Performance Based Building Design 2From Timber-framed Construction to Partition Walls
|Verlag:||Ernst & Sohn|
Just like building physics, performance based building design was hardly an issue before the energy crises of the 1970ies. With the need to upgrade energy efficiency, the interest in overall building performance grew. The term "performance" encompasses all building-related physical properties and qualities that are predictable during the design stage and controllable during and after construction. The term "predictable" demands calculation tools and physical models that allow evaluating a design, whereas "controllable" presumes the existence of measuring methods available on site. The basis for a system of performance arrays are the functional demands, the needs for accessibility, safety, well-being, durability, energy efficiency and sustainability and the requirements imposed by the usage of a building. In continuation of Vol. 1 this second volume discusses light-weight construction with wooden and metal elements, roofing systems, façades, and ends with finishes and the overall risk analysis. Most chapters build on a same scheme: overview, overall performance evaluation, design and construction. The work is absolutely recommended to undergraduates and graduates in architectural and building engineering, though also building engineers, who want to refresh their knowledge, may benefit. The level of discussion assumes the reader has a sound knowledge of building physics, along with a background in structural engineering, building materials and building construction. Where and when needed, input and literature from over the world was used, reason why each chapter ends listing references and literature.
Preface 1. Timber-framed construction In general Performance Evaluation Design and Execution 2. Sheet-metal Outer Wall Systems In general Performance Evaluation Design and Execution 3. New Developments Transparent Insulation Multiple Skin and Photovoltaic Outer Walls 4. Roofs: Requirements In general Performance Evaluation 5. Low-sloped Roofs Typologies Roofing Membranes Compact Low-sloped Roofs Protected Membrane Roofs 6. Pitched Roofs Classification Roof Covers in detail Basic Assemblies Performance Evaluation Design and Execution 7. Sheet-metal Roofs In general Metal Roof Cover Performance Evaluation Design and Execution 8. Windows, Outer Doors and Glass Facades In general Glass Windows and Doors Glass Facades 9. Balconies, Chimneys, Shafts and Stairs In general Balconies Shafts Chimneys Stairs 10. Partitions; Wall, Floor and Ceiling Finishes; Inside Carpentry In general Partition Walls Building Services Wall Finishes Floor Finishes Ceiling Finishes Inside Carpentry 11. Risk analysis In general Risk Definition Performing a Risk Analysis Example of Risk Analysis: Cavity Walls
Prof. Em. Dr. Ir. Hugo S.L.C. Hens, University of Leuven (K.U. Louvain, Belgium), taught Building Physics from 1975 to 2003, Performance Based Building Design from 1970 to 2005 and Building Services from 1975 to 1977 and 1990 to 2008. Until 1972, he worked as a structural engineer at a mid-sized architectural company, constructing houses, apartment buildings and office buildings. He has authored and co-authored over 150 articles and conference papers, and written hundreds of reports on building damage cases and their solution. He has been coordinating the international working group CIB W40 on Heat and Mass Transfer in Buildings for ten years. Between 1986 and 2008, he was operating agent of four Annexes, initiated by the International Energy Agency?s EXCO on Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems: Annex 14, Annex 24, Annex 32 and Annex 41. He is also a fellow of the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE).
As the second of the two volumes on performance based building design, the book continues applying the performance rationale, advanced ‘Applied Building Physics’, to the design and construction of buildings. The first volume ended with the analysis of cavity walls, the most traditional outer wall type of North Western Europe, and its adaptation to high insulation standards. The present book starts with a construction type which is typical for North America and the Scandinavian Countries: timber-framed. Sheet-metal outer wall solutions are next, after which the focus turns to low-sloped, pitched and sheet-metal roofs. A thorough study of glazing types, windows and glass-based envelope systems with windows fronts, curtain walls, double skin façades and PV-façades as exemplary cases follows. With the building enclosure rain and windproof, the discussion shifts to balconies, shafts, chimneys, stairs, inside partitions and several finishing techniques. The risks linked to design errors and workmanship accuracies are the subject of the last chapter. Overall, we maintain the same scheme as in volume one: overview, overall performance evaluation, design and construction, although some chapters employ a somewhat simpler approach. The book incorporates 35 years of teaching building construction to architectural and building engineers, bolstered by 36 years of research and 44 years of consultancy in solving building problems,
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