Cellulose Based CompositesNew Green Nanomaterials
Aimed at researchers involved in this emerging field in both academia and industry, this book is unique in its focus on cellulose nanofibers, especially nano-composites, nanomoities and other plant based-resins and their composites. Despite its concise presentation, this handbook and ready reference provides a complete overview, containing such important topics as electrospinning, isolation, characterization and deposition of metallic nanoparticles.
Preface SECTION I: Cellulose Nanofiber- and Macrofiber Based Composites CELLULOSE-NANOFIBER-BASED MATERIALS Introduction The Percolation and Entanglement Phenomena of Cellulose Nanofibers Cellulose-Nanofiber-Based Materials Extraction of Cellulose Nanofibers Cellulose-Nanofiber-Based Materials for Structural and Semistructural Applications Optically Transparent Materials Reinforced with Cellulose Nanofibers Green Cellulose-Nanofiber-Based Materials Future Prospects FABRICATION AND EVALUATION OF CELLULOSE-NANOFIBER-REINFORCED GREEN COMPOSITES Introduction Cellulose Nanofiber Preparation of Cellulose Nanofibers Fabrication of Cellulose-Nanofiber-Reinforced Composites Properties of Cellulose-Nanofiber-Reinforced Composites Summary CELLULOSE MICROFIBRILS ISOLATED FROM MUSACEAE FIBROUS RESIDUES Introduction Vascular Bundles Isolation and Purification of Cellulose Microfibrils from Vascular Bundles Chemical Characterization of Cellulose Microfibrils Structure and Morphology of Cellulose Microfibrils Thermal Behavior of Cellulose Microfibrils Conclusions Materials and Methods NANOCOMPOSITES BASED ON MATRICES EXTRACTED FROM VEGETABLE OILS AND BACTERIAL CELLULOSE Introduction Vegetable Oils Bacterial Cellulose Bacterial and Plant-Based Cellulose Nanocomposites with Polymer Matrices Applications NANO- AND MICROFIBER COMPOSITES REINFORCED WITH CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTALS Introduction Cellulose Nanocrystals Electrospinning Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNs) for the Production of Composites Electrospun Nanofibers Reinforced with CNs Applications of CN-Based Composites Conclusions HYDROLYTIC DEGRADATION OF NANOCOMPOSITE FIBERS ELECTROSPUN FROM POLY(LACTIC ACID)/CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTALS Introduction Experiments Results and Discussion Conclusions SECTION II: Cellulose-Fiber-Based Composites ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY "GREEN" RESINS AND ADVANCED GREEN COMPOSITES Introduction Experimental Results and Discussion Conclusions TOUGHENING AND STRENGTHENING OF NATURAL FIBER GREEN COMPOSITES Introduction Preloading Effect Effect of Alkali Treatment Conclusion COMPOSITES OF NANOCELLULOSE AND LIGNIN-LIKE POLYMERS Introduction Experimental Results and Discussion Conclusions BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MATERIALS FROM PROTEINS PRODUCED BY THE ANIMAL COPRODUCTS INDUSTRY: BLOODMEAL Introduction Materials and Experimental Procedures Results and Discussion Conclusions SECTION III: Cellulose and Other Nanoparticles BIOCOMPOSITES MADE FROM BOVINE BONE AND CRYSTALS OF SILVER AND PLATINUM Introduction Bovine Bone - Platinum Composites Bovine Bone - Silver Composites Conclusions BIO-INSPIRED SYNTHESIS OF METAL NANOPARTICLES USING CELLULOSIC SUBSTRATES AS NATURE TEMPLATES Introduction Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles Using Wood as a Template Summary CONFORMAL COATING OF ANTIMICROBIAL SILVER NANOPARTICLES ON CATIONIC AND ANIONIC CELLULOSIC SUBSTRATES Introduction Preparation of Anionic and Cationic Cotton Fabrics Results and Discussion Conclusions WOOD/BIOPOLYMER/NANOCLAY COMPOSITES Biopolymers PLA/Clay Nanocomposites PLA/Wood Flour Composites PLA/Clay/Wood Composites Conclusions Index
Juan P. Hinestroza is Associate Professor of Fiber Science and directs the Textiles Nanotechnology Laboratory in the Department of Fiber Science & Apparel Design at the College of Human Ecology of Cornell University. Prior to pursuing doctoral studies, he worked as a process control engineer for The Dow Chemical Company. From 2007-2010, Professor Hinestroza was chair and organizer of sessions on natural and green composites for the Division of Cellulose and Renewable Materials of the American Chemical Society annual meetings. Professor Hinestroza has been the recipient of a many awards including the National Science Foundation CAREER award, the J.D. Watson Young Investigator award from the NY State Foundation for Science Technology and Innovation and the Educator of the Year Award from the Society of Professional Hispanic Engineers.Anil N. Netravali is Professor of Fiber Science in the Department of Fiber Science & Apparel Design at Cornell University. His main research is in the field of Fiber Reinforced Composites. In recent years he has made significant contributions in the area of sustainable 'Green' composites and materials. He is a member of the American Chemical Society, the American Nano Society and The Fiber Society. He was the recipient of the Fiber Society Founder's Award in 2012. He serves as an adjunct faculty in the Dept. of Materials Science & Engineering at Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL and Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM), Manaus, Brazil. He serves on the Editorial Advisory Boards of several research journals including Composites Science and Technology, Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, Journal of Renewable Materials, Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives, Fibers, Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics and Textile Research Journal
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