Models and Analysis for Distributed Systems
Nowadays, distributed systems are increasingly present, for public software applications as well as critical systems. software applications as well as critical systems. This title and Distributed Systems: Design and Algorithms – from the same editors – introduce the underlying concepts, the associated design techniques and the related security issues. The objective of this book is to describe the state of the art of the formal methods for the analysis of distributed systems. Numerous issues remain open and are the topics of major research projects. One current research trend consists of profoundly mixing the design, modeling, verification and implementation stages. This prototyping-based approach is centered around the concept of model refinement. This book is more specifically intended for readers that wish to gain an overview of the application of formal methods in the design of distributed systems. Master’s and PhD students, as well as engineers in industry, will find a global understanding of the techniques as well as references to the most up-to-date works in this area.
Foreword 9 Claude GIRAULT Chapter 1. Introduction 17 Serge HADDAD, Fabrice KORDON, Laurent PAUTET and Laure PETRUCCI FIRST PART. FORMAL MODELS FOR DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS 21 Chapter 2. Introduction to Formal Models 23 Laure PETRUCCI 2.1.Motivation 23 2.2.Semi-formalmodels 24 2.3.Formal models 27 2.4.After specification, verification 35 2.5. Outline of Part I 37 2.6.Bibliography 37 Chapter 3. Specification and Design Approaches 41 Christine CHOPPY and Laure PETRUCCI 3.1. Introduction 41 3.2.Criteria for developing specifications 42 3.3. Specification development methodologies 50 3.4.Conclusion 60 3.5.Bibliography 60 Chapter 4. Modeling Time 63 Béatrice BÉRARD 4.1. Introduction 63 4.2.Semantics of timed models 65 4.3.Classical timed models 68 4.4.Specification of timing requirements 85 4.5.Conclusion 90 4.6.Bibliography 90 Chapter 5. Architecture Description Languages 97 Pascal POIZAT and Thomas VERGNAUD 5.1. Introduction 97 5.2.Concepts 100 5.3.Formal ADLs 109 5.4.ADLs for actual implementation 117 5.5.Conclusion 130 5.6.Bibliography 130 SECOND PART. VERIFICATION TECHNIQUES FOR DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS 135 Chapter 6. Introduction to Verification 137 Serge HADDAD 6.1. Introduction 137 6.2.Formal models for verification 138 6.3.Expression of properties 141 6.4. Verification methods 144 6.5. Outline of Part 2 151 6.6.Bibliography 151 Chapter 7. Verification of Finite-State Systems 155 Jean-François PRADAT-PEYRE and Yann THIERRY-MIEG 7.1. Introduction 155 7.2. Petri net definition 156 7.3.Structural approaches 158 7.4.Formal verification by model-checking 183 7.5.Classification of model-checking approaches 191 7.6.Decision diagram-based approaches 194 7.7.Partial order reductions 203 7.8. Reductions exploiting symmetry 212 7.9.Conclusion 214 7.10.Bibliography 215 Chapter 8. Verification of Infinite-State Systems 221 Stéphane DEMRI and Denis POITRENAUD 8.1. Introduction 221 8.2. Counter systems 225 8.3.Recursive Petri nets 233 8.4. Presburger arithmetic as symbolic representation 250 8.5.Concludingremarks 263 8.6.Bibliography 263 Chapter 9. Verification of Timed Systems 271 Pierre-Alain REYNIER 9.1. Introduction 271 9.2.Construction of the region graph 273 9.3.Handling infinite abstractions 284 9.4.Robustness issues in timed systems 293 9.5.Conclusion 303 9.6.Bibliography 303 Chapter 10. Distributed Control 307 Claude DUTHEILLET, Isabelle MOUNIER and Nathalie SZNAJDER 10.1. Introduction 307 10.2. Decentralized Control 311 10.3. Controller synthesis for distributed systems 323 10.4. Multi-player games 339 10.5.Conclusion 346 10.6.Bibliography 346 List of Authors 353 Index 355
Fabrice Kordon is a full-time professor at Université P. & M. Curie (UPMC). Serge Haddad is a full-time professor at école Normale Supérieure de Cachan, a member of the CNRS laboratory LSV, and a member of the INRIA team MExICo. Laurent Pautet is a full-time professor at Télécom ParisTech and a member of the CNRS laboratory LTCI. Laure Petrucci is a full-time professor at University Paris 13 in France and a member of the CNRS laboratory LIPN.
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