This textbook provides a unique and comprehensive overview of effective crime prevention programs, strategies and policies, demonstrating how criminological theories, research, and practice are interrelated. This textbook offers the most cutting-edge, comprehensive summaries of effective interventions based on the latest research, by the foremost scholars on the topic of crime prevention in the U.S The book’s unique practical information and discussions on how to effectively replicate prevention strategies in communities and criminal-justice settings is highly relevant to students, providing them with the latest research in this area Coverage of multiple theories of crime includes the more recent public-health and life-course developmental perspectives Provides a comprehensive review of the increasing number of effective crime prevention interventions and the practicalities of ensuring that these programs, practices and policies are effectively implemented, both in the U.S and in other countries Presents the most cutting-edge current and optimistic view regarding crime prevention: that it is possible to effectively reduce crime but that efforts need to start early in communities and continue through the life-course
Preface vii Acknowledgments ix About the Companion Website x Section I Introduction to Crime Prevention 1 1 The Goals and Logic of Crime Prevention 3 2 A Brief History of Crime Prevention 31 Section II The Foundations of Crime Prevention 67 3 How Theory and Research Inform the Science and Practice of Crime Prevention 69 4 Evaluation Science 105 5 Establishing a Standard for Judging Intervention Effectiveness 139 Section III What Works to Prevent Crime? 165 6 Situational and Legal Crime Prevention Practices, Programs, and Policies 167 7 Contextual Interventions 199 8 Individual?]Level Crime Prevention: Preventing the Onset of Crime 244 9 Individual?]Level Crime Prevention: Reducing the Continuity of Offending 274 Section IV Crime Prevention in Practice 299 10 Selecting and Implementing Effective Crime Prevention Practices, Programs, and Policies 301 11 Implementation Science: Taking Effective Crime Prevention Programs, Practices, and Policies to Scale 328 12 The Future of Crime Prevention 360 Glossary 379 Author Index 388 Subject Index 400
Del Elliott is a Distinguished Professor in the Institute of Behavioral Science at the University of Colorado Boulder. He is the Founding Director of the Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development initiative, an on-line registry of effective prevention programs and was the Science Editor for Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General (2001). Dr. Elliott’s most recent books include Multiple Problem Youth: Delinquency, Drugs and Mental Health Problems (1989), Violence in American Schools (1998) and Good Kids from Bad Neighborhoods (2006). He is a Past-President and Fellow of the American Society of Criminology and a recipient of the Edwin H. Sutherland and August Vollmer Awards from the Society. Abigail A. Fagan is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology, Criminology & Law at the University of Florida. Dr. Fagan’s research investigates the causes and prevention of juvenile delinquency, including how to increase the use of evidence-based programs, policies, and practices to reduce crime. Her research has been funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National Institute of Justice and published in leading journals in criminology, psychology, and public health.
Criminology and criminal justice currently place great emphasis on the need to implement evidence-based crime prevention strategies. The Prevention of Crime is the first text to draw from multiple, emerging, cutting-edge frameworks to demonstrate how this can be done. It describes many effective models of prevention programs and strategies that have been developed and are available for use both in the US and abroad. The text includes significant attention to the recent public-health and life-course developmental perspectives on crime prevention; prevention research guided by these models has flourished in recent years and resulted in a significant increase in the number of interventions effectively proven to reduce delinquency and crime. The book also includes attention to all current perspectives and provides a unique, integrated, and holistic review of ‘what works.’ In contrast to most crime prevention books, The Prevention of Crime includes attention to the many challenges associated with the implementation of crime prevention strategies, along with practical guidance regarding how communities can best select and implement such efforts, both nationally and internationally. The text also describes popular prevention models that are widely used, yet which have been shown to be largely ineffective in n reducing crime, thus helping to dispel the many myths that persist in the field.