Details

Herbicides and Plant Physiology


Herbicides and Plant Physiology


3. Aufl.

von: Andrew H. Cobb

60,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 31.01.2022
ISBN/EAN: 9781119157717
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 400

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Beschreibungen

<b>HERBICIDES AND PLANT PHYSIOLOGY</b> <p><b>Discover the latest developments in herbicide and weed biology</b> <p>In the newly revised Third Edition of <i>Herbicides and Plant Physiology,</i> distinguished researcher Professor Dr. Andrew H. Cobb delivers an insightful and comprehensive examination of the interaction between herbicides and plant physiology. The book discusses many of the advances in plant physiology, utilizing data from the<i> Arabidopsis</i> genome, and gene editing techniques that have occurred in the last dozen years. <p>This latest edition includes a variety of new and recent references addressing the latest developments in plant research. In addition to a complete introduction to weed biology, the book discusses the modern plant protection industry and the processes by which herbicides are discovered and developed. <p>Readers will find discussions of new targets for the future development of new herbicides, as well as the mechanisms by which modern herbicides interact with plants and achieve their weed control objectives. <p>The book also offers: <ul><li>Thorough introductions to weed biology, the modern plant protection products industry, and how herbicides are discovered and developed</li> <li>Comprehensive explorations of how herbicides gain entry into the plant and move to their sites of action, as well as the basis of herbicide selectivity</li> <li>Practical discussions of how herbicides interact with the major physiological processes in plants and accomplish weed control, including the inhibition of photosynthesis, pigment biosynthesis, and more</li> <li>Reviews recent developments following the use of genetically modified-herbicide resistant crops</li></ul> <p>Perfect for plant biologists and agricultural scientists, this latest edition of <i>Herbicides and Plant Physiology</i> is an indispensable resource for anyone seeking a comprehensive and robust treatment of the latest advances in plant physiology and herbicide action.
<p>Preface</p> <p><b>1. An Introduction to Weed Biology</b></p> <p>1.1 Introduction</p> <p>1.2 Distribution</p> <p>1.3 The importance of weeds</p> <p>1.4 Problems caused by weeds</p> <p>1.5 Biology of weeds</p> <p>1.6 A few examples of problem weeds</p> <p>1.7 Positive attributes of weeds</p> <p>1.8 The ever-changing weed spectrum</p> <p>1.9 Weed Control</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>2. Herbicide Discovery and Development</b></p> <p>2.1 Introduction</p> <p>2.2 Markets</p> <p>2.3 Prospects</p> <p>2.4 Environmental impact and relative toxicology</p> <p>2.5 Chemophobia</p> <p>2.6 The search for novel active ingredients</p> <p>2.7 The search for novel target sites</p> <p>2.8 Mode of action studies</p> <p>2.9 The role of natural chemistry</p> <p>2.10 Recent developments</p> <p>2.11 A lower limit for rates of herbicide application</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>3. Herbicide Uptake and Movement</b></p> <p>3.1 Introduction</p> <p>3.2 The cuticle as a barrier to foliar uptake</p> <p>3.3 Physico-chemical aspects of foliar uptake</p> <p>3.4 Herbicide formulation</p> <p>3.5 Uptake by roots from soil</p> <p>3.6 Herbicide translocation from roots to shoots</p> <p>3.7 A case study: The formulation of acids</p> <p>3.8 The formulation of glyphosate</p> <p>3.9 Further developments</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>4. Herbicide Selectivity and Metabolism</b></p> <p>4.1 Introduction</p> <p>4.2 General principles</p> <p>4.3 Herbicide safeners and synergists</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>5. Herbicides That Inhibit Photosynthesis</b></p> <p>5.1 Introduction</p> <p>5.2 Photosystems</p> <p>5.3 Inhibition at Photosystem II</p> <p>5.4 Photodamage and repair of Photosystem II</p> <p>5.5 Structures and uses of Photosystem II inhibitors</p> <p>5.6 Interference with electron flow at Photosystem I</p> <p>5.7 RuBisCO activase</p> <p>5.8 How treated plants die</p> <p>5.9 Chlorophyll fluorescence</p> <p>5.10 Inhibition of photosynthetic carbon reduction in C4 plants</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>6. Inhibition of Pigment Biosynthesis</b></p> <p>6.1 Introduction: Structures and functions of photosynthetic pigments</p> <p>6.2 Inhibition of chlorophyll biosynthesis</p> <p>6.3 Inhibition of carotenoid biosynthesis</p> <p>6.4 Inhibition of plastoquinone biosynthesis</p> <p>6.5 How treated plants die</p> <p>6.6 Selectivity and metabolism</p> <p>6.7 Summary</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>7. Auxin-Type Herbicides</b></p> <p>7.1 Introduction</p> <p>7.2 Structure and uses of auxin-type herbicides</p> <p>7.3 Auxin, a natural plant growth regulator</p> <p>7.4 Biosynthesis and metabolism of auxins</p> <p>7.5 Auxin receptors, gene expression and herbicides</p> <p>7.6 Signal transduction</p> <p>7.7 Auxin transport</p> <p>7.8 Resistance to auxin-type herbicides</p> <p>7.9 An “auxin overdose”</p> <p>7.10 How treated plants die</p> <p>7.11 Selectivity and metabolism</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>8. Inhibitors of Lipid Biosynthesis</b></p> <p>8.1 Introduction</p> <p>8.2 Structures and uses of graminicides</p> <p>8.3 Inhibition of lipid biosynthesis</p> <p>8.4 Activity of graminicides in mixtures</p> <p>8.5 How treated plants die</p> <p>8.6 Plant oxylipins: Lipids with key roles in plant defence and development</p> <p>8.7 Selectivity</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>9. Inhibition of Amino Acid Biosynthesis</b></p> <p>9.1 Introduction</p> <p>9.2 Overview of amino acid biosynthesis in plants</p> <p>9.3 Inhibition of glutamine synthetase</p> <p>9.4 Inhibition of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis</p> <p>9.5 Inhibition of branch-chain amino acid biosynthesis</p> <p>9.6 Inhibition of histidine biosynthesis</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>10. Disruption of the Plant Cell Cycle</b></p> <p>10.1 Introduction</p> <p>10.2 The plant cell cycle</p> <p>10.3 Control of the plant cell cycle</p> <p>10.4 Microtubule structure and function</p> <p>10.5 Herbicidal interference with microtubules</p> <p>10.6 Selectivity</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>11. The Inhibition of Cellulose Biosynthesis</b></p> <p>11.1 Introduction</p> <p>11.2 Cellulose biosynthesis</p> <p>11.3 Cellulose biosynthesis inhibitors</p> <p>11.4 How treated plants die</p> <p>11.5 Selectivity</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>12. Plant kinases, phosphatases and Stress Signalling</b></p> <p>12.1 Introduction</p> <p>12.2 Plant kinases</p> <p>12.3 Plant phosphatases</p> <p>12.4 Cyclin-dependent kinases and plant stress</p> <p>12.5 Post-translational modification of proteins</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>13. Herbicide Resistance</b></p> <p>13.1 Introduction</p> <p>13.2 Definition of herbicide resistance</p> <p>13.3 How herbicide resistance occurs</p> <p>13.4 A chronology of herbicide resistance</p> <p>13.5 Mechanisms of resistance</p> <p>13.6 Case Study: Blackgrass (<i>Alopecurus myosuroides</i> Huds)</p> <p>13.7 Strategies for the control of herbicide-resistant weeds</p> <p>13.8 The future development of herbicide-resistance</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>14. Herbicide-Tolerant Crops</b></p> <p>14.1 Introduction</p> <p>14.2 History of genetically-modified, herbicide-tolerant crops</p> <p>14.3 How genetically-modified crops are produced</p> <p>14.4 Genetically engineered herbicide-tolerance to glyphosate</p> <p>14.5 Genetically-modified herbicide-tolerance to glufosinate</p> <p>14.6 Genetically-modified herbicide-tolerance to bromoxynil</p> <p>14.7 Genetically-modified herbicide-tolerance to sulphonylureas</p> <p>14.8 Genetically-modified herbicide-tolerance to 2,4-D</p> <p>14.9 Genetically-modified herbicide-tolerance to fops and dims</p> <p>14.10 Genetically-modified herbicide -tolerance to phytoene desaturase inhibitors</p> <p>14.11 Herbicide-tolerance due to engineering of enhanced metabolism</p> <p>14.12 Herbicide-tolerance through means other than genetic modification</p> <p>14.13 Gene editing</p> <p>14.14 Economic, environmental and human health benefits from the adoption of GM technology</p> <p>14.15 Gene stacking</p> <p>14.16 Will the rise of glyphosate be inevitably followed by a fall?</p> <p>14.17 Why is there so much opposition to GM technology?</p> <p>14.18 Future prospects</p> <p>References<br /> <br /> <b>15. Further Targets For Herbicide Development</b></p> <p>15.1 Introduction</p> <p>15.2 Protein turnover</p> <p>15.3 The promotion of ageing in weeds?</p> <p>15.4 Herbicide leads at the apicoplast</p> <p>15.5 Control of seed germination and dormancy</p> <p>15.6 Natural products as leads for new herbicides</p> <p>References</p> <p>Glossary</p> <p>Index</p>
<p><b>Andrew H. Cobb, </b>Formerly Emeritus Professor of Plant Science, Dean of Academic Affairs and Director of Research at Harper Adams University, Shropshire, UK.</p>
<p><b>Discover the latest developments in herbicide and weed biology</b></p> <p>In the newly revised Third Edition of <i>Herbicides and Plant Physiology,</i> distinguished researcher Professor Dr. Andrew H. Cobb delivers an insightful and comprehensive examination of the interaction between herbicides and plant physiology. The book discusses many of the advances in plant physiology, utilizing data from the<i> Arabidopsis</i> genome, and gene editing techniques that have occurred in the last dozen years. <p>This latest edition includes a variety of new and recent references addressing the latest developments in plant research. In addition to a complete introduction to weed biology, the book discusses the modern plant protection industry and the processes by which herbicides are discovered and developed. <p>Readers will find discussions of new targets for the future development of new herbicides, as well as the mechanisms by which modern herbicides interact with plants and achieve their weed control objectives. <p>The book also offers: <ul><li>Thorough introductions to weed biology, the modern plant protection products industry, and how herbicides are discovered and developed</li> <li>Comprehensive explorations of how herbicides gain entry into the plant and move to their sites of action, as well as the basis of herbicide selectivity</li> <li>Practical discussions of how herbicides interact with the major physiological processes in plants and accomplish weed control, including the inhibition of photosynthesis, pigment biosynthesis, and more</li> <li>Reviews recent developments following the use of genetically modified-herbicide resistant crops</li> </ul> <p>Perfect for plant biologists and agricultural scientists, this latest edition of <i>Herbicides and Plant Physiology</i> is an indispensable resource for anyone seeking a comprehensive and robust treatment of the latest advances in plant physiology and herbicide action.

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