The Handbook of Crisis Communication
Handbooks in Communication and Media 1. Aufl.
Written as a tool for both researchers and communication managers, the Handbook of Crisis Communication is a comprehensive examination of the latest research, methods, and critical issues in crisis communication. Includes in-depth analyses of well-known case studies in crisis communication, from terrorist attacks to Hurricane Katrina Explores the key emerging areas of new technology and global crisis communication Provides a starting point for developing crisis communication as a distinctive field research rather than as a sub-discipline of public relations or corporate communication
Notes on Contributors ix Preface xxvii Acknowledgments xxix Introduction 1 Robert L. Heath Part I Crisis and Allied Fields 15 1 Parameters for Crisis Communication 17 W. Timothy Coombs 2 Crisis Communication and Its Allied Fields 54 W. Timothy Coombs 3 Crisis Communication Research in Public Relations Journals: Tracking Research Trends Over Thirty Years 65 Seon-Kyoung An and I-Huei Cheng Part II Methodological Variety 91 Case Studies 4 Organizational Networks in Disaster Response: An Examination of the US Government Network’s Efforts in Hurricane Katrina 93 Gabriel L. Adkins 5 Regaining Altitude: A Case Analysis of the JetBlue Airways Valentine’s Day 2007 Crisis 115 Gregory G. Efthimiou Textual Analysis 6 The Press as Agent of Cultural Repair: A Textual Analysis of News Coverage of the Virginia Tech Shootings 141 Mohamad H. Elmasry and Vidhi Chaudhri Content Analysis 7 Are They Practicing What We Are Preaching? An Investigation of Crisis Communication Strategies in the Media Coverage of Chemical Accidents 159 Sherry J. Holladay Experimental 8 Examining the Effects of Mutability and Framing on Perceptions of Human Error and Technical Error Crises: Implications for Situational Crisis Communication Theory 181 W. Timothy Coombs and Sherry J. Holladay 9 How Do Past Crises Affect Publics’ Perceptions of Current Events? An Experiment Testing Corporate Reputation During an Adverse Event 205 J. Drew Elliot 10 Crisis Response Effectiveness: Methodological Considerations for Advancement in Empirical Investigation into Response Impact 221 Tomasz A. Fediuk, Kristin M. Pace, and Isabel C. Botero Part III The Practice 243 11 “We tell people. It’s up to them to be prepared.” Public Relations Practices of Local Emergency Managers 245 Robert Littlefield, Katherine Rowan, Shari R. Veil, Lorraine Kisselburgh, Kimberly Beauchamp, Kathleen Vidoloff, Marie L. Dick, Theresa Russell-Loretz, Induk Kim, Angelica Ruvarac, Quian Wang, Hyunyi Cho, Toni Siriko Hoang, Bonita Neff, Teri Toles-Patkin, Rod Troester, Shama Hyder, Steven Venette, and Timothy L. Sellnow 12 Thirty Common Basic Elements of Crisis Management Plans: Guidelines for Handling the Acute Stage of “Hard” Emergencies at the Tactical Level 261 Alexander G. Nikolaev Part IV Specific Applications 283 Organizational Contexts 13 Oil Industry Crisis Communication 285 Michelle Maresh and David E. Williams 14 Educational Crisis Management Practices Tentatively Embrace the New Media 301 Barbara S. Gainey 15 FEMA and the Rhetoric of Redemption: New Directions in Crisis Communication Models for Government Agencies 319 Elizabeth Johnson Avery and Ruthann W. Lariscy Crisis Communication and Race 16 Effective Public Relations in Racially Charged Crises: Not Black or White 335 Brooke Fisher Liu 17 Public Relations and Reputation Management in a Crisis Situation: How Denny’s Restaurants Reinvigorated the Firm’s Corporate Identity 359 Ali M. Kanso, Steven R. Levitt, and Richard Alan Nelson Part V Technology and Crisis Communication 379 18 New Media for Crisis Communication: Opportunities for Technical Translation, Dialogue, and Stakeholder Responses 381 Keri K. Stephens and Patty Malone 19 Organizational and Media Use of Technology During Fraud Crises 396 Christopher Caldiero, Maureen Taylor, and Lia Ungureanu 20 Organizational Use of New Communication Technology in Product Recall Crises 410 Maureen Taylor Part VI Global Crisis Communication 423 21 Crisis Communication, Complexity, and the Cartoon Affair: A Case Study 425 Finn Frandsen and Winni Johansen 22 Crisis Communication and Terrorist Attacks: Framing a Response to the 2004 Madrid Bombings and 2005 London Bombings 449 María José Canel and Karen Sanders 23 Negotiating Global Citizenship: Mattel’s 2007 Recall Crisis 467 Patricia A. Curtin 24 Celebrating Expulsions? Crisis Communication in the Swedish Migration Board 489 Orla Vigsø Part VII Theory Development 509 25 Crisis Communicators in Change: From Plans to Improvisations 511 Jesper Falkheimer and Mats Heide 26 Contingency Theory of Strategic Conflict Management: Directions for the Practice of Crisis Communication from a Decade of Theory Development, Discovery, and Dialogue 527 Augustine Pang, Yan Jin, and Glen T. Cameron 27 Crisis-Adaptive Public Information: A Model for Reliability in Chaos 550 Suzanne Horsley 28 Communicating Before a Crisis: An Exploration of Bolstering, CSR, and Inoculation Practices 568 Shelley Wigley and Michael Pfau 29 Who Suffers? The Effect of Injured Party on Attributions of Crisis Responsibility 591 Sun-A Park and María E. Len-Ríos 30 The Dialectics of Organizational Crisis Management 607 Charles Conrad, Jane Stuart Baker, Chris Cudahy, and Jennifer Willyard 31 Exploring Crisis from a Receiver Perspective: Understanding Stakeholder Reactions During Crisis Events 635 Tomasz A. Fediuk, W. Timothy Coombs, and Isabel C. Botero 32 Credibility Seeking through an Interorganizational Alliance: Instigating the Fen-Phen Confrontation Crisis 657 Timothy L. Sellnow, Shari R. Veil, and Renae A. Streifel Part VIII Future Research Directions 675 33 Future Directions of Crisis Communication Research: Emotions in Crisis – The Next Frontier 677 Yan Jin and Augustine Pang 34 Complexity and Crises: A New Paradigm 683 Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla Murphy 35 Considering the Future of Crisis Communication Research: Understanding the Opportunities Inherent to Crisis Events through the Discourse of Renewal 691 Robert R. Ulmer, Timothy L. Sellnow, and Matthew W. Seeger 36 Toward a Holistic Organizational Approach to Understanding Crisis 698 Maureen Taylor 37 What is a Public Relations “Crisis”? Refocusing Crisis Research 705 Michael L. Kent 38 Crisis and Learning 713 Larsåke Larsson 39 Pursuing Evidence-Based Crisis Communication 719 W. Timothy Coombs Afterword 726 Name Index 728 Subject Index 732
“The inherent fascination of an unfolding crisis combined with an engaging style make the handbook, although occasionally dense, a thoroughly engaging read and an essential resource for anyone interested in the field of crisis communication. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Students, upper-division undergraduate and up; researchers; faculty; professionals. ” (Choice, 1 July 2012)
W. Timothy Coombs is Professor at the Nicholson School of Communication at University of Central Florida, USA. He is the author of Code Red in the Boardroom (2006), and Today's Public Relations (2006). Sherry J. Holladay is Professor at the Nicholson School of Communication at University of Central Florida, USA. She is the author of numerous articles related to corporate communication. Together, they have co-authored It’s Not Just PR (2007), PR Strategy and Application (2010) and Managing Corporate Social Responsibility: A Communication Approach (2011). All titles are published by Wiley-Blackwell.
The Handbook of Crisis Communication is a comprehensive examination of the latest research and critical issues in crisis communication. Written as a tool for both researchers and communication managers, the Handbook includes a thorough discussion of the theory and method behind crisis communication, as well as the latest insight into practice in the field. Incorporating the views and research of more than 50 top scholars, the book provides a starting point for developing crisis communication as a distinctive field research rather than as a sub-discipline of public relations or corporate communication. This cutting-edge collection includes in-depth analyses of well-known case studies in crisis communication, from terrorist attacks in London and Madrid to Hurricane Katrina. Going beyond traditional applications, the Handbook also explores the key emerging areas of new technology and global crisis communication.
"This superb book reflects the scholarship, passion, and intellectual excitement that the field of crisis communication has generated during the past two decades. Most importantly, this thoughtful work recognizes the genesis of crisis communication as a subfield of public relations and management, and its potential to stand as an independent and powerful arena for scholarship. The Handbook of Crisis Communication is likely to become an enduring landmark in an emerging but increasingly influential field." Donald Fishman, Boston College
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