Details

Weighing Goods


Weighing Goods

Equality, Uncertainty and Time
1. Aufl.

von: John Broome

43,20 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 05.07.2017
ISBN/EAN: 9781119451235
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 272

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Beschreibungen

This study uses techniques from economics to illuminate fundamental questions in ethics, particularly in the foundations of utilitarianism. Topics considered include the nature of teleological ethics, the foundations of decision theory, the value of equality and the moral significance of a person's continuing identity through time.
Preface ix1 Introduction I: The Structure of Good 11.1 Acts versus consequences, and agent relativity 3 1.2 The Working of ethical considerations 6 1.3 Teleological structure 10 1.4 Does good exist? 17 Notes 20 2 Introduction II: Weighing Goods 22 2.1 Locations of good, and separability 222.2 Three dimensions of locations 252.3 Dimensions with varying lengths 29 2.4 What things are good? 32 2.5 An outline of the argument 32 Notes 58 3 Similarity Arguments 39 3.1 Parfit, Section 1 40 3.2 Parfit, Section 2 48 3.3 Harsanyi 51 Notes 58 4 The Separability Theorems 60 4.1 Two examples 604.2 Definitions and theorems 654.3 The significance of additive separability 704.4 The rectangular field assumption 80 Notes 81 Appendix to Chapter 4: Proofs 82 5 Expected Utility and Rationality 90 5.1 Axiomatic expected utility theory 905.2 The sure-thing principle 945.3 Individuation of outcomes 955.4 Transitivity of preferences 1005.5 Rational requirements of indifference 1045.6 Individuation and the sure-thing principle 1075.7 The dispersion of value amongst states of nature 1105.8 The rectangular field assumption 115 Notes 117 6 The Coherence of Good 121 6.1 The goodness of uncertain prospects 1226.2 Betterness and rational preferences 1316.3 The argument for coherence 1366.4 Representing betterness by utility 1396.5 Bernoulli’s hypothesis 142 Notes 148 7 Coherence Against the Pareto Principle 151 7.1 The conflict 1527.2 Two better principles 1547.3 Welfare economics 159 Notes 164 8 The Principle of Personal Good 165 8.1 Qualifications 1658.2 The beginning of a defence 167 Notes 173 9 Equality 1749.1 A utilitarian case for equality 1759.2 Types of egalitarianism 1779.3 Equality under uncertainty 1859.4 Fairness and equality 192 Notes 200 10 The Interpersonal Addition Theorem 202 10.1 Proof 20310.2 Connecting dimensions 20910.3 The utilitarian principle of distribution 213Notes 222 11 Utilitarian Metaphysics? 224 11.1 The intertemporal addition theorem 22411.2 The principle of temporal good 22811.3 The metaphysical argument 23011.4 Conclusion 237 Notes 240 Bibliography 241 Index 251 
John Broome is White's Professor of Moral Philosophy at Oxford University.
This study uses techniques from economics to illuminate fundamental questions in ethics, particularly in the foundations of utilitarianism. Topics considered include the nature of teleological ethics, the foundations of decision theory, the value of equality and the moral significance of a person's continuing identity through time.

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