Uhlig's Corrosion Handbook
The ECS Series of Texts and Monographs, Band 51 3. Aufl.
This book serves as a reference for engineers, scientists, and students concerned with the use of materials in applications where reliability and resistance to corrosion are important. It updates the coverage of its predecessor, including coverage of: corrosion rates of steel in major river systems and atmospheric corrosion rates, the corrosion behavior of materials such as weathering steels and newer stainless alloys, and the corrosion behavior and engineering approaches to corrosion control for nonmetallic materials. New chapters include: high-temperature oxidation of metals and alloys, nanomaterials, and dental materials, anodic protection. Also featured are chapters dealing with standards for corrosion testing, microbiological corrosion, and electrochemical noise.
Foreword xvii Foreword to the Second Edition xix Preface xxi Contributors xxiii Introductory Notes on Climate Change, Life-Cycle Design, and Corrosion of Steel xxvii T. Murata PART I BASICS OF CORROSION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 1 Corrosion Failure Analysis with Case Histories 3 L. E. Eiselstein and R. Huet 2 Cost of Metallic Corrosion 15 J. Kruger 3 Economics of Corrosion 21 E. D. Verink, Jr. 4 Lifetime Prediction of Materials in Environments 31 R. W. Staehle 5 Estimating the Risk of Pipeline Failure Due to Corrosion 75 M. Nessim 6 Designing to Prevent Corrosion 83 E. D. Verink, Jr. 7 Simplified Procedure for Constructing Pourbaix Diagrams 93 E. D. Verink, Jr. 8 Pourbaix Diagrams for Multielement Systems 103 W. T. Thompson, M. H. Kaye, C. W. Bale, and A. D. Pelton 9 Computation of Pourbaix Diagrams at Elevated Temperature 111 M. H. Kaye and W. T. Thompson 10 Galvanic Corrosion 123 X. G. Zhang 11 Dealloying 145 R. Heidersbach 12 Passivity 151 J. Kruger 13 Localized Corrosion of Passive Metals 157 H. Bohni 14 Stress Corrosion Cracking 171 R. N. Parkins 15 Hydrogen-Induced Cracking and Sulfide Stress Cracking 183 M. Elboujdaini 16 Corrosion Fatigue 195 Y.-Z. Wang 17 Flow Effects on Corrosion 203 K. D. Efird 18 Erosion–Corrosion in Single- and Multiphase Flow 215 J. Postlethwaite and S. Nesic 19 Carbon Dioxide Corrosion of Mild Steel 229 S. Nesic 20 High-Temperature Oxidation 247 C. A. C. Sequeira 21 Thermochemical Evaluation of Corrosion Product Stabilities for Alloys in Gases at High Temperature 281 W. T. Thompson, R. C. John, and A. L. Young 22 A Procedure to Compute Equilibrium Gas-Phase Speciation for Use with Predominance Diagrams 287 M. H. Piro, B. J. Lewis, and W. T. Thompson 23 Atmospheric Corrosion 299 P. R. Roberge 24 Atmospheric Corrosion in Cold Regions 327 G. A. King 25 Corrosion by Soils 333 T. R. Jack and M. J. Wilmott 26 Microbial Degradation of Materials: General Processes 351 J.-D. Gu, T. E. Ford, and R. Mitchell 27 Corrosion Probability and Statistical Evaluation of Corrosion Data 365 T. Shibata PART II NONMETALS 28 Corrosion of Refractories and Ceramics 387 M. Rigaud 29 Corrosion of Glass 399 B. Grambow 30 Microbiological Degradation of Polymeric Materials 421 J.-D. Gu, T. E. Ford, D. B. Mitton, and R. Mitchell 31 Durability of Concrete 439 V. M. Malhotra 32 Microbiological Corrosion of Concrete 451 J.-D. Gu, T. E. Ford, and R. Mitchell 33 Microbial Degradation of Wood 461 P. I. Morris 34 Use of Chemicals to Prevent Degradation of Wood 469 J. N. R. Ruddick PART III METALS 35 Metal–Matrix Composites 481 L. H. Hihara 36 Environmental Degradation of Engineered Barrier Materials in Nuclear Waste Repositories 503 R. B. Rebak 37 Corrosion Behavior of Electrodeposited Nanocrystals 517 U. Erb 38 Corrosion of Shape Memory and Superelastic Alloys 529 L. E. Eiselstein 39 Microbiological Corrosion of Metallic Materials 549 J.-D. Gu, T. E. Ford, and R. Mitchell 40 Electronic Materials, Components, and Devices 559 R. P. Frankenthal and L. F. Garfias-Mesias 41 Corrosion of Electronics: Lead-Free Initiatives 565 M. Reid and L. F. Garfias-Mesias 42 Metastable Alloys 571 K. Hashimoto 43 Carbon Steel—Atmospheric Corrosion 579 I. Matsushima 44 Carbon Steel—Corrosion in Freshwaters 589 I. Matsushima 45 Carbon Steel—Corrosion by Seawater 601 I. Matsushima 46 Carbon Steel—Corrosion by Soils 609 I. Matsushima 47 Localized Corrosion of Iron and Steel 615 I. Matsushima 48 Weathering Steel 621 T. Murata 49 Corrosion of Steel in Concrete 633 J. P. Broomfield 50 Ethanol Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steels 649 J. Beavers, F. Gui, and N. Sridhar 51 Austenitic and Ferritic Stainless Steels 657 M. A. Streicher, Revised by J. F. Grubb 52 Duplex Stainless Steels 695 M.-L. Falkland, M. Glaes, and M. Liljas 53 Martensitic Stainless Steels 707 J. F. Grubb 54 Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys 715 E. Ghali 55 Cobalt Alloys 747 P. Crook and W. L. Silence 56 Copper and Copper Alloys 757 C. A. C. Sequeira 57 Lead and Lead Alloys 787 F. E. Goodwin 58 Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys 809 E. Ghali 59 Nickel and Nickel Alloys 837 D. C. Agarwal and N. Sridhar 60 Tin and Tinplate 853 T. P. Murphy 61 Titanium and Titanium Alloys 861 J. Been and J. S. Grauman 62 Zinc 879 X. G. Zhang 63 Zirconium Alloy Corrosion 893 B. Cox PART IV CORROSION PROTECTION 64 Controlling Flow Effects on Corrosion 903 K. D. Efird 65 Erosion–Corrosion: Recognition and Control 907 J. Postlethwaite and S. Nesic 66 Using Plastics, Elastomers, and Composites for Corrosion Control 915 P. R. Khaladkar 67 Corrosion Control of Steel by Organic Coatings 971 C. H. Hare 68 Selection and Use of Coatings for Underground or Submersion Service 985 R. Norsworthy 69 Engineering of Cathodic Protection Systems 1001 J. H. Fitzgerald III 70 Stray-Current Analysis 1013 J. H. Fitzgerald III 71 Corrosion Inhibitors 1021 S. Papavinasam 72 Computer Technology for Corrosion Assessment and Control 1033 S. Srinivasan PART V TESTING FOR CORROSION RESISTANCE 73 Principles of Accelerated Corrosion Testing 1047 D. L. Jordan 74 High-Temperature Oxidation—Testing and Evaluation 1053 C. A. C. Sequeira 75 Testing for Flow Effects on Corrosion 1059 K. D. Efird 76 Accelerated Testing of Electronics to Simulate Long-Term Worldwide Environments 1063 L. F. Garfias-Mesias and M. Reid 77 Testing for Environmentally Assisted Cracking 1071 R. D. Kane 78 Test Methods for Wet H2S Cracking 1087 M. Elboujdaini 79 Atmospheric Corrosion Testing 1095 D. L. Jordan 80 Galvanic Corrosion Testing 1101 X. G. Zhang 81 Testing of Aluminum, Magnesium, and Their Alloys 1103 E. Ghali 82 Testing of Polymeric Materials for Corrosion Control 1107 B. Thomson and R. P. Campion 83 Corrosion Testing of Refractories and Ceramics 1117 M. Rigaud 84 Evaluation and Selection of Corrosion Inhibitors 1121 S. Papavinasam 85 Practical Corrosion Prediction Using Electrochemical Techniques 1129 D. C. Silverman 86 Electrochemical Noise 1167 D. A. Eden, Revised and updated by Q. J. Meng, M. Mendez, and M. Yunovich PART VI CORROSION MONITORING 87 Corrosion Monitoring 1181 P. R. Roberge 88 Diagnosing, Measuring, and Monitoring Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion 1203 B. J. Little, R. I. Ray, and J. S. Lee Glossary of Selected Terms Used in Corrosion Science and Engineering 1217 Index 1223
R. Winston Revie has had a career of more than thirty years at the CANMET Materials Technology Laboratory in Ottawa, Canada, where he is a Senior Research Scientist and Program Manager. Currently, he is President of the NACE Foundation of Canada, a registered educational charity. He is also past director of the Northern Area of NACE International; a past chairman of the ASM Canada Council and of the Electrochemical Society Canadian Section; and a past president of the Metallurgical Society of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum. Dr. Revie coauthored the third and fourth editions of Corrosion and Corrosion Control, a widely used textbook, and was the editor of the second edition of Uhlig's Corrosion Handbook. Dr. Revie is a Fellow of NACE International, ASM International, and the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum.
Praise for the Second Edition "An excellent sourcebook on a wide range of corrosion topics." —Chemical Engineering Research and Design The definitive volume on corrosion—now expanded and completely updated Continuing a legacy that began with the classic 1948 edition comes this long-awaited, fully revised Third Edition of the authoritative guide on corrosion. A thorough and timely compilation, Uhlig's Corrosion Handbook, Third Edition explores, in eighty-eight chapters, a multitude of subjects important to understanding the methods for controlling the degradation of materials. It includes updates of all information along with many new chapters including corrosion monitoring; principles of accelerated corrosion testing; failure analysis; composite materials; diagnosing, measuring, and monitoring microbiologically influenced corrosion; and high-temperature oxidation of metals and alloys. In addition, this new Third Edition: Gives a solid summary of the scientific background of all the types of corrosion in a comprehensive and well-organized way Includes new coverage of many important corrosion topics, including nuclear waste containment, CO2 corrosion of steel, ethanol-induced stress corrosion cracking, dealloying, shape memory alloys, nanocrystals, and corrosion of electronics Features information on the standards for corrosion testing, microbiological corrosion, and electrochemical noise Presents both scientific and practical approaches, making it extremely useful for all materials science professionals Valuable contributions from internationally renowned authors once again help distinguish Uhlig's Corrosion Handbook as a leading resource in the field as each page builds on the book's longstanding reputation as an indispensable companion for engineers, scientists, students, and others concerned with the use of materials in applications where integrity, reliability, and resistance to corrosion are critical.
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