Development of the Social Brain, Volume 39

Development of the Social Brain, Volume 39

The Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology 1. Aufl.

von: Jed T. Elison, Maria D. Sera

116,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 02.08.2018
ISBN/EAN: 9781119461739
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 256

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<p>Social relationships play a central role in the evolution and development of human culture and cognition. Volume 39 of the Minnesota Symposium on Child Psychology (<i>Development of the Social Brain</i>) adresses the ontogeny and phylogeny of the social brain from multiple perspectives and levels of analysis.  The chapters in this volume shed light on shared versus unique features of social information processing across different species, and sketch out some of the cognitive and neural mechanisms that underlie such processing. A collection of chapters from distinguished contibutors offer new insights into the unique nature of human development.<br /><br />Flexibly and efficiently navigating the complex dynamics of social interaction remains one of the remarkable achievements of human evolution. As life in social contexts evolved, so did information processing  abilities that afforded new ways of interacting with others, emerging into what we now refer to as cultural cognition or cultural practices. The primary objective of the current volume was to consider phylogenetic and ontogenetic influence on specialized social information processing capactities. The volume brings together, for the first time, distinguished research scholars to consider central themes and principles associated with the development of the social brain. Readers will take away a fresh perspective on nature of human nature.</p> <p> </p>
<p>Preface ix</p> <p>List of Contributors xiii</p> <p><b>1 The Evolution and Ontogeny of Deep Social Mind and the Social Brain 1<br /></b><i>Andrew Whiten</i></p> <p>Introduction 1</p> <p>Primate Machiavellian Intelligence and the Social Brain 3</p> <p>Testing and Elaborating on the Social Brain Hypothesis 5</p> <p>Primate Social Complexity and Social Cognition 8</p> <p>From Machiavellian Intelligence to the Cultural Intelligence Hypothesis 9</p> <p>The Cultural Intelligence Hypothesis and the Vygotskian Intelligence Hypothesis 14</p> <p>The Evolution of Deep Social Mind 15</p> <p>The Ontogeny of Deep Social Mind: The Life History Matrix 17</p> <p>Extended Childhood 18</p> <p>Neoteny 19</p> <p>The Ontogenetic Development and Evolutionary Foundations of Deep Social Mind and Its Social Brain 20</p> <p>Cooperation 21</p> <p>Egalitarian Sharing 22</p> <p>Mentalizing 25</p> <p>Cultural Learning and Cumulative Culture 27</p> <p>Language: Positive Feedback Between Elements of Deep Social Mind 32</p> <p>Concluding Remarks 34</p> <p>References 34</p> <p><b>Part I: Animal Models of Social Brain Function</b></p> <p><b>2 Neurobiology of Infant Sensitive Period for Attachment and Its Reinstatement Through Maternal Social Buffering 47<br /></b><i>Regina M. Sullivan and Maya Opendak</i></p> <p>Introduction 47</p> <p>Neurobehavioral Assessment of Learned Maternal Cues During the Attachment Sensitive Period 53</p> <p>Maternal Control Over Stress Hormones: Social Buffering 56</p> <p>Changing Neurobehavioral Consequences of Social Buffering 61</p> <p>Uncovering the Effects of Early-life Adversity 62</p> <p>Adult Effects of Early-life Abuse Are Rescued by Infant Maternal Odor 63</p> <p>Concluding Remarks 65</p> <p>Acknowledgments 66</p> <p>References 66</p> <p><b>3 Marmoset Monkey Vocal Communication: Common Developmental Trajectories With Humans and Possible Mechanisms 87<br /></b><i>Asif A. Ghazanfar, Daniel Y. Takahashi, Yisi S. Zhang, and Jeremy I. Borjon</i></p> <p>Introduction 87</p> <p>The Marmoset Monkey Model System 88</p> <p>Babbling and Perinatal Influences on Vocal Output 90</p> <p>Development of Vocal Turn-taking 96</p> <p>Turn-taking as the Developmental System Upon Which Infant Vocalizations Are Learned 97</p> <p>The Autonomic Nervous System as the Engine for Vocal Development 101</p> <p>Evolutionary Origins 103</p> <p>Conclusions 104</p> <p>Acknowledgments 105</p> <p>References 105</p> <p><b>Part II: Higher-Order Human Social Brain Function</b></p> <p><b>4 The Social Brain in Adolescence and Adulthood: Lessons in Mindreading 115<br /></b><i>David Pollard, Stephanie Burnett Heyes, and Ian Apperly</i></p> <p>Introduction: What Am I Thinking? 115</p> <p>Reading Minds at One’s Fourth Birthday Party: The Cognitive Foundations of Mentalizing 117</p> <p>A Primer for the Neural Foundations of Theory of Mind 118</p> <p>What the Difficulties of Adults Can Tell Us About Theory of Mind Reasoning 120</p> <p>Storing and Using Someone’s Mental State 121</p> <p>Inferring Someone’s Mental State 122</p> <p>Use of Mental State Inferences to Guide Social Behavior 124</p> <p>Reading Minds Like Breathing Air: “Automatic” Perspective Taking 125</p> <p>Building a Theory of Mind: Functional and Neural Changes Through Childhood and Adolescence 130</p> <p>Social Changes 131</p> <p>Cognitive Changes 132</p> <p>Neural Changes 133</p> <p>Conclusion 136</p> <p>References 137</p> <p><b>5 Developmental Social Neuroscience of Morality 147<br /></b><i>Jean Decety and Jason M. Cowell</i></p> <p>Introduction 147</p> <p>Definitional Issues and Theoretical Perspectives 150</p> <p>Perception and Sensitivity to Interpersonal Harm 155</p> <p>Experiencing and Perceiving Pain: The Most Basic Level 156</p> <p>Early Signs of Emotional Sensitivity 158</p> <p>Empathic Concern and Its Key Role in Morality 163</p> <p>Implicit Sociomoral Evaluations 167</p> <p>Neurodevelopmental Changes in Third-party Perception of Interpersonal Harm 172</p> <p>Neurological Lesions That Impair Moral Cognition and Behavior 175</p> <p>Atypical Functional and Anatomical Connectivity 176</p> <p>What We Have Learned 179</p> <p>Where Should Developmental Neuroscience Be Heading? 181</p> <p>References 183</p> <p><b>Part III: Summary and Future Directions</b></p> <p><b>6 Development of the Social Brain: From Mechanisms to Principles 199<br /></b><i>Ralph Adolphs and Jed T. Elison</i></p> <p>Introduction 199</p> <p>Mechanistic Features of Neural Development 203</p> <p>The Social Environment: Permissive, Instructive, Enabling, and/or Buffering? 205</p> <p>Causality: Partial Correlation Versus Temporal Order 208</p> <p>What Are the Processes? Insights From the Varied Nature of Mentalizing 210</p> <p>Domain Specificity Revisited 211</p> <p>From Mechanisms to Principles 212</p> <p>Acknowledgments 215</p> <p>References 215</p> <p>Author Index 219</p> <p>Subject Index 233</p>
<strong>Jed T. Elison</strong>, Ph.D., an is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, with joint affiliations with both the Departments of Pediatrics and Nueroscience. He has contributed to over 40 publications on child development. <p><strong>Maria D. Sera</strong>, Ph.D., is a Professor at the Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota. She has contributed to over 40 publications on the development of language and its relation to cognitive development. She recently co-authored a National Academy of Sciences report on promoting language and educational success in dual language learners.

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