Completely revised and updated, the fifth edition of this well-regarded textbook charts key topics and recent research in globalization along with the latest complexities and controversies in the field. Includes a new section on globalization and identity and new readings on global inequality, mental illness, structural violence, microfinance, blood diamonds, world citizenship, the global justice movement, and sumo wrestling Contains essential, thought-provoking readings by prominent scholars, activists, and organizations on the many dimensions of globalization, from political and economic issues to cultural and experiential ones Examines foundational topics, such as the experience of globalization, economic and political globalization, the role of media and religion in cultural globalization, women’s rights, environmentalism, global civil society, and the alternative globalization movement Retains the helpful student features from prior editions, including an accessible format, concise introductions to major topics, stimulating examples, and discussion questions for each selection and section
Preface to the Fourth Edition xi Sources and Acknowledgments xiii General Introduction 1 Part I Debating Globalization 6 Introduction 7 1 The Hidden Promise: Liberty Renewed 9 John Micklethwait and Adrian Wooldridge 2 How to Judge Globalism 16 Amartya Sen 3 Globalisation: Nine Theses on Our Epoch 22 William I. Robinson 4 Jihad vs. McWorld 28 Benjamin R. Barber 5 The Clash of Civilizations? 37 Samuel P. Huntington Part I Questions 45 Part II Explaining Globalization 46 Introduction 47 6 The Modern World-System as a Capitalist World-Economy 51 Immanuel Wallerstein 7 Sociology of the Global System 57 Leslie Sklair 8 Liberalism 64 Scott Burchill 9 Realism and Complex Interdependence 71 Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye 10 World Society and the Nation-State 79 John W. Meyer, John Boli, George M. Thomas, and Francisco O. Ramirez 11 Globalization as a Problem 88 Roland Robertson 12 Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy 95 Arjun Appadurai Part II Questions 104 Part III Experiencing Globalization 105 Introduction 106 13 How Sushi Went Global 109 Theodore C. Bestor 14 McDonald’s in Hong Kong 114 James L. Watson 15 The Transnational Villagers 123 Peggy Levitt 16 The Great Game and the Informal Empire 131 David Goldblatt 17 Is Baseball a Global Sport? America’s “National Pastime” as Global Field and International Sport 136 William W. Kelly 18 Strategic Inauthenticity 142 Timothy D. Taylor Part III Questions 147 Part IV Globalization and the World Economy 148 Introduction 149 19 China Makes, the World Takes 155 James Fallows 20 Commodity Chains and Marketing Strategies: Nike and the Global Athletic Footwear Industry 160 Miguel Korzeniewicz 21 The Global Economy: Organization, Governance, and Development 170 Gary Gereffi 22 Incensed about Inequality 180 Martin Wolf 23 Is Globalization Reducing Poverty and Inequality? 187 Robert Hunter Wade 24 Social Accountability and Corporate Greenwashing 194 William S. Laufer 25 Grounded: Income Inequality and Speculative Investment Led to the Financial Meltdown 200 Branko Milanovic 26 The Twin Excesses – Financialization and Globalization – Caused the Crash 203 Ashok Bardhan 27 Globalism’s Discontents 206 Joseph E. Stiglitz Part IV Questions 214 Part V Globalization and the Nation-State 215 Introduction 216 28 The Declining Authority of States 219 Susan Strange 29 Global Organized Crime 226 James H. Mittelman 30 Has Globalization Gone Too Far? 231 Dani Rodrik 31 Welfare Spending in an Era of Globalization: The North–South Divide 237 John Glenn 32 World Culture and the Future of Schooling 243 David P. Baker and Gerald K. LeTendre Part V Questions 248 Part VI Global Governance 249 Introduction 250 33 The International Monetary Fund 253 James Vreeland 34 The Future of the Multilateral Trade System – What Role for the World Trade Organization? 260 Ann Capling and Richard Higgott 35 A New World Order 265 Anne-Marie Slaughter 36 ISO and the Infrastructure for a Global Market 271 Craig N. Murphy and JoAnne Yates 37 Global Health Governance: A Conceptual Review 278 Richard Dodgson, Kelley Lee, and Nick Drager 38 The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s Grant-Making Programme for Global Health 284 David McCoy, Gayatri Kembhavi, Jinesh Patel, and Akish Luintel Part VI Questions 289 Part VII Globalization, INGOs, and Civil Society 290 Introduction 291 39 The Emergence and Transformation of the International Women’s Movement 295 Nitza Berkovitch 40 The Evolution of Debates over Female Genital Cutting 300 Elizabeth Heger Boyle 41 World Culture in the World Polity: A Century of International Non-Governmental Organization 306 John Boli and George M. Thomas 42 Closing the Corruption Casino: The Imperatives of a Multilateral Approach 313 Peter Eigen 43 The Backlash against NGOs 318 Michael Bond 44 How Global Is Global Civil Society? 324 Neera Chandhoke 45 Global Governance and the Role of NGOs in International Peace and Security 332 Chantal de Jonge Oudraat and Virginia Haufler Part VII Questions 338 Part VIII Globalization and Media 339 Introduction 340 46 Cultural Imperialism 343 John Tomlinson 47 Mapping Global Media Flow and Contra-Flow 352 Daya Kishan Thussu 48 Hybridity and the Rise of Korean Popular Culture in Asia 358 Doobo Shim 49 Watching Big Brother at Work: A Production Study of Big Brother Australia 364 Jane Roscoe 50 Bollywood versus Hollywood: Battle of the Dream Factories 372 Heather Tyrrell 51 Why Hollywood Rules the World, and Whether We Should Care 379 Tyler Cowen Part VIII Questions 385 Part IX Globalization and Religion 386 Introduction 387 52 Bin Laden and Other Thoroughly Modern Muslims 391 Charles Kurzman 53 Globalised Islam: The Search for a New Ummah 396 Olivier Roy 54 The Christian Revolution 401 Philip Jenkins 55 American Evangelicals: The Overlooked Globalizers and Their Unintended Gospel of Modernity 408 Joshua J. Yates 56 Globalizing Catholicism and the Return to a “Universal” Church 413 José Casanova 57 Religious Rejections of Globalization 419 Frank J. Lechner Part IX Questions 425 Part X Global Environmentalism 426 Introduction 427 58 From One Earth to One World 431 World Commission on Environment and Development 59 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development 438 UN Conference on Environment and Development 60 Greenpeace and Political Globalism 443 Paul Wapner 61 Environmental Advocacy Networks 451 Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink 62 Toward Democratic Governance for Sustainable Development: Transnational Civil Society Organizing around Big Dams 459 Sanjeev Khagram 63 Ozone Depletion 466 Pamela S. Chasek, David L. Downie, and Janet Welsh Brown 64 Forest Stewardship Council 471 Kristina Tamm Hallström and Magnus Boström Part X Questions 477 Part XI Alternative Globalization and the Global Justice Movement 478 Introduction 479 65 Counterhegemonic Globalization: Transnational Social Movements in the Contemporary Political Economy 483 Peter Evans 66 The Global South: The WTO and Deglobalization 490 Walden Bello 67 Counter-Capitalism: Globalisation’s Children Strike Back 494 James Harding 68 Ecological Balance in an Era of Globalization 500 Vandana Shiva 69 Tomorrow Begins Today 509 Subcomandante Marcos 70 Porto Alegre Call for Mobilization 514 World Social Forum 71 A Better World Is Possible! 517 International Forum on Globalization Part XI Questions 528 Index 529
Frank J. Lechner is Professor of Sociology at Emory University, USA. He has published numerous papers on religion and sociological theory. He is the co-author with John Boli of World Culture: Origins and Consequences (Wiley Blackwell, 2005) and author of Globalization: The Making of World Society (2009) and The Netherlands: National Identity and Globalization (2008). John Boli is Professor of Sociology at Emory University, USA. He has published extensively on world culture, global organizations, state authority, and education. He is the co-author with Frank J. Lechner of World Culture: Origins and Consequences (Wiley Blackwell, 2005) and co-author of Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations Since 1875 (1999), and Institutional Structure: Constituting State, Society and the Individual (1987).
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