Details

Defected Ground Structure (DGS) Based Antennas


Defected Ground Structure (DGS) Based Antennas

Design Physics, Engineering, and Applications
1. Aufl.

von: Debatosh Guha, Chandrakanta Kumar, Sujoy Biswas

107,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 24.11.2022
ISBN/EAN: 9781119896197
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 320

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Beschreibungen

<b>Defected Ground Structure (DGS) Based Antennas</b> <p><b>A unique exploration of critical topics in defected ground structures and their applications</b> <p>In <i>Defected Ground Structure (DGS) Based Antennas: Design Physics, Engineering, and Applications</i>, three distinguished authors deliver a comprehensive discussion of key topics related to defected ground structures (DGSs) and their applications to advanced antenna designs, including microstrips, arrays, dielectric resonators, PIFA, and printed monopoles. <p>The book explores major advances in the technology that have occurred since 2006, as well as the fundamentals of the research in the subject. It also presents future possibilities for new researchers to assist in the development of new studies and technologies for practicing engineers and developers. <p>Readers will discover: <ul><li> A thorough introduction to the concept and evolution of defected ground structure-based antennas</li> <li> In-depth examinations of defected ground structures for printed antenna feeds</li> <li> Comprehensive discussions of the use of defected ground structures to control unwanted modes under a microstrip patch for reducing cross-polarized radiation</li> <li> Enlightening descriptions of defected ground structures used to control mutual coupling in arrays and MIMO designs</li></ul> <p>Perfect for students, researchers, and professionals with an interest in wireless communications, <i>Defected Ground Structure (DGS) Based Antennas: Design Physics, Engineering, and Applications</i> will also earn a place in the libraries of engineers and scientists working in space exploration and defense organizations.
<p>Preface xi</p> <p>Acknowledgments xv</p> <p>1 Introduction to DGS: The Concept and Evolution 1</p> <p>1.1 Introduction 1</p> <p>1.2 Evolution of DGS 2</p> <p>1.3 Definition and Basic Concept 5</p> <p>1.4 Geometries and Classification 6</p> <p>1.4.1 Unit Cell DGS 7</p> <p>1.4.1.1 Dumbbell-Shaped DGS 7</p> <p>1.4.1.2 Variations of Dumbbell-Shaped DGS 8</p> <p>1.4.1.3 Spiral-Shaped DGS 12</p> <p>1.4.1.4 Variations of Spiral-Shaped DGS 13</p> <p>1.4.1.5 H-Shaped DGS 14</p> <p>1.4.1.6 U- and V-Shaped DGSs 15</p> <p>1.4.1.7 Ring-Shaped DGS 15</p> <p>1.4.1.8 Other DGS Geometries 16</p> <p>1.4.1.9 Tunable DGS Geometries 18</p> <p>1.4.2 Periodic Uniform DGS 18</p> <p>1.4.3 Periodic Nonuniform DGS 20</p> <p>1.4.4 Asymmetric DGS 22</p> <p>1.5 An Outline of Applications 23</p> <p>References 24</p> <p>2 Theoretical Analysis and Modeling 35</p> <p>2.1 Introduction 35</p> <p>2.2 LC and RLC Modeling 35</p> <p>2.2.1 Equivalent Circuit Parameter Extraction 37</p> <p>2.2.2 Utilization of the Extracted LC for n-Pole DGS Filter Design 41</p> <p>Trim Size: 6in x 9in Single Column Guha896180 ftoc.tex V1 - 10/10/2022 8:10pm Page vi</p> <p>[1]</p> <p>[1] [1]</p> <p>[1]</p> <p>vi Contents</p> <p>2.2.3 RLC Circuit Modeling 43</p> <p>2.3 LC Circuit Modeling: Variants and Improvements 44</p> <p>2.3.1 Pi-Type Equivalent Circuit 44</p> <p>2.3.2 Modeling of Spiral DGS with Periodic Resonance 46</p> <p>2.3.3 Modeling of DGS with Aperiodic Stopbands 51</p> <p>2.3.4 Some Modifications in Modeling Approach 54</p> <p>2.4 Transmission Line Modeling 55</p> <p>2.5 Quasistatic Modeling 59</p> <p>2.5.1 Microstrip Gap Model 62</p> <p>2.5.2 Microstrip Cross Junction Model 63</p> <p>2.5.3 Modeling of the Rest Current Paths 64</p> <p>2.6 Modeling of Isolated DGS for Antenna applications 66</p> <p>2.7 Comments on the Modeling Techniques 68</p> <p>References 69</p> <p>3 DGS for Printed Antenna Feeds 73</p> <p>3.1 Introduction 73</p> <p>3.2 Impedance Matching of Antenna Feed Lines 73</p> <p>3.3 Controlling the Harmonics in Printed Antennas 75</p> <p>3.3.1 Suppression of Second Harmonic (2f 0) 77</p> <p>3.3.2 Suppression up to Third Harmonic (3f 0) 79</p> <p>3.3.3 Suppression up to Fourth Harmonic (4f 0) 84</p> <p>3.4 Filtering Antenna Using DGS 86</p> <p>3.5 Improved Isolation Between Antenna Ports 88</p> <p>3.6 Improvement of Antenna Bandwidth 92</p> <p>3.6.1 Lowering the Q-Factor 92</p> <p>3.6.2 Adjusting Higher Resonances 94</p> <p>3.7 Antenna Miniaturization 94</p> <p>References 98</p> <p>4 DGS to Control Orthogonal Modes in a Microstrip Patch for</p> <p>Cross-Pol Reduction 103</p> <p>4.1 Introduction 103</p> <p>4.2 Understanding of Radiating Modes in Microstrip Patches 103</p> <p>4.2.1 Rectangular Patch 104</p> <p>4.2.2 Circular Patch 106</p> <p>4.3 WhatWere the Known Methods to Deal with the Cross-Polarized</p> <p>Fields? 110</p> <p>4.4 Suppression of Cross-Polarized Fields by DGS Integration Technique:</p> <p>Coax-Fed Patches 112</p> <p>Trim Size: 6in x 9in Single Column Guha896180 ftoc.tex V1 - 10/10/2022 8:10pm Page vii</p> <p>[1]</p> <p>[1] [1]</p> <p>[1]</p> <p>Contents vii</p> <p>4.4.1 Controlling the OCDM and Cross-Polarized Radiations in</p> <p>E-Plane 112</p> <p>4.4.2 Controlling of TM21 Mode and Cross-Polarized Radiations in Circular</p> <p>and Elliptical Patches 113</p> <p>4.4.3 Controlling TM02 Mode in a Rectangular Patch and H-Plane</p> <p>Cross-Polarized Radiations 116</p> <p>4.4.4 Visualization of the Modal Fields and the Effect of the DGSs 117</p> <p>4.4.5 Universal DGS: Applicable to Both Circular and Rectangular Patch</p> <p>Geometries 123</p> <p>4.4.6 DGS for Triangular Microstrip Patch 127</p> <p>4.5 Suppression of Cross-Polarized Fields by DGS Integration Technique:</p> <p>Microstrip-Fed Patches 128</p> <p>4.6 RecentWorks and New Trends 133</p> <p>4.6.1 New DGS Geometries 133</p> <p>4.6.2 New Design Concept of Substrate Field Symmetry 133</p> <p>4.6.3 Reconfigurable Grid DGS 136</p> <p>4.7 New Endeavor: Addressing XP Issues Across Skewed Radiation</p> <p>Planes 138</p> <p>4.8 Practical Aspects of DGS-Integrated Antennas 140</p> <p>References 141</p> <p>5 Multi Parametric Cross-Polar Sources and DGS-Based</p> <p>Solution to All Radiation Planes 145</p> <p>5.1 Background and Introduction 145</p> <p>5.2 Mathematical Explanations of Cross-Polarized Fields 146</p> <p>5.2.1 Sources of Ex and Ey Components 147</p> <p>5.2.2 How to Combat Ey Components 149</p> <p>5.3 Detailed Investigations in to the XP Sources 151</p> <p>5.3.1 Rectangular Patch 151</p> <p>5.3.2 Square and Circular Patches 159</p> <p>5.4 DGS-Based Designs for Low XP in All Radiation Planes 159</p> <p>5.4.1 Design of Microstrip Line-Fed Circular Patch Antenna 160</p> <p>5.4.2 Design of a Coax-Fed Rectangular Patch 161</p> <p>5.4.3 Designing a Patch with Non-proximal DGS 168</p> <p>5.5 Conclusion 178</p> <p>References 178</p> <p>6 DGS-Based Low Cross-Pol Array Design and</p> <p>Applications 181</p> <p>6.1 Introduction 181</p> <p>6.2 Low Cross-Pol Microstrip Array Design 181</p> <p>Trim Size: 6in x 9in Single Column Guha896180 ftoc.tex V1 - 10/10/2022 8:10pm Page viii</p> <p>[1]</p> <p>[1] [1]</p> <p>[1]</p> <p>viii Contents</p> <p>6.2.1 Coax-Fed Microstrip Array 182</p> <p>6.2.2 Microstrip Line-Fed Array 185</p> <p>6.3 Array Design for Reduced Mutual Coupling 193</p> <p>6.4 DGS-Based Array for Different Applications 193</p> <p>6.4.1 Elimination of Scan Blindness 194</p> <p>6.4.2 Millimeter-Wave Imaging with Suppressed XP 194</p> <p>6.4.3 High-Performance Rectenna Array 196</p> <p>6.4.4 Enhancement of Scanning Range 197</p> <p>References 202</p> <p>7 DGS Based Mutual Coupling Reduction: Microstrip Array,</p> <p>5G/MIMO, and Millimeter Wave Applications 205</p> <p>7.1 Introduction 205</p> <p>7.2 Mutual Coupling Mechanisms 206</p> <p>7.2.1 Mutual Coupling Through Radiations 206</p> <p>7.2.2 Mutual Coupling by SurfaceWaves 207</p> <p>7.2.3 Coupling Through Ground Plane Currents 208</p> <p>7.3 Known Techniques to Control Mutual Coupling 208</p> <p>7.4 DGS Based Solutions to Mutual Coupling 209</p> <p>7.5 Major Applications 217</p> <p>7.5.1 Elimination of Scan Blindness in Large Arrays 217</p> <p>7.5.2 Enhancement of Scan Range in Phased Array 218</p> <p>7.5.3 DGS Based Compact Antennas for 5G/MIMO/MillimeterWave</p> <p>Applications 221</p> <p>7.6 Conclusion 231</p> <p>References 232</p> <p>8 DGS Applied to Circularly Polarized Antenna Design 239</p> <p>8.1 Introduction 239</p> <p>8.2 Basic Principle of CP Generation in a Microstrip Patch 239</p> <p>8.3 Some Important Aspects and Challenges in CP Designs 242</p> <p>8.4 DGS Integrated Single-Fed CP Antenna Design 243</p> <p>8.4.1 Use of Slot-Type DGS 243</p> <p>8.4.2 Use of Fractal DGS 245</p> <p>8.4.3 Use of Grid DGS 247</p> <p>8.4.4 Use of PIN Switch Integrated Reconfigurable DGS 249</p> <p>8.5 DGS as a Supportive Component to CP Design 252</p> <p>8.5.1 DGS for Improved Surface Current 252</p> <p>8.5.2 DGS for Balanced Orthogonal Modes 252</p> <p>8.5.3 DGS for Optimizing CP Bandwidth 254</p> <p>8.5.4 DGS for Beam Squint Correction and Improved CP Quality 261</p> <p>Trim Size: 6in x 9in Single Column Guha896180 ftoc.tex V1 - 10/10/2022 8:10pm Page ix</p> <p>[1]</p> <p>[1] [1]</p> <p>[1]</p> <p>Contents ix</p> <p>8.6 Evolving Applications: DGS In SIW-Based CP Antennas 265</p> <p>References 267</p> <p>9 DGS Integrated Printed UWB Monopole Antennas 271</p> <p>9.1 Introduction 271</p> <p>9.2 Improved Impedance Bandwidth and Multiband Operation 272</p> <p>9.2.1 Improved Impedance Matching of UWB Antennas 272</p> <p>9.2.2 DGS Induced Resonances for Improved UWB Operation 277</p> <p>9.3 Band Notch Characteristics in UWB Antennas 280</p> <p>9.3.1 DGS Based UWB Antenna to Avoid Interference up to C-Band 280</p> <p>9.3.2 UWB Antenna for Multi-Notch Band Extending to X-Band 286</p> <p>9.4 Applications to Band Notch UWB MIMO Antennas 288</p> <p>9.5 Time Domain Behavior of DGS Based UWB Monopole 293</p> <p>9.6 Conclusion 295</p> <p>References 296</p> <p>Index 301</p>
<p><b>Debatosh Guha, PhD,</b> is a Professor in Radio Physics and Electronics at the University of Calcutta, India. He co-edited <i>Microstrip and Printed Antennas: New Trends, Techniques and Applications</i> in 2010. <p><b>Chandrakanta Kumar, PhD,</b> is Head of the Electromagnetics Section at the Communication Systems Group of the U R Rao Satellite Centre in Bangalore, India. His professional focus is on the design and development of antenna systems for the Indian space program. <p><b>Sujoy Biswas, PhD,</b> is an Associate Professor at the Neotia Institute of Technology ­Management and Science. He is on the Board of Reviewers at a variety of journals, including IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation.
<p><b>A unique exploration of critical topics in defected ground structures and their applications</b> <p>In <i>Defected Ground Structure (DGS) Based Antennas: Design Physics, Engineering, and Applications</i>, three distinguished authors deliver a comprehensive discussion of key topics related to defected ground structures (DGSs) and their applications to advanced antenna designs, including microstrips, arrays, dielectric resonators, PIFA, and printed monopoles. <p>The book explores major advances in the technology that have occurred since 2006, as well as the fundamentals of the research in the subject. It also presents future possibilities for new researchers to assist in the development of new studies and technologies for practicing engineers and developers. <p>Readers will discover: <ul><li> A thorough introduction to the concept and evolution of defected ground structure-based antennas</li> <li> In-depth examinations of defected ground structures for printed antenna feeds</li> <li> Comprehensive discussions of the use of defected ground structures to control unwanted modes under a microstrip patch for reducing cross-polarized radiation</li> <li> Enlightening descriptions of defected ground structures used to control mutual coupling in arrays and MIMO designs</li></ul> <p>Perfect for students, researchers, and professionals with an interest in wireless communications, <i>Defected Ground Structure (DGS) Based Antennas: Design Physics, Engineering, and Applications</i> will also earn a place in the libraries of engineers and scientists working in space exploration and defense organizations.

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