Details

Digital Libraries


Digital Libraries


, Band 44 1. Aufl.

von: Fabrice Papy

140,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 06.01.2010
ISBN/EAN: 9780470393925
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 544

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Beschreibungen

Of vital interest to all librarians and information specialists, this book presents all aspects of the effects of digitization of today's and tomorrow's libraries. From social to technical issues, <i>Digital Libraries</i> includes chapters on the growth of the role of librarian, the reader experience, cataloging, search engines, OPAC, law, ergonomic studies, and the future of libraries.
<p><b>Preface xv</b><br /> <i>Fabrice PAPY and Gil-François EUVRARD</i></p> <p><b>Chapter 1. The Growth of the Role of Librarians and Information Officers in Digital Libraries 1</b><br /> <i>Christian LUPOVICI</i></p> <p>1.1. Changes in the world of documentation 1</p> <p>1.1.1. Transformations in society 3</p> <p>1.2. Transformations in the economic situation of libraries 3</p> <p>1.2.1. Too many hits?! The new trend of vague search entries 3</p> <p>1.2.2. The integration of heterogenous services 4</p> <p>1.2.3. The librarian’s challenge to reach customer satisfaction 5</p> <p>1.3. Changing a paradigm: changing the object “information” 5</p> <p>1.3.1. Breaking with the traditional way of managing physical objects 5</p> <p>1.3.2. New objects in documentation 6</p> <p>1.4. Changing a paradigm: information in a network of documentation 7</p> <p>1.4.1. Information is linked to a network of information 7</p> <p>1.4.2. Processing a high flux of dematerialized information 8</p> <p>1.5. A new way of organizing libraries: the impact of the digital revolution 8</p> <p>1.5.1. Impact on the functioning of a library 8</p> <p>1.5.2. Impact on the concept of information 9</p> <p>1.5.3. Impact on distribution 9</p> <p>1.5.4. Impact on intellectual property 9</p> <p>1.6. New trends 10</p> <p>1.6.1. Introducing administrative aspects of documentation into the document 10</p> <p>1.6.2. The librarian’s role in the editing process 10</p> <p>1.7. The digital library 11</p> <p>1.7.1. The virtual library 11</p> <p>1.7.2. A “real” library 11</p> <p>1.8. Introducing different layers to the core sector of the profession 12</p> <p>1.8.1. Support for online library users 12</p> <p>1.8.2. Providing training for users 12</p> <p>1.8.3. Managing materialized objects as well as digital documents 12</p> <p>1.9. Broadening skills and responsibilities for all of the library’s staff 13</p> <p>1.9.1. Managing old and new techniques simultaneously 13</p> <p>1.9.2. Increasing qualifications and responsibilities 13</p> <p><b>Chapter 2. The Tao of the Digital Library: A Library Without a Librarian? 15</b><br /> <i>Joachim SCHÖPFEL and Jacques CREUSOT</i></p> <p>2.1. The technological supremacy of the concept of the “digital library” 16</p> <p>2.2. TSI’s influence on the market 18</p> <p>2.3. The virtualization of a document’s function 19</p> <p>2.4. Development and changes to job profiles in the CNRS directory 1982–2002 20</p> <p>2.5. Supporting professions – the INIST approach 22</p> <p>2.6. A new job profile is emerging – the e-serials librarian 24</p> <p>2.7. Developments in training requirements – the UKSG workshops 1990–2004 26</p> <p>2.8. “He who takes the longest strides…” 28</p> <p>2.9. Bibliography 30</p> <p><b>Chapter 3. The Reader Faced with a Digital Library: the Experience of the Pasteur Institute 33</b><br /> <i>Emmanuelle JANNÈS-OBER</i></p> <p>3.1. Introduction. 33</p> <p>3.2. Which services should be aimed at what kind of audience? 34</p> <p>3.2.1. Content 35</p> <p>3.2.2. Services 36</p> <p>3.2.3. Programs 38</p> <p>3.3. How are services used? 39</p> <p>3.3.1. Empirical knowledge and how users carry out their research 39</p> <p>3.3.2. Some statistics 41</p> <p>3.4. Current problems 42</p> <p>3.4.1. How to organize the extremely high number of hits 42</p> <p>3.4.2. Can the costs be controlled? 44</p> <p>3.4.3. How to create a new dialog with the user. 44</p> <p>3.4.4. Appendix: Biolib’s search interface 46</p> <p><b>Chapter 4. University Students’ Information Strategies: From Institutional Expectations to Real Uses 47</b><br /> <i>Marie DESPRÉS-LONNET</i></p> <p>4.1. Introduction 47</p> <p>4.2. Methodological issues 48</p> <p>4.3. Relating use and environment 50</p> <p>4.4. Resource legitimacy 53</p> <p>4.5. The evolution of the figure of the “third party” 56</p> <p>4.6. Conclusion 57</p> <p>4.7. Bibliography 58</p> <p><b>Chapter 5. The Digital Spirit: Digital Libraries and Democracy 61</b><br /> <i>Olivier FRESSARD</i></p> <p>5.1. Books and libraries function as an objective spirit 61</p> <p>5.2. The symbolic value of books stored within a library 63</p> <p>5.3. How can the project of a digital library be realized? 64</p> <p>5.4. Digital libraries are actually very rare! 66</p> <p>5.5. Technical supports and new ways of reading 66</p> <p>5.6. Two different types of logic within reading processes 69</p> <p>5.7. The sociological significance of different reading processes 71</p> <p>5.8. Does the “library of democracy” exist? 71</p> <p>5.9. Access and usage 73</p> <p>5.10. Tocqueville – a sociological model of democracy 74</p> <p>5.11. The library’s devices and the disposition of the public 76</p> <p>5.12. Libraries are facing a cultural crisis 78</p> <p>5.13. Conclusion 80</p> <p>5.14. Bibliography 80</p> <p><b>Chapter 6. Accessing Library Catalogs in the Age of Digital Libraries and Search Engines: Gaps, Disruptions and Transformation? 83</b><br /> <i>Dominique LAHARY</i></p> <p>6.1. Prehistory 83</p> <p>6.1.1. Secondary information 84</p> <p>6.1.2. What about access to documents? 86</p> <p>6.2. The age of OPAC 86</p> <p>6.2.1. A high level of uniformity 87</p> <p>6.2.2. How to access documents according to their content 87</p> <p>6.2.3. Too many or no hits at all – a choice must be made 88</p> <p>6.2.4. Some progress is being made 88</p> <p>6.2.5. Disadvantages and features the system lacks 89</p> <p>6.2.6. Are catalogs actually used by the public? 89</p> <p>6.3. The secret order 91</p> <p>6.3.1. Libraries must now imitate search engines which so successfully imitated them in the first place 91</p> <p>6.3.2. The secret order’s manifesto 92</p> <p>6.3.3. Plea for resurgence 92</p> <p>6.3.4. Realizing the project 94</p> <p>6.3.5. Remote access 99</p> <p>6.3.6. New solutions combined with traditional ones 100</p> <p>6.4. Conclusion 101</p> <p>6.5. Bibliography 102</p> <p><b>Chapter 7. Stakes and Prospects of Heuristic Visualization for OPAC Use 103</b><br /> <i>Sophie CHAUVIN</i></p> <p>7.1. Complexity of information systems 103</p> <p>7.1.1. Complexity of inter-related information systems for documentation 105</p> <p>7.1.2. Complexity, training and catalogs 106</p> <p>7.2. Sense and visualization 107</p> <p>7.2.1. The multidimensional space of a library 107</p> <p>7.2.2. Accessing the stock of documents via metadata 108</p> <p>7.2.3. Improved online catalogs – they lead to an increase in unintended applications 110</p> <p>7.3. Visualization and the trail of knowledge 110</p> <p>7.3.1. Principles of a heuristic visualization 110</p> <p>7.3.2. Reticular systems and hypertextual trails 112</p> <p>7.4. Interface, intermediaries and amplification of coherence 115</p> <p>7.5. Usage and perspectives 116</p> <p>7.6. Bibliography 118</p> <p><b>Chapter 8. 3D Interaction for Digital Libraries 123</b><br /> <i>Pierre CUBAUD</i></p> <p>8.1. Introduction 123</p> <p>8.2. The page as a surface 124</p> <p>8.2.1. Structured light 126</p> <p>8.2.2. Photogrammetry 127</p> <p>8.3. The book and reading interfaces 130</p> <p>8.4. Research collections and research interfaces 134</p> <p>8.5. Conclusion 139</p> <p>8.6. Bibliography 140</p> <p><b>Chapter 9. Using Facets to Classify and Access Digital Resources: Proposal and Example 145</b><br /> <i>Michèle HUDON</i></p> <p>9.1. Introduction 145</p> <p>9.2. Examining existing classification structures 147</p> <p>9.2.1. Sample 147</p> <p>9.2.2. Methodology 147</p> <p>9.2.3. Results and discussion 148</p> <p>9.3. A faceted structure to organize and access resources in a virtual library in education 151</p> <p>9.3.1. Creating a special virtual collection of web resources in education 152</p> <p>9.3.2. Classification and indexing 154</p> <p>9.3.3. Development of a faceted classification structure 155</p> <p>9.3.4. Using the faceted structure 159</p> <p>9.3.5. Next steps 165</p> <p>9.4. General conclusion 165</p> <p>9.5. Bibliography 166</p> <p><b>Chapter 10. Digital Libraries: the Publication of Legal Documents Online within the Info-mediation Service 169</b><br /> <i>Fabien GIRARD DE BARROS</i></p> <p>10.1. Availability, instantaneity and simplicity of information: the minimum requirements for legal publications on the Internet 170</p> <p>10.1.1. Accessing legal information: application of the classic unities of tragedy within the company 171</p> <p>10.1.2. Judicial security and the instantaneity of the response 172</p> <p>10.1.3. The simplicity of access: ergonomics – providing a helping hand with the abundance of information available on the Internet 173</p> <p>10.2. The relevance of information: from the documentalist’s know-how to the documentalist/info mediator 175</p> <p>10.2.1. The emergence of relevant search engines 175</p> <p>10.2.2. Contextualization: first steps towards the relevance of information 176</p> <p>10.2.3. Providing training for the jurists: reinforcing the link between the jurist and the documentalist 176</p> <p>10.3. The sharing of judicial information: when the judicial publisher becomes the computer technician 177</p> <p>10.3.1. Intranet: the symbiosis of official information and personal doctrines 178</p> <p>10.3.2. Channels: communication within the communication service 178</p> <p>10.3.3. The alert and the newsletter: managing updates 179</p> <p>10.4. Conclusion 180</p> <p>10.5. Bibliography 180</p> <p><b>Chapter 11. What Scholarly and Pedagogic Material is Available Online for the Virtual User Within French Universities? 181</b><br /> <i>Ghislaine CHARTRON and Marc MINON</i></p> <p>11.1. The availability of scholarly and pedagogic material online within French universities: an assessment 181</p> <p>11.1.1. An economic scale that distinguishes three models 182</p> <p>11.1.2. Published material as public property 182</p> <p>11.1.3. Published material within a market economy 184</p> <p>11.1.4. Published material and a common economy 186</p> <p>11.2. Published digital resources and distance teaching devices: an even weaker synergy 188</p> <p>11.3. The evolution of activities for libraries: future priorities? 190</p> <p>11.3.1. Evolution of activities 190</p> <p>11.3.2. Two future priorities for libraries 191</p> <p>11.4. Bibliography 193</p> <p><b>Chapter 12. The <a href="mailto:Revel@Nice">Revel@Nice</a> Project: the Creation and Prospects of a Pioneering Site of Online Periodicals and Journals 195</b><br /> <i>Michel ROLAND</i></p> <p>12.1. The project 195</p> <p>12.1.1. Purpose of the site 195</p> <p>12.1.2. History 197</p> <p>12.2. Creation 199</p> <p>12.2.1. Timetable for the creation of the site 201</p> <p>12.2.2. Human resources and project management 201</p> <p>12.2.3. Precisions and modifications 203</p> <p>12.2.4. Launch of the site and performance analysis 204</p> <p>12.3. Sustainability and longevity 205</p> <p>12.3.1. Publishing sustainability 205</p> <p>12.3.2. Technological sustainability 205</p> <p>12.3.3. Institutional sustainability 206</p> <p>12.4. Post-scriptum: today 207</p> <p>12.4.1. Visibility 207</p> <p>12.4.2. Versioning 207</p> <p>12.4.3. Current prospects and perspectives 208</p> <p><b>Chapter 13. Evaluating the Use and Users of Digital Journal Libraries 211</b><br /> <i>David NICHOLAS and Paul HUNTINGTON</i></p> <p>13.1. Introduction 211</p> <p>13.2. Digital libraries evaluated 213</p> <p>13.3. Use of digital journals 214</p> <p>13.3.1. Downloads (ranked lists) 215</p> <p>13.3.2. Article use 215</p> <p>13.4. Site penetration and “bouncing” 216</p> <p>13.4.1. Infrequent visitors 217</p> <p>13.5. Reflections on what constitutes a digital library “user” 217</p> <p>13.6. Reflecting on the meaning of “use” 218</p> <p>13.7. Widespread popular interest in digital journals 218</p> <p>13.7.1. The rising popularity of the e-journal 218</p> <p>13.7.2. Abstracts make a come back 219</p> <p>13.8. Search approaches 219</p> <p>13.9. User diversity 220</p> <p>13.10. Conclusions 221</p> <p>13.11. Bibliography 222</p> <p><b>Chapter 14. Digital Collections in Libraries: Development and Continuity 223</b><br /> <i>Hélène ROUSSEL</i></p> <p>14.1. Introduction 223</p> <p>14.2. Adaptations and alterations in the document chain 224</p> <p>14.2.1. Identification and selection 224</p> <p>14.2.2. Purchases, subscriptions and licenses 225</p> <p>14.2.3. Intellectual and physical processing of documents 227</p> <p>14.3. Searching and catalogs 229</p> <p>14.4. … searching and mega-catalogs 230</p> <p>14.5. Organization of collections 231</p> <p>14.6. Physical processing, accessibility and placement online 231</p> <p>14.7. Preservation 232</p> <p>14.8. … and dissemination 232</p> <p>14.9. Conclusion 233</p> <p>14.10. Bibliography 234</p> <p><b>Chapter 15. Ergonomic Standards and the Uses of Digital Libraries 235</b><br /> <i>Nicole LOMPRÉ</i></p> <p>15.1. Introduction 235</p> <p>15.2. The evolution of ergonomic standards for user interfaces 236</p> <p>15.2.1. Guidelines for leading computer manufacturers 240</p> <p>15.2.2. Recommendations by WCAG for accessibility and standard number ISO/DIS 9241-171 242</p> <p>15.2.3. Publishers and ergonomic recommendations 245</p> <p>15.3. Study of the uses of digital libraries 247</p> <p>15.3.1. Libraries and privileged relationships with the users 247</p> <p>15.3.2. Getting lost in digital library interfaces 248</p> <p>15.3.3. The use of online catalogs and databases 249</p> <p>15.3.4. Listening to the researchers’ needs 252</p> <p>15.3.5. User-centered focus groups within libraries 253</p> <p>15.3.6. Suggested recommendations for improving digital libraries 253</p> <p>15.3.7. Recommendations based on user opinions 256</p> <p>15.4. Conclusion 256</p> <p>15.5. Bibliography 258</p> <p><b>Chapter 16. A Document Information System Within the University: From the Project’s Conception to its Installation 263</b><br /> <i>Corinne LEBLOND</i></p> <p>16.1. Where do the university and its document information system originate from? Conditions for use of such a system 265</p> <p>16.1.1. Local context: the document information system within the university 265</p> <p>16.1.2. The emergence and development of a regional online university 266</p> <p>16.2. The implementation of the document information system 267</p> <p>16.2.1. The success of the modernization of documentation 267</p> <p>16.2.2. The objectives and main priorities of the document information system 268</p> <p>16.3. From the idea to reality: the spread of the document management system and the documentation portal 273</p> <p>16.3.1. Technical configuration of the document information system 273</p> <p>16.3.2. The document information system as a development tool 273</p> <p>16.3.3. The services on offer when carrying out research from the documentation portal 275</p> <p>16.4. The evolution and spread of the document information system 277</p> <p>16.4.1. Strengthening co-operation with other university services in order to gather and broadcast all of the digital information that has been produced 277</p> <p>16.4.2. The integration of the document information system within the global information system of the University of Artois 278</p> <p>16.4.3. Providing the content for the document information system 279</p> <p>16.5. Uses and feedback 280</p> <p>16.6. Prospects and development 283</p> <p><b>Chapter 17. Do Libraries Have a Future in Academia? 285</b><br /> <i>Robert CAMPBELL</i></p> <p>17.1. The control of knowledge 285</p> <p>17.2. The changing use of journals 286</p> <p>17.3. Will the serials librarian survive? 287</p> <p>17.4. Towards a more efficient system 288</p> <p>17.5. The challenge ahead 290</p> <p>17.6. The versioning problem 291</p> <p>17.7. Developing countries 291</p> <p>17.8. Open computation 291</p> <p>17.9. Conclusion 292</p> <p>17.10. Bibliography 293</p> <p><i>List of Authors 295</i></p> <p><i>Index 299</i></p>
<b>Fabrice Papy</b> is Associate Professor of Information Science at the University of Paris 8 in France. He founded the 'Digital Document and Uses" Lab where multidisciplinary researchers study the impact of digital technologies on social behavior.

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