Linux For Dummies

Linux For Dummies

10. Aufl.

von: Richard Blum

22,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 01.09.2020
ISBN/EAN: 9781119704263
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 480

DRM-geschütztes eBook, Sie benötigen z.B. Adobe Digital Editions und eine Adobe ID zum Lesen.


<p><b>Your step-by-step guide to the latest in Linux</b> </p> <p>Nine previous editions of this popular benchmark guide can’t be wrong! Whether you’re new to Linux and need a step-by-step guide or are a pro who wants to catch up with recent distributions, <i>Linux For Dummies, 10</i><i><sup>th</sup></i><i> Edition</i> has your back. Covering everything from installation to automation, this updated edition focuses on openSUSE and Ubuntu and includes new and refreshed material—as well as chapters on building a web server and creating simple shell scripts. </p> <p>In his friendly, no-jargon style, IT professional and tech higher education instructor Richard Blum draws on more than 10 years of teaching to show you just why Linux’s open source operating systems are relied on to run a huge proportion of the world’s online infrastructure, servers, supercomputers, and NAS devices—and how you can master them too.  </p> <ul style="margin-bottom: 0in; font-size: medium; margin-top: 0in;" type="disc"> <li style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.75in; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; vertical-align: baseline;">Study the thinking behind Linux </li> <li style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.75in; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; vertical-align: baseline; user-select: text; -webkit-user-drag: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: transparent; cursor: text; overflow: visible;">Choose the right installation approach </li> <li style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.75in; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; vertical-align: baseline; user-select: text; -webkit-user-drag: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: transparent; cursor: text; overflow: visible;">Pick up the basics—from prepping to desktops </li> <li style="margin: 0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.75in; font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif; vertical-align: baseline; user-select: text; -webkit-user-drag: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: transparent; cursor: text; overflow: visible;">Get fancy with music, video, movies, and games </li> </ul> <p>Whatever your Linux needs—work, fun, or just a hobby—this bestselling, evergreen guide will get you up and coding in the open source revolution in no time at all.  </p> <p> </p>
<p><b>Introduction</b><b> 1</b></p> <p>About This Book 1</p> <p>How to Use This Book 2</p> <p>Three Presumptuous Assumptions 3</p> <p>Icons Used in This Book 4</p> <p>Where to Go from Here 4</p> <p><b>Part 1: Getting Your Feet Wet</b><b> 5</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 1: Getting Acquainted with Linux </b><b>7</b></p> <p>Is Free Really Free? 7</p> <p>Linux: Revolution or Just Another Operating System? 8</p> <p>Anatomy of an Open Source Software Project 11</p> <p>GNU who? 11</p> <p>Who’s in charge of Linux, anyway? 13</p> <p>Einstein was a volunteer 13</p> <p>Packaging Linux: The Distribution 14</p> <p>Core Linux distributions 14</p> <p>Specialized Linux distributions 16</p> <p>The Linux Live distribution 16</p> <p><b>Chapter 2: Prepping Your Computer for Linux</b><b> 19</b></p> <p>Preparing to Use Linux and Microsoft Windows Together 22</p> <p>Installing a second hard drive 22</p> <p>Partitioning an existing drive 23</p> <p>Double-Checking Hardware Compatibility 29</p> <p>Finally, Finally, Before You Get Started 32</p> <p>Disabling the secure boot feature 33</p> <p>Creating a boot disk 33</p> <p><b>Chapter 3: Installing Linux </b><b>37</b></p> <p>Things to Consider Before You Begin Installation 38</p> <p>Installing from Ubuntu Live 39</p> <p>Your First Ubuntu Boot 49</p> <p>Installing openSUSE 51</p> <p><b>Chapter 4: Examining the GNOME Desktop</b><b> 61</b></p> <p>The History of GNOME 61</p> <p>Breaking Down the GNOME Desktop 62</p> <p>Menus, please! 63</p> <p>The desktop 67</p> <p>Exploring the Activities Overview 69</p> <p>The dash 69</p> <p>The windows overview area 73</p> <p>Working with workspaces 74</p> <p>Customizing Your Ride75</p> <p>Background 76</p> <p>Appearance 76</p> <p>Displays77</p> <p>Mouse and touchpad 79</p> <p>A Closer Look at Accessibility Features 80</p> <p><b>Chapter 5: Examining the KDE Plasma Desktop</b><b> 83</b></p> <p>The KDE Plasma Desktop 83</p> <p>More menus! 85</p> <p>The panel 89</p> <p>The desktop 91</p> <p>Using Widgets 91</p> <p>Adding widgets 91</p> <p>Getting more widgets 95</p> <p>Plasma System Settings 96</p> <p>Desktop Folder Settings 97</p> <p>Accessibility Settings 98</p> <p><b>Chapter 6: Exploring Alternative Desktops </b><b>101</b></p> <p>Spicing Things Up with Cinnamon 101</p> <p>History of Cinnamon 102</p> <p>Looking at the menu 103</p> <p>Changing settings 105</p> <p>Adding more spice 106</p> <p>Working with MATE 107</p> <p>The history of MATE 107</p> <p>Looking at the menu 109</p> <p>Changing desktop settings 110</p> <p>Applets 111</p> <p>The Xfce Desktop Interface 112</p> <p>History of Xfce 112</p> <p>The Whisker menu 113</p> <p>Changing Xfce settings115</p> <p>Applets 116</p> <p><b>Part 2: Getting Up to Speed with Linux </b><b>119</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 7: Getting to Know the Linux Filesystem </b><b>121</b></p> <p>Pieces of the Puzzle 121</p> <p>Touring the Linux Filesystem 122</p> <p>The root of the tree 122</p> <p>The importance of being /etc 124</p> <p>Where removable media lives 124</p> <p>Where the computer is the /usr 125</p> <p>Managing Your Filesystem without a Net (or Mouse) 125</p> <p>Viewing information about files on the command line 126</p> <p>Understanding file listing information 127</p> <p>Comprehending file types 129</p> <p>Navigating the filesystem in Linux 130</p> <p>A Permissions Prime r131</p> <p>Checking out the triplets 131</p> <p>Beware of owners 133</p> <p>Hanging out in groups 133</p> <p><b>Chapter 8: Using the Filesystem</b><b> 135</b></p> <p>Clicking Your Way Through the Filesystem 135</p> <p>Using Files 136</p> <p>Setting how much info you see 139</p> <p>Creating new directories 140</p> <p>Opening files and running programs 140</p> <p>Copying and moving files 141</p> <p>Deleting files and directories 142</p> <p>Taking out the trash 142</p> <p>Viewing and changing permissions 143</p> <p>Swimming with Dolphin 144</p> <p>Don’t Forget Xfce! 146</p> <p>Using DVDs and Other Removable Media 149</p> <p>Accessing Windows Drives on This Computer 150</p> <p>Accessing Network Drives 150</p> <p>Finding Things 151</p> <p><b>Chapter 9: Connecting to the Internet</b><b> 153</b></p> <p>Internet Connectivity 101 153</p> <p>Setting Up the Hardware 155</p> <p>Selecting an Internet Service Provider (ISP) 156</p> <p>Getting Information You Need from Your ISP 157</p> <p>Configuring Your Connection 158</p> <p>Network Manager 158</p> <p>Command line tools 163</p> <p>Dialin’ out 169</p> <p>It’s All Fun and Games Until Something Doesn’t Work 169</p> <p>After You’re Connected 171</p> <p><b>Part 3: Getting Things Done </b><b>173</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 10: Using the Internet </b><b>175</b></p> <p>Browsing the Web with Firefox 175</p> <p>Configuring Firefox 176</p> <p>Expanding your universe with add-ons 180</p> <p>Surfing the web 181</p> <p>Communicating with Email 182</p> <p>Evolving into email 183</p> <p>Working with KMail 191</p> <p>The amazing Thunderbird 195</p> <p>Ol’ Fashion File Transfers 197</p> <p>Talking with Skype 199</p> <p>Working with Other Internet Tools 201</p> <p><b>Chapter 11: Putting the X in Text</b><b> 203</b></p> <p>Viewing the Contents of a Text File 203</p> <p>Editing Text Files with nano 204</p> <p>Saving your work as you go205</p> <p>Saving and moving on with your life 205</p> <p>Going with gedit 206</p> <p>Entering and editing text in gedit 207</p> <p>Saving your work 207</p> <p>Setting preferences 208</p> <p>Editing Text in the KDE Plasma Desktop 211</p> <p>Writing with KWrite 211</p> <p>Meet Kate 216</p> <p><b>Chapter 12: Word Processing and More with LibreOffice </b><b>219</b></p> <p>Installing the LibreOffice Suite 220</p> <p>Word Processing with LibreOffice Writer 221</p> <p>Taking a tour of LibreOffice Writer 221</p> <p>Working with Writer files 225</p> <p>Spreadsheets with LibreOffice Calc 226</p> <p>Taking a tour of LibreOffice Calc 226</p> <p>Working with Calc files 230</p> <p>Presentations with LibreOffice Impress 230</p> <p>Creating a new presentation 231</p> <p>Taking a tour of LibreOffice Impress 231</p> <p>Working with Impress files 235</p> <p>Fine Art with LibreOffice Draw 236</p> <p>Taking a tour of LibreOffice Draw 236</p> <p>Working with Draw files 239</p> <p>Managing Data with LibreOffice Base 240</p> <p>Getting help from the wizard 240</p> <p>Taking a tour of LibreOffice Base 243</p> <p>Sitting down at the table 245</p> <p>Layout with LibreOffice Math 246</p> <p>Menu bar 247</p> <p>Standard toolbar 248</p> <p>Document section249</p> <p><b>Chapter 13: Messing with Audio </b><b>253</b></p> <p>What Sound? I Don’t Hear a Thing! 253</p> <p>Listening to CDs 256</p> <p>GNOME 3 and Rhythmbox 256</p> <p>KDE Plasma and CDs 258</p> <p>VLC to the rescue 259</p> <p>Listening to Downloaded Music 260</p> <p>Amarok 260</p> <p>Rhythmbox revisited 264</p> <p>Listening to Internet Radio 264</p> <p>Ripping Music Tracks from CDs 265</p> <p>Burning Audio CDs and DVDs 268</p> <p>Using Brasero 268</p> <p>Using K3b 269</p> <p><b>Chapter 14: Messing with Video and Graphics</b><b> 273</b></p> <p>Watchin’ Videos on the Web 273</p> <p>Firefox video support 274</p> <p>Getting even more video support 275</p> <p>Viewing Movie Files 277</p> <p>GNOME Videos 278</p> <p>KDE Dragon 279</p> <p>VLC 280</p> <p>Watchin’ DVDs 281</p> <p>Creating and Modifying Graphics 282</p> <p>GIMP basic tools 283</p> <p>Capturing screenshots 284</p> <p>Editing an image file 285</p> <p>Using GIMP scripts 287</p> <p>Playing 3D Games 288</p> <p><b>Part 4: Junior Administrator Boot Camp </b><b>291</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 15: Adding Software to Linux</b><b> 293</b></p> <p>Opening Downloaded Files 293</p> <p>Compressing and Packaging Files to Share 295</p> <p>Keeping Up-to-Update 296</p> <p>Updating Ubuntu 296</p> <p>Updating openSUSE 297</p> <p>Installing New Software 298</p> <p>Adding applications 299</p> <p>Adding packages 301</p> <p>Finding More Software 303</p> <p>Upgrading Your OS 304</p> <p><b>Chapter 16: Working without the GUI </b><b>305</b></p> <p>Playing the Shell Game 306</p> <p>Getting a shell 306</p> <p>The shell prompt 307</p> <p>Understanding bash Command Syntax and Structure 309</p> <p>Starting Programs from the Shell 311</p> <p>Putting Wildcard Expansion to Good Use 311</p> <p>Working with Long Commands 312</p> <p>Asking Linux to complete a command or filename for you 312</p> <p>Accessing your command history 313</p> <p>Working with Variables 314</p> <p>Variables versus environment variables 314</p> <p>Checking out commonly used environment variables 314</p> <p>Storing and retrieving variables’ values 315</p> <p>Using Redirection and Pipes 318</p> <p>Redirecting command output 318</p> <p>Laying pipes 320</p> <p>“Help!”320</p> <p>Clearing the screen 320</p> <p><b>Chapter 17: Basic System Administration</b><b> 323</b></p> <p>Managing Users and Groups 324</p> <p>Finding the right tool 324</p> <p>Adding new users 326</p> <p>Adding new groups 329</p> <p>Printing 331</p> <p>Printer server settings 333</p> <p>Adding a new printer 334</p> <p>Modifying printer properties 337</p> <p>System Monitor 338</p> <p>Processes 339</p> <p>Resources 341</p> <p>File Systems 342</p> <p><b>Chapter 18: A Secure Linux Box Is a Happy Linux Box </b><b>343</b></p> <p>Choosing Secure Passwords 343</p> <p>Updating Software 344</p> <p>Network holes 345</p> <p>The secure shell game (SSH) 350</p> <p>Software holes 355</p> <p>Keeping an Eye on Your Log Files with the System Log Viewer 356</p> <p>Locating Security Resources 358</p> <p><b>Chapter 19: Automating Your World</b><b> 359</b></p> <p>The Basics of Shell Scripting 359</p> <p>Running multiple commands 360</p> <p>Redirecting output 360</p> <p>Piping data 361</p> <p>The shell script format 362</p> <p>Running the shell script 364</p> <p>Advanced Shell Scripting 365</p> <p>Displaying messages 365</p> <p>Using variables 366</p> <p>Command line arguments 369</p> <p>The exit status 370</p> <p>Writing Script Programs 371</p> <p>Command substitution 371</p> <p>Performing math 372</p> <p>Logic statements 374</p> <p>Loops 378</p> <p><b>Chapter 20: The Virtual World</b><b> 381</b></p> <p>What Is Virtualization Software? 381</p> <p>Installing VirtualBox 382</p> <p>Creating a Virtual Machine 384</p> <p>Customizing a Virtual Machine 387</p> <p>Changing settings 388</p> <p>Installing an OS 390</p> <p>Working with the Virtual Machine 393</p> <p>The Machine menu area 393</p> <p>The View menu 394</p> <p>The Devices menu area 395</p> <p><b>Part 5: The Part of Tens</b><b> 397</b></p> <p><b>Chapter 21: Ten Steps to Running a Web Server</b><b> 399</b></p> <p>The Required Parts 400</p> <p>Step 1: Select a Web Server 400</p> <p>Step 2: Select a Programming Language 401</p> <p>Step 3: Select a Database Server 402</p> <p>Step 4: Install the Servers 403</p> <p>Installing servers in Ubuntu 404</p> <p>Installing servers in openSUSE 405</p> <p>Step 5: Examine the Apache Server 407</p> <p>Defining the web folder location 408</p> <p>Setting the default TCP port 408</p> <p>Interacting with the PHP server 409</p> <p>Tracking errors 410</p> <p>Step 6: Examine the MySQL (or MariaDB) Server 411</p> <p>The core server settings 411</p> <p>Working with the InnoDB storage engine 412</p> <p>Step 7: Customize the PHP Server 413</p> <p>Step 8: Create the Database Environment 415</p> <p>Step 9: Build Your Application 418</p> <p>Step 10: Deploy and Test Your Application 419</p> <p><b>Chapter 22: Ten Troubleshooting Tips</b><b> 421</b></p> <p>Tip #1: “The Linux Installer Froze”422</p> <p>Tip #2: Checking Your Distribution Burns 423</p> <p>Tip #3: “I Told the Installer to Test My Graphics, and They Failed” 424</p> <p>Tip #4: “The Installer Tested My Graphics Fine, but My GUI Won’t Start” 424</p> <p>Tip #5: “I Think I’m in Linux, but I Don’t Know What to Do!” 425</p> <p>Tip #6: “I Don’t Want to Boot into This!” 426</p> <p>Tip #7: Changing Your Boot Environment “Permanently” 427</p> <p>Changing your boot environment just for now 429</p> <p>Tip #8: “I Want to Change Screen Resolutions” 429</p> <p>Tip #9: “My GUI Is Hung, and I’m Stuck!” 430</p> <p>Tip #10: “Help, My Machine Hangs During Boot!” 431</p> <p>“Aaargh! I Forgot My Root Password! What Do I Do?” 431</p> <p>Appendix A: Common Linux Commands 433</p> <p>Appendix B: Linux Distributions 443</p> <p>Index 449</p>
<p><b>Richard Blum</b> holds the Linux+ and Security+ certifications and has worked in the IT industry for more than 30 years. He is an online instructor for Linux and programming courses used by colleges and universities across the U.S. With experience as both a systems and network administrator, he has written numerous books on Linux and open source.
<ul> <li>Install Linux and start using open source software</li> <li>Browse the web, use email, edit photos, and listen to music</li> <li>Learn to use Ubuntu and openSUSE distributions</li> </ul> <p><b>The easiest way to learn the latest in Linux</b> <p>The open source Linux operating system offers so much flexibility. Through nine previous editions, <i>Linux For Dummies</i> has helped Linux newcomers get up and running on each enhancement, and this 10th edition continues the tradition with the latest Ubuntu and openSUSE distributions. You'll start with downloading and installing the OS, getting familiar with the desktop and filesystem, and getting things done with popular applications. Then you'll learn how to be a Linux administrator, handling security and virtual servers. Easy, fast, and fun! <p><b>Inside...</b> <ul> <li>An open source primer</li> <li>Preparing for installation</li> <li>A directory of desktop options</li> <li>How the filesystem works</li> <li>What you need for your network</li> <li>Essential online activities</li> <li>Watch videos and play music</li> <li>Expanding and managing Linux</li> </ul>

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