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The Coloration of Wool and Other Keratin Fibres


The Coloration of Wool and Other Keratin Fibres


SDC-Society of Dyers and Colourists 1. Aufl.

von: David M. Lewis, John A. Rippon

118,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 20.05.2013
ISBN/EAN: 9781118625101
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 464

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Beschreibungen

Keratin fibres, particularly wool fibres, constitute an important natural raw material in textiles due to their comfort and thermal proprieties. Wool coloration demands an understanding of the complex nature of the interplay between wool fibre chemistry, morphology and the coloration processes. The Coloration of Wool and other Keratin Fibres is a comprehensive treatment, written by leading international experts, of the chemistry and chemical processes involved in wool dyeing, printing, preparation and finishing. The book covers:  the chemical and physical structure of wool keratin fibres, detailing their complex heterogeneity and the subtle links between fibre structure and dyeability the coloration of fabrics containing wool, including a variety of wool blends such as wool/silk, wool/polyester and wool/cotton, and luxury keratin fibres such as mohair, cashmere and camel the chemistry of the various types of dyes utilised in wool dyeing and in-depth discussions on the physical properties to optimise these processes practical application of dyes to wool in all its forms, loose stock, combed tops, yarns and piece goods, is covered in the chapter on wool dyeing machinery two chapters, one on bleaching and whitening and one on dyeing human hair, provide a valuable extension to the topic of cosmetic chemistry The Coloration of Wool and other Keratin Fibres is essential reading for professionals world-wide working in companies involved in the dyeing and printing of wool, wool blends and other keratin fibres and also for the producers of dyes and auxiliary dyeing agents. It is a valuable resource for teachers and students of universities and technical institutes, as well as for researchers who are focusing their investigations on wool, wool blends, human hair or dyes and auxiliaries. Published in partnership with the Society of Dyers and Colourists (SDC). Find out more at www.wiley.com/go/sdc
List of Contributors xv Society of Dyers and Colourists xvii Preface xix 1 The Structure of Wool 1John A. Rippon 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Composition of Wool 2 1.3 Chemical Structure of Wool 5 1.4 Morphological Structure of Wool 14 1.5 Chemical Reactivity of Wool 32 1.6 Damage in Wool Dyeing 32 1.7 Conclusion 35 References 35 2 The Chemical and Physical Basis for Wool Dyeing 43John A. Rippon 2.1 Introduction 43 2.2 The Chemical Basis for Wool Dyeing 43 2.3 Standard Affinity and Heat of Dyeing 50 2.4 Classification of Dyes Used for Wool 52 2.5 Dye Aggregation 55 2.6 The Role of Fibre Structure in Wool Dyeing 60 2.7 Effect of Chemical Modifications on Dyeing 66 2.8 Conclusion 68 References 69 3 The Role of Auxiliaries in the Dyeing of Wool and other Keratin Fibres 75A.C. Welham 3.1 Introduction 75 3.2 Surface Activity of Wool-Dyeing Auxiliaries 76 3.3 Brightening Agents 81 3.4 Levelling Agents 82 3.5 Restraining and Reserving Agents in Wool Blend Dyeing 88 3.6 Antiprecipitants 89 3.7 Wool Protective Agents 89 3.8 Low-Temperature Dyeing 90 3.9 Correction of Faulty Dyeings 92 3.10 Aftertreatments to Improve Wet Fastness 93 3.11 Antifrosting Agents 95 3.12 Antisetting Agents 95 3.13 Sequestering Agents 96 3.14 Conclusion 96 References 97 4 Ancillary Processes in Wool Dyeing 99D.M. Lewis 4.1 Introduction 99 4.2 Wool Scouring 99 4.3 Wool Carbonising 100 4.4 Shrink-Resist Treatments 102 4.5 Insect-Resist Treatments 108 4.6 Flame-Retardant Treatments 115 4.7 Antisetting Agents 116 4.8 Fibre Arylating Agents 120 References 126 5 Bleaching and Whitening of Wool: Photostability of Whites 131Keith R. Millington 5.1 Introduction 131 5.2 Wool Colour 132 5.3 Wool Bleaching 138 5.4 Fluorescent Whitening of Wool 144 5.5 Photostability of Wool 145 References 153 6 Wool-dyeing Machinery 157Jamie A. Hawkes and Paul Hamilton 6.1 Introduction 157 6.2 Top Dyeing 158 6.3 Loose Stock Dyeing 162 6.4 Hank-Dyeing Yarn 166 6.5 Yarn Package Dyeing 171 6.6 Piece Dyeing 178 6.7 Garment Dyeing 179 6.8 Carpet Piece Dyeing 182 6.9 Drying 183 6.10 Dyehouse Automation 186 6.11 Laboratory Dyeing 192 References 203 7 Dyeing Wool with Acid and Mordant Dyes 205P.A. Duffield 7.1 Introduction 205 7.2 Acid Dyes 208 7.3 Natural Dyes 213 7.4 Mordant Dyes 214 7.5 Specific Dyeing Methods 226 References 227 8 Dyeing Wool with Metal-complex Dyes 229Stephen M. Burkinshaw 8.1 Introduction 229 8.2 Dye Structure 230 8.3 Dye Application 242 8.4 Environmental Aspects 248 References 248 9 Dyeing Wool with Reactive Dyes 251D.M. Lewis 9.1 Introduction 251 9.2 Commercial Reactive Dyes for Wool 252 9.3 The Chemistry of Reactive Dyes 253 9.4 Application Procedures 260 9.5 Novel Reactive Dye Systems for Wool 281 9.6 Identification of the Reaction Sites in the Fibre 285 9.7 Conclusion 287 References 287 10 Dyeing Wool Blends 291D.M. Lewis 10.1 Introduction 291 10.2 Wool/Cotton 293 10.3 Amination of Cellulosic Fibres 303 10.4 Wool/Silk 305 10.5 Wool/Nylon 310 10.6 Wool/Polyester 323 10.7 Wool/Acrylic 341 10.8 Conclusion 351 References 352 11 The Coloration of Human Hair 357Robert M. Christie and Olivier J.X. Morel 11.1 Introduction 357 11.2 Structure and Morphology of Human Hair 359 11.3 Natural Colour of Hair 360 11.4 Physical Chemistry of Hair Dyeing 364 11.5 Toxicology of Hair Dyes 365 11.6 Oxidative Hair Coloration 366 11.7 Alternative Approaches to Permanent Hair Dyeing 369 11.8 Nonoxidative Hair Dyeing 375 11.9 Conclusion 386 References 387 12 Wool Printing 393P.J. Broadbent and M.L.A. Rigout 12.1 Introduction 393 12.2 Preparation for Printing 394 12.3 Direct Printing 399 12.4 Discharge Printing 405 12.5 Resist Printing 408 12.6 Digital Printing 412 12.7 Wool Blends 418 12.8 Cold Print Batch 420 12.9 Transfer Printing 421 12.10 Novel Effects 425 References 426 Index Color plate
“If you know 'Wool Dyeing' and have appreciated it, this is a valuable and thorough replacement. If you do not, this book will tell you everything you need to know and more about The Coloration of Wool and other Keratin Fibers.” (AATCC Review, 2014) “This groundbreaking and innovative book is highly recommended for all who have interests in the collaboration of wool and human hair.” (International Dyer, 1 March 2014)
EditorsDavid M. Lewis Department of Colour Science, University of Leeds, UK John A. Rippon CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Australia
Keratin fibres, particularly wool fibres, constitute an important natural raw material in textiles due to their comfort and thermal proprieties. Wool coloration demands an understanding of the complex nature of the interplay between wool fibre chemistry, morphology and the coloration processes. The Coloration of Wool and other Keratin Fibres is a comprehensive treatment, written by leading international experts, of the chemistry and chemical processes involved in wool dyeing, printing, preparation and finishing. It covers: the chemical and physical structure of wool keratin fibres, detailing their complex heterogeneity and the subtle links between fibre structure and dyeability. the coloration of fabrics containing wool, including a variety of wool blends such as wool/silk, wool/polyester and wool/cotton, and luxury keratin fibres such as mohair, cashmere and camel the chemistry of the various types of dyes utilised in wool dyeing and in-depth discussions on the physical properties to optimise these processes practical application of dyes to wool in all its forms, loose stock, combed tops, yarns and piece goods, is covered in the chapter on wool dyeing machinery two chapters, one on bleaching and whitening and one on dyeing human hair, provide a valuable extension to the topic of cosmetic chemistry. This book is essential reading for professionals world-wide working in companies involved in the dyeing and printing of wool, wool blends and other keratin fibres and also for the producers of dyes and auxiliary dyeing agents. It is a valuable resource for teachers and students of universities and technical institutes, as well as for researchers who are focusing their investigations on wool, wool blends, human hair or dyes and auxiliaries.

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