Computational Fluid DynamicsApplications in Environmental Hydraulics
Uniquely outlines CFD theory in a manner relevant to environmental applications. This book addresses the basic topics in CFD modelling in a thematic manner to provided the necessary theoretical background, as well as providing global cases studies showing how CFD models can be used in practice demonstrating how good practice can be achieved , with reference to both established and new applications. First book to apply CFD to the environmental sciences Written at a level suitable for non-mathematicians
List of Contributors. 1. Computational Fluid Dynamics modelling for environmental hydraulics. (Bates (Bristol, UK), Lane (Leeds, UK) and Ferguson (Sheffield, UK)). PART ONE: AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS SCHEMES. 2. Fundamental equations for CFD in river flow simulations (D.B. Ingham and L. Ma). 3. Modelling Solute Transport Processes in Free Surface Flow CFD Schemes (I. Guymer, C. Wilson and J. Boxall). 4. Basic equations for sediment transport in CFD for fluvial morphodynamics (E. Mosselman). 5. Introduction to Statistical Turbulence Modeling for Hydraulic Engineering Flows (F. Sotiropoulos). 6. Modelling wetting and drying processes in hydraulic models (P. D. Bates and M. S. Horritt). 7. Introduction to Numerical Methods for Fluid Flow (N. G. Wright). 8. A framework for model verification and validation of CFD schemes in natural open channel flows (S. N. Lane, R. J. Hardy, R. I. Ferguson and D. R. Parsons). 9. Parameterisation, validation and uncertainty analysis of CFD models of fluvial and flood hydraulics in the natural environment (M. S. Horritt). 10. Modelling reach-scale fluvial flows (S. N. Lane and R. I. Ferguson). 11. Numerical modeling of floodplain flow (P. D. Bates, M. S. Horritt, N. M. Hunter, D. Mason and D. Cobby). 12. Modelling water quality processes in estuaries (R. A. Falconer, B. Lin and S. M. Kashefipour). 13. Roughness parameterization in CFD modeling of gravel-bed rivers (A. P. Nicholas). 14. Modelling of sand deposition in archaeologically significant reaches of the Colorado River in Grand Canyon, USA (S. Wiele and M. Torizzo). 15. Modelling of open channel flow through vegetation (C. A. M. E. Wilson, T. Stoesser and P. D. Bates). 16. Ecohydraulics: a new interdisciplinary frontier for CFD (M. Leclerc). 17. Towards risk based prediction in real world applications of complex hydraulic models (B. G. Hankin and K. J. Beven). 18. CFD for environmental design and management (G. Pender, H. P. Morvan, N. G. Wright and D. A. Ervine). Author Index. Subject Index.
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was developed over 30 years ago by engineers and mathematicians. Recent years have seen a massive growth of interest in the numerical simulation of environmental flow processes in rivers, lakes and coastal environments, but CFD has only recently gained acceptance in Environmental Science. Environmental applications of CFD have identified new research agendas not anticipated by engineering studies and raised fundamental questions regarding how such codes should be applied to complex, uncertain systems. Computational Fluid Dynamics: Applications in Environmental Hydraulics provides an accessible introduction to the theory underlying CFD codes. Part one addresses the basic topics in CFD modelling in a thematic manner providing the necessary theoretical background. Part two includes global case studies showing how CFD models can be used in practice with reference to both new and established applications. First book on computational fluid dynamics with an environmental focus. Reflects the growing use of CFD codes by environmental scientists. Addresses key science questions, such as calibration, validation, data assimilation and uncertainty not emergent from previous mathematical/engineering uses of CFD codes. Provides an accessible ‘primer’ in this field for a new generation of environmental scientists. Highlights current research in this field. This is essential reading for researchers and professionals in fluvial geomorphology, environmental modelling and water resources. It is a useful reference for 2nd and 3rd year undergraduates and postgraduates of fluvial geomorphology, environmental modelling and computational fluid dynamics in Departments of Geography and Civil Engineering.