A Companion to Bioethics
Blackwell Companions to Philosophy 2. Aufl.
This second edition of A Companion to Bioethics, fully revised and updated to reflect the current issues and developments in the field, covers all the material that the reader needs to thoroughly grasp the ideas and debates involved in bioethics. Thematically organized around an unparalleled range of issues, including discussion of the moral status of embryos and fetuses, new genetics, life and death, resource allocation, organ donations, AIDS, human and animal experimentation, health care, and teaching Now includes new essays on currently controversial topics such as cloning and genetic enhancement Topics are clearly and compellingly presented by internationally renowned bioethicists A detailed index allows the reader to find terms and topics not listed in the titles of the essays themselves
List of Contributors xi Acknowledgments xiii Part I Introduction 1 1 What Is Bioethics? A Historical Introduction 3 Helga Kuhse and Peter Singer Part II Questions About Bioethics 13 2 Ethical Theory and Bioethics 15 James Rachels 3 Culture and Bioethics 24 Segun Gbadegesin 4 Gender and Bioethics 36 Jan Crosthwaite 5 Religion and Bioethics 46 Eric Gregory 6 Law and Bioethics 56 Wibren van der Burg Part III Ethical Approaches 65 7 A Principle-based Approach 67 James F. Childress 8 Exceptionless Rule Approaches 77 Joseph Boyle 9 A Utilitarian Approach 85 R. M. Hare 10 A Virtue Ethics Approach 91 Justin Oakley 11 A Care Approach 105 Rita C. Manning 12 A Case Approach 117 John D. Arras Part IV Before Birth: Issues Involving Embryos and Fetuses 127 13 Personhood 129 Michael Tooley 14 Abortion 140 Mary Anne Warren 15 Mother–Fetus Conflict 149 Bonnie Steinbock Part V Issues In Reproduction 161 16 Population 163 Margaret Pabst Battin 17 Assisted Reproduction, Prenatal Testing, and Sex Selection 178 Laura M. Purdy 18 Cloning 193 Gregory Pence Part VI The New Genetics 205 19 Gene Therapy 207 Ruth Chadwick 20 Genetic Enhancement 216 Julian Savulescu 21 Creating and Patenting New Life Forms 235 Nils Holtug 22 Genetic Counseling, Testing, and Screening 245 Angus Clarke Part VII Life and Death Issues 261 23 Medical Decisions at the End of Life 263 Dan W. Brock 24 Severely Disabled Newborns 274 Eike-Henner W. Kluge 25 Death, Brain Death, and Persistent Vegetative State 286 Jeff McMahan 26 Advance Directives 299 Alexander Morgan Capron 27 Voluntary Euthanasia, Suicide, and Physician-assisted Suicide 312 Brian Stoffell 28 The Slippery Slope Argument 321 Govert den Hartogh Part VIII Resource Allocation 333 29 Deciding Between Patients 335 John Harris 30 Society's Allocation of Resources for Health 351 Daniel Wikler and Sarah Marchand 31 Is There a Right to Health Care and, If So, What Does It Encompass? 362 Norman Daniels Part IX Organ Donations 373 32 A World of Transferable Parts 375 Janet Radcliffe Richards Part X Global Health-care Issues 391 33 Global Health Responsibilities 393 Christopher Lowry and Udo Schüklenk 34 Developing World Challenges 404 Udo Schüklenk, Michael Kottow, and Peter A. Sy 35 Global Pharmaceutical Markets 417 Kevin Outterson and Donald W. Light 36 Infectious Disease 430 Michael J. Selgelid 37 AIDS as a Global Health Emergency 441 Udo Schüklenk Part XI Experimentation With Humans and Animals 455 38 Research Involving Human Beings 457 Florencia Luna and Ruth Macklin 39 Regulating Experimentation in Research and Medical Practice 469 Paul Ulhas Macneill 40 Research Using Preimplantation Human Embryos 487 Mary Warnock and Peter Braude 41 The Moral Status of Animals and Their Use As Experimental Subjects 495 Bernard E. Rollin PART XII Ethical Issues in the Practice of Health Care 511 42 Confidentiality 513 Raanan Gillon and Daniel K. Sokol 43 Truth-telling 520 Roger Higgs 44 Informed Consent and Patient Autonomy 530 Robert Young 45 Patients Doubtfully Capable or Incapable of Consent 541 Carl Elliott 46 Ethics in Nursing Practice 551 Janet L. Storch 47 Global Trends in Nursing Ethics 563 Verena Tschudin Part XIII The Teaching and Practice of Bioethics 571 48 Ethics Committees and Ethics Consultants 573 Jonathan D. Moreno 49 Teaching Ethics in the Health Professions 584 Lynn Gillam Index 594
"The contributors are all experts in the field, and this shows in the quality and breadth of information provided... the Companion is still the best secondary source in navigating the complex and ever-evolving field of bioethics." (Metapsychology, December 2010) "The second edition of A Companion to Bioethics, edited by ethicists Singer (Princeton) and Kuhse (Monash Univ., Australia), should be... a standard one-volume reference work in the field of bioethics. The book's helpful summary of the field's major debates makes it especially helpful for smaller collections that do not procure many of the increasingly specialized monographs on narrow bioethical issues. The book also features a wide range of authors-- from such established scholars as James Childress and the late R. M. Hare to new voices in the field, such as Eric Gregory, who contributes an essay titled "Religion and Bioethics." The essays in the collection are accessible to many levels of readers; those unfamiliar with these debates will find the essays helpful introductions, and specialists will find new readings of classic works or new perspectives on old debates. This important, comprehensive, and superbly edited reference work will prove useful to students and scholars at all levels and a worthwhile addition to all collections." (CHOICE, July 2010) "The reader or student who is interested in bioethics and wants to get a picture about the main questions on this subject will find excellent answers in this exquisite publication edited by Helga Kuhse and Peter Singer. The goal of the editors was to give as complete a picture as possible, choosing very carefully from the theme of bioethics; they succeeded in their goal. This success was achieved because the authors of the book are acknowledged and respected scientists and teachers of bioethics, and they used their experience to give the reader an insight into their subject material." (Nursing Ethics) "Although the growth of bioethical discussion and practice has been huge in the last decades, the contents of the book provide a good introduction to the whole of the discipline, from discussions about the relationship between bioethics and law, culture, gender, or religion, to a survey of the different approaches available in ethical theory…. Together with an useful index and directory, and its accompanying volume of classical texts Bioethics: An Anthology, … this book provides an ideal basis for course and committee use in this field, and will be of interest to doctors, therapists, lawyers, journalists, and philosophers alike. Not to forget, of course, patients -- a group we all are likely to join at one time or another." (MentalHelp.net)
Helga Kuhse is Senior Honorary Research Fellow at the Centre for Human Bioethics, Monash University, Australia. She is the author, co-author or editor of more than 150 professional articles and some 15 books, including Bioethics: An Anthology (co-edited with Peter Singer, Second Edition, Blackwell, 2006). Peter Singer is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University and Laureate Professor at the University of Melbourne. He is the author, co-author, or editor of more than forty books, including Animal Liberation (first published in 1975), widely credited with triggering the modern animal-rights movement, Practical Ethics (Third Edition, 2011), In Defense of Animals: The Second Wave (Blackwell, 2005), The Moral of the Story: An Anthology of Ethics Through Literature (co-edited with Renata Singer, Blackwell, 2004) and The Life You Can Save (2009). He was the founding president of the International Association of Bioethics, and in 2005, Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world.
A Companion to Bioethics presents the central issues and concepts in bioethics in an authoritative yet highly accessible manner. Now fully revised and updated to reflect the current state of the field, the 49 essays, each specially written by leading experts, span an unparalleled range of topics, including discussion of the moral status of embryos and fetuses, new genetics, life and death, resource allocation, organ donations, AIDS, human and animal experimentation, health care, and teaching. Subjects new to this edition include cloning, genetic enhancement, infectious disease, global pharmaceutical markets, and bioethics in the developing world. A Companion to Bioethics is an essential work of reference for doctors, nurses, biomedical scientists, lawyers, journalists, philosophers, moral theologians, sociologists and the general lay-reader interested in the ethical issues that are transforming our lives.
"A splendid work, covering the entire field of bioethics in a very readable way." –Hyakudai Sakamoto, Professor of Philosophy and Ethics, Nihon University, Tokyo and President, Asian Bioethics Association
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