The Handbook of Gangs
Wiley Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice 1. Aufl.
Pulling together the most salient, current issues in the field today, The Handbook of Gangs provides a significant assessment by leading scholars of key topics related to gangs, gang members, and responses to gangs. • Chapters cover a wide array of the most prominent issues in the field of gangs, written by scholars who have been leaders in developing new ways of thinking about the topics • Delivers cutting-edge reviews of the current state of research and practice and addresses where the field has been, where it is today and where it should go in the future • Includes extensive coverage of the individual theories of delinquency and provides special emphasis on policy and prevention program implications in the study of gangs• Offers a broad understanding of how other countries deal with gangs and their response to gangs, including Great Britain, Latin America, Australia and Europe• Chapters covering the legacies of four pioneers in gang research—Malcolm W. Klein, Walter B. Miller, James F. Short Jr., and Irving A. Spergel
Notes on Contributors vii 1 Introduction 1Scott H. Decker and David C. Pyrooz 2 The Logic of Defining Gangs Revisited 7G. David Curry 3 Little Gang Research, Big Gang Research 28David C. Pyrooz and Meghan M. Mitchell 4 Documenting Gang Activity: Intelligence Databases 59C. Ronald Huff and Julie Barrows 5 Gang Membership in a Developmental and Life?]Course Perspective 78Beidi Dong, Chris L. Gibson, and Marvin D. Krohn 6 Neighborhoods and Street Gangs 98Andrew V. Papachristos and Lorine A. Hughes 7 Gangs and Social Learning Theory: What We Know, What We Need to Know, and Why it Matters 118L. Thomas Winfree, Jr. and Adrienne Freng 8 Social Psychology of Gangs: An Intergroup Communication Perspective 136DaJung Woo, Howard Giles, Michael A. Hogg, and Liran Goldman 9 Social Network Analysis and Gangs 157Michael Sierra?]Arevalo and Andrew V. Papachristos 10 Gangs, Guns, and Violence: Synergistic Effects 178Arna L. Carlock and Alan J. Lizotte 11 Gangs and Drugs: Connections, Divergence, and Culture 193Mark S. Fleisher 12 Gender, Sexuality, and Gangs: Re?]envisioning Diversity 208Vanessa R. Panfil and Dana Peterson 13 Joining the Gang: A Process of Supply and Demand 235James A. Densley 14 Leaving the Gang: A Review and Thoughts on Future Research 257Dena C. Carson and J. Michael Vecchio 15 Micro?]Level Processes of the Gang 276Jean M. McGloin and Megan E. Collins 16 Street Gangs, Terrorists, Drug Smugglers, and Organized Crime: What’s the Difference? 294Scott H. Decker and David C. Pyrooz 17 Police Gang Units and Effective Gang Violence Reduction 309Anthony A. Braga 18 Gangs in Correctional Institutions 328Shytierra Gaston and Beth M. Huebner 19 Legislative Approaches to Addressing Gangs and Gang?]Related Crime 345Beth Bjerregaard 20 The Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program: An Evaluator’s Perspective 369Finn?]Aage Esbensen 21 The OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Strategy: The Comprehensive Gang Model 392Erika Gebo, Brenda J. Bond, and Krystal S. Campos 22 The Legacy of Malcolm W. Klein 406Cheryl L. Maxson 23 The Legacy of Irving A. Spergel 424James C. Howell 24 The Legacy of James F. Short, Jr. 440Lorine A. Hughes 25 The Legacy of Walter B. Miller 458Richard K. Moule, Jr. 26 Understanding Gangs in Contemporary Latin America 478Dennis Rodgers and Adam Baird 27 Understanding European Gangs 503Frank van Gemert and Frank M. Weerman 28 European Responses to Gangs 520Rob Ralphs and Hannah Smithson 29 Gangs in African, Asian, and Australian Settings 538Angela Higginson and Kathryn Benier Author Index 558 Subject Index 572
Scott H. Decker is Foundation Professor of the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University. His most recent books include European Street Gangs and Troublesome Youth Groups (edited with Frank Weerman, 2005), Drug Smugglers on Drug Smuggling: Lessons from the Inside (2008), and Criminology and Public Policy: Putting Theory to Work (with Hugh Barlow, 2010). David C. Pyrooz is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at University of Colorado Boulder. He is the author of Confronting Gangs: Crime and Community (with G. David Curry and Scott H. Decker, 2014).
Over the last two decades, there have been a number of developments in our understanding of, and responses to, gangs; in addition, the field has developed to become interdisciplinary and internationalized. This timely handbook reflects all of these trends. Offering original scholarship on the most salient issues in the field today,The Handbook of Gangs provides a significant assessment by leading international scholars of key topics related to gangs, gang members, and responses to gangs. International in scope, with chapters dedicated to gangs and the responses to gangs in Great Britain, Latin America, Australia and Europe, this handbook is an invaluable tool in providing students, scholars, and professionals in the field with cutting-edge reviews of the current state of research and practice.