The Power of Identity, The Power of Identity
Information Age Series 2. Aufl.
In this second volume of The Information Age trilogy, with an extensive new preface following the recent global economic crisis, Manuel Castells deals with the social, political, and cultural dynamics associated with the technological transformation of our societies and with the globalization of the economy. Extensive new preface examines how dramatic recent events have transformed the socio-political landscape of our world Applies Castells’ hypotheses to contemporary issues such as Al Qaeda and global terrorist networks, American unilateralism and the crisis of political legitimacy throughout the world A brilliant account of social, cultural, and political conflict and struggle all over the world Analyzes the importance of cultural, religious, and national identity as sources of meaning for people, and its implications for social movement Throws new light on the dynamics of global and local change
List of Figures xii List of Tables xiv List of Charts xvi Preface to the 2010 Edition of The Power of Identity xvii Preface and Acknowledgments 2003 xxxvii Acknowledgments 1996 xliii Our World, our Lives 1 1 Communal Heavens: Identity and Meaning in the Network Society 5 The Construction of Identity 6 God's Heavens: Religious Fundamentalism and Cultural Identity 12 Umma versus Jahiliya: Islamic fundamentalism 13 God save me! American Christian fundamentalism 23 Nations and Nationalisms in the Age of Globalization: Imagined Communities or Communal Images? 30 Nations against the state: the breakup of the Soviet Union and the Commonwealth of Impossible States (Sojuz Nevozmoznykh Gosudarstv) 35 Nations without a state: Catalunya 45 Nations of the information age 54 Ethnic Unbonding: Race, Class, and Identity in the Network Society 56 Territorial Identities: The Local Community 63 Conclusion: The Cultural Communes of the Information Age 68 2 The Other Face of the Earth: Social Movements against the New Global Order 71 Globalization, Informationalization, and Social Movements 72 Mexico's Zapatistas: The First Informational Guerrilla Movement 75 Who are the Zapatistas? 77 The value structure of the Zapatistas: identity, adversaries, and goals 80 The communication strategy of the Zapatistas: the Internet and the media 82 The contradictory relationship between social movement and political institution 85 Up in Arms against the New World Order: The American Militia and the Patriot Movement 87 The militias and the Patriots: a multi-thematic information network 90 The Patriots’ banners 95 Who are the Patriots? 98 The militia, the Patriots, and American society 99 The Lamas of Apocalypse: Japan's Aum Shinrikyo 100 Asahara and the development of Aum Shinrikyo 101 Aum's beliefs and methodology 104 Aum and Japanese society 105 Al-Qaeda, 9/11, and Beyond: Global Terror in the Name of God 108 The goals and values of al-Qaeda 111 The evolving process of al-Qaeda’s struggle 115 The mujahedeen and their support bases 119 The young lion of the global jihad: Osama bin Laden 124 From bin Laden to bin Mahfouz: financial networks, Islamic networks, terrorist networks 128 Networking and media politics: the organization, tactics, and strategy of al-Qaeda 135 9/11 and beyond: death or birth of a networked, global, fundamentalist movement? 140 "No Globalization without Representation!": The Anti-globalization Movement 145 "El pueblo desunido jamas sera vencido": the diversity of the anti-globalization movement 147 The values and goals of the movement against globalization 152 Networking as a political way of being 154 An informational movement: the theatrical tactics of anti-globalization militants 156 The movement in context: social change and institutional change 158 The Meaning of Insurgencies against the New Global Order 160 Conclusion: The Challenge to Globalization 166 3 The Greening of the Self: The Environmental Movement 168 The Creative Cacophony of Environmentalism: A Typology 170 The Meaning of Greening: Societal Issues and the Ecologists’ Challenge 179 Environmentalism in Action: Reaching Minds, Taming Capital, Courting the State, Tap-dancing with the Media 186 Environmental Justice: Ecologists' New Frontier 190 4 The End of Patriarchalism: Social Movements, Family, and Sexuality in the Information Age 192 The Crisis of the Patriarchal Family 196 Women at Work 215 Sisterhood is Powerful: The Feminist Movement 234 American feminism: a discontinuous continuity 235 Is feminism global? 243 Feminism: an inducive polyphony 252 The Power of Love: Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movements 261 Feminism, lesbianism, and sexual liberation movements in Taipei 266 Spaces of freedom: the gay community in San Francisco 271 Summing up: sexual identity and the patriarchal family 279 Family, Sexuality, and Personality in the Crisis of Patriarchalism 280 The incredibly shrinking family 280 The reproduction of mothering under the non-reproduction of patriarchalism 288 Body identity: the (re)construction of sexuality 294 Flexible personalities in a post-patriarchal world 299 The End of Patriarchalism? 301 5 Globalization, Identification, and the State: A Powerless State or a Network State? 303 Globalization and the State 304 The transnational core of national economies 305 A statistical appraisal of the new fiscal crisis of the state in the global economy 307 Globalization and the welfare state 312 Global communication networks, local audiences, uncertain regulators 316 A lawless world? 321 The Nation-state in the Age of Multilateralism 323 Global Governance and Networks of Nation-states 328 Identities, Local Governments, and the Deconstruction of the Nation-state 332 The Identification of the State 337 The Return of the State 340 The state, violence, and surveillance: from Big Brother to little sisters 340 American unilateralism and the new geopolitics 344 The Iraq War and its aftermath 349 The consequences of American unilateralism 353 The Crisis of the Nation-state, the Network State, and the Theory of the State 356 Conclusion: The King of the Universe, Sun Tzu, and the Crisis of Democracy 364 6 Informational Politics and the Crisis of Democracy 367 Introduction: The Politics of Society 367 Media as the Space of Politics in the Information Age 371 Politics and the media: the citizens’ connection 371 Show politics and political marketing: the American model 375 Is European politics being "Americanized"? 381 Bolivia's electronic populism: compadre Palenque and the coming of Jach'a Uru 386 Informational Politics in Action: The Politics of Scandal 391 The Crisis of Democracy 402 Conclusion: Reconstructing Democracy? 414 Conclusion: Social Change in the Network Society 419 Methodological Appendix 429 Appendix for Tables 5.1 and 5.2 429 Appendix for Figure 6.9: Level of Support for Mainstream Parties in National Elections, 1980–2002 456 Summary of Contents of Volumes I and III 464 References 466 Index 512
Manuel Castells is Professor Emeritus of Sociology and Planning at the University of California, Berkeley. He is also University Professor and the Wallis Annenberg Chair in Communication Technology and Society at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, and Professor of Sociology at the Open University of Catalonia in Barcelona. He is Distinguished Visiting Professor of Technology and Society at M.I.T., and Distinguished Visiting Professor of Internet Studies at Oxford University. He is the recipient of numerous academic awards, including the Guggenheim Fellowship, C. Wright Mills Award, the Robert and Helen Lynd Award from the American Sociological Association, and the Ithiel de Sola Pool Award from the American Political Science Association. He is a Fellow of the European Academy, a Fellow of the Spanish Royal Academy of Economics, and a Fellow of the British Academy. He has received 16 honorary doctorates from universities around the world. He has authored 23 books, among which are: the trilogy The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture, first published by Blackwell in 1996–8, which has been translated into 20 languages; and Communication Power (2009).
In this second volume of The Information Age trilogy, with an extensive new preface following the recent global economic crisis, Manuel Castells deals with the social, political, and cultural dynamics associated with the technological transformation of our societies, and with the globalization of the economy.
"Every now and then one reads a book of social science that is uplifting and mind expanding. These books are ambitious and lustrous, teaching us much about our world. Such is this work from the brilliant sociologist Manuel Castells. There is no other sociological work today that brings together in one panoramic expanse so many of the changes now occurring. This is a story not simply of global economic change, but of cultural upheavals. It is a tale not simply of the decline of sovereign states, but of the emergence of the new bases of power. And it is a narrative not merely about computer technology or the media, but of the very terms in which those agents work." –Anthony M. Orum, Contemporary Sociology "A magnum opus if ever there was one. In my view, the finest piece of contemporary social analysis for at least a generation." –Frank Webster, British Journal of Sociology "A truly stunning achievement. A scholar who, with remarkable mastery, has brought his experience over a lifetime to bear on astonishingly diversified data set, pulling them together into a compelling account of the complex relationship between the progressive and the reactionary, the globalizing and particularizing forces that are transforming our perplexing world." –Benjamin Barber, The Los Angeles Times Sunday Book Reviews