Details

Grasses


Grasses

Crops, Competitors, and Ornamentals
1. Aufl.

von: Hansjoerg Kraehmer

190,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 12.06.2019
ISBN/EAN: 9781119416869
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 592

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Beschreibungen

Combines new findings on morphological aspects, the latest data on gene function in grasses, and the interaction of grasses with their habitats 45% of all arable land is covered by five grass crops: wheat, maize, rice, barley and sugar cane. This book demonstrates why crops and weeds are growing in characteristic environments today, and looks at how cropping practices may change in the future and how these changes will affect weed spectra. It explains the distribution of grasses and their role for mankind and summarizes our knowledge on grass genomes. Special emphasis is placed on the function of genes at defined developmental stages and in organs of grasses. The development of grasses is then described from the germination to fruit set with many unpublished examples. Grasses: Crops, Competitors and Ornamentals provides readers with a comparative description of selected grass organs (stem, root, leaf, inflorescence) and devotes several chapters to habitats of grasses and morphological characteristics that enable grasses to grow in special environments. In addition, some chapters deal with grasses as crops and weeds, and emphasis is placed on their adaptation to modern agriculture. Predicts how cropping practices may change in the future and how these changes will affect weed spectra Details grasses as crops and weeds, emphasizing their adaptation to modern agriculture Summarizes our knowledge on grass genomes Connects classical morphology with the latest tools in molecular biology as well as ecological aspects determining the wide distribution of grass species today Grasses: Crops, Competitors and Ornamentals will be of great interest to agricultural scientists who want to know more about crops and weeds, grassland specialists and breeders interested in special grass traits, and molecular biologists and ecologists who study the biology and habitat of grasses.
List of Contributors vii Foreword ix Acknowledgements xi Part I Introduction 1 1 Introduction 3Hansjoerg Kraehmer Part II Grass Genomics 11 2 Grass Sequencing Projects 13Todd Gaines 3 Grass Gene Sequences and Traits 25Hansjoerg Krähmer and Todd Gaines Part III Morphological and Physiological Characteristics of Grasses 29 4 Flower and Inflorescence 31Hansjoerg Kraehmer 5 Fertilisation and Fruit Development 89Hansjoerg Kraehmer and Peter Baur 6 Seedlings 165Hansjoerg Kraehmer 7 Leaf 195Hansjoerg Kraehmer and Peter Baur 8 Shoots 233Hansjoerg Kraehmer 9 Roots 435Hansjoerg Kraehmer 10 Growth Forms of Grasses 447Hansjoerg Kraehmer 11 Grass Surfaces 457Hansjoerg Kraehmer and Peter Baur Part IV Grasses as Crops 485 12 Arable Crops 487Hansjoerg Kraehmer 13 Bamboos 491Hansjoerg Kraehmer 14 Dominance of Grasses as Crops 495Hansjoerg Kraehmer Part V Grasses as Weeds 497 15 Dominance of Grasses as Weeds 499Hansjoerg Kraehmer and Carl Bell Part VI Grasses as Ornamentals 503 16 What Makes Grasses Attractive Ornamentals, and Where? 505Hansjoerg Kraehmer Part VII Natural Habitats of Grasses 517 17 Native Grasslands 519Carl Bell Part VIII Conclusions 549 18 Why Have Grasses Become So Successful? 551Hansjoerg Kraehmer Index 555
About the Editor HANSJOERG KRAEHMER, works at Weed Control Research of Bayer AG. He has held positions in Research, Development, and Marketing in different agrochemical companies, including Schering AG, AgrEvo, Aventis, and Bayer AG. Dr. Kraehmer is the author of Weed Anatomy and Atlas of Weed Mapping.
Combines new findings on morphological aspects, the latest data on gene function in grasses, and the interaction of grasses with their habitats 45% of all arable land is covered by five grass crops: wheat, maize, rice, barley and sugar cane. This book demonstrates why crops and weeds are growing in characteristic environments today, and looks at how cropping practices may change in the future and how these changes will affect weed spectra. It explains the distribution of grasses and their role for mankind and summarizes our knowledge on grass genomes. Special emphasis is placed on the function of genes at defined developmental stages and in organs of grasses. The development of grasses is then described from the germination to fruit set with many unpublished examples. Grasses: Crops, Competitors, and Ornamentals provides readers with a comparative description of selected grass organs (stem, root, leaf, inflorescence) and devotes several chapters to habitats of grasses and morphological characteristics that enable grasses to grow in special environments. In addition, some chapters deal with grasses as crops and weeds, and emphasis is placed on their adaptation to modern agriculture. Predicts how cropping practices may change in the future and how these changes will affect weed spectra Details grasses as crops and weeds, emphasizing their adaptation to modern agriculture Summarizes our knowledge on grass genomes Connects classical morphology with the latest tools in molecular biology as well as ecological aspects determining the wide distribution of grass species today Grasses: Crops, Competitors, and Ornamentals will be of great interest to agricultural scientists who want to know more about crops and weeds, grassland specialists and breeders interested in special grass traits, and molecular biologists and ecologists who study the biology and habitat of grasses.

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