Details

Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors


Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors


1. Aufl.

von: Mohammad Nakhostin

125,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 05.10.2017
ISBN/EAN: 9781119410157
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 528

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Beschreibungen

Presents the fundamental concepts of signal processing for all application areas of ionizing radiation This book provides a clear understanding of the principles of signal processing of radiation detectors. It puts great emphasis on the characteristics of pulses from various types of detectors and offers a full overview on the basic concepts required to understand detector signal processing systems and pulse processing techniques. Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors covers all of the important aspects of signal processing, including energy spectroscopy, timing measurements, position-sensing, pulse-shape discrimination, and radiation intensity measurement. The book encompasses a wide range of applications so that readers from different disciplines can benefit from all of the information. In addition, this resource: Describes both analog and digital techniques of signal processing Presents a complete compilation of digital pulse processing algorithms Extrapolates content from more than 700 references covering classic papers as well as those of today Demonstrates concepts with more than 340 original illustrations Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors provides researchers, engineers, and graduate students working in disciplines such as nuclear physics and engineering, environmental and biomedical engineering, and medical physics and radiological science, the knowledge to design their own systems, optimize available systems or to set up new experiments.
Preface xiAcknowledgement xii1 Signal Generation in Radiation Detectors 1 1.1 Detector Types 1 1.2 Signal Induction Mechanism 2 1.3 Pulses from Ionization Detectors 9 1.4 Scintillation Detectors 57 References 72 2 Signals, Systems, Noise, and Interferences 77 2.1 Pulse Signals: Definitions 77 2.2 Operational Amplifiers and Feedback 80 2.3 Linear Signal Processing Systems 83 2.4 Noise and Interference 101 2.5 Signal Transmission 120 2.6 Logic Circuits 130 References 133 3 Preamplifiers 135 3.1 Background 135 3.2 Charge-Sensitive Preamplifiers 137 3.3 Current-Sensitive Preamplifiers 159 3.4 Voltage-Sensitive Preamplifiers 162 3.5 Noise in Preamplifier Systems 163 3.6 ASIC Preamplifiers 176 3.7 Preamplifiers for Scintillation Detectors 182 3.8 Detector Bias Supplies 186 References 187 4 Energy Measurement 191 4.1 Generals 191 4.2 Amplitude Fluctuations 194 4.3 Amplifier/Shaper 203 4.4 Pulse Amplitude Analysis 234 4.5 Dead Time 244 4.6 ASIC Pulse Processing Systems 249 References 256 5 Pulse Counting and Current Measurements 261 5.1 Background 261 5.2 Pulse Counting Systems 263 5.3 Current Mode Operation 274 5.4 ASIC Systems for Radiation Intensity Measurement 286 5.5 Campbell’s Mode Operation 289 References 293 6 Timing Measurements 295 6.1 Introduction 295 6.2 Time Pick-Off Techniques 300 6.3 Time Interval Measuring Devices 320 6.4 Timing Performance of Different Detectors 330 References 345 7 Position Sensing 349 7.1 Position Readout Concepts 349 7.2 Individual Readout 353 7.3 Charge Division Method 357 7.4 Risetime Method 373 7.5 Delay-Line Method 375 References 380 8 Pulse-Shape Discrimination 383 8.1 Principles of Pulse-Shape Discrimination 383 8.2 Amplitude-Based Methods 386 8.3 Zero-Crossing Method 393 8.4 Risetime Measurement Method 399 8.5 Comparison of Pulse-Shape Discrimination Methods 401 References 404 9 Introduction to Digital Signals and Systems 407 9.1 Background 407 9.2 Digital Signals 408 9.3 ADCs 414 9.4 Digital Signal Processing 418 References 438 10 Digital Radiation Measurement Systems 441 10.1 Digital Systems 441 10.2 Energy Spectroscopy Applications 448 10.3 Pulse Timing Applications 472 10.4 Digital Pulse-Shape Discrimination 483 References 498 Index 503
MOHAMMAD NAKHOSTIN earned his PhD in 2008 from the department of Quantum Science and Energy Engineering at the Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, where he worked as assistant professor till 2010. He is currently a research fellow at the University of Surrey, UK. He has worked on the development of gaseous, semiconductor, and scintillation detectors and their readout electronics systems for a wide range of applications from plasma neutron diagnosis to medical imaging.
Presents the Fundamental Concepts of Signal Processing for All Application Areas of Ionizing Radiation This book provides a clear understanding of the principles of signal processing of radiation detectors. It puts great emphasis on the characteristics of pulses from various types of detectors and offers a full overview on the basic concepts required to understand detector signal processing systems and pulse processing techniques. Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors covers all of the important aspects of signal processing, including energy spectroscopy, timing measurements, position-sensing, pulse-shape discrimination, and radiation intensity measurement. The book encompasses a wide range of applications so that readers from different disciplines can benefit from all of the information. In addition, this resource: Describes both analog and digital techniques of signal processing Presents a complete compilation of digital pulse processing algorithms Extrapolates content from more than 700 references covering classic papers as well as those of today Demonstrates concepts with more than 340 original illustrations Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors provides researchers, engineers, and graduate students working in disciplines such as nuclear physics and engineering, environmental and biomedical engineering, and medical physics and radiological science, the knowledge to design their own systems, optimize available systems or to set up new experiments.

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