Details

Facing Hydrometeorological Extreme Events


Facing Hydrometeorological Extreme Events

A Governance Issue
Hydrometeorological Extreme Events 1. Aufl.

von: Isabelle La Jeunesse, Corinne Larrue

111,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 04.10.2019
ISBN/EAN: 9781119383468
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 536

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Beschreibungen

<p><b>Provides an understanding of the relationship between social-ecological systems and multilevel governance so that readers can properly deal with hydrometeorological extreme events and hazards</b></p> <p>Based on field investigations from EU research projects, this book is the first to devote itself to scientific and policy-related knowledge concerning climate change-induced extreme events. It depicts national and international strategies, as well as tools used to improve multilevel governance for the management of hydrometeorological risks. It also demonstrates how these strategies play out over different scales of the decision-making processes.</p> <p><i>Facing Hydrometeorological Extreme Events: A Governance Issue</i> offers comprehensive coverage of such events as floods, droughts, coastal storms, and wind storms. It showcases real-life success stories of multilevel governance and highlights the individuals involved and the resources mobilized in the decision-making processes. The book starts by presenting a synthesis of hydrometeorological extreme events and their impacts on society. It then demonstrates how societies are organizing themselves to face these extreme events, focusing on the strategies of integration of risk management in governance and public policy. In addition, it includes the results of several EU-funded projects such as CLIMB, STARFLOOD, and INTERREG IVB project DROP.</p> <ul> <li>The first book dedicated to hydrometeorological extreme events governance based on field investigations from EU research projects</li> <li> Offers a “multi-hazards” approach—mixing policy, governance, and field investigations’ main outputs</li> <li>Features the results of EU-funded projects addressing hydrometeorological extreme events</li> <li>Part of the Hydrometeorological Extreme Events series</li> </ul> <p><i>Facing Hydrometeorological Extreme Events</i> is an ideal book for upper-graduate students, postgraduates, researchers, scientists, and policy-makers working in the field.</p>
<p>List of Contributors xvii</p> <p>Editors xxi</p> <p>The Series Editor xxiii</p> <p>Series Preface xxv</p> <p><b>Part I: Introduction 1</b></p> <p><b>1 Governance Challenges Facing Hydrometeorological Extreme Events 3<br /></b><i>Isabelle La Jeunesse and Corinne Larrue</i></p> <p>1.1 Introduction 3</p> <p>1.2 Facing hydrometeorological extreme events 3</p> <p>1.3 Floods 5</p> <p>1.4 Drought 8</p> <p>1.5 Coastal storms 11</p> <p>1.6 Governance issues related to hydrometeorological extreme events 15</p> <p>Notes 19</p> <p>References 20</p> <p><b>2 Overview of the Content of the Book 23<br /></b><i>Isabelle La Jeunesse and Corinne Larrue</i></p> <p>2.1 Floods 24</p> <p>2.2 Droughts 24</p> <p>2.3 Coastal storms 24</p> <p><b>Part II: Floods 27</b></p> <p><b>II.1: Actors Involved in Flood Risk Management 29</b></p> <p><b>3 European Actors Facing Floods Risks 31<br /></b><i>Thomas Schellenberger</i></p> <p>3.1 European actors in the field of civil security: A competence which develops within a strict framework of cooperation between the Member States 32</p> <p>3.2 European actors in the field of the environment: Powers that are paradoxically limited 34</p> <p>3.3 European actors in the field of agriculture: Could there be specific powers to deal with floods? 37</p> <p>3.4 Conclusion 39</p> <p>Notes 39</p> <p>References 40</p> <p><b>4 Multi‐actor, Multilevel Assessment of Social Capacity for Community Engagement in Flood Risk Preparedness: Results of Implementation in Five European Cases 41<br /></b><i>Lila Oriard Colin</i></p> <p>4.1 Introduction 41</p> <p>4.2 Social capacity building framework for community engagement 44</p> <p>4.3 The capacity assessment tool 46</p> <p>4.4 Indicators and case findings 47</p> <p>4.5 Conclusions 52</p> <p>References 53</p> <p><b>II.2: Strategies, Instruments, and Resources Used to Face Floods 55</b></p> <p><b>5 Flood Risks Perceptions and Goals/Ambitions 57<br /></b><i>Ann Crabbé</i></p> <p>5.1 Introduction 57</p> <p>5.2 The problem stream: Perceptions on increased flood risks 58</p> <p>5.3 The policy stream: Perceptions on the solutions needed to deal with increased flood risks 60</p> <p>5.4 The political stream: Willingness to take action 62</p> <p>5.5 International policies 63</p> <p>5.6 European directives and policy documents 64</p> <p>5.7 Experiences with flood risk management in other countries 65</p> <p>5.8 Research on impacts and adaptation 65</p> <p>5.9 Economic costs (of inaction) 65</p> <p>5.10 Facilitating factors 66</p> <p>5.11 Factors contributing to agenda‐setting 66</p> <p>5.12 Conclusions 66</p> <p>Note 68</p> <p>References 68</p> <p><b>6 Instruments for Strategies to Face Floods through Prevention, Mitigation, and Preparation in Europe: The Age of Alignment 71<br /></b><i>Mathilde Gralepois</i></p> <p>6.1 Introduction 71</p> <p>6.2 Conceptual framework 75</p> <p>6.3 Comparison. Similarities and differences in flood instruments’ implementation in Europe 77</p> <p>6.4 Discussion. Political effects, power relations, and governance choices in flood management: What do flood instruments teach? 86</p> <p>6.5 Conclusion 94</p> <p>Notes 94</p> <p>References 95</p> <p><b>II.3: Lessons from Cases of Flood Governance 99</b></p> <p><b>7 A House of Cards: The Challenge of Establishing Societal Resilience to Flooding Through Multi‐Layered Governance in England 101<br /></b><i>Meghan Alexander and Sally Priest</i></p> <p>7.1 Introduction 101</p> <p>7.2 Deciphering multi‐layered governance 102</p> <p>7.3 Methodology 103</p> <p>7.4 Flood‐risk governance and implications for societal resilience 105</p> <p>7.5 Reflections on the ‘house of cards’ of flood risk governance 110</p> <p>Notes 111</p> <p>References 111</p> <p><b>8 Understanding Dutch Flood‐Risk Management: Principles and Pitfalls 115<br /></b><i>Mark Wiering</i></p> <p>8.1 Introduction 115</p> <p>8.2 Historical background 116</p> <p>8.3 The concept of public interest 117</p> <p>8.4 Solidarity and subsidiarity 117</p> <p>8.5 Resilience 120</p> <p>8.6 Challenges and pitfalls 120</p> <p>8.7 Conclusion and recommendations 121</p> <p>References 123</p> <p><b>9 Flood Governance in France: From Hegemony to Diversity in the French Flood‐Risk Management Actors’ Network 125<br /></b><i>Marie Fournier</i></p> <p>9.1 Flood‐risk management governance: A stakeholders’ network still dominated by central government and municipalities 126</p> <p>9.2 Inter‐municipalities as new players within the French FRM governance 131</p> <p>9.3 Where are citizens in FRM? 134</p> <p>9.4 Conclusion 138</p> <p>Notes 138</p> <p>References 139</p> <p><b>10 Flood‐Risk Governance in Belgium: Towards a Resilient, Efficient, and Legitimate Arrangement? 141<br /></b><i>Hannelore Mees</i></p> <p>10.1 Introduction 141</p> <p>10.2 Evaluation framework 142</p> <p>10.3 Methods 144</p> <p>10.4 Flood risk governance in Belgium 144</p> <p>10.5 Comparing intra‐state developments 145</p> <p>10.6 Evaluating resilience, efficiency, and legitimacy 149</p> <p>10.7 Conclusion 152</p> <p>Notes 153</p> <p>References 153</p> <p><b>Part III: Droughts 157</b></p> <p><b>III.1: Actors Involved in Drought Risk Management 159</b></p> <p><b>11 European Actors and Institutions Involved in Water Scarcity and Drought Policy 161<br /></b><i>Ulf Stein and Ruta Landgrebe</i></p> <p>11.1 Introduction 161</p> <p>11.2 Actors in the European Union related to WS&D policy 162</p> <p>11.3 Roles and powers of European actors and institutions involved in WS&D policy 163</p> <p>11.4 Mapping European actors and institutions involved in WS&D policy 165</p> <p>11.5 Discussion 167</p> <p>11.6 Conclusion 169</p> <p>References 169</p> <p><b>12 National and Local Actors of Drought Governance in Europe: A Comparative Review of Six Cases from North‐West Europe 171<br /></b><i>Gül Özerol</i></p> <p>12.1 Introduction 171</p> <p>12.2 Methodology 172</p> <p>12.3 Assessment of the national and local actors of drought governance 174</p> <p>12.4 Conclusions and recommendations 182</p> <p>References 186</p> <p><b>III.2: Strategies, Instruments, and Resources Used to Face Droughts 189</b></p> <p><b>13 Awareness of Drought Impacts in Europe: The Cause or the Consequence of the Level of Goal Ambitions? 191<br /></b><i>Isabelle La Jeunesse</i></p> <p>13.1 Introduction 191</p> <p>13.2 Drought governance analysis based on two methodological approaches 192</p> <p>13.3 Case studies in NWE 194</p> <p>13.4 Case studies in the Mediterranean region 196</p> <p>13.5 Drought perceptions and goal ambitions in NWE 197</p> <p>13.6 Drought perceptions and goal ambitions in the Mediterranean region 198</p> <p>13.7 Conclusions 199</p> <p>Acknowledgements 201</p> <p>References 201</p> <p><b>14 Strategies and Instruments to Face Drought and Water Scarcity 203<br /></b><i>Hans Bressers, Nanny Bressers, and Stefan Kuks</i></p> <p>14.1 Introduction 203</p> <p>14.2 Reactive measures 205</p> <p>14.3 Preventive measures 208</p> <p>14.4 Adaptive measures 210</p> <p>14.5 Supportive measures 212</p> <p>14.6 Discussion and overview 215</p> <p>References 217</p> <p><b>III.3: Lessons from Cases of Droughts Governance 219</b></p> <p><b>15 Multilevel Governance for Drought Management in Flanders: Using a Centralized and Data Driven Approach 221<br /></b><i>Jenny Tröltzsch</i></p> <p>15.1 Introduction 221</p> <p>15.2 Water management in Flanders 222</p> <p>15.3 Past and future drought events 224</p> <p>15.4 Governance dimensions for Flemish drought management 225</p> <p>15.5 Summary and recommendations 229</p> <p>Notes 231</p> <p>References 231</p> <p><b>16 Drought Governance in the Eifel‐Rur Region: The Interplay of Fixed Frameworks and Strong Working Relationships 233<br /></b><i>Rodrigo Vidaurre</i></p> <p>16.1 Introduction 233</p> <p>16.2 The water resources system in the Eifel‐Rur region 234</p> <p>16.3 Beyond the water board: The role of other governance levels in Eifel‐Rur’s water management 236</p> <p>16.4 The drought perspective on Eifel‐Rur’s water governance 237</p> <p>16.5 Conclusions: Factors for current and future success 241</p> <p>Notes 243</p> <p>References 244</p> <p><b>17 Adaptation of Water Management to Face Drought and Water Scarcity: Lessons Learned from Two Italian Case Studies 245<br /></b><i>Claudia Cirelli and Isabelle La Jeunesse</i></p> <p>17.1 Introduction 245</p> <p>17.2 Water management in Italy and the autonomous regime 246</p> <p>17.3 The Rio Mannu catchment 248</p> <p>17.4 The Noce catchment 249</p> <p>17.5 Comparative analysis and discussion 251</p> <p>17.6 Conclusions 256</p> <p>Acknowledgements 257</p> <p>Notes 258</p> <p>References 258</p> <p><b>18 Power Asymmetries, Migrant Agricultural Labour, and Adaptation Governance in Turkey: A Political Ecology of Double Exposures 261<br /></b><i>Ethemcan Turhan, Giorgos Kallis, and Christos Zografos</i></p> <p>18.1 Introduction 261</p> <p>18.2 Double Exposures and political ecology of vulnerability 263</p> <p>18.3 Case study and methods 265</p> <p>18.4 A political ecology of Double Exposure in Kapı village 268</p> <p>18.5 Discussion 273</p> <p>18.6 Conclusion 275</p> <p>Acknowledgements 276</p> <p>Notes 276</p> <p>References 277</p> <p><b>19 Drought Governance in Catalonia: Lessons Learnt? 283<br /></b><i>Alba Ballester and Abel La Calle</i></p> <p>19.1 Introduction 283</p> <p>19.2 Drought management in Spain 284</p> <p>19.3 Drought management in Catalonia 287</p> <p>19.4 Drought crisis in Catalonia 2007–2008 289</p> <p>19.5 Drought planning in Catalonia after the crisis 296</p> <p>19.6 Deliberative public participation in drought management: Need, obligation, and opportunity 298</p> <p>19.7 Conclusions 299</p> <p>Notes 299</p> <p>References 299</p> <p><b>20 What Could Change Drought Governance in Europe?: A Comparative Analysis between Two Case Studies in France and the UK 301<br /></b><i>Isabelle La Jeunesse, Hans Bressers, and Alison Browne</i></p> <p>20.1 Introduction 301</p> <p>20.2 Vilaine catchment and Arzal dam 302</p> <p>20.3 Somerset Levels and moors 303</p> <p>20.4 Methodology 303</p> <p>20.5 Results and discussion 306</p> <p>20.6 Conclusions 310</p> <p>Acknowledgements 311</p> <p>References 311</p> <p><b>Part IV: Coastal and Wind Storms 313</b></p> <p><b>IV.1: Actors Involved in Coastal Risks Prevention and Management 315</b></p> <p><b>21 Sustainable Communities and Multilevel Governance in the Age of Coastal Storms 317<br /></b><i>Yves Henocque</i></p> <p>21.1 Introduction: Addressing a social‐ecological system 317</p> <p>21.2 Harmonizing coastal management, disaster risk reduction, and climate change adaptation goals through meaningful public participation 318</p> <p>21.3 As a response, are national climate change strategies efficient enough? 322</p> <p>21.4 Key principles and responses for building sustainable, hazard‐resilient communities 327</p> <p>21.5 Conclusion: ‘Hazard‐resilient’ communities vs. ‘waves of adversity’ 335</p> <p>Notes 336</p> <p>References 337</p> <p><b>IV.2: Strategies, Instruments, and Resources Used to Face Coastal Risks Prevention 339</b></p> <p><b>22 European Challenges to Coastal Management from Storm Surges: Problem‐Structuring Framework and Actors Implicated in Responses 341<br /></b><i>Suzanne Boyes and Michael Elliott</i></p> <p>22.1 Storm surge threats in European coasts 341</p> <p>22.2 European governance 346</p> <p>22.3 Discussion and conclusions 354</p> <p>22.4 Conclusions 357</p> <p>References 358</p> <p><b>23 Perceptions of Extreme Coastal Events: The Case of the French Atlantic and Mediterranean Coasts 363<br /></b><i>Lydie Goeldner‐Gianella and Esmeralda Longépée</i></p> <p>23.1 Contemporary society is increasingly unaware of risks related to the sea 365</p> <p>23.2 Multiple factors behind the gradual dwindling of the ‘culture of coastal risks’ 374</p> <p>23.3 What recommendations for public policy emerge from this research into the perceptions and representations of risks? 382</p> <p>23.4 Conclusion 387</p> <p>Acknowledgements 387</p> <p>Notes 387</p> <p>References 388</p> <p><b>IV.3: Lessons from Cases of Coastal Risks Governance 391</b></p> <p><b>24 After Xynthia on the Atlantic Coast of France: Preventive Adaptation Methods 393<br /></b><i>Denis Mercier, Axel Creach, Elie Chevillot‐Miot, and Sophie Pardo</i></p> <p>24.1 Introduction 393</p> <p>24.2 A normal storm in terms of natural hazard but a major coastal flood due to the concomitance of the meteorological and marine agents 394</p> <p>24.3 A tragic human and expensive material toll due to the addition of natural factors and management issues 396</p> <p>24.4 Post‐Xynthia policy: A new strategy for coastal management in France 397</p> <p>24.5 Life‐saving maps: New geographical tools for a better coastal management 400</p> <p>24.6 Discussion about these different methods 405</p> <p>24.7 Conclusion 407</p> <p>Acknowledgements 408</p> <p>References 408</p> <p><b>25 Coastal Flooding and Storm Surges: How to Improve the Operational Response of the Risk Management Authorities: An Example of the CRISSIS Research Program on the French Coast of Languedoc 413<br /></b><i>Brice Anselme, Paul Durand, and Alexandre Nicolae‐Lerma</i></p> <p>25.1 Introduction 413</p> <p>25.2 The coastal flood hazard and its likely evolution 417</p> <p>25.3 Vulnerability of the stakes 420</p> <p>25.4 Social representations and perceptions of the coastal flooding risk 423</p> <p>25.5 Crisis management 425</p> <p>25.6 Conclusion 428</p> <p>References 430</p> <p><b>26 Lessons Learnt from Coastal Risks Governance on Reunion Island, Indian Ocean, France 433<br /></b><i>Virginie K.E. Duvat and Alexandre K. Magnan</i></p> <p>26.1 Introduction 433</p> <p>26.2 Context of the study 435</p> <p>26.3 Impacts of TC Bejisa and post‐cyclone stakeholders’ responses 442</p> <p>26.4 Key findings and challenges for adaptation to climate change 452</p> <p>26.5 Conclusion 455</p> <p>Acknowledgements 457</p> <p>References 457</p> <p><b>27 Lessons from Cases of Coastal Risks Governance in the United Kingdom 461<br /></b><i>Brian Golding, Thomas Waite, and Virginia Murray</i></p> <p>27.1 Introduction: Windstorms and their impacts in the UK 461</p> <p>27.2 Events that have shaped governance of natural disasters in the UK 464</p> <p>27.3 New developments in the warning environment 471</p> <p>27.4 How the warning systems work now 473</p> <p>27.5 Current and future issues 477</p> <p>References 479</p> <p><b>Part V: Conclusions, Perspectives 483</b></p> <p><b>28 Hydrometeorological Extreme Events’ Effects on Populations: A Cognitive Insight on Post‐Traumatic Growth, Resilience Processes and Mental Well‐Being 485<br /></b><i>Mauro Galluccio</i></p> <p>28.1 Introduction 485</p> <p>28.2 Resilient ecological systems for a psychological concept 487</p> <p>28.3 Psychosocial factors and post‐traumatic growth 487</p> <p>28.4 Building resilience to mitigate social vulnerability 488</p> <p>28.5 Post‐traumatic growth: Training for preventive psychological strategies 490</p> <p>28.6 Modern initiatives to coordinate a global governance 491</p> <p>28.7 The EU coordination to build up integrated resilient governance to decrease impacts on health and wellbeing due to hydrometeorological extreme events 494</p> <p>28.8 Elements of conclusion 495</p> <p>References 496</p> <p><b>29 Overview of Multilevel Governance Strategies for Hydrometeorological Extreme Events 499<br /></b><i>Corinne Larrue and Isabelle La Jeunesse</i></p> <p>29.1 Governance specificities depending on hydrometeorological extreme events 500</p> <p>29.2 Actor systems facing hydrometeorological extreme events 502</p> <p>29.3 Perception and strategies 504</p> <p>Note 504</p> <p>Index 505</p>
<p><b>Isabelle La Jeunesse, PhD HDR,</b> is Lecturer in Environmental Geography at the University of Tours and the laboratory CNRS Citeres, Tours, France. Her research focuses on the impacts of human activities on geochemical cycles and on local adaptation to global changes. <p><b>Corinne Larrue, PR,</b> is full Professor of Urban and Environmental Planning at the Université Paris-Est Créteil, Créteil, France, and was co-director of the Paris School of Planning, one of the most important institutes for urban planning in France. She was also Chairwoman of the scientific committee of Seine Normandie Waterboard.
<p><b>AN IMPORTANT STUDY OF HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL EVENTS, THEIR IMPACT UPON SOCIETY, AND THE STRATEGIES WITH WHICH THEY MAY BE MANAGED</b> <p>Based on field investigations from EU research projects, this book is the first to devote itself to scientific and policy-related knowledge concerning climate change-induced extreme events. It depicts national and international strategies, as well as tools used to improve multilevel governance for the management of hydrometeorological risks. It also demonstrates how these strategies play out over different scales of the decision-making processes. <p><i>Facing Hydrometeorological Extreme Events: A Governance Issue</i> offers comprehensive coverage of such events as floods, droughts, coastal storms, and wind storms. It showcases real-life success stories of multilevel governance and highlights the individuals involved and the resources mobilized in the decision-making processes. The book starts by presenting a synthesis of hydrometeorological extreme events and their impacts on society. It then demonstrates how societies are organizing themselves to face these extreme events, focusing on the strategies of integration of risk management in governance and public policy. In addition, it includes the results of several EU-funded projects such as CLIMB, STARFLOOD, and INTERREG IVB project DROP. <p><i>Facing Hydrometeorological Extreme Events</i> is an ideal book for upper-graduate students, postgraduates, researchers, scientists, and policy-makers working in the field.

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