The Innovative UniversityChanging the DNA of Higher Education from the Inside Out
The Innovative University illustrates how higher education can respond to the forces of disruptive innovation , and offers a nuanced and hopeful analysis of where the traditional university and its traditions have come from and how it needs to change for the future. Through an examination of Harvard and BYU-Idaho as well as other stories of innovation in higher education, Clayton Christensen and Henry Eyring decipher how universities can find innovative, less costly ways of performing their uniquely valuable functions. Offers new ways forward to deal with curriculum, faculty issues, enrollment, retention, graduation rates, campus facility usage, and a host of other urgent issues in higher education Discusses a strategic model to ensure economic vitality at the traditional university Contains novel insights into the kind of change that is necessary to move institutions of higher education forward in innovative ways This book uncovers how the traditional university survives by breaking with tradition, but thrives by building on what it's done best.
Preface vii Acknowledgments xv Introduction: Ripe for Disruption—and Innovation xix Part One: Reframing the Higher Education Crisis Chapter 1 The Educational Innovator’s Dilemma: Threat of Danger, Reasons for Hope 3 Part Two: The Great American University Chapter 2 Puritan College 33 Chapter 3 Charles Eliot, Father of American Higher Education 46 Chapter 4 Pioneer Academy 72 Chapter 5 Revitalizing Harvard College 80 Chapter 6 Struggling College 98 Chapter 7 The Drive for Excellence 110 Chapter 8 Four-Year Aspirations in Rexburg 139 Chapter 9 Harvard’s Growing Power and Profile 148 Chapter 10 Staying Rooted 157 Part Three: Ripe for Disruption Chapter 11 The Weight of the DNA 171 Chapter 12 Even at Harvard 185 Chapter 13 Vulnerable Institutions 192 Chapter 14 Disruptive Competition 206 Part Four: A New Kind of University Chapter 15 A Unique University Design 223 Chapter 16 Getting Started 238 Chapter 17 Raising Quality 249 Chapter 18 Lowering Cost 276 Chapter 19 Serving More Students 301 Part Five: Genetic Reengineering Chapter 20 New Models 325 Chapter 21 Students and Subjects 347 Chapter 22 Scholarship 358 Chapter 23 New DNA 379 Chapter 24 Change and the Indispensable University 396 Notes 403 The Authors 445 Innosight Institute 447 Index 449
"Scholars will find this work a good point of departure for asking more pointed questions about how nest to meet the demands of an increasingly disparate population of students (and potential students) who have different needs and expectations from previous generations of college-going individuals." — Journal of College Student Retention Vol. 15 (3)
Clayton M. Christensen is the Robert and Jane Cizik Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School and the founder of Innosight Institute, a nonprofit think tank. He is the author of many books, including The Innovator's Dilemma, and has applied his theory to K–12 education in Disrupting Class and to medicine in The Innovator's Prescription. Henry J. Eyring serves as an administrator at Brigham Young University-Idaho. He is a former strategy consultant at Cambridge, Massachusetts-based Monitor Company.
The language of crisis is nothing new in higher education—for years critics have raised alarms about rising tuition, compromised access, out of control costs, and a host of other issues. Yet, though those issues are still part of the current crisis, it is not the same as past ones. For the first time, disruptive technologies are at work in higher education. For most of their histories, traditional universities and colleges have had no serious competition except from institutions with similar operating models. Now, though, there are disruptive competitors offering online degrees. Many of these institutions operate as for-profit entities, emphasizing marketable degrees for working adults. Traditional colleges and universities have valuable qualities and capacities that can offset those disruptors' advantages—but not for everyone who aspires to higher education, and not without real innovation. How can institutions of higher education think constructively and creatively about their response to impending disruption? Written by Clayton Christensen, the father of the theory of disruptive innovation, and his colleague, Henry J. Eyring, The Innovative University offers a nuanced and hopeful analysis of the traditional university and its DNA. It explores how and why universities must change to ensure future success. Throughout the book Christensen and Eyring show what it takes to apply Christensen's acclaimed model of disruptive innovation to a higher education environment. Through a penetrating examination of the histories and current transformations of two very different universities—Harvard and BYU-Idaho—and using other illustrative examples of innovation in higher education, The Innovative University explores how universities can find innovative, less costly ways of performing their uniquely valuable functions and thereby save themselves from decline. The book explores the strategic choices and alternative ways in which traditional universities can change to ensure their ongoing economic vitality. To avoid the pitfalls of disruption and turn the scenario into a positive and productive one, universities must re-engineer their institutional DNA from the inside out. The Innovative University reveals how the traditional university survives by breaking with tradition, but thrives by building upon what it's done best.
Praise for The Innovative University "This superbly documented book is a must read for anyone who cares about America's universities and colleges and the invaluable role they play in our contemporary society. Henry Eyring and Clayton Christensen remind us of higher education's history and thoughtfully examine the critical strands of its DNA that require 're-engineering' to insure survival and good health for our richly diverse system. Perhaps the best feature of this volume is that it goes beyond analysis to offer what is possible through models that are scalable, transferable, and responsive to the needs of learning, discovery, and engagement."—Molly Corbett Broad, president, American Council on Education "The Innovative University offers fascinating new perspectives on very old questions: What defines a university's identity? Are all universities cloned from the same ancestral stock? Are there still opportunities for diversity in American higher education, or is [a] single ideal to be approximated with greater or lesser fidelity? These questions resonate through the book's narrative histories of an old university and a bold new one." —Harry Lewis, Gordon McKay Professor of Computer Science, Harvard University; author, Excellence Without a Soul "With changing demographics, new information technologies, and competition from for-profit enterprises challenging the hegemony of traditional colleges and universities, the discourse of crisis in American higher education abounds. In place of conventional nostrums that lead merely to incremental change, Henry Eyring and Clayton Christensen offer disruptive strategies that preserve what remains viable in the organizational genetic code while advancing differentiated models for institutional innovation. Yet further evidence that efforts to beat Berkeley and Harvard at their own game are futile." —Michael M. Crow, president, Arizona State University "There is little doubt that American higher education is at a crossroads. Accessibility and affordability issues abound. Learning outcomes are increasingly unclear. Technology surfaces as a disruptive influence. Financial support is declining precipitously. Christensen and Eyring step into this challenging setting with a comprehensive look at two ends of the higher education universe. The answers their contrasts provide to those of us looking for ways to move forward are both compelling and challenging. A must read for all who care about the future of colleges and universities." —Leonard A. Schlesinger, president, Babson College
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