Combining an up-to-date insight into mass-spectrometric polymer analysis beyond MALDI with application details of the instrumentation, this is a balanced and thorough presentation of the most important and widely used mass-spectrometric methods.<br> Written by the world's most proficient experts in the field, the book focuses on the latest developments, covering such technologies and applications as ionization protocols, tandem and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, gas-phase ion-separation techniques and automated data processing. Chapters on sample preparation, polymer degradation and the usage of mass-spectrometric tools on an industrial scale round off the book.<br> As a result, both entrants to the field and experienced researchers are able to choose the appropriate methods and instrumentations -- and to assess their respective strengths and limitations -- for the characterization of polymer compounds.
Introduction<br> <br> MASS ANALYSIS<br> Introduction<br> Measures of Performance<br> Instrumentation<br> Instrumentation in Tandem and Multiple-Stage Mass Spectrometry<br> Conclusions and Outlook<br> <br> IONIZATION TECHNIQUES FOR POLMYER MASS SPECTROMETRY<br> Introduction<br> Small Molecule Ionization Era<br> Macromass Era of Ionization<br> Modern Era of Ionization Techniques<br> Conclusions<br> <br> TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY ANALYSIS OF POLYMER STRUCTURES AND ARCHITECTURES<br> Introduction<br> Activation Methods<br> Instrumentation<br> Structural Information from MS2 Studies<br> Summary and Outlook<br> <br> MATRIX-ASSISTED INLET IONIZATION AND SOLVENT-FREE GAS-PHASE SEPARATION USING ION MOBILITY SPECTROMETRY FOR IMAGING AND ELECTRON TRANSFER DISSOCIATION MASS SPECTROMETRY OF POLYMERS<br> Overview<br> Introduction<br> New Sample Introduction Technologies<br> Fragmentation by ETD and CID<br> Surface Analyses by Imaging MS<br> Future Outlook<br> <br> POLYMER MALDI SAMPLE PREPARATION<br> Introduction<br> Roles of the Matrix<br> Choice of Matrix<br> Choice of the Solvent<br> Basic Solvent-Based Sample Preparation Recipe<br> Deposition Methods<br> Solvent-Free Sample Preparation<br> The Vortex Method<br> Matrix-to-Analyte Ratio<br> Salt-to-Analyte Ratio<br> Chromatography as Sample Preparation<br> Problems in MALDI Sample Preparation<br> Predicting MALDI Sample Preparation<br> Conclusions<br> <br> SURFACE ANALYSIS AND IMAGING TECHNIQUES<br> Imaging Mass Spectrometry<br> Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry<br> Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization (MALDI)<br> Other Surface Mass Spectrometry Methods<br> Outlook<br> <br> HYPHENATED TECHNIQUES<br> Introduction<br> Polymer Separation Techniques<br> Principles of Coupling: Transfer Devices<br> Examples<br> Conclusions<br> <br> AUTOMATED DATA PROCESSING AND QUANTIFICATION IN POLMYER MASS SPECTROMETRY<br> Introduction<br> File and Data Formats<br> Optimization of Ionization Conditions<br> Automated Spectral Analysis and Data Reduction in MS<br> Copolymer Analysis<br> Data Interpretation in MS/MS<br> Quantitative MS and the Determination of MMDs by MS<br> Conclusions and Outlook<br> <br> COMPREHENSIVE COPOLYMER CHARACTERIZATION<br> Introduction<br> Scope<br> Reviews<br> Soft Ionization Techniques<br> Separation Prior MS<br> Tandem MS (MS/MS)<br> Quantitative MS<br> Copolymers for Biological or (Bio)medical Application<br> Software Development<br> Summary and Outlook<br> <br> ELUCIDATION OF REACTION MECHANISMS: CONVENTIONAL RADICAL POLYMERIZATION<br> Introduction<br> Basic Principles and General Considerations<br> Initiation<br> Propagation<br> Termination<br> Chain Transfer<br> Emulsion Polymerization<br> Conclusion<br> <br> ELUCIDATION OF REACTION MECHANISMS AND POLYMER STRUCTURE: LIVING/CONTROLLED RADICAL POLYMERIZATION<br> Protocols Based on a Persistent Radical Effect (NMP, ATRP, and Related)<br> Protocols Based on Degenerative Chain Transfer (RAFT, MADIX)<br> Protocols Based on CCT<br> Novel Protocols and Minor Protocols<br> Conclusions<br> <br> ELUCIDATON OF REACTION MECHANISMS: OTHER POLYMERIZATION MECHANISMS<br> Introduction<br> Ring-Opening Polymerization Mechanisms of Cyclic Ethers<br> Ring-Opening Polymerization Mechanisms of Cyclic Ethers and Carbonates<br> Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization<br> Mechanisms of Step-Growth Polymerization<br> Concluding Remarks<br> <br> POLYMER DEGRADATION<br> Introduction<br> Thermal and Thermo-Oxidative Degradation<br> Photolysis and Photooxidation<br> Biodegradation<br> Other Degradation Processes<br> Conclusions<br> <br> OUTLOOK
<p>“Taken as a whole, this book gives an excellent overview of the current state of mass spectrometry being applied to modern, complex polymer systems.” (<i>Chromatographia</i>, 1 August 2013)</p> <p>“There is much to laud the editors for the production of this work . . . As the editors have so clearly achieved their stated goals, it is easy to be enthusiastic about this volume and to recommend it to anyone interested in polymer chemistry or mass spectrometry as a needed resource.” (<i>American Society for Mass Spectrometry</i>, 11 August 2012)</p> <p> </p>
Christopher Barner-Kowollik is currently Full Professor of Macromolecular Chemistry at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany. <br> He has published more than 260 peer-reviewed research papers and eleven book chapters. He serves or has served as a member of nine editorial boards of leading peer-reviewed journals and edited the "Handbook of RAFT Polymerization" (2008, Wiley-VCH). Awards he has received for his research include the Edgeworth-David Medal of the Royal Society of Australia and the Rennie Medal of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute.<br> <br> Till Gruendling is currently working as analytical chemist and lab team leader at BASF. His work involves the application and development of state-of-the-art mass spectrometric techniques for analytical problem solving in diverse areas of in industrial chemistry. He completed his PhD at the University of New South Wales under the supervision of Christopher Barner-Kowollik, Michael Guilhaus and Brynn Hibbert. Till Gruendling has published fourteen peer-reviewed research papers and has presented his work at international conferences.<br> <br> Jana Falkenhagen studied chemistry at the Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg. She received a Dr. rer. nat. from the Technical University of Berlin, Germany. She was strongly involved in the development of two-dimensional chromatography of polymers and its launching in industry. Her main field of research at the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) is the development of hyphenated coupling methods (LC-MALDI/ESI) for the characterization of complex polymers and copolymers.<br> Jana Falkenhagen is author and co-author of numerous peer-reviewed papers, 4 book chapters and holds one patent.<br> <br> Steffen M. Weidner is head of the Polymer Analysis Group at the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM). He received his Dr. rer nat. at the Technical University of Berlin in 1996. He has published 55 peer-reviewed research papers and 3 book chapters. His particular interest is focused on the application of MALDI-TOF MS of synthetic polymers by developing suitable hyphenated chromatography approaches for efficient reduction of complexity. For the last 15 years, he is chairperson of the annual German workshop on polymer analysis by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry.
Mass spectrometry is a powerful analytical tool for the determination of the chemical composition, structure and molecular weight of organic compounds. Already widely used in the life sciences, mass spectrometry has become an indispensable characterization method in polymer chemistry - in basic research as well as in industrial laboratory settings. Mass spectrometry can be integrated seamlessly with other analytical techniques such as liquid chromatography. Its sensitivity and specifity make it a versatile means for the qualitative and quantitative elucidation of polymer composition, functionality and reaction mechanisms.<br> <br> Combining an up-to-date insight into mass spectrometry polymer analysis beyond MALDI with application details of the instrumentation, this is a balanced and thorough presentation of the most important and widely used mass spectrometric methods. The book provides the state-of-the-art knowledge on mass spectrometry for the synthetically working chemist, enabling the researcher to choose the appropriate methods and instrumentations - and to assess their respective strenghths and limitations - for the characterization of polymer compounds.<br> <br> Written by the world's most proficient experts in the field, the book focuses on the latest developments, covering important technologies and applications such as ionization protocols, tandem and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, gas-phase ion-separations, secondary ion mass spectrometry and automated data processing.<br> This book is a must-have for all Polymer and Analytical Chemists, Materials Scientists, Spectroscopists, and Chemists in Industry.
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