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Surfaces and Interfaces of Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials


Surfaces and Interfaces of Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials


1. Aufl.

von: Zhiguang Guo, Fuchao Yang

133,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-VCH
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 10.10.2017
ISBN/EAN: 9783527806713
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 300

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Beschreibungen

A comprehensive and systematic treatment that focuses on surfaces and interfaces phenomena inhabited in biomimetic superhydrophobic materials, offering new fundamentals and novel insights. As such, this new book covers the natural surfaces, fundamentals, fabrication methods and exciting applications of superhydrophobic materials, with particular attention paid to the smart surfaces that can show switchable and reversible water wettability under external stimuli, such as pH, temperature, light, solvents, and electric fields. It also includes recent theoretical advances of superhydrophobic surfaces with regard to the wetting process, and some promising breakthroughs to promote this theory. As a result, materials scientists, physicists, physical chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemists will benefit greatly from a deeper understanding of this topic.
Preface xi 1 Introduction for Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials 1 1.1 Water Harvesting 2 1.2 Self-Cleaning 6 1.3 Corrosion Resistance 9 1.4 Photochromism 13 1.5 Robust and Durable Superhydrophobic Materials 15 1.6 Transparent and Conductive Superhydrophobic Film 16 1.7 Anti-fingerprint Superhydrophobic Film 18 1.8 Anti-icing Ability 18 1.9 Summary 20 References 22 2 Superhydrophobic Surfaces from Nature and Beyond Nature 25 2.1 Superhydrophobic Plant Surfaces in Nature 26 2.1.1 Lotus Leaf 26 2.1.2 Salvinia 27 2.1.3 Petal 29 2.2 Superhydrophobic Surfaces of Animals in Nature 31 2.2.1 Springtail 31 2.2.2 Fish Scale 31 2.2.3 Shark Skin 33 2.2.4 Snail Shell 33 2.2.5 Mosquito Eyes 33 2.2.6 Clam’s Shell 33 2.3 Chemical Composition of Plant and Animal Surfaces 34 2.4 Inspired and Beyond Superhydrophobicity: from Natural to Biomimetic Structures 38 2.4.1 Inspired by Natural Superhydrophobic Surfaces 38 2.4.2 Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials 40 2.4.2.1 Lotus?]Leaf?]Like Surface with Superhydrophobicity and Self?]Cleaning 40 2.4.2.2 Salvinia?]Like Surface with Superhydrophobicity and Air Retention 42 2.4.2.3 Petal?]Like Surface with Superhydrophobicity and Special Adhesion 43 2.5 Summary 46 References 47 3 Advances in the Theory of Superhydrophobic Surfaces and Interfaces 59 3.1 Basic Theories: Contact Angle and Young’s Equation 60 3.2 Wenzel Model: Adaptability and Limitations 62 3.3 Cassie–Baxter Model: Adaptability and Limitations 64 3.4 Improved Models 66 3.4.1 Hierarchical Structure 66 3.4.2 Fractal Structure 68 3.4.3 Contact Angle Hysteresis 69 3.4.4 Generalized Models of Wenzel and Cassie–Baxter 72 3.5 Cassie–Wenzel and Wenzel–Cassie Transitions on Superhydrophobic Surfaces 74 3.5.1 The Influencing Factors of the Transitions 75 3.5.2 Cassie–Wenzel Transition 75 3.5.3 Wenzel–Cassie Transition 76 3.5.4 Analyzing Transitions from Thermodynamic and Kinetic Points of View 76 3.6 Summary 77 References 77 4 Fabrications of Noncoated Superhydrophobic Surfaces and Interfaces 85 4.1 Etching Method 87 4.2 Lithography 89 4.3 Anodization 92 4.4 Laser Processing 93 4.5 Sol–Gel Process 95 4.6 Electrodeposition 97 4.7 Hydrothermal Method 101 4.8 Direct Reproduction 103 4.9 Other Fabrication Methods 104 4.10 Summary 105 References 106 5 Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Nanocoatings: From Materials to Fabrications and to Applications 117 5.1 Materials for Nanocoatings 118 5.1.1 Inorganic Materials 118 5.1.2 Organic Materials 122 5.1.3 Inorganic–Organic Hybrid Materials 123 5.2 Fabrications of Superhydrophobic Nanocoatings 123 5.2.1 Sol–Gel Processes 123 5.2.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition 124 5.2.3 Spray Process 125 5.2.4 Electrospinning Process 126 5.2.5 Electrodeposition 126 5.2.6 Solution Immersion Process 127 5.2.7 Others Techniques 128 5.3 Biomimetic Transparent and Superhydrophobic Coating 128 5.3.1 The Two Competitive Characters: Transparency and Superhydrophobicity 129 5.3.2 Various Materials for Transparent and Superhydrophobic Surfaces 130 5.3.2.1 Inorganic Materials 130 5.3.2.2 Organic Material Polymers 138 5.3.2.3 Hybrid Materials 143 5.3.3 Potential Applications 144 5.4 Summary 146 References 148 6 Adhesion Behaviors on Superhydrophobic Surfaces and Interfaces 161 6.1 Liquid–Solid Adhesion of Superhydrophobic Surfaces 162 6.1.1 Surfaces with Special Adhesion in Nature 162 6.1.2 Artificial Superhydrophobic Surfaces with Special Adhesion 164 6.1.3 Switchable Liquid–Solid Adhesions on Superhydrophobic Surfaces 167 6.1.3.1 By Controlling the Chemical Composition and Rough Structures 167 6.1.3.2 By Controlling the External Stimuli 168 6.2 The Adhesion Conversion from Liquid–Solid to Solid–Solid States 173 6.2.1 Mechanism of Ice Crystallization 174 6.2.2 Anti?]adhesion Icing Properties of Superhydrophobic Surfaces 176 6.3 Solid–Solid Adhesion of Superhydrophobic Surfaces 179 6.3.1 Protein Adsorption on Superhydrophobic Surfaces 179 6.3.2 Cell Adhesion on Superhydrophobic Surfaces 181 6.3.3 Bacterial Adhesions on Superhydrophobic Surfaces 181 6.4 Summary 183 References 184 7 Smart Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials with Switchable Wettability 191 7.1 Single-Response Smart Responsive Surfaces 192 7.1.1 pH-Responsive Wettable Materials 192 7.1.2 Photo-Induced Self-Cleaning Properties 194 7.1.3 Temperature-Responsive Wettable Materials 201 7.1.4 Ion-Responsive Wettable Materials 206 7.1.5 Other External Stimuli 207 7.2 Dual-Responsive and Multiple-Responsive Surfaces 214 7.3 Summary 217 References 219 8 Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials Applied for Oil/Water Separation (I) 229 8.1 Metallic Mesh-Based Materials 230 8.2 Fabric-Based Materials 234 8.3 Sponge and Foam-Based Materials 236 8.4 Particles and Powdered Materials 240 8.5 Other Bulk Materials 241 8.6 Theories Underlying Oil/Water Separation Behavior 242 8.7 Summary 243 References 243 9 Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials Applied for Oil/Water Separation (II) 249 9.1 The Formation of Oil/Water Emulsions 249 9.2 Modified Ceramic Separation Membranes 251 9.3 Polymer-Based Separation Membranes 253 9.3.1 In Situ Polymerization 253 9.3.2 Mussel?]Inspired Deposition 254 9.3.3 Electrospinning Deposition 255 9.3.4 Phase?]Inversion Process 255 9.4 Inorganic Carbon-Based Membranes 259 9.4.1 Carbon Nanotube?] or Graphene?]Based Membranes 259 9.4.2 Cellulose?]Based Membranes 259 9.5 Non-Two-Dimensional Separating Methods 266 9.6 Summary 267 References 268 10 Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials Applied for Anti-icing/ Frosting 273 10.1 Introduction of Anti-icing/Frosting 273 10.2 Ice and Frost Formation Mechanism 275 10.2.1 Ice Formation Mechanism 277 10.2.1.1 Classical Ice Nucleation Theories 277 10.2.1.2 Modified Ice Nucleation Theories and Surface Conception 280 10.2.2 Frost Formation Mechanism 282 10.3 Natural Superhydrophobic and Icephobic Examples 284 10.3.1 Natural Superhydrophobic Examples 284 10.3.1.1 Mosquito’s Eyes 284 10.3.1.2 Butterfly’s Wings 296 10.3.2 Natural Icephobic Examples 298 10.3.2.1 Pitcher Plant 298 10.3.2.2 Skunk Cabbage 298 10.4 Anti-icing Performances of SHPSs under Various Situations 299 10.4.1 SHPSs Versus Deposited Water Droplets 299 10.4.1.1 Timely Droplet Rolling 299 10.4.1.2 Sessile Droplet Freezing Delay 303 10.4.2 SHPSs Versus Impact Water Droplets 307 10.4.2.1 Impact Resistance Improvement 307 10.4.2.2 Anti?]icing SHPSs upon Impact Droplets 309 10.4.2.3 Contact Time Minimization 312 10.4.2.4 Oblique Impact Dynamics on Inclined SHPSs 313 10.4.3 SHPSs Versus Condensed Water Droplets 316 10.4.3.1 Wetting Transition of Condensed Microdroplets 316 10.4.3.2 Coalescence?]Induced Jumping and Charging 317 10.4.3.3 Inter?]droplet Ice Bridging and Edge?]Initiation Effect 321 10.5 Design and Icing-Delay Performances of SLIPSs 324 10.5.1 SLIPSs Design 324 10.5.2 Droplet Impact and Condensation on SLIPSs 326 10.5.3 Anti?]frosting Performance of SLIPSs 329 10.6 Icephobic Performances of SHPSs 331 10.7 Icephobic Performances of Advanced Surfaces and Techniques 336 10.7.1 Slippery Lubricant?]Infused Porous Surfaces 336 10.7.2 Self?]Lubricating Liquid Water Layers 337 10.7.3 Other Icephobic Strategies 340 10.8 Theories behind Anti-icing Research 343 10.8.1 Surface Wettability Theories and Models 343 10.8.2 Water and Ice Adhesion to Solid Surface 345 10.8.3 Droplet Impacting and Bouncing 346 10.8.4 Spontaneous Jumping Departure of Condensed Droplets 348 10.9 Summary 350 References 352 11 Conclusions and Outlook 373 Index 377
Professor Zhiguang Guo received his PhD degree from Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics (LICP), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 2007. After that, he joined Hubei University. From October 2007 to August 2008, he worked at University of Namur, Belgium, as a post-doctoral research fellow. From September 2008 to March 2011, he worked at the Funds of National Research Science, Belgium, as a "Charge de Researcher". During February 2009 to February 2010, he worked at the Department of Physics, University of Oxford, UK, as a visiting scholar. Currently, he is a full Professor at LICP financed by the "One Hundred Talented People" program of CAS and the "Excellent Youth Foundation" of National Natural Science Foundation of China. In 2014, he obtained the award of "Shizhu Wen" in Tribology, and in 2015 he obtained the National Natural Science Prize of China (Second Class) and in 2016, he obtained the "Outstanding Youth Award" of International Society of Bionic Engineering. Now, he is an associate editor of RSC Advances, and the editorial board member of Journal of Bionic Engineering and Chemistry Letters. To date, he has published more than 140 papers focusing on the surfaces and interfaces of superhydrophobic materials with more than 3000 times citations and H index 31. Dr Fuchao Yang received his Master degree from College of Physics and Electronic Engineering at Northwest Normal University in 2013. Since then he joined Prof. Zhiguang Guo's group at LICP to pursue his PhD degree. From July 2016, he is a lecture in Hubei University. His research interest is focused on the wetting behavior of superhydrophobic surfaces and fabricating surfaces with micro- and nano-structures applied for functional nanomaterials.

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