Details

Statistical Design for Research


Statistical Design for Research


Wiley Series in Survey Methodology, Band 540 99. Aufl.

von: Leslie Kish

118,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 25.02.2005
ISBN/EAN: 9780471725183
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 267

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Beschreibungen

The Wiley Classics Library consists of selected books that have become recognized classics in their respective fields. With these new unabridged and inexpensive editions, Wiley hopes to extend the life of these important works by making them available to future generations of mathematicians and scientists. This title addresses those basic aspects of research design which are common to many related fields in the social sciences, health sciences, education, and market research. The work presents a unified approach to a common core of problems of statistical design that exists in all these fields, along with basic similarities in practical solutions. Describing many examples and analogies that are 'portable' from application field to application field, Statistical Design for Research deals with designs that are the primary basis of research studies, but are neglected in most statistical textbooks that tend to concentrate on statistical analysis. This text takes a broader, more general and philosophical view of the statistics for the more fundamental aspects of design than do the standard treatments of experimental design. Extensively illustrated and carefully organized into seven chapters and 44 sections, this book can be readily consulted by research workers or graduate students!
Chapter and Section Contents. Tables and Figures. 1. Representation, Randomization, and Realism. 1.1 Three Criteria. 1.2 Four Classes of Variables. 1.3 Surveys, Experiments, and Controlled Investigations. 1.4 Randomization of Subjects Over Treatments and Over Populations. 1.5 Statistical Tests. 1.6 An Ordered List of Research Designs. 1.7 Representation and Probability Sampling. 1.8 Model-Dependent Inference. 2. Analytical Use of Sample Surveys. 2.1 Populations of Elements and Sampling Units. 2.2 Inferences from Complex Samples. 2.3 Domains and Subclasses: Classifications. 2.4 Overview of Subclass Effects. 2.5 Proportionate Stratified Element Sampling (PRES). 2.6 Cluster Sampling. 2.7 Four Obstacles to Representation in Analytic Studies. 3. Designs for Comparisons. 3.1 Substitutes for Probability Sampling. 3.2 Basic Modules for Comparisons. 3.3 Four Modules: Costs, Variances, Bias Sources. 3.4 Five Basic Designs for Comparisons. 3.5 Classification for 22 Sources of Bias. 3.6 Time Curves of Responses. 3.7 Evaluation Research. 4. Controls for Disturbing Variables. 4.1 Control Strategies. 4.2 Analysis in Separate Subclasses. 4.3 Selecting Matched Units. 4.4 Matched Subclasses. 4.5 Standardization: Adjustment by Weighting Indexes. 4.6 Covariances and Residuals from Linear Regressions; Categorical Data Analyses. 4.7 Ratio Estimates. 5. Samples and Censuses. 5.1 Censuses and Researchers. 5.2 Samples Compared to Censuses. 5.3 Samples Attached to Censuses. 6. Sample Designs Over Time. 6.1 Technology and Concepts. 6.2 Purposes and Designs for Periodic Samples. 6.3 Changing and Mobile Populations. 6.4 Panel Effects. 6.5 Split-Panel Designs. 6.6 Cumulating Cases and Combining Statistics from Samples. 7. Several Distinct Problems of Design. 7.1 Analytical Statistics from Complex Samples. 7.2 Generalizations Beyond the Modules of 3.3. 7.3 Multipurpose Designs. 7.4 Weighted Means: Selection, Bias, Variance. 7.5 Observational Units of Variable Sizes. 7.6 On Falsifiability in Statistical Design. Problems. References. Index.
Leslie Kish, PhD, was a Professor at the Institute for Social Reseach at the University of Michigan. He was President of the American Statistical Association in 1977 and was a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Even before statistical data are collected for research, essential decisions of design must be made, decisions which will have significant effects on the validity and efficiency of studies. Yet virtually the entire literature on statistics addresses concerns of analysis—and glosses over the crucial issues of collection and selection, issues that go to the heart of the methods and philosophy of the field. Statistical Design for Research delves into the criteria and decisions that underlie accurate, valid methodology. It pursues the uses and ramifications of three distinct design methods: experimental designs, survey sampling, and controlled investigations. Stressing the importance of the basic choice among these design strategies, the treatment explicates the analytical uses of sample surveys; designs for comparisons; controls for disturbing variables; samples and censuses; sample designs over time; and several distinct problems over time. Throughout, coverage is broad enough to encompass the common considerations in many related fields, including the social sciences, health sciences, education, and market research. It can serve as a textbook for university sources and as a source book for research workers. The text is enhanced by 37 tables and figures, over 50 problems, and a comprehensive list of references, notated to indicate the section where each is cited in the text. By claiming for statistics the usually neglected primary aspects of research design, Statistical Design for Research will produce more accurate, practical, and economical designs for future statistical analysis.
The Wiley Classics Library consists of selected books that have become recognized classics in their respective fields. With these new unabridged and inexpensive editions, Wiley hopes to extend the life of these important works by making them available to future generations of mathematicians and scientists. This title addresses those basic aspects of research design which are common to many related fields in the social sciences, health sciences, education, and market research. The work presents a unified approach to a common core of problems of statistical design that exists in all these fields, along with basic similarities in practical solutions. Describing many examples and analogies that are 'portable' from application field to application field, Statistical Design for Research deals with designs that are the primary basis of research studies, but are neglected in most statistical textbooks that tend to concentrate on statistical analysis. This text takes a broader, more general and philosophical view of the statistics for the more fundamental aspects of design than do the standard treatments of experimental design. Extensively illustrated and carefully organized into seven chapters and 44 sections, this book can be readily consulted by research workers or graduate students!

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