia 1</b></p> <p><b>1 “On the Origin of Life” 3<br /></b><i>By Lord Kelvin (William Thomson)</i></p> <p><b>2 Why We Should Take Interstellar Panspermia Seriously 7<br /></b><i>Amedeo Balbi</i></p> <p>2.1 Introduction 7</p> <p>2.2 The Case for Interstellar Panspermia 8</p> <p>2.3 Theoretical Consequences of Interstellar Panspermia 11</p> <p>2.4 Conclusions 14</p> <p>References 15</p> <p><b>3 The Extended Continuity Thesis, Chronocentrism, and Directed Panspermia 19<br /></b><i>Milan M. Ćirković</i></p> <p>3.1 Introduction: The Continuity as a Pre-Requisite for Scientific Grounding of Astrobiology 20</p> <p>3.2 Versions and Resistance 22</p> <p>3.3 Cultural Evolution and Directed Panspermia 26</p> <p>3.4 Conclusion and Prospects 34</p> <p>Acknowledgements 36</p> <p>References 37</p> <p><b>4 Life in the Milky Way: The Panspermia Prospects 41<br /></b><i>Branislav Vukotić and Richard Gordon</i></p> <p>4.1 Introduction 41</p> <p>4.2 Three Levels of Habitability and Panspermia 43</p> <p>4.2.1 Stellar System Level 43</p> <p>4.2.2 Galaxies: Cosmic Cradles of Life 45</p> <p>4.2.3 Cosmological Level: Interactions of Galaxies 47</p> <p>4.3 Conclusions 48</p> <p>Acknowledgements 49</p> <p>References 49</p> <p><b>Part II: Microorganisms and Panspermia 53<br /><br /></b><b>5 Planetary Protection: Too Late 55<br /></b><i>Margarita Safonova and C. Sivaram</i></p> <p>5.1 Introduction 56</p> <p>5.2 What is Planetary Protection 56</p> <p>5.3 Extent of Earth Biosphere 60</p> <p>5.4 Extension to Other Planetary Bodies 62</p> <p>5.4.1 Moon 62</p> <p>5.4.2 Mars 64</p> <p>5.4.3 Icy Moons 66</p> <p>5.5 Backward Contamination 66</p> <p>5.6 Interplanetary Exchange 68</p> <p>5.7 Habitable Conditions for Interplanetary Micronauts 71</p> <p>5.8 Conclusion 74</p> <p>Appendix A 77</p> <p>Appendix B 78</p> <p>Appendix C 78</p> <p>Acknowledgments 81</p> <p>References 82</p> <p><b>6 Microbial Survival and Adaptation in Extreme Terrestrial Environments—The Case of the Dallol Geothermal Area in Ethiopia 93<br /></b><i>Cavalazzi Barbara and Filippidou Sevasti</i></p> <p>6.1 Introduction 94</p> <p>6.2 Planetary Field Analog: The Case of the Dallol Geothermal Area 95</p> <p>6.2.1 The Dallol Hot Springs 99</p> <p>6.2.2 Dallol Geothermal Area Planetary Field Analogs 104</p> <p>6.3 Life in Extreme Environments 105</p> <p>6.4 Conclusion and Remarks on Panspermia 110</p> <p>Acknowledgment 111</p> <p>References 111</p> <p><b>7 Escape From Planet Earth: From Directed Panspermia to Terraformation 119<br /></b><i>Roy D. Sleator and Niall Smith</i></p> <p>Acknowledgements 123</p> <p>References 123</p> <p><b>Part III: Formation and Evolution of Planets: Material Exchange Prospects 125</b></p> <p><b>8 Catalyzed Lithopanspermia Through Disk Capture of Biologically Active Interstellar Material 127<br /></b><i>Evgeni Grishin and Hagai B. Perets</i></p> <p>8.1 Introduction 128</p> <p>8.2 Capture of Interstellar Planetesimals 129</p> <p>8.2.1 Planetesimal Size Distribution 129</p> <p>8.2.2 Encounter Rates 130</p> <p>8.2.3 Capture Condition 131</p> <p>8.2.4 Capture Probability 133</p> <p>8.2.5 Total Number of Captured Planetesimals 135</p> <p>8.3 Catalyzed Lithopanspermia 137</p> <p>8.3.1 Types of Panspermia 138</p> <p>8.3.2 Fraction of Life-Bearing Rocks 139</p> <p>8.3.3 Delivery Rates 140</p> <p>8.4 Conclusion and Discussion 142</p> <p>Acknowledgements 143</p> <p>References 144</p> <p><b>9 Lithopanspermia at the Center of Spiral Galaxies 149<br /></b><i>Howard Chen</i></p> <p>9.1 Introduction 150</p> <p>9.2 The <i>Kepler </i>Transit Survey and the Distribution of Living Worlds 152</p> <p>9.3 XUV Hydrodynamic Escape and the Formation of Habitable Evaporated Cores 153</p> <p>9.3.1 Activity of Supermassive Black Holes 154</p> <p>9.3.2 Overabundance of HECs Driven by Quasar Illumination 155</p> <p>9.4 Frequency of Exchange in High Stellar Densities 157</p> <p>9.4.1 Ejection of Planetary Bodies on Intragalactic Scales 158</p> <p>9.4.2 Implications for Other Stellar Populations 160</p> <p>9.5 Detecting Panspermia 162</p> <p>9.6 Concluding Remarks 163</p> <p>References 164</p> <p><b>10 Wet Panspermia 171<br /></b><i>Jaroslav Jiřik and Richard Gordon</i></p> <p>10.1 Introduction 172</p> <p>10.2 Earth and Its Isotopic World: Geological and Environmental Implications 172</p> <p>10.3 Quest for the Primordial Water Worlds 173</p> <p>10.4 Looking for the Biotic Traces in Extraterrestrial Material 176</p> <p>10.5 Ices of the Moon and Proposal of Earth-Induced Wet Panspermia in the Solar System 178</p> <p>10.6 Implications for Other Planets of the Inner Solar System? 182</p> <p>10.7 Conclusions 185</p> <p>References 186</p> <p><b>11 There Were Plenty of Day/Night Cycles That Could Have Accelerated an Origin of Life on Earth, Without Requiring Panspermia 195<br /></b><i>Richard Gordon and George Mikhailovsky</i></p> <p>Acknowledgement 202</p> <p>References 202</p> <p><b>12 Micrometeoroids as Carriers of Organics: Modeling of the Atmospheric Entry and Chemical Decomposition of Sub-Millimeter Grains 207<br /></b><i>G. Micca Longo and S. Longo</i></p> <p>12.1 Micrometeorites and the Search for Life 208</p> <p>12.2 White Soft Minerals 210</p> <p>12.2.1 Carbonates in Space 211</p> <p>12.2.2 Sulfates in Space 213</p> <p>12.3 Atmospheric Entry Model 214</p> <p>12.4 Results 219</p> <p>12.4.1 Atmospheric Entry of MgCO3 Micrometeoroids 220</p> <p>12.4.2 Atmospheric Entry of CaCO3 Micrometeoroids 223</p> <p>12.4.3 Atmospheric Entry of FeCO3 Micrometeoroids 226</p> <p>12.4.4 Atmospheric Entry of CaSO4 Micrometeoroids 229</p> <p>12.5 The Role of Primordial Atmospheres 230</p> <p>12.5.1 Isothermal Atmosphere Model 233</p> <p>12.5.2 Hydrogen Atmosphere 237</p> <p>12.5.3 Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere 239</p> <p>12.5.4 Methane Atmosphere 239</p> <p>12.6 Conclusions 241</p> <p>References 243</p> <p><b>13 Dynamical Evolution of Planetary Systems: Role of Planetesimals 251<br /></b><i>Vladimir Došović</i></p> <p>13.1 Introduction 251</p> <p>13.2 Planetesimal Formation and Evolution 253</p> <p>13.3 Transporting Mechanism in Later Stages of Planetary System Evolution 255</p> <p>13.4 Conclusion 261</p> <p>Acknowledgements 262</p> <p>References 262</p> <p><b>Part IV: Further Prospects 267<br /><br /></b><b>14 A Survey of Solar System and Galactic Objects With Pristine Surfaces That Record History and Perhaps Panspermia, With a Plan for Exploration 269<br /></b><i>Branislav Vukotić and Richard Gordon</i></p> <p>14.1 Introduction 269</p> <p>14.1.1 Radiative Events 270</p> <p>14.1.2 Solar Flares 271</p> <p>14.1.2.1 Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts 272</p> <p>14.1.2.2 Galactic Shocks 272</p> <p>14.1.2.3 Background Radiation From Galactic Sources 273</p> <p>14.1.3 Collisions 273</p> <p>14.1.4 Panspermia 275</p> <p>14.2 Recording Properties 279</p> <p>14.3 Pristine Potential of Solar System Bodies 281</p> <p>14.3.1 Comets, Asteroids and Dwarf Planets 281</p> <p>14.3.2 Mercury 283</p> <p>14.3.3 Moon 283</p> <p>14.3.4 Mars 283</p> <p>14.3.5 Main Asteroid Belt 284</p> <p>14.3.6 Jupiter and Saturn 285</p> <p>14.3.7 Uranus and Neptune 286</p> <p>14.3.8 Kuiper Belt 286</p> <p>14.3.9 Oort Cloud 287</p> <p>14.3.10 Meteorites 287</p> <p>14.3.11 Extra-Solar Bodies 288</p> <p>14.4 Prospects and Conclusions 288</p> <p>Acknowledgements 289</p> <p>References 289</p> <p><b>15 The Panspermia Publications of Sir Fred Hoyle 309<br /></b><i>Richard Gordon</i></p> <p>Acknowledgements 316</p> <p>References 316</p> <p>Index 327</p>
<p><b>Branislav Vukotić</b> obtained his MSc. and PhD from the University of Belgrade, Serbia. He researches the astrobiological history of the Milky Way using probabilistic cellular automata and N-body simulations. He is a member of the Editorial Board of the Publications of the Astronomical Observatory of Belgrade and a vice-chair of the Management Board of the Astronomical Observatory in Belgrade.</p> <p><b>Joseph Seckbach</b> earned his MSc. and PhD from the University of Chicago and did his postdoc at Caltech, Pasadena. CA. He is retired from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and spent periods in research at the USA: UCLA, Harvard, Baton-Rouge (LSU); in Germany (Tübingen and Munich as an exchange scholar). He has edited a series of books “Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology” and has over 40 edited volumes for various publishers as well as about 140 scientific articles. His interest is in astrobiology and iron in plants (phytoferritin). <p><b>Richard Gordon</b> is a theoretical biologist with a PhD in Chemical Physics from the University of Oregon, retired from the Department of Radiology, University of Manitoba in 2011. He is presently at the Gulf Specimen Marine Lab & Aquarium, Panacea, Florida and Adjunct Professor, C.S. Mott Center for Human Growth & Development, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Wayne State University, Detroit Michigan. His interest in exobiology (now astrobiology) dates from 1960s undergraduate work on organic matter in the Orgueil meteorite with Edward Anders. He has published critical reviews of panspermia and the history of claims of life in meteorites.
<p><b>An in-depth view of the panspermia hypothesis examined against the latest knowledge of planetary formation and related processes.</b></p> <p>Panspermia is the concept that life can be passively transported through space on various bodies and seed, habitable planets and moons, which we are beginning to learn may exist in large numbers. It is an old idea, but not popular with those who prefer that life on Earth started on Earth, an alternative, also unproven hypothesis. This book updates the concept of panspermia in the light of new evidence on planet formation, molecular clouds, solar system motions, supernovae ejection mechanisms, etc. Thus, it is to be a book about newly understood prospects for the movement of life through space. <p>The novel approach presented in this book gives new insights into the panspermia theory and its connection with planetary formation and the evolution of galaxies. This offers a good starting point for future research proposals about exolife and a better perspective for empirical scrutiny of panspermia theory. Also, the key to understanding life in the universe is to understand that the planetary formation process is convolved with the evolution of stellar systems in their galactic environment. The book provides the synthesis of all these elements and gives the readers an up-to-date insight on how panspermia might fit into the big picture. <p><b>Audience</b><br> Given the intrinsic interdisciplinary nature of the panspermia hypothesis the book will have a wide audience across various scientific disciplines covering astronomy, biology, physics and chemistry. Apart from scientists, the book will appeal to engineers who are involved in planning and realization of future space missions.

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