Green Catalysis, Volume 1Homogeneous Catalysis
Handbook of Green Chemistry 1. Aufl.
The shift towards being as environmentally-friendly as possible has resulted in the need for this important volume on homogeneous catalysis. Edited by the father and pioneer of Green Chemistry, Professor Paul Anastas, and by the renowned chemist, Professor Robert Crabtree, this volume covers many different aspects, from industrial applications to atom economy. It explains the fundamentals and makes use of everyday examples to elucidate this vitally important field.<br> An essential collection for anyone wishing to gain an understanding of the world of green chemistry, as well as for chemists, environmental agencies and chemical engineers.<br>
ATOM ECONOMY -<br> PRINCIPLES AND SOME EXAMPLES<br> Introduction<br> Principle of Atom Economy<br> Atom Economical by Design: Examples of Reactions Relying on C-H Activation<br> Conclusion<br> CATALYSIS INVOLVING FLUOROUS PHASES: FUNDAMENTALS AND DIRECTIONS FOR GREENER METHODOLOGIES<br> Introduction<br> Directions for Greener Fluorous Methodologies<br> Solvents for Fluorous Chemistry<br> Ponytails and Partition Coefficients<br> Specific Examples of Catalyst Recovery that Exploit Temperature-dependent Solubilities<br> Specific Examples of Catalyst Recovery that Exploit Fluorous Solid Phases<br> Summary and Perspective<br> CHEMISTRY AND APPLICATIONS OF IRON-TAML CATALYSTS IN GREEN OXIDATION PROCESSES BASED ON HYDROGEN PEROXIDE<br> Introduction<br> Properties of Fe-TAMLs and Mechanisms of Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide<br> Applications of Fe-TAMLs<br> Conclusion<br> MICROWAVE-ACCELERATED HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS IN WATER<br> Introduction<br> Suzuki-Miyaura Reactions<br> The Stille Reaction<br> The Hiyama Cross-Coupling Reaction<br> The Heck Reaction<br> Carbonylation Reactions<br> The Sonogashira Reaction<br> Aryl-Nitrogen Couplings<br> Aryl-Oxygen Couplings<br> Miscellaneous Transformations<br> Conclusion<br> IONIC LIQUIDS AND CATALYSIS: THE IFP BIPHASIC DIFASOL PROCESS<br> Introduction<br> The Solvent in Catalytic Reactions<br> The Catalytic Oligomerization of Olefins<br> The Biphasic Difasol Process<br> Conclusion<br> IMMOBILIZATION AND COMPARTMENTALIZATION OF HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSTS<br> Introduction<br> Soluble Dendrimer-bound Homogeneous Catalysts<br> Polymer-bound Homogeneous Catalysts<br> Conclusion and Outlook<br> INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF HOMOGENEOUS ENANTIOSELECTIVE CATALYSTS<br> Introduction and Scope<br> Critical Factors for the Technical Application of Homogeneous Enantioselective Catalysts<br> Industrial Processes: General Comments<br> Hydrogenation of C=C Bonds<br> Hydrogenation of C=O Bonds<br> Hydrogenation of C=N Bonds<br> Oxidation Processes<br> Miscellaneous Transformations (Isomerization, Addition Reactions to C=C, C=O and C=N Bonds, Opening of Oxacycles)<br> Conclusions and Future Developments<br> HYDROGENATION FOR C-C BOND FORMATION<br> By-product-free C-C Coupling and the Departure from Preformed Organometallic Reagents<br> Hydrogenative Vinylation of Carbonyl Compounds and Imines<br> Hydrogenative Allylation of Carbonyl Compounds<br> Hydrogenative Aldol and Mannich Additions<br> Hydrogenative Acyl Substitution (Reductive Hydroacylation)<br> Hydrogenative Carbocyclization<br> Future Directions<br> ORGANOCATALYSIS<br> Introduction<br> Catalysts<br> Reactions<br> Conclusion<br> PALLADACYCLES IN CATALYSIS<br> Introduction<br> Catalyst Precursors for C-C and C-X (Heteroatom) Coupling Reactions<br> Other Catalytic Reactions Catalyzed by Palladacycles<br> Conclusion<br> HOMOGENEOUS CATALYST DESIGN FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF ALIPHATIC POLYCARBONATES AND POLYESTERS<br> Introduction<br> Synthesis of Aliphatic Polycarbonates from Epoxides and Carbon Dioxide<br> Synthesis of Aliphatic Polyesters<br> THE AEROBIC OXIDATION OF p-XYLENE TO TEREPHTHALIC ACID: A CLASSIC CASE OF GREEN CHEMISTRY IN ACTION<br> Introduction<br> Methods of Making Terephthalic Acid Using Stoichiometric Reagents<br> Methods for Preparing Terephthalic Acid Using Cobalt Acetate and Dioxygen in Acetic Acid<br> Adding Bromide to Improve Terephthalic Acid Production Using Cobalt and Manganese Acetates in Acetic Acid<br> Potential Processes Using Water as a Solvent<br> Summary and Final Comments<br>
Series Editor<br /><b>Paul T. Anastas</b> joined Yale University as Professor and serves as the Director of the Center for Green Chemistry and Green Engineering at Yale. From 2004-2006, Paul Anastas has been the Director of the Green Chemistry Institute in Washington, D.C. Until June of 2004 he served as Assistant Director for Environment at e White House Office of Science and Technology Policy where his responsibilities included a wide range of environmental science issues including furthering international public-private cooperation in areas of Science for Sustainability such as Green Chemistry. In 1991, he established the industry-government-university partnership Green Chemistry Program, which was expanded to include basic research, and the Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards. He has published and edited several books in the field of Green Chemistry and developed the 12 principles of Green Chemistry.<br /><br />Volume Editor<br /><b>Bob Crabtree</b> took his first degree at Oxford, did his Ph.D. at Sussex and spent four years in Paris at the CNRS. He has been at Yale since 1977. He has chaired the Inorganic Division at ACS, and won the ACS and RSC organometallic chemistry prizes. He is the author of an organometallic textbook, and editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry and Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry. He has contributed to C-H activation, H2 complexes, dihydrogen bonding, and his homogeneous tritiation and hydrogenation catalyst is in wide use. More recently, he has combined molecular recognition with CH hydroxylation to obtain high selectivity with a biomimetic strategy.<br />
Green Chemistry is a vitally important subject area in a world where being as green and environmentally sound as possible is no longer a luxury but a necessity. Its applications include the design of chemical products and processes that help to reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances.<br /><br />The Handbook of Green Chemistry comprises 12 volumes, split into subject-specific sets as follows:<br /><br />Set I: Green Catalysis<br />- <b>Volume 1: Homogeneous Catalysis</b><br />- Volume 2: Heterogeneous Catalysis<br />- Volume 3: Biocatalysis<br />Set II: Green Solvents<br />Set III: Green Processes<br />Set IV: Green Products<br /><br />Homogeneous catalysis can lead to cleaner, safer reactions. The volume covers many different aspects of homogeneous catalysis, from industrial applications to atom economy. The fundamentals are explained and examples from everday are used to explain this vitally important field.
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