Details

Fundamentals of Chemical Reactor Engineering


Fundamentals of Chemical Reactor Engineering

A Multi-Scale Approach
1. Aufl.

von: Timur Dogu, Gulsen Dogu

76,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 05.10.2021
ISBN/EAN: 9781119755906
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 352

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Beschreibungen

<b>FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMICAL REACTOR ENGINEERING</b> <p><B>A comprehensive introduction to chemical reactor engineering from an industrial perspective</b> <p>In <i>Fundamentals of Chemical Reactor Engineering: A Multi-Scale Approach</i>, a distinguished team of academics delivers a thorough introduction to foundational concepts in chemical reactor engineering. It offers readers the tools they need to develop a firm grasp of the kinetics and thermodynamics of reactions, hydrodynamics, transport processes, and heat and mass transfer resistances in a chemical reactor. <P>This textbook describes the interaction of reacting molecules on the molecular scale and uses real-world examples to illustrate the principles of chemical reactor analysis and heterogeneous catalysis at every scale. It includes a strong focus on new approaches to process intensification, the modeling of multifunctional reactors, structured reactor types, and the importance of hydrodynamics and transport processes in a chemical reactor. <P>With end-of-chapter problem sets and multiple open-ended case studies to promote critical thinking, this book also offers supplementary online materials and an included instructor’s manual. Readers will also find: <UL><LI>A thorough introduction to the rate concept and species conservation equations in reactors, including chemical and flow reactors and the stoichiometric relations between reacting species</LI> <LI>A comprehensive exploration of reversible reactions and chemical equilibrium, including the thermodynamics of chemical reactions and different forms of the equilibrium constant</LI> <LI>Practical discussions of chemical kinetics and analysis of batch reactors, including batch reactor data analysis</LI> <LI>In-depth examinations of ideal flow reactors, CSTR, and plug flow reactor models</LI></UL> <P>Ideal for undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students studying chemical reactor engineering, chemical engineering kinetics, heterogeneous catalysis, and reactor design, <i>Fundamentals of Chemical Reactor Engineering</i> is also an indispensable resource for professionals and students in food, environmental, and materials engineering.
<p>Preface</p> <p>Forewords</p> <p>About the Authors and Acknowledgements</p> <p>List of Symbols</p> <p><b>Chapter 1: Rate Concept and Species Conservation Equations in Reactors</b></p> <p>1.1 Reaction Rates of Species in Chemical Conversions</p> <p>1.2 Rate of a Chemical Change</p> <p>1.3 Chemical Reactors and Conservation of Species</p> <p>1.4 Flow Reactors and the Reaction Rate Relations  </p> <p>1.5 Comparison of Perfectly Mixed Flow and Batch Reactors</p> <p>1.6 Ideal Tubular Flow Reactor</p> <p>1.7 Stoichiometric Relations Between Reacting Species</p> <p>Problems and Questions</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 2: Reversible Reactions and Chemical Equilibrium</b></p> <p>2.1 Thermodynamics of Chemical Reactions</p> <p>2.2 Different Forms of Equilibrium Constant</p> <p>2.3 Temperature Dependence of Equilibrium Constant and Equilibrium  Calculations</p> <p>Problems and Questions</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 3: Chemical Kinetics and Analysis of Batch Reactors</b></p> <p>3.1 Kinetics and Mechanisms of Homogeneous Reactions</p> <p>3.2 Batch Reactor Data Analysis</p> <p>3.2.1 Integral Method of Data Analysis</p> <p>3.2.2 Differential Method of Data Analysis</p> <p>3.3 Changes in Total Pressure or Volume in Gas Phase Reactions</p> <p>Problems and Questions</p> <p><b>Chapter 4: Ideal Flow Reactors: CSTR and Plug Flow Reactor Models</b></p> <p>4.1 CSTR Model</p> <p>4.2 Analysis of Ideal Plug Flow Reactor</p> <p>4.3 Comparison of Performances of CSTR and Ideal Plug Flow Reactors</p> <p>4.4 Equilibrium and Rate Limitations in Ideal Flow Reactors</p> <p>4.5 Unsteady Operation of Reactors</p> <p>4.5.1 Unsteady Operation of a Constant Volume Stirred Tank Reactor</p> <p>4.5.2 Semi-Batch Reactors</p> <p>4.6 Analysis of a CSTR with a Complex Rate Expression</p> <p>Problems and Questions</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 5: Multiple Reactor Systems</b></p> <p>5.1 Multiple CSTRs Operating in Series</p> <p>5.2 Multiple Plug Flow Reactors Operating in Series</p> <p>5.3 CSTR and Plug Flow Reactor Combinations</p> <p>Problems and Questions</p> <p><b>Chapter 6: Multiple Reaction Systems</b></p> <p>6.1 Selectivity and Yield Definitions</p> <p>6.2 Selectivity Relations for Ideal Flow Reactors</p> <p>6.3Design of Ideal Reactors and Product Distributions for Multiple Reaction Systems</p> <p>Problems and Questions</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 7: Heat Effects and Non-Isothermal Reactor Design</b></p> <p>7.1 Heat Effects in a Stirred Tank Reactor</p> <p>7.2 Steady-State Multiplicity in a CSTR</p> <p>7.3. One Dimensional Energy Balance for a Tubular Reactor</p> <p>7.4Heat Effects in Multiple Reaction Systems</p> <p>7.5 Heat Effects in Multiple Reactors and Reversible Reactions</p> <p>7.5.1 Temperature Selection and Multiple Reactor Combinations</p> <p>7.5.2 Cold Injection Between Reactors</p> <p>Problems and Questions</p> <p>Case Studies</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 8: Deviations from Ideal Reactor Performance</b></p> <p>8.1 Residence Time Distributions in Flow Reactors</p> <p>8.2 General Species Conservation Equation in a Reactor</p> <p>8.3 Laminar Flow Reactor Model</p> <p>8.4 Dispersion Model for a Tubular Reactor</p> <p>8.5 Prediction of Axial Dispersion Coefficient</p> <p>8.6 Evaluation of Dispersion Coefficient by Moment Analysis</p> <p>8.7Radial Temperature Variations in Tubular Reactors</p> <p>8.8 A Criterion for the Negligible Effect of Radial Temperature Variations on the Reaction Rate</p> <p>8.9 Effect of <i><sub> </sub></i>Ratio on the Performance of a Tubular Reactor and Pressure Drop</p> <p>Problems and Questions</p> <p>Exercises</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 9: Fixed Bed Reactors and Interphase Transport Effects</b></p> <p>9.1 Solid Catalyzed Reactions and Transport Effects within Reactors</p> <p>9.2 Observed Reaction Rate and Fixed Bed Reactors</p> <p>9.3 Significance of Film Mass Transfer Resistance in Catalytic Reactions</p> <p>9.4 Tubular Reactors with Catalytic Walls</p> <p>9.5 Modeling of a Nonisothermal Fixed Bed Reactor</p> <p>9.6 Steady-State Multiplicity on the Surface of a Catalyst Pellet</p> <p>Exercises</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 10: Transport Effects and Effectiveness Factor for Reactions in Porous Catalysts </b></p> <p>10.1 Effectiveness Factor Expressions in an Isothermal Catalyst Pellet</p> <p>10.2 Observed Activation Energy and Observed Reaction Order</p> <p>10.3 Effectiveness Factor in the Presence of Pore Diffusion and Film Mass Transfer Resistances</p> <p>10.4 Thermal Effects in Porous Catalyst Pellets</p> <p>10.5 Interphase and Intrapellet Temperature Gradients for Catalyst Pellets</p> <p>10.6 Pore Structure Optimization and Effectiveness Factor Analysis for Catalysts with Bi-Modal Pore-Size Distributions</p> <p>10.7 Criteria for Negligible Transport Effects in Catalytic Reactions</p> <p>10.7.1 Criteria for Negligible Diffusion and Heat Effects on the Observed Rate of Solid Catalyzed Reactions</p> <p>10.7.2 Relative Importance of Concentration and Temperature Gradients in Catalyst Pellets</p> <p>10.7.3 Intrapellet and External Film Trasport Limitations</p> <p>10.7.4 A Criterion for Negligible Diffusion Resistance in Bidisperse Catalyst Pellets</p> <p>10.8  Transport Effects on Product Selectivities in Catalytic Reactions</p> <p>Exercises</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 11: Introduction to Catalysis and Catalytic Reaction Mechanisms</b></p> <p>11.1 Basic Concepts in Heterogeneous Catalysis</p> <p>11.2 Surface Reaction Mechanisms</p> <p>11.3 Adsorption Isotherms</p> <p>11.4 Deactivation of Solid Catalysts</p> <p>11.5 Synthesis and Characterization of Solid Catalysts</p> <p>11.5.1 Characterization Techniques</p> <p>Exercises</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 12: Diffusion in Porous Catalysts</b></p> <p>12.1 Diffusion in a Capillary</p> <p>12.2 Effective Diffusivities in Porous Solids</p> <p>12.3 Surface Diffusion</p> <p>12.4 Models for the Prediction of Effective Diffusivities</p> <p>12.5 Diffusion and Flow in Porous Solids</p> <p>12.6 Experimental Methods for the Evaluation of Effective Diffusion  Coefficients</p> <p>Exercises</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 13: Process Intensification and Multifunctional Reactors</b></p> <p> 13.1 Membrane Reactors</p> <p> 13.2 Reactive Distillation</p> <p>13.2.1 Equilibrium Stage Model</p> <p>13.2.2 A Rate-Based Model for a Continuous Reactive Distillation Column</p> <p>13.3 Sorption Enhanced Reaction Process</p> <p>13.4 Monolithic and Microchannel Reactors</p> <p>13.5 Chromatographic Reactors</p> <p>13.6  Alternative Energy Sources for Chemical Processing</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 14: Multiphase Reactors</b></p> <p>14.1 Slurry Reactors</p> <p>14.2 Trickle Bed Reactors</p> <p>14.3 Fluidized Bed Reactors</p> <p>References</p> <p><b>Chapter 15: Kinetics and Modeling of Non-Catalytic Gas-Solid Reactions.</b></p> <p>15.1 Unreacted Core Model</p> <p>15.2 Deactivation and Structural Models for Gas-Solid Reactions</p> <p>15.3 Chemical Vapor Deposition Reactors</p> <p>Exercises</p> <p>References</p> <p>Appendix A: Some Constants of Nature</p> <p>Appendix B: Conversion Factors</p> <p>Appendix C: Dimensionless Groups and Parameters</p>
<P><B>Timur Dog˘u, PhD,</B> is a Professor at the Middle East Technical University. He received his doctorate from the University of California at Davis. His research is focused on reaction engineering, heterogeneous catalysis, environmental catalysis, synthesis of nanostructured mesoporous materials, transport phenomena effects on reaction rates, and process intensification.</P> <P><B>Güls¸en Dog˘u, PhD,</B> is a Professor at Gazi University. She received her doctorate from the University of California at Davis. Her research focuses on environmentally clean processes, diffusion and reaction in porous media, catalyst development and alternative fuels.
<p><B>A comprehensive introduction to chemical reactor engineering from an industrial perspective</b></p> <p>In <i>Fundamentals of Chemical Reactor Engineering: A Multi-Scale Approach</i>, a distinguished team of academics delivers a thorough introduction to foundational concepts in chemical reactor engineering. It offers readers the tools they need to develop a firm grasp of the kinetics and thermodynamics of reactions, hydrodynamics, transport processes, and heat and mass transfer resistances in a chemical reactor. <P>This textbook describes the interaction of reacting molecules on the molecular scale and uses real-world examples to illustrate the principles of chemical reactor analysis and heterogeneous catalysis at every scale. It includes a strong focus on new approaches to process intensification, the modeling of multifunctional reactors, structured reactor types, and the importance of hydrodynamics and transport processes in a chemical reactor. <P>With end-of-chapter problem sets and multiple open-ended case studies to promote critical thinking, this book also offers supplementary online materials and an included instructor’s manual. Readers will also find: <UL><LI>A thorough introduction to the rate concept and species conservation equations in reactors, including chemical and flow reactors and the stoichiometric relations between reacting species</LI> <LI>A comprehensive exploration of reversible reactions and chemical equilibrium, including the thermodynamics of chemical reactions and different forms of the equilibrium constant</LI> <LI>Practical discussions of chemical kinetics and analysis of batch reactors, including batch reactor data analysis</LI> <LI>In-depth examinations of ideal flow reactors, CSTR, and plug flow reactor models</LI></UL> <P>Ideal for undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students studying chemical reactor engineering, chemical engineering kinetics, heterogeneous catalysis, and reactor design, <i>Fundamentals of Chemical Reactor Engineering</i> is also an indispensable resource for professionals and students in food, environmental, and materials engineering.

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