A Companion to the History of American Science
Wiley Blackwell Companions to American History 1. Aufl.
A Companion to the History of American Science offers a collection of essays that give an authoritative overview of the most recent scholarship on the history of American science. Covers topics including astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, Big Science, military technology, and more Features contributions by the most accomplished scholars in the field of science history Covers pivotal events in U.S. history that shaped the development of science and science policy such as WWII, the Cold War, and the Women’s Rights movement
Notes on Contributors xi Introduction 1Georgina M. Montgomery and Mark A. Largent Part I Disciplines 7 1 Agricultural Sciences 9Samantha Noll 2 Anthropology 21Adrian Young 3 Astronomy and Astrophysics 33Peter J. Susalla 4 Chemistry 44Ann E. Robinson 5 Computer Science 55Stephanie Dick 6 Conservation Biology 69Christian C. Young 7 Economics 82Ross B. Emmett 8 Experimental Psychology 95Jim Wynter Porter 9 Genetics 110Melinda Gormley 10 Geophysics 120Matthew Shindell 11 Marine Biology 134Samantha Muka 12 Medical Genetics 147Andrew J. Hogan 13 Meteorology and Atmospheric Science 160James Bergman 14 Molecular and Cellular Biology 174Lijing Jiang 15 Nuclear, High Energy, and Solid State Physics 186Joseph D. Martin 16 Nutrition 199Jessica Mudry 17 Paleoanthropology and Human Evolution 213Matthew R. Goodrum 18 Paleontology 227Paul D. Brinkman 19 Ecology 241Gina Rumore 20 Sociobiology and Evolutionary Psychology 252Abraham H. Gibson and Michael Ruse 21 Sociology 263Sebasti ´an Gil-Ria˜no 22 Space and Planetary Sciences 276Erik M. Conway Part II Topics 289 23 Biotechnology 291Nathan Crowe 24 Darwinism 306Adam M. Goldstein 25 Science Education 320Adam R. Shapiro 26 Environmental Science 333Daniel Zizzamia 27 The American Eugenics Movement 345Christine Neejer 28 Evolution and Creation Debates 361Arthur Ward 29 Field and Laboratory 374Jeremy Vetter 30 Gender and Science 385Donald L. Opitz 31 The Germ Theory 397Jacob Steere-Williams 32 Instrumentation 408Sara J. Schechner 33 Science and Literature 420Stephen Rachman 34 Museums 431Amy Kohout 35 Natural History 444Pamela M. Henson 36 Nature Study 456Sally Gregory Kohlstedt 37 Science and Policy 468Kevin C. Elliott 38 Popularizing Science 479Constance Areson Clark 39 Science and Postcolonialism 491Banu Subramaniam 40 Racial Science 502Robert Bernasconi 41 Relativity in America 512Daniel Kennefick 42 Science and Religion 528Mark A. Waddell 43 Sex and Science 541Miriam G. Reumann 44 Zoos and Aquariums 553Christian C. Young Bibliography 566 Index 666
Georgina M. Montgomery is Associate Professor of Science History at Michigan State University. She is co-editor of Making Animal Meaning (2011) and author of Primates in the Real World: Escaping Primate Folklore and Creating Primate Science (2015). Mark A. Largent is Professor and Associate Dean of Lyman Briggs College at Michigan State University. He is the author of Vaccine: The Debate in Modern America (2012) and Breeding Contempt: The History of Coerced Sterilization in the United States (2007).
A COMPANION TO THE HISTORY OF AMERICAN SCIENCE "A Companion to the History of American Science is a fresh and much welcomed sourcebook presenting new interpretations of scientific disciplines and key topics that influenced American culture. It is a seminal contribution that will interest historians of science, Americanists, and scientists." Marsha L. Richmond, Wayne State University "A collaborative effort of established scholars and rising stars, this Companion brings together a wide-ranging array of entries to highlight the culture-bearing nature of science in the American context.Covering established themes such as the rise of disciplinary knowledge and the professionalization of science, to emerging trends like environmental studies and biotechnology, it is at once summative and forward-looking, both an accumulation of past approaches and a guide to the future of scholarship. It represents an unparalleled compendium of the most significant sub-discipline in the history of science." Michael Reidy, Montana State University A Companion to the History of American Science presents an authoritative overview of the most recent scholarship on the history of American science – from the intellectual curiosity of the Founding Fathers to the country's cutting-edge technological achievements in the 21st century. Featuring contributions from a wide range of established and emerging scholars in related scientific fields, essays explore specific sciences, the intersections of modern science and American society, and techno-science issues in American science historiography. Essays are written with an eye toward accessibility for students, scholars, and non-specialists alike, and cover topics ranging from astronomy, agriculture, biology, chemistry, ecology, and eugenics to relativity, military technology, Big Science, and many more. A key theme is the fundamental question of how the United States – with so few scientific resources and lagging far behind its European counterparts at the beginning of the 19th century – so rapidly developed into an influential and productive scientific community. A Companion to the History of American Science offers illuminating insights into the histories of various disciplines and important topics in the two-and-a half century narrative of scientific minds, policies, and events that transpired in the United States.
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