Details

Diabetes Drug Notes


Diabetes Drug Notes


1. Aufl.

von: Miles Fisher, Gerard A. McKay, Andrea Llano

71,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 24.06.2022
ISBN/EAN: 9781119785019
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 400

DRM-geschütztes eBook, Sie benötigen z.B. Adobe Digital Editions und eine Adobe ID zum Lesen.

Beschreibungen

<b>DIABETES DRUG NOTES</b> <P>Diabetes is becoming more common in both older and younger generations and in keeping with this escalation in cases, there are an ever increasing number of drugs and drug classes that are suitable to treat hyperglycaemia. In a unique blend of diabetes practice, clinical pharmacology, and cardiovascular medicine, <I>Diabetes Drug Notes</I> describes the principles of clinical pharmacology with regards to diabetes prescribing. Each drug class for the treatment of diabetes is covered in detail, along with the effect on the cardiovascular and renal systems caused by each drug. Building upon the success of their “Drug Notes” series for <I>Practical Diabetes</I> and their “Drugs for Diabetes” series in the <I>British Journal of Cardiology,</I> the team of experts focuses on the glycaemic management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, with other effects of antidiabetic drugs covered as well. <P><I>Diabetes Drug Notes </I>also includes: <UL><LI>Comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the drugs for the glycaemic management of patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes</LI> <LI>Expert reflection on prescribing considerations for special groups, as well as common pitfalls in prescribing</LI> <LI>Detailed case histories to illustrate relevant information</LI> <LI>Summaries of recent guidelines related to diabetic intervention</LI></UL> <P><I>Diabetes Drug Notes</i> is a user-friendly guide for a general diabetes medical, nursing, and pharmacology readership, as well as those who support them.
<p>Foreword xx</p> <p>Preface xxi</p> <p>Editors and Contributors xxii</p> <p>Introduction 1</p> <p><b>1 Clinical Pharmacology of Antidiabetic Drugs 2<br /> </b><i>Andrea Llano, Gerry McKay, and Ken Paterson</i></p> <p>Introduction 2</p> <p>Clinical Pharmacology 3</p> <p>Drug Metabolism and Elimination 6</p> <p>Drug Development and Clinical Trials 7</p> <p>Drug Licensing of Antidiabetic Drugs 12</p> <p>Development and Licensing of Insulin 14</p> <p>Development and Approval of Biosimilar Insulin 16</p> <p>Pharmacovigilance 19</p> <p>Pharmacoeconomics 21</p> <p>Future Developments in Diabetes Clinical Pharmacology 26</p> <p><b>2 Metformin 30<br /> </b><i>Joseph Timmons and James Boyle</i></p> <p>Introduction 30</p> <p>Pharmacology 32</p> <p>Mechanism of Action 32</p> <p>Glycaemic Efficacy 36</p> <p>Safety and Side Effects 37</p> <p>Metformin in Type 1 Diabetes 45</p> <p>Place of Metformin in Current and Future Practice 46</p> <p><b>3 Sulfonylureas and Meglitinides 49<br /> </b><i>Joseph Timmons and James Boyle</i></p> <p>Introduction 49</p> <p>Pharmacology 51</p> <p>Glycaemic Efficacy 53</p> <p>Safety and Side Effects 55</p> <p>Outcome Trials 56</p> <p>Meglitinides 61</p> <p>Place of Sulfonylureas and Meglitinides in Current and Future Practice 65</p> <p><b>4 DPP-4 Inhibitors 67<br /> </b><i>Sharon Mackin and Gemma Currie</i></p> <p>Introduction 67</p> <p>Pharmacology 68</p> <p>Glycaemic Efficacy 75</p> <p>Safety and Side Effects 79</p> <p>Outcome Trials 82</p> <p>Renal Outcomes 89</p> <p>The Place of DPP-4 Inhibitors in Current and Future Practice 91</p> <p><b>5 SGLT2 Inhibitors 95<br /> </b><i>Miles Fisher, Andrea Llano, and Gerry McKay</i></p> <p>Introduction 96</p> <p>Pharmacology 96</p> <p>Glycaemic Efficacy 100</p> <p>Side Effects and Safety 103</p> <p>Outcome Trials 105</p> <p>Renal Outcome Trials 110</p> <p>Heart Failure Outcome Trials 116</p> <p>SGLT2 Inhibitors in Type 1 Diabetes 119</p> <p>Use of SGLT2 Inhibitors in Other Diseases 123</p> <p>Dare- 19 123</p> <p>Place of SGLT2 Inhibitors in Current and Future Practice 124</p> <p><b>6 GLP-1 Receptor Agonists 130<br /> </b><i>Catherine Russell and John Petrie</i></p> <p>Introduction 130</p> <p>Pharmacology 131</p> <p>Glycaemic Efficacy and Effect on Weight 137</p> <p>Side Effects and Safety 142</p> <p>Outcome Trials 143</p> <p>Use of GLP-1 Receptor Agonists in Other Diseases 153</p> <p>Place of GLP-1 Receptor Agonists in Current and Future Practice 155</p> <p><b>7 Animal and Human Insulins 161<br /> </b><i>Ken Paterson</i></p> <p>Introduction 161</p> <p>Production and Pharmacokinetic Modifications 165</p> <p>Hypoglycaemia and Human Insulin 170</p> <p>Intensified Insulin Therapy 173</p> <p>Place of Human Insulin in Current and Future Therapy 176</p> <p><b>8 Short-acting Insulin Analogues 179<br /> </b><i>Kate Hughes and Gerry McKay</i></p> <p>Introduction 179</p> <p>Factors Affecting Absorption and Metabolism of Short-acting Insulin 180</p> <p>Manufacturing Insulin Analogues 180</p> <p>Short-acting Insulin Analogues 182</p> <p>Second-generation Ultrafast-acting Insulin Analogues 186</p> <p>Other Attempts to Improve Insulin Absorption and Inhaled Insulin 189</p> <p>Place of Short-acting Insulin Analogues in Current and Future Practice 190</p> <p><b>9 Long-acting Insulin Analogues 194<br /> </b><i>Robert Lindsay</i></p> <p>Introduction 195</p> <p>Development of Long-acting Insulin Analogues 196</p> <p>Long-acting Insulin Analogues 197</p> <p>Meta-analysis of Glycaemic Efficacy of Long-acting Insulin Analogues 207</p> <p>Safety of Long-acting Insulin Analogues 209</p> <p>The Place of Long-acting Insulin Analogues in Current and Future Practice 209</p> <p><b>10 Devices 214<br /> </b><i>David Carty</i></p> <p>Introduction 214</p> <p>Insulin Pens 215</p> <p>Insulin Pumps 215</p> <p>Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose 218</p> <p>Linkage of Continuous Glucose Monitoring to Insulin Pumps 223</p> <p>Guidelines on the Use of Devices 225</p> <p>Place of Devices in Current and Future Practice 227</p> <p><b>11 Acarbose and Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors 229<br /> </b><i>Miles Fisher</i></p> <p>Introduction 229</p> <p>Pharmacology 230</p> <p>Glycaemic Efficacy 231</p> <p>Place of Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors in Current and Future Practice 237</p> <p><b>12 Glitazones and Glitazars 239<br /> </b><i>Miles Fisher</i></p> <p>Introduction 239</p> <p>Pharmacology 240</p> <p>Glycaemic Efficacy 241</p> <p>Safety and Side Effects 242</p> <p>Glitazars 252</p> <p>Place of Glitazones and in Current and Future Practice 253</p> <p><b>13 Other Antidiabetic Drugs 257<br /> </b><i>Maroria Oroko, Andrea Llano, and Miles Fisher</i></p> <p>Introduction 257</p> <p>Pramlintide 258</p> <p>Colesevelam 260</p> <p>Bromocriptine 262</p> <p>Hydroxychloroquine 264</p> <p>Antiobesity Drugs 265</p> <p>Place of Other Drugs in Current and Future Practice 270</p> <p><b>14 Future Antidiabetic Drugs 274<br /> </b><i>Emma Johns and Miles Fisher</i></p> <p>Introduction 274</p> <p>Dual and Triple Agonists 275</p> <p>Imeglimin 288</p> <p>Place of New Antidiabetic Drugs in Future Practice 291</p> <p><b>15 Guidelines on Antidiabetic Drugs 294<br /> </b><i>Miles Fisher and Russell Drummond</i></p> <p>Introduction 295</p> <p>Guidelines on the Use of Antidiabetic Drugs in Type 2 Diabetes 298</p> <p>Guidelines on the Management of Type 1 Diabetes 308</p> <p>Special Patient Groups 311</p> <p>Place of Guidelines in Current and Future Practice 318</p> <p><b>16 Prescribing Antidiabetic Drugs 322<br /> </b><i>Andrea Llano, Gerry McKay, Frances McManus, Catriona McClements, Joyce McKenzie, and Deborah Morrison</i></p> <p>Introduction 322</p> <p>Therapeutic Inertia 323</p> <p>Polypharmacy 326</p> <p>Nonadherence 329</p> <p>The Patient with Problematic Hypoglycaemia 330</p> <p>Prescribing in Renal Impairment 333</p> <p>Prescribing in Liver Disease 337</p> <p>Prescribing in Cardiovascular Disease 340</p> <p>Prescribing in Pregnancy 347</p> <p>Prescribing in the Young 348</p> <p>Prescribing in the Elderly 349</p> <p>The Patient with Type 1 Diabetes: a Therapeutic Journey (an Illustrative Case) 350</p> <p>The Patient with Type 2 Diabetes: a Therapeutic Journey (an Illustrative Case) 351</p> <p>Future Developments in Prescribing in Diabetes 353</p> <p>Appendix 357</p> <p>Index 359</p>
<P><B>Prof. Miles Fisher</B> is a former Consultant Physician, Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Clinical Pharmacology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, and an Honorary Professor at the University of Glasgow, UK.</P> <P><B>Prof. Gerard A. McKay</B> is a Consultant Physician, Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Clinical Pharmacology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, an Honorary Clinical Associate Professor, University of Glasgow, as well as a Visiting Professor at the University of Strathclyde, UK. <P><B>Dr Andrea Llano</B> is a Consultant Physician, Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Clinical Pharmacology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, and an Honorary Clinical Lecturer, University of Glasgow, UK.
<P>Diabetes is becoming more common in both older and younger generations and in keeping with this escalation in cases, there are an ever increasing number of drugs and drug classes that are suitable to treat hyperglycaemia. In a unique blend of diabetes practice, clinical pharmacology, and cardiovascular medicine, <I>Diabetes Drug Notes</I> describes the principles of clinical pharmacology with regards to diabetes prescribing. Each drug class for the treatment of diabetes is covered in detail, along with the effect on the cardiovascular and renal systems caused by each drug. Building upon the success of their “Drug Notes” series for <I>Practical Diabetes</I> and their “Drugs for Diabetes” series in the <I>British Journal of Cardiology,</I> the team of experts focuses on the glycaemic management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, with other effects of antidiabetic drugs covered as well.</P> <P><I>Diabetes Drug Notes </I>also includes: <UL><LI>Comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the drugs for the glycaemic management of patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes</LI> <LI>Expert reflection on prescribing considerations for special groups, as well as common pitfalls in prescribing</LI> <LI>Detailed case histories to illustrate relevant information</LI> <LI>Summaries of recent guidelines related to diabetic intervention</LI></UL> <P><I>Diabetes Drug Notes</i> is a user-friendly guide for a general diabetes medical, nursing, and pharmacology readership, as well as those who support them.

Diese Produkte könnten Sie auch interessieren:

Troublesome Disguises
Troublesome Disguises
von: Dinesh Bhugra, Gin S. Malhi
EPUB ebook
71,99 €
Clinical Dermatology
Clinical Dermatology
von: Richard B. Weller, Hamish J. A. Hunter, Margaret W. Mann
EPUB ebook
56,99 €
Hospital-Based Palliative Medicine
Hospital-Based Palliative Medicine
von: Steven Z. Pantilat, Wendy Anderson, Matthew Gonzales, Eric Widera, Scott A. Flanders, Sanjay Saint
EPUB ebook
92,99 €