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Amino Acids and Proteins in Fossil Biominerals


Amino Acids and Proteins in Fossil Biominerals

An Introduction for Archaeologists and Palaeontologists
Analytical Methods in Earth and Environmental Science 1. Aufl.

von: Beatrice Demarchi

76,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 12.06.2020
ISBN/EAN: 9781119089544
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 144

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Beschreibungen

<p><b>AMINO ACIDS AND PROTEINS IN FOSSIL BIOMINERALS</b> <p><b>An essential cross-disciplinary guide to the proteins that form biominerals and that are preserved in the fossil record</b>?? <p><i>Amino Acids and Proteins in Fossil Biominerals</i> is an authoritative guide to the patterns of survival and degradation of ancient biomolecules in the fossil record. The author brings together new research in biomineralization and ancient proteins to describe mechanisms of protein diagenesis. <p>The book draws on the author's experiences as well as current information from three research fields: geochemistry, archaeology and Quaternary sciences. The author examines the history of the study of ancient proteins, from the dating of Quaternary biominerals to the present advances in shotgun proteomics, and discusses their applications across archaeology, geology and evolutionary biology. <p>This important guide:?? <ul> <li>Explores the main components of biominerals</li> <li>Describes the breakdown of proteins in fossils</li> <li>Reviews the applications of ancient protein studies</li> </ul> <p>Written for students and researchers of biomolecular archaeology and palaeontology, <i>Amino Acids and Proteins in Fossil Biominerals</i> provides a cross-disciplinary guide to the proteins responsible for the formation of biominerals and to the survival of biomolecules in the archaeological and palaeontological record. <p>This book forms one volume of the popular New Analytical Methods in Earth and Environmental Science Series.
<p>Preface vii</p> <p>Acknowledgements ix</p> <p><b>1 </b><b>Biominerals and the Fossil Record 1</b></p> <p>Why Study Old Biominerals? 1</p> <p>What are Biominerals? 4</p> <p>How and Why are Biominerals Formed? 5</p> <p>‘Biomineralization Toolkit’: From Proteins to Proteomes 8</p> <p>Fossil Biominerals, Fossil Proteomes 12</p> <p>References 16</p> <p><b>2 </b><b>Mechanisms of Degradation and Survival 23</b></p> <p>Introduction 23</p> <p>Hydrolysis 27</p> <p>Racemization 31</p> <p>Decomposition and Other Diagenesis-induced Modifications 35</p> <p>References 38</p> <p><b>3 </b><b>Proteins in Fossil Biominerals 43</b></p> <p>Bone and Other Collagen-based Hard Tissues 43</p> <p>Tooth 45</p> <p>Eggshell 47</p> <p>Mollusc Shell 51</p> <p>Other Substrates 57</p> <p>References 63</p> <p><b>4 </b><b>Chiral Amino Acids: Geochronology and Other Applications 71</b></p> <p>Dating the Quaternary (Pleistocene and Holocene) 71</p> <p>Principles of AAR Dating 76</p> <p>Measuring D/L Values 78</p> <p>Factors Affecting D/L Values 82</p> <p>Aminostratigraphy 87</p> <p>Aminochronology 92</p> <p>Palaeothermometry 97</p> <p>Testing the Suitability of Biominerals for Geochemical Analyses 98</p> <p>Taxonomic Identification 99</p> <p>Appendix: Practical Tips on How to Plan and Conduct an AAR Study 100</p> <p>References 104</p> <p><b>5 </b><b>Ancient Protein Sequences 113</b></p> <p>Ancient Protein Analysis by Mass Spectrometry 113</p> <p>Ancient Proteins: Past and Future 120</p> <p>References 122</p> <p>Index 127</p>
<p><b>Beatrice Demarchi, PhD,</b> is a biomolecular archaeologist in the Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
<p><b>AMINO ACIDS AND PROTEINS IN FOSSIL BIOMINERALS</b> <p><b>An essential cross-disciplinary guide to the proteins that form biominerals and that are preserved in the fossil record</b>?? <p><i>Amino Acids and Proteins in Fossil Biominerals</i> is an authoritative guide to the patterns of survival and degradation of ancient biomolecules in the fossil record. The author brings together new research in biomineralization and ancient proteins to describe mechanisms of protein diagenesis. <p>The book draws on the author's experiences as well as current information from three research fields: geochemistry, archaeology and Quaternary sciences. The author examines the history of the study of ancient proteins, from the dating of Quaternary biominerals to the present advances in shotgun proteomics, and discusses their applications across archaeology, geology and evolutionary biology. <p>This important guide:?? <ul> <li>Explores the main components of biominerals</li> <li>Describes the breakdown of proteins in fossils</li> <li>Reviews the applications of ancient protein studies</li> </ul> <p>Written for students and researchers of biomolecular archaeology and palaeontology, <i>Amino Acids and Proteins in Fossil Biominerals</i> provides a cross-disciplinary guide to the proteins responsible for the formation of biominerals and to the survival of biomolecules in the archaeological and palaeontological record. <p>This book forms one volume of the popular New Analytical Methods in Earth and Environmental Science Series.

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