A Companion to Roman Religion
Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, Band 78 1. Aufl.
A comprehensive treatment of the significant symbols and institutions of Roman religion, this companion places the various religious symbols, discourses, and practices, including Judaism and Christianity, into a larger framework to reveal the sprawling landscape of the Roman religion. An innovative introduction to Roman religion Approaches the field with a focus on the human-figures instead of the gods Analyzes religious changes from the eighth century BC to the fourth century AD Offers the first history of religious motifs on coins and household/everyday utensils Presents Roman religion within its cultural, social, and historical contexts
List of Figures x List of Maps xiii Notes on Contributors xiv Acknowledgments xix Abbreviations xxi Maps xxviii 1 Roman Religion – Religions of Rome 1 Jörg Rüpke 2 Approaching Roman Religion: The Case for Wissenschaftsgeschichte 10 C. Robert Phillips, III Part I Changes 29 3 The Religion of Archaic Rome 31 Christopher Smith 4 Pre-Roman Italy, Before and Under the Romans 43 Olivier de Cazanove 5 Urban Religion in the Middle and Late Republic 58 Eric Orlin 6 Continuity and Change: Religion in the Augustan Semi-Century 71 Karl Galinsky 7 Religions and the Integration of Cities in the Empire in the Second Century ad: The Creation of a Common Religious Language 83 William Van Andringa 8 Old Religions Transformed: Religions and Religious Policy from Decius to Constantine 96 Hartmut Leppin 9 Religious Koine and Religious Dissent in the Fourth Century 109 Michele Renee Salzman Part II Media 127 10 The History of Roman Religion in Roman Historiography and Epic 129 Denis Feeney 11 Religion and Roman Coins 143 Jonathan Williams 12 Reliefs, Public and Private 164 Katja Moede 13 Inscriptions as Sources of Knowledge for Religions and Cults in the Roman World of Imperial Times 176 Rudolf Haensch 14 Religion in the House 188 Annemarie Kaufmann-Heinimann Part III Symbols and Practices 203 15 Roman Cult Sites: A Pragmatic Approach 205 Ulrike Egelhaaf-Gaiser 16 Complex Rituals: Games and Processions in Republican Rome 222 Frank Bernstein 17 Performing the Sacred: Prayers and Hymns 235 Frances Hickson Hahn 18 Music and Dance: Forms of Representation in Pictorial and Written Sources 249 Friederike Fless and Katja Moede 19 Sacrifices for Gods and Ancestors 263 John Scheid Part IV Actors and Actions 273 20 Religious Actors in Daily Life: Practices and Related Beliefs 275 Nicole Belayche 21 Republican Nobiles: Controlling the Res Publica 292 Veit Rosenberger 22 Emperors: Caring for the Empire and Their Successors 304 Peter Herz 23 Urban Elites in the Roman East: Enhancing Regional Positions and Social Superiority 317 Athanasios Rizakis 24 Living on Religion: Professionals and Personnel 331 Marietta Horster Part V Different Religious Identities 343 25 Roman Diaspora Judaism 345 Jack N. Lightstone 26 Creating One’s Own Religion: Intellectual Choices 378 Attilio Mastrocinque 27 Institutionalized Religious Options: Mithraism 392 Richard Gordon 28 The Romanness of Roman Christianity 406 Stefan Heid Part VI Roman Religion Outside and Seen from Outside 427 29 Exporting Roman Religion 429 Clifford Ando 30 Religion in the Roman East 446 Ted Kaizer 31 Roman Religion in the Vision of Tertullian 457 Cecilia Ames Bibliography 472 General Index 511 Index of Personal Names 526 Index of Places 537
"This Companion will in fact be sustaining company as we try to read these signs to find the meaning that compelled such commitment." (Phoenix, 2011)
Jörg Rüpke is Chair of Comparative Religion at the University of Erfurt and coordinator of the Priority Program of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft 1080 "Roman imperial and provincial religion". His recent books include Religion of the Romans (2001), Rituals in Ink (2004), Fasti Sacerdotum (2005), Religion and Law, ed. with Clifford Ando, (2006), Zeit und Fest (2006), and Religions Orientales (2006).
This companion provides a comprehensive treatment of Roman religion within its cultural, social, and historical contexts. Written by international experts, the volume offers a new approach, directing its focus away from the gods and concentrating on the human-figures of Roman religion. The book addresses the media through which religion was experienced and shared, including epigraphy, mosaics, wall-paintings, drama, and poetry, and provides, for example, the first ever history of religious motifs on coins. Placing the various discourses and practices into a larger geographical and cultural framework, the contributors also consider the cults, gods, iconography, rituals, and texts that were exported widely throughout the empire, revealing the sprawling landscape of Roman religion. Judaism and Christianity are firmly placed within a strongly historical approach, covering the period from the eighth century BC to the fourth century AD.
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