Details

Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics


Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics

From Molecules to Man
1. Aufl.

von: Boyan B. Bonev, Nicholas M. Brown

91,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 14.03.2019
ISBN/EAN: 9781119558224
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 288

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Beschreibungen

AN AUTHORITATIVE SURVEY OF CURRENT RESEARCH INTO CLINICALLY USEFUL CONVENTIONAL AND NONCONVENTIONAL ANTIBIOTIC THERAPEUTICS Pharmaceutically-active antibiotics revolutionized the treatment of infectious diseases, leading to decreased mortality and increased life expectancy. However, recent years have seen an alarming rise in the number and frequency of antibiotic-resistant "Superbugs." The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that over two million antibiotic-resistant infections occur in the United States annually, resulting in approximately 23,000 deaths. Despite the danger to public health, a minimal number of new antibiotic drugs are currently in development or in clinical trials by major pharmaceutical companies. To prevent reverting back to the pre-antibiotic era—when diseases caused by parasites or infections were virtually untreatable and frequently resulted in death—new and innovative approaches are needed to combat the increasing resistance of pathogenic bacteria to antibiotics. Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics – From Molecules to Man examines the current state and future direction of research into developing clinically-useful next-generation novel antibiotics. An internationally-recognized team of experts cover topics including glycopeptide antibiotic resistance, anti-tuberculosis agents, anti-virulence therapies, tetracyclines, the molecular and structural determinants of resistance, and more. Presents a multidisciplinary approach for the optimization of novel antibiotics for maximum potency, minimal toxicity, and appropriated degradability Highlights critical aspects that may relieve the problematic medical situation of antibiotic resistance Includes an overview of the genetic and molecular mechanisms of antibiotic resistance Addresses contemporary issues of global public health and longevity Includes full references, author remarks, and color illustrations, graphs, and charts Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics – From Molecules to Man is a valuable source of up-to-date information for medical practitioners, researchers, academics, and professionals in public health, pharmaceuticals, microbiology, and related fields.
List of Contributors vii Preface ix Foreword xiiiAda Yonath 1 Molecular Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance – Part I 1Alison J. Baylay, Laura J.V. Piddock, and Mark A. Webber 2 Molecular Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance – Part II 27Liam K.R. Sharkey and Alex J. O’Neill 3 Resistance to Glycopeptide Antibiotics 51François Lebreton and Vincent Cattoir 4 Resistance and Tolerance to Aminoglycosides 81Wendy W.K. Mok and Mark P. Brynildsen 5 Tetracyclines: Mode of Action and their Bacterial Mechanisms of Resistance 101Marilyn C. Roberts 6 Fluoroquinolone Resistance 125Karl Drlica, Xilin Zhao, Muhammad Malik, Hiroshi Hiasa, Arkady Mustaev, and Robert Kerns 7 Dihydropteroate Synthase (Sulfonamides) and Dihydrofolate Reductase Inhibitors 163Clemente Capasso and Claudiu T. Supuran 8 Anti?tuberculosis Agents 173Ying Zhang 9 Multidrug Resistance 201Robert L. Marshall and Vassiliy N. Bavro 10 Anti?virulence Therapies Through Potentiating ROS in Bacteria 239Kristin J. Adolfsen and Mark P. Brynildsen Index 255
BOYAN B. BONEV is Associate Professor in Biophysics and Structural Biology, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, UK. Dr. Bonev heads the Biomembrane NMR labs and is co-Director of the Dynamic Nuclear Magnetization Facility. NICHOLAS M. BROWN is clinical lead for medical microbiology at Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge. He is previous President and current Director of Public and Professional Engagement, British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (BSAC).
AN AUTHORITATIVE SURVEY OF CURRENT RESEARCH INTO CLINICALLY USEFUL CONVENTIONAL AND NONCONVENTIONAL ANTIBIOTIC THERAPEUTICS Pharmaceutically-active antibiotics revolutionized the treatment of infectious diseases, leading to decreased mortality and increased life expectancy. However, recent years have seen an alarming rise in the number and frequency of antibiotic-resistant "Superbugs." The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that over two million antibiotic-resistant infections occur in the United States annually, resulting in approximately 23,000 deaths. Despite the danger to public health, a minimal number of new antibiotic drugs are currently in development or in clinical trials by major pharmaceutical companies. To prevent reverting back to the pre-antibiotic era—when diseases caused by parasites or infections were virtually untreatable and frequently resulted in death—new and innovative approaches are needed to combat the increasing resistance of pathogenic bacteria to antibiotics. Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics – From Molecules to Man examines the current state and future direction of research into developing clinically-useful next-generation novel antibiotics. An internationally-recognized team of experts cover topics including glycopeptide antibiotic resistance, anti-tuberculosis agents, anti-virulence therapies, tetracyclines, the molecular and structural determinants of resistance, and more. Presents a multidisciplinary approach for the optimization of novel antibiotics for maximum potency, minimal toxicity, and appropriated degradability Highlights critical aspects that may relieve the problematic medical situation of antibiotic resistance Includes an overview of the genetic and molecular mechanisms of antibiotic resistance Addresses contemporary issues of global public health and longevity Includes full references, author remarks, and color illustrations, graphs, and charts Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics – From Molecules to Man is a valuable source of up-to-date information for medical practitioners, researchers, academics, and professionals in public health, pharmaceuticals, microbiology, and related fields.

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