A Companion to Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover
Wiley Blackwell Companions to American History 1. Aufl.
With the analysis of the best scholars on this era, 29 essays demonstrate how academics then and now have addressed the political, economic, diplomatic, cultural, ethnic, and social history of the presidents of the Republican Era of 1921-1933 - Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover. This is the first historiographical treatment of a long-neglected period, ranging from early treatments to the most recent scholarship Features review essays on the era, including the legacy of progressivism in an age of “normalcy”, the history of American foreign relations after World War I, and race relations in the 1920s, as well as coverage of the three presidential elections and a thorough treatment of the causes and consequences of the Great Depression An introduction by the editor provides an overview of the issues, background and historical problems of the time, and the personalities at play
List of Illustrations viii Notes on Contributors ix Acknowledgments xiv Introduction 1 Katherine A.S. Sibley Part I The Background of Progressivism 7 1 The Wilson Legacy, Domestic and International 9 Christopher McKnight Nichols 2 Progressivism in an Age of Normalcy: Women’s Rights, Civil Service, Veterans’ Benefits, and Child Welfare 34 John F. Fox, Jr. 3 US Foreign Relations under Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover: Power and Constraint 53 Alex Goodall Part II Warren G. Harding and the Early 1920s 77 4 Harding Biographies 79 Justin P. Coffey 5 The Front Porch Campaign and the Election of Harding 94 Richard G. Frederick 6 The Harding Presidency: Scandals, Legacy, and Memory 112 Phillip G. Payne 7 The Opposition: Labor, Liquor, and Democrats 132 Kristoffer Shields 8 No Immigrants or Radicals Need Apply: Varieties of Nativism in 1920s America 151 Alexander Pavuk 9 New Technologies, Communication, and Mass Consumption 170 Jason N. Brock and R. Emmett Sullivan Part III Calvin Coolidge and His Era 191 10 The Biographical Legacy of Calvin Coolidge and the 1924 Presidential Election 193 Jason Roberts 11 From “Coolidge Prosperity” to “Voluntary Associationalism”: Andrew Mellon, Herbert Hoover, and America’s Political Economy in the Republican-Era 1920s 212 Daniel Michael Du Bois 12 Country and City, 1921–1933: Fundamentalism, the Scopes Trial, Urbanization and Suburbanization, and the Middletown Study 232 Scott A. Merriman 13 Native Americans: Experiences and Culture 251 Mary Stockwell 14 Military Interventions in the Coolidge Administration: Latin America and Asia 270 Theodore J. Zeman 15 Race Relations and the Consequences of the Great Migration 291 Carol Jackson Adams 16 Eugenics, Immigration Restriction, and the Birth Control Movements 313 Ruth Clifford Engs 17 Popular Culture during the “Jazz Age” and After 338 Jennifer Frost 18 Sports and Pastimes in the 1920s 358 Martin C. Babicz Part IV Herbert Hoover and His Era 377 19 Hoover Biographies and Hoover Revisionism 379 Brian E. Birdnow 20 The Election of 1928 397 Nicholas Siekierski and Richard G. Frederick 21 The Economic Historiography of the Great Depression (1929–1933) 417 Daniel A. Schiffman 22 The Worsening of the Great Depression: Hoovervilles, Farm Troubles, Bank Crises 444 Derek S. Hoff 23 Hoover’s Vision and His Response to the Great Depression: Voluntary Efforts; Public Works; the Gold Standard; the RFC; the Farm Board; Hoover’s Reputation 465 Glen Jeansonne 24 Herbert Hoover’s Diplomacy Toward Latin America 484 Paul Kahan 25 Ironies of Character: Hoover’s Foreign Policy with Asia 502 Michael E. Chapman 26 Women and Minorities 522 Nancy Beck Young Part V In Retrospect 543 27 Historians’ Views of the Republican Era: Was Roosevelt an Entirely New Turn? 545 Justus D. Doenecke Index 567
“Anyone interested in the Harding-Coolidge-Hoover era will find this volume an indispensable resource. Impressively thorough, and panoramic in scope, it is a model of historiographical scholarship.” (Expofairs, 15 September 2015)
Katherine A.S. Sibley is Professor of History at Saint Joseph’s University, USA. She is the author of four books, most recently First Lady Florence Harding: Behind the Tragedy and Controversy (2009) and Red Spies in America: Stolen Secrets and the Dawn of the Cold War (2004). Professor Sibley is also editing a forthcoming Companion on first ladies, and serves on the editorial board of American Communist History as well as on the Historical Advisory Committee for the US State Department.
The three presidents of the Republican era of 1921–1933—Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover—have frequently been caricatured, defamed, or dismissed in popular history. This Companion provides a historiographical approach to these administrations and the country they governed. Top experts on this era provide 27 essays that fully demonstrate how scholars have addressed and debated the political, economic, diplomatic, cultural, ethnic, and social history of this period, and how historians have wrestled with the controversial figures and issues of this age. The text includes chapters on popular culture, technology, eugenics, nativism, and the biographical treatment of the presidents and first ladies of the era.
“Anyone interested in the Harding-Coolidge-Hoover era will find this volume an indispensable resource. Impressively thorough, and panoramic in scope, it is a model of historiographical scholarship.” –George H. Nash, author of The Life of Herbert Hoover, vols. 1-3 “A well-edited volume of lively and informative essays about three oft-neglected Republican presidents. Highly recommended for high-school and college libraries.” –Lewis L. Gould, Professor Emeritus, University of Texas at Austin
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