Details

A Companion to the History of the Middle East


A Companion to the History of the Middle East


Wiley Blackwell Companions to World History 1. Aufl.

von: Youssef M. Choueiri

43,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 15.04.2008
ISBN/EAN: 9781405152044
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 624

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Beschreibungen

A Companion to the History of the Middle East offers a fresh account of the multifaceted and multi-layered history of this region. A fresh account of the multifaceted and multi-layered history of the Middle East Comprises 26 newly-commissioned essays by leading international scholars Primarily focused on the modern and contemporary periods Covers religious, social, cultural, economic, political and military history Treats the region as four differentiated political units – Iran, Turkey, Israel and the Arab world Includes a section on current issues, such as oil, urban growth, the role of women, and democratic human rights
List of Illustrations viii List of Maps ix List of Tables x Notes on Contributors xi Preface and Acknowledgments xv Introduction 1Youssef M. Choueiri PART I THE FORMATIVE PERIOD OF ISLAM 1 The Rise of Islam 9Gerald R. Hawting 2 The Islamic Conquests 28Fred M. Donner 3 The Caliphate 52Hugh Kennedy PART II CULTURAL TRADITIONS AND SOCIAL STRUCTURE 4 The "Ulama" : Status and Function 71Zouhair Ghazzal 5 Shi'ism 87Robert Gleave 6 Historiography of Sufi Studies in the West 106Alexander Knysh PART III IMPERIAL STRUCTURES AND DYNASTIC RULE 7 Military Patronage States and the Political Economy of the Frontier, 1000–1250 135Michael Chamberlain 8 The Mamluk Institution 154P. M. Holt 9 North Africa: State and Society, 1056–1659 170Michael Brett PART IV A NEW MIDDLE EASTERN SYSTEM 10 Ottomans and Safavids: States, Statecraft, and Societies, 1500–1800 191Metin Kunt 11 Urban Life and Middle Eastern Cities: The Traditional Arab City 207André Raymond (translated James McDougall) PART V THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE NEW WORLD ORDER 12 A Different Balance of Power: Europe and the Middle East in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries 229Abdul-Karim Rafeq 13 Colonialism, the Ottomans, the Qajars, and the Struggle for Independence: The Arab World, Turkey, and Iran 248Peter Sluglett PART VI INDEPENDENCE AND NATION BUILDING 14 Zionism and the Palestine Question 269Emma C. Murphy 15 Nationalisms in the Middle East: The Case of Pan-Arabism 291Youssef M. Choueiri 16 Turkish and Iranian Nationalisms 313Ioannis N. Grigoriadis and Ali M. Ansari 17 Political Parties and Trade Unions 334Raymond Hinnebusch 18 Political Life and the Military 355Gareth Stansfield 19 Political Economy: From Modernization to Globalization 372Simon Murden PART VII MODERN ISSUES AND CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES 20 Islamic Urbanism, Urbanites, and the Middle Eastern City 393Michael E. Bonine 21 Oil and Development 407Paul Stevens 22 Modernizing Women in the Middle East 425Valentine M. Moghadam 23 Politics and Religion 444Beverley Milton-Edwards 24 Ethnonational Minorities in the Middle East: Berbers, Kurds, and Palestinians 462Lise Storm 25 Civil Society in the Middle East 486Tim Niblock 26 The States-system in the Middle East: Origins, Development, and Prospects 504Simon Bromley Bibliography 534 Index 582
?Conceived with the most recent scholarly efforts in mind this Companion to the History of the Middle East includes a balanced collection of essays on subjects from the early Islamic to the contemporary periods covering the Arab World, Iran, Turkey and Israel.? (Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies , May 2009) "Youssef M. Choueiri is to be admired for assembling a group of contributors with genuine expertise in their respective fields and producing a lively and interesting collection of essays dealing with Middle East history from the rise of Islam to the present. General readers will be provided with a stimulating introduction to some key issues in Middle East history." History "Few books could cover the range of topics presented here and even fewer shed so much light on the complexities associated with the birth of the modern Middle East. One can almost feel the wisdom of the contributing authors, and must acknowledge the success of Youssef Choueiri's strategy of making this much more than a history book." Journal of Islamic Studies "[A] worthy volume. It is recommended for both specialist collections ... as well as for its natural home, the academic library." Reference Reviews
Youssef M. Choueiri is Reader in Islamic Studies at the University of Manchester. He has lectured on Middle Eastern history in the US and Australia, as well as in the UK. His previous publications include Islamic Fundamentalism (1997), Arab Nationalism (Blackwell Publishing, 2000), and Modern Arab Historiography (2003).
A Companion to the History of the Middle East offers a fresh account of the multifaceted and multi-layered history of this region. Comprising 26 newly commissioned essays by leading international scholars, this companion treats the Middle East as four differentiated political units – Iran, Turkey, Israel, and the Arab world. While focused primarily on the modern and contemporary periods, it also includes a number of chapters on classical and pre-modern themes. Topics are situated within a chronological framework and include the rise of Islam, the militarization of Islam under a wide variety of dynasties, the commercial and industrial revolutions, colonial rule, and the struggle for independence. A final section highlights issues that have preoccupied historians in the second half of the twentieth century, and are most likely to gain momentum well into the twenty-first. These range from oil and urban growth to the role of women and democratic human rights.
"Youssef M. Choueiri is to be admired for assembling a group of contributors with genuine expertise in their respective fields and producing a lively and interesting collection of essays dealing with Middle East history from the rise of Islam to the present. General readers will be provided with a stimulating introduction to some key issues in Middle East history." History "Few books could cover the range of topics presented here and even fewer shed so much light on the complexities associated with the birth of the modern Middle East. One can almost feel the wisdom of the contributing authors, and must acknowledge the success of Youssef Choueiri's strategy of making this much more than a history book." Journal of Islamic Studies "[A] worthy volume. It is recommended for both specialist collections ... as well as for its natural home, the academic library." Reference Reviews

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