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Clinical Guide to Fish Medicine


Clinical Guide to Fish Medicine


1. Aufl.

von: Catherine Hadfield, Leigh Clayton

123,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 10.06.2021
ISBN/EAN: 9781119259848
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 624

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Beschreibungen

Clinical Guide to Fish Medicine <p>Designed as a practical resource, <i>Clinical Guide to Fish Medicine</i> provides an evidence-based approach to the veterinary care of fish. This guide—written and edited by experts in the field—contains essential information on husbandry, diagnostics, and case management of bony and cartilaginous fish.<p>This important resource:<ul><li>Provides clinically relevant information on topics such as anatomy, water quality, life-support systems, nutrition, behavioral training, clinical examination, clinical pathology, diagnostic imaging, necropsy techniques, anesthesia and analgesia, surgery, medical treatment, and transport</li><li>Describes common presenting problems of fish, including possible differentials and practical approaches</li><li>Reviews key information on non-infectious and infectious diseases of fish in a concise format that is easily accessible in a clinical setting</li></ul><p>Written for veterinarians, biologists, technicians, specialists, and students, <i>Clinical Guide to Fish Medicine</i> offers a comprehensive review of veterinary medicine of fish.
<p>Preface and Acknowledgments</p> <p>List of Contributors</p> <p>SECTION A</p> <p>- Chapter A1 – Anatomy and Taxonomy</p> <p>o A1.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A1.2 Anatomy of Bony Fish</p> <p>A1.2.1 Body Plan</p> <p>A1.2.2 Integument</p> <p>A1.2.3 Musculoskeletal System</p> <p>A1.2.4 Buoyancy Organs</p> <p>A1.2.5 Adipose Tissue</p> <p>A1.2.6 Ocular Anatomy</p> <p>A1.2.7 Auditory Anatomy</p> <p>A1.2.8 Olfactory and Gustatory Anatomy</p> <p>A1.2.9 Oral/Pharyngeal Cavity</p> <p>A1.2.10 Gastrointestinal System</p> <p>A1.2.11 Liver and Gallbladder</p> <p>A1.2.12 Respiratory System</p> <p>A1.2.13 Cardiovascular System</p> <p>A1.2.14 Lymphomyeloid System</p> <p>A1.2.15 Endocrine System</p> <p>A1.2.16 Urogenital System</p> <p>A1.2.17 Neurologic System</p> <p>o A1.3 Anatomy of Cartilaginous Fish</p> <p>A1.3.1 Body Plan</p> <p>A1.3.2 Integument</p> <p>A1.3.3 Musculoskeletal System</p> <p>A1.3.4 Buoyancy Organs</p> <p>A1.3.5 Ocular Anatomy</p> <p>A1.3.6 Auditory Anatomy</p> <p>A1.3.7 Olfactory and Gustatory Anatomy</p> <p>A1.3.8 Oral/Pharyngeal Cavity</p> <p>A1.3.9 Gastrointestinal System</p> <p>A1.3.10 Liver and Gallbladder</p> <p>A1.3.11 Respiratory System</p> <p>A1.3.12 Cardiovascular System</p> <p>A1.3.13 Hematopoietic and Immunologic System</p> <p>A1.3.14 Endocrine System</p> <p>A1.3.15 Urogenital System</p> <p>A1.3.16 Neurologic System</p> <p>o A1.4 Taxonomy</p> <p>A1.4.1 Taxonomy of Bony Fish (Osteichthyes)</p> <p>A1.4.1 Taxonomy of Cartilaginous Fish (Chondrichthyes)</p> <p>- Chapter A2: Water Quality</p> <p>o A2.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A2.2 Water Source</p> <p>o A2.3 Dissolved Oxygen</p> <p>o A2.4 Total Gas Pressures</p> <p>o A2.5 Temperature</p> <p>o A2.6 Salinity and Salt Composition</p> <p>o A2.7 Nitrogenous Wastes (Ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate)</p> <p>o A2.8 pH</p> <p>o A2.9 Alkalinity and Hardness</p> <p>o A2.10 Carbon Dioxide</p> <p>o A2.11 Chlorines and Chloramines</p> <p>o A2.12 Iodide and Iodate</p> <p>o A2.13 Heavy Metals</p> <p>o A2.14 Turbidity/Suspended Solids </p> <p>o A2.15 Microbiome and Bacterial Testing</p> <p>o A2.16 Water Quality Testing Options</p> <p>o A2.17 Conclusion</p> <p>- Chapter A3: Life Support Systems</p> <p>o A3.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A3.2 Bacteria and other Microorganisms</p> <p>o A3.3 System Type</p> <p>o A3.4 Oxygenation and Gas Exchange</p> <p>o A3.5 Water Flow</p> <p>o A3.6 Mechanical Filtration</p> <p>A3.6.1 Surface Skimming</p> <p>A3.6.2 Prefilters</p> <p>A3.6.3 Sand/Canister/Bead filters</p> <p>A3.6.4 Settling/Sedimentation Tanks</p> <p>A3.6.5 Foam Fractionators</p> <p>A3.6.6 Activated Carbon</p> <p>A3.6.7 Flocculation</p> <p>A3.6.8 Mechanical Filtration Trouble-Shooting</p> <p>o A3.7 Biological Filtration and Nitrification</p> <p>A3.7.1 Biological Filtration Trouble-Shooting</p> <p>o A3.8 Denitrification</p> <p>o A3.9 Ecological Scrubbers</p> <p>o A3.10 Water Disinfection</p> <p>A3.10.1 Ultraviolet Light Disinfection</p> <p>A3.10.2 Ozone Disinfection</p> <p>o A3.11 Temperature Control</p> <p>o A3.12 Noise and Vibration</p> <p>o A3.13 Lighting</p> <p>o A3.14 Other Life-Support Equipment</p> <p>o A3.15 Pond Life-Support</p> <p>o A3.16 Coral Reef Life-Support</p> <p>o A3.17 Conclusion</p> <p>- Chapter A4 – Nutrition and Nutritional Support</p> <p>o A4.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A4.2 Natural History</p> <p>A4.2.1 Wild Diet and Foraging Ecology</p> <p>A4.2.2 Metabolism and Energetics</p> <p>A4.2.3 Anatomy and Digestion</p> <p>o A4.3 Nutrient Requirements</p> <p>A4.3.1 Sources of Energy</p> <p>A4.3.2 Protein</p> <p>A4.3.3 Lipid</p> <p>A4.3.4 Carbohydrates</p> <p>A4.3.5 Vitamins</p> <p>A4.3.6 Minerals</p> <p>A4.3.7 Other Additives</p> <p>A4.3.8 Nutrient Choice</p> <p>o A4.4 Feeding</p> <p>A4.4.1 Diet Selection and Formulation</p> <p>A4.4.2 Food Types</p> <p>A4.4.3 Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation</p> <p>o A4.4.4 Feeding Behavior, Amount, and Frequency</p> <p>A4.4.5 Body Condition</p> <p>o A4.5 Food Storage and Preparation</p> <p>A4.5.1 Food Safety and Monitoring</p> <p>A4.5.2 Storage</p> <p>A4.5.3 Food Preparation</p> <p>A4.5.4 Quality Control</p> <p>o A4.6 Nutritional Support</p> <p>A4.6.1 Appetite Stimulants</p> <p>A4.6.2 Assisted Feeding</p> <p>o A4.7 Larval and Broodstock Nutrition</p> <p>o A4.8 New Directions in Fish Nutrition Research</p> <p>- Chapter A5 – Fish Behavior: Training and Enrichment</p> <p>o A5.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A5.2 Fish Abilities</p> <p>o A5.3 Benefits of Behavioral Management</p> <p>o A5.4 Introduction to the Science of Learning</p> <p>o A5.5 Before Training Begins</p> <p>o A5.6 Getting Started with Training</p> <p>o A5.7 Basic Training</p> <p>o A5.8 Beyond Basic Training (Other Reasons to Train)</p> <p>o A5.9 Modifying Problem Behaviors</p> <p>o A5.10 Conclusion</p> <p>- Chapter A6 - Clinical Examination </p> <p>o A6.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A6.2 History</p> <p>o A6.3 Clinical Examination</p> <p>A6.3.1 Observation</p> <p>A6.3.2 Transport Considerations</p> <p>A6.3.3 Handling Considerations</p> <p>A6.3.4 Manual Restraint</p> <p>A6.3.5 Chemical Restraint</p> <p>A6.3.6 Components of the Physical Examination</p> <p>o A6.4 Individual Identification</p> <p>o A6.5 Diagnostic Sampling</p> <p>A6.5.1 Skin Scrapes</p> <p>A6.5.2 Gill Biopsies</p> <p>A6.5.3 Fin Biopsies</p> <p>A6.5.4 Fecal Collection</p> <p>A6.5.5 Diagnostic Imaging</p> <p>A6.5.6 Blood Collection</p> <p>A6.5.7 Musculoskeletal Impression Smears, Aspirates, or Biopsies</p> <p>A6.5.8 Coelomic Aspirates or Biopsies</p> <p>A6.5.9 Periocular and Ocular Aspirates</p> <p>A6.5.10 Cerebrospinal Fluid Collection</p> <p>A6.5.11 Egg or Sperm Collection</p> <p>o A6.6 Commercial Laboratories</p> <p>- Chapter A7 – Clinical Pathology</p> <p>o A7.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A7.2 Reference Materials in Fish Medicine</p> <p>o A7.3 Wet Mount Examinations</p> <p>A7.3.1 Skin Scrapes</p> <p>A7.3.2 Gill Biopsies/Gill Clips</p> <p>A7.3.3 Fin Biopsies/Fin Clips</p> <p>A7.3.4 Fecal Wet Mounts</p> <p>A7.3.5 Tissue Wet Mounts/Squash Preparations</p> <p>o A7.4 Cytologic Examination</p> <p>A7.4.1 Factors that Affect the Diagnostic Quality of Stained Cytologies</p> <p>A7.4.2 Cytologic Sample Evaluation</p> <p>o A7.5 Histopathology</p> <p>o A7.6 Hematology</p> <p>A7.6.1 Hematologic Sample Processing</p> <p>A7.6.2 Hematologic Sample Evaluation</p> <p>A7.6.3 Special Stains for Hematology</p> <p>o A7.7 Blood Biochemistry</p> <p>A7.7.1 Biochemistry Sample Processing</p> <p>A7.7.2 Biochemistry Sample Evaluation</p> <p>o A7.8 Toxicologic and Nutritional Analyses</p> <p>A7.8.1 Toxicology</p> <p>A7.8.2 Vitamin and Mineral Analysis</p> <p>o A7.9 Microbiology</p> <p>A7.9.1 Bacteriology</p> <p>A7.9.2 Virology</p> <p>o A7.10 Molecular Diagnostics</p> <p>A7.10.1 Nucleic Acid Amplification Methods</p> <p>A7.10.2 DNA Sequencing</p> <p>o A7.11 Immunohistochemistry</p> <p>o A7.12 In Situ Hybridization</p> <p>o A7.13 Antibody-Based Testing</p> <p>A7.13.1 Fluorescent Antibody Testing</p> <p>A7.13.2 Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays (ELISAs)</p> <p>o A7.14 Conclusion</p> <p>- Chapter A8 – Diagnostic Imaging</p> <p>o A8.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A8.2 Conventional Radiography</p> <p>A8.2.1 Radiographic Safety</p> <p>A8.2.2 Plain Radiography</p> <p>A8.2.3 Contrast Radiography</p> <p>A8.2.4 Interventional Radiography</p> <p>o A8.3 Computed Tomography</p> <p>o A8.4 Magnetic Resonance Imaging</p> <p>o A8.5 Ultrasonography</p> <p>o A8.6 Common Abnormalities Identified with Diagnostic Imaging </p> <p>A8.6.1 Spinal Pathology</p> <p>A8.6.2 Swim Bladder Pathology</p> <p>A8.6.3 Skin and Pouch Pathology in Syngnathids</p> <p>A8.6.4 Gastrointestinal Pathology</p> <p>A8.6.5 Hepatic Pathology</p> <p>A8.6.6 Reproductive Pathology</p> <p>o A8.7 Conclusion</p> <p>- Chapter A9 – Necropsy and Ancillary Diagnostics </p> <p>o A9.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A9.2 Specimen Selection</p> <p>A9.2.1 Euthanasia of Fish</p> <p>o A9.3 Human Safety</p> <p>o A9.4 Equipment Needed</p> <p>o A9.5 Gross Necropsy</p> <p>A9.5.1 Ancillary Diagnostics</p> <p>A9.5.2 External Examination</p> <p>A9.5.3 Gill, Skin, and Fin Wet Mounts</p> <p>A9.5.4 Necropsy Approach</p> <p>A9.5.5 Examination In Situ</p> <p>A9.5.6 Organ Evaluation</p> <p>A9.5.7 Organ Wet Mounts and Impression Smears</p> <p>A9.5.8 Sample Storage and Bio-artifacts</p> <p>A9.5.9 Disposal</p> <p>o A9.6 Histology</p> <p>A9.6.1 Fixatives</p> <p>A9.6.2 Samples</p> <p>A9.6.3 Shipping</p> <p>A9.6.4 Processing and Stains</p> <p>A9.6.5 Histopathologic Interpretation</p> <p>o A9.7 Conclusion</p> <p>- Chapter A10 – Anesthesia and Analgesia</p> <p>o A10.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A10.2 Anatomical and Physiological Considerations</p> <p>A10.2.1 Respiratory Systems</p> <p>A10.2.2 Skin and Muscle</p> <p>A10.2.3 Temperature and Metabolism</p> <p>o A10.3 Water Quality Considerations</p> <p>A10.3.1 Dissolved Oxygen and Temperature</p> <p>A10.3.2 pH and Nitrogenous Waste</p> <p>A10.3.3 Ionic Balance</p> <p>o A10.4 Anesthetic Techniques and Drugs</p> <p>A10.4.1 Human Safety</p> <p>A10.4.2 Preanesthetic Preparation</p> <p>A10.4.3 Anesthetic Drug Administration and Agents</p> <p>o A10.5 Monitoring, Support, Recovery, and Resuscitation</p> <p>A10.5.1 Anesthetic Depth</p> <p>A10.5.2 Cardiopulmonary Activity</p> <p>A10.5.3 Water Quality Monitoring</p> <p>A10.5.4 Recovery</p> <p>A10.5.5 Resuscitation</p> <p>o A10.6 Analgesia</p> <p>o A10.7 Euthanasia</p> <p>- Chapter A11 - Surgery and Endoscopy</p> <p>o A11.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A11.2 General Surgical Principles</p> <p>A11.2.1 Preparation of the Patient</p> <p>A11.2.2 Instrumentation and Visualization</p> <p>A11.2.3 Suture</p> <p>A11.2.4 Post-operative Management</p> <p>o A11.3 Surgical Procedures</p> <p>A11.3.1 External Mass Excision/Biopsy</p> <p>A11.3.2 Ophthalmic Surgery</p> <p>A11.3.3 Pseudobranch Ablation</p> <p>A11.3.4 Coeliotomy</p> <p>o A11.4 General Endoscopy Principles</p> <p>A11.4.1 Rigid Endoscopy Instrumentation</p> <p>A11.4.2 Rigid Endoscope Handling and Use</p> <p>A11.4.3 Endosurgery</p> <p>A11.4.4 Flexible Endoscopy</p> <p>o A11.5 Endoscopic Procedures</p> <p>A11.5.1 Gill Endoscopy and Stomatoscopy</p> <p>A11.5.2 Gastroscopy</p> <p>A11.5.3 Cloacoscopy</p> <p>A11.5.4 Coelioscopy</p> <p>A11.5.5 Pneumocystoscopy</p> <p>A11.5.6 Biopsy Sample Handling</p> <p>A11.5.7 Endosurgical Procedures</p> <p>o A11.6 Conclusion</p> <p>- Chapter A12 – Medical Treatment </p> <p>o A12.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A12.2 Environmental Options</p> <p>o A12.3 Routes of Administration</p> <p>A12.3.1 Injectable</p> <p>A12.3.2 Oral</p> <p>A12.3.3 Immersion</p> <p>A12.3.4 Topical</p> <p>A12.3.5 Other Routes</p> <p>o A12.4 Commonly Used Medical Treatments</p> <p>A12.4.1 Antibiotics</p> <p>A12.4.2 Antiparasitics</p> <p>A12.4.3 Antifungals</p> <p>A12.4.4 Antivirals</p> <p>A12.4.5 Anti-inflammatories</p> <p>A12.4.6 Hormones</p> <p>o A12.5 Vaccines</p> <p>o A12.6 Immune Stimulants</p> <p>o A12.7 Critical Care</p> <p>A12.7.1 Resuscitation of a Non-responsive Fish</p> <p>A12.7.2 Fluid Therapy</p> <p>o A12.8 Legislation</p> <p>A12.8.1 International Legislation</p> <p>A12.8.2 Legislation in the United States</p> <p>A12.8.3 Legislation in Europe</p> <p>o A12.9 Conclusion</p> <p>- Chapter A13 - Environmental Considerations of Immersion Medications</p> <p>o A13.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A13.2 Impacts of Water Chemistry on Immersion Medication</p> <p>o A13.3 Effects of Water Clarification and Disinfection on Immersion Medications</p> <p>o A13.4 Effects of Immersion Medications on the Biological Filtration</p> <p>o A13.5 Microbiome Effects</p> <p>o A13.6 Effects on Target and Non-target Species</p> <p>o A13.7 Medication Assays</p> <p>o A13.8 Diving or Swimming in Medicated Water</p> <p>o A13.9 Disposal of Medicated Water</p> <p>A13.9.1 Discharge to Municipal Sanitary Sewer</p> <p>A13.9.2 Discharge to a Natural Body of Water</p> <p>A13.9.3 Return to the Institution’s Water System</p> <p>A13.9.4 Biotic or Abiotic Removal or Destruction of the Medication</p> <p>A13.9.5 Transfer to an Evaporation Pond</p> <p>o A13.10 Record-keeping</p> <p>o A13.11 Specific Drug Examples</p> <p>A13.11.1 Formalin</p> <p>A13.11.2 Trichlorfon or Metrifonate</p> <p>A13.11.3 Praziquantel</p> <p>A13.11.4 Copper Sulfate, Chelated Copper</p> <p>A13.11.5 Chloroquine</p> <p>- Chapter A14 - Acquisition and Transport</p> <p>o A14.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A14.2 Source and Sustainability</p> <p>A14.2.1 Cultured or Previously Wild-Caught Fish</p> <p>A14.2.2 Recently Wild-Caught Fish</p> <p>o A14.3 General Principles of Acquisition and Transport</p> <p>o A14.4 Preparation</p> <p>A14.4.1 Risk Assessment</p> <p>A14.4.2 Pre-shipment Conditioning</p> <p>A14.4.3 Mock Transports</p> <p>A14.4.4 Feeding and Fasting</p> <p>o A14.5 Catch and Handling Recommendations</p> <p>A14.5.1 Aquarium or Pond Bony Fish</p> <p>A14.5.2 Aquarium Cartilaginous Fish</p> <p>A14.5.3 Free-ranging Bony Fish</p> <p>A14.5.4 Free-ranging Cartilaginous Fish</p> <p>o A14.6 Transport Containers</p> <p>A14.6.1 Shipping Bags</p> <p>A14.6.2 Rigid Transport Containers</p> <p>A14.6.3 Additives</p> <p>A14.6.4 Temperature Control</p> <p>A14.6.5 Filtration and Monitoring Systems</p> <p>A14.6.6 Staffing and Medical Intervention</p> <p>o A14.7 Transport Options</p> <p>A14.7.1 By Road</p> <p>A14.7.2 By Air</p> <p>A14.7.3 By Boat</p> <p>A14.7.4 By Parcel Carrier</p> <p>o A14.8 Acclimation on Arrival</p> <p>o A14.9 Legislation</p> <p>o A14.10 Conclusion</p> <p>- Chapter A15 - Quarantine </p> <p>o A15.1 Introduction</p> <p>o A15.2 Critical Components</p> <p>A15.2.1 Acquisition Planning</p> <p>A15.2.2 Isolation and Biosecurity</p> <p>A15.2.3 Environmental Conditions</p> <p>A15.2.4 Close Monitoring</p> <p>A15.2.5 Diagnostics and Treatments</p> <p>A15.2.6 Accurate Records</p> <p>o A15.3 Risk Assessment Approach</p> <p>A15.3.1 Example 1: Quarantine of Koi for an Established Koi Pond</p> <p>A15.3.2 Example 2: Quarantine of Neon Tetras for a New Home Aquarium</p> <p>A15.3.3 Example 3: Quarantine of a Group of Tropical Marine Teleosts for a Display Aquarium</p> <p>A15.3.4 Example 4: Quarantine of Pelagic, Ram-ventilating Shark for a Display Aquarium</p> <p>A15.3.5 Example 5: Quarantine of Tilapia for an Established Tilapia Culture Facility</p> <p>o A15.4 Training and Enrichment</p> <p>o A15.5 ‘Failing’ Quarantine</p> <p>o A15.6 Clearing Quarantine</p> <p>o A15.7 Reviewing Quarantine Results</p> <p>SECTION B Presenting Problems</p> <p>- B1 Acute Mortalities in a Group</p> <p>- B2 Respiratory or Cardiovascular Signs</p> <p>o B2.1 Dyspnea and Tachypnea</p> <p>o B2.2 Gill Pallor</p> <p>- B3 Cutaneous Signs</p> <p>o B3.1 Red/Erosive Skin Lesions</p> <p>o B3.2 White Skin Lesions</p> <p>o B3.3 Dark Skin Lesions</p> <p>o B3.4 Pruritus</p> <p>- B4 Gastrointestinal or Coelomic Signs</p> <p>o B4.1 Inappetence, Weight Loss</p> <p>o B4.2 Coelomic Distension</p> <p>o B4.3 Dental Disease</p> <p>o B4.4 Cloacal/Anal Distension or Prolapse</p> <p>- B5 Musculoskeletal or Neurologic Signs</p> <p>o B5.1 Spinal Deformity</p> <p>o B5.2 External Masses</p> <p>o B5.3 Circling or Spiraling</p> <p>o B5.4 Positive Buoyancy</p> <p>o B5.5 Negative Buoyancy</p> <p>- B6 Ocular Signs</p> <p>o B6.1 Exophthalmos or Buphthalmos</p> <p>o B6.2 Ocular Opacity</p> <p>SECTION C</p> <p>- C1 Non-Infectious Diseases (Environmental)</p> <p>o C1.1 Low Dissolved Oxygen</p> <p>o C1.2 Gas Supersaturation</p> <p>o C1.3 Barotrauma</p> <p>o C1.4 Temperature Stress</p> <p>o C1.5 pH Stress</p> <p>o C1.6 Ammonia Toxicity</p> <p>o C1.7 Nitrite Toxicity</p> <p>o C1.8 Nitrate Toxicity</p> <p>o C1.9 Chlorine and Chloramine Toxicity</p> <p>o C1.10 Heavy Metal Toxicity</p> <p>o C1.11 Hydrogen Sulfide Toxicity</p> <p>o C1.12 Organophosphate and Carbamate Toxicity</p> <p>- C2 Non-Infectious Diseases (Other)</p> <p>o C2.1 Physical Trauma</p> <p>o C2.2 Electrical Trauma</p> <p>o C2.3 Exertional Myopathy</p> <p>o C2.4 Lateral Line Depigmentation </p> <p>o C2.5 Thyroid Hyperplasia (Goiter)</p> <p>o C2.6 Mucometra and Ovarian Cysts</p> <p>o C2.7 Egg Retention or Egg Binding</p> <p>o C2.8 Dystocia</p> <p>o C2.9 Cataracts</p> <p>o C2.10 Lipid Keratopathy (Corneal Lipidosis)</p> <p>o C2.11 Obesity</p> <p>o C2.12 Micronutrient Deficiency</p> <p>o C2.13 Gastrointestinal Foreign Bodies</p> <p>o C2.14 Neoplasia</p> <p>- C3 Viral Diseases</p> <p>o C3.1 Viral Diseases (General)</p> <p>o C3.2 Cyprinid Herpesviruses</p> <p>o C3.3 Ictalurid Herpesviruses</p> <p>o C3.4 Rhabdoviruses</p> <p>o C3.5 Birnaviruses</p> <p>o C3.6 Pox Viruses</p> <p>o C3.7 Lymphocystiviruses</p> <p>o C3.8 Ranaviruses</p> <p>o C3.9 Megalocytiviruses</p> <p>o C3.10 Orthomyxoviruses</p> <p>o C3.11 Betanodaviruses</p> <p>- C4 Bacterial Diseases</p> <p>o C4.1 Bacterial Diseases (General)</p> <p>o C4.2 Aeromonas salmonicida</p> <p>o C4.3 Motile Aeromonad Septicemia</p> <p>o C4.4 Vibriosis</p> <p>o C4.5 Enteric Septicemia of Catfish</p> <p>o C4.6 Edwardsiellosis</p> <p>o C4.7 Columnaris and Flexibacteriosis</p> <p>o C4.8 Flavobacterium psychrophilum</p> <p>o C4.9 Yersiniosis</p> <p>o C4.10 Streptococcosis</p> <p>o C4.11 Renibacterium salmoninarum</p> <p>o C4.12 Mycobacteriosis</p> <p>o C4.13 Nocardiosis</p> <p>o C4.14 Epitheliocystis</p> <p>o C4.15 Francisellosis</p> <p>o C4.16 Piscirickettsiosis</p> <p>- C5 Fungal and Fungal-Like Diseases</p> <p>o C5.1 Oomycota (Saprolegniasis)</p> <p>o C5.2 Exophiala spp.</p> <p>o C5.3 Fusarium spp.</p> <p>o C5.4 Microsporidia</p> <p>o C5.5 Mesomycetozoa (DRIPs)</p> <p>- C6 Protozoal Diseases</p> <p>o C6.1 Ichthyophthirius multifiliis</p> <p>o C6.2 Cryptocaryon irritans</p> <p>o C6.3 Chilodonella spp.</p> <p>o C6.4 Brooklynella spp.</p> <p>o C6.5 Scuticociliates</p> <p>o C6.6 Trichodinids</p> <p>o C6.7 Sessile Ciliates</p> <p>o C6.8 Cryptobia spp.</p> <p>o C6.9 Ichthyobodo spp.</p> <p>o C6.10 Spironucleus and Hexamita spp.</p> <p>o C6.11 Amyloodinium and Piscinoodinium spp.</p> <p>o C6.12 Amoebic Gill Disease</p> <p>- C7 Metazoan Diseases</p> <p>o C7.1 Monogeneans (General)</p> <p>o C7.2 Capsalid Monogeneans</p> <p>o C7.3 Dactylogyrid Monogeneans</p> <p>o C7.4 Gyrodactylid Monogeneans</p> <p>o C7.5 Monocotylid Monogeneans</p> <p>o C7.6 Microbothriid Monogeneans</p> <p>o C7.7 Polyopisthocotyle Monogeneans</p> <p>o C7.8 Digenes (Excluding Blood Flukes)</p> <p>o C7.9 Digenes (Blood Flukes)</p> <p>o C7.10 Turbellaria</p> <p>o C7.11 Cestodes</p> <p>o C7.12 Leeches</p> <p>o C7.13 Ascarid Nematodes</p> <p>o C7.14 Camallanid Nematodes</p> <p>o C7.15 Philometrid Nematodes</p> <p>o C7.16 Anguillicolid Nematodes</p> <p>o C7.17 Trichosomonoidid Nematodes</p> <p>o C7.18 Pentastomids</p> <p>o C7.19 Acanthocephalans</p> <p>o C7.20 Copepods</p> <p>o C7.21 Isopods</p> <p>o C7.22 Branchiurans</p> <p>- C8 Myxozoan and Coccidial Diseases</p> <p>o C8.1 Myxozoan (General)</p> <p>o C8.2 Enteromyxum spp.</p> <p>o C8.3 Henneguya spp.</p> <p>o C8.4 Myxobolus spp.</p> <p>o C8.5 Ceratonova and Ceratomyxa spp.</p> <p>o C8.6 Hoferellus spp.</p> <p>o C8.7 Kudoa spp.</p> <p>o C8.8 Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae</p> <p>o C8.9 Eimeria spp.</p> <p>o C8.10 Cryptosporidium spp.</p> <p>-</p> <p>Appendices</p> <p>o Appendix 1 – Conversions</p> <p>o Appendix 2 – Common Disinfectants</p> <p>o Appendix 3 – Fish Diagnostic Laboratories in the USA, by state</p> <p>o Appendix 4 – Veterinary Training Programs in Aquatic Animal Medicine</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p>
<p><b>The editors</b></p><p><b>Catherine Hadfield,</b> MA, VetMB, MRCVS, DACZM, DECZM (Zoo Health Management), is the Senior Veterinarian at the Seattle Aquarium in Seattle, Washington, USA.</p><p><b>Leigh Clayton</b>, DVM, DABVP (Avian Practice and Amphibian and Reptile Practice), eMBA, is the Vice President of Animal Care at the New England Aquarium in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.</p>
<p>Designed as a practical resource, <i>Clinical Guide to Fish Medicine</i> provides an evidence-based approach to the veterinary care of fish. This guide—written and edited by experts in the field—contains essential information on husbandry, diagnostics, and case management of bony and cartilaginous fish.</p><p>This important resource:</p><ul><li>Provides clinically relevant information on topics such as anatomy, water quality, life-support systems, nutrition, behavioral training, clinical examination, clinical pathology, diagnostic imaging, necropsy techniques, anesthesia and analgesia, surgery, medical treatment, and transport</li><li>Describes common presenting problems of fish, including possible differentials and practical approaches</li><li>Reviews key information on non-infectious and infectious diseases of fish in a concise format that is easily accessible in a clinical setting</li></ul><p>Written for veterinarians, biologists, technicians, specialists, and students, <i>Clinical Guide to Fish Medicine</i> offers a comprehensive review of veterinary medicine of fish.</p>

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